|Venice Film Festival|
Venice International Film Festival logo
|Directed by||Alberto Barbera|
|Festival date||late August/early September|
The Venice Film Festival or Venice International Film Festival (Italian: Mostra Internazionale d'Arte Cinematografica della Biennale di Venezia, "International Exhibition of Cinematographic Art of the Venice Biennale") is the oldest international film festival in the world. Founded by Count Giuseppe Volpi in 1932 as the "Esposizione Internazionale d'Arte Cinematografica", the festival has since taken place every year in late August or early September on the island of the Lido, Venice, Italy. Screenings take place in the historic Palazzo del Cinema on the Lungomare Marconi and in other venues nearby. It is one of the world's most prestigious film festivals and is part of the Venice Biennale (Italian Biennale di Venezia), for over a century one of the most prestigious cultural institutions in the world (founded in 1895). It is known world-wide for the International Film Festival, the International Art Exhibition and the International Architecture Exhibition, and continues the tradition of the Festival of Contemporary Music, the Theatre Festival, now flanked by the Festival of Contemporary Dance.
The 70th Festival took place from 28 August to 7 September 2013.
The Film Festival's principal awards are the Leone d'Oro (Golden Lion), which is awarded to the best film screened in competition at the festival, the Leone d'Argento (Silver Lion) for the Best Director, and the Coppa Volpi (Volpi Cup), which is awarded to the best actor and actress. The Jury may also choose to award a Special Lion for an overall work to a director or actor of a film presented in the main competition section.
Orizzonti section (Horizons), open to all "custom-format" works, with a wider view towards new trends in the expressive languages that converge in film. The awards of the Orizzonti section are:
- The Orizzonti Prize
- The Special Orizzonti Jury Prize (for feature-length films)
- The Orizzonti Short Film Prize
- The Orizzonti Medium-length Film Prize
The Controcampo Italiano section presents a panorama on Italian cinema with 7 narrative feature-length films, 7 short films, and 7 documentaries, all world premiere screenings and all in competition in their respective categories. The awards of this section are: the Controcampo Award (for narrative feature-length films) the Controcampo Award (for short films) the Controcampo Doc Award (for documentaries)
Golden Lion winnersEdit
- See a list of winners at Golden Lion
The Golden Lion is the festival's highest award for best film in the competition section Venezia (plus the number of the edition).
Special Jury PrizeEdit
- See list of winners at Special Jury Prize (Venice Film Festival)
A Special Jury Prize is awarded to one or two films in most years.
Silver Lion for best directorEdit
- See list of winners at Silver Lion
The Silver Lion is awarded to the best director in the competitive section Venezia (plus the number of the edition).
- For a list of winners, see Volpi Cup.
The Volpi Cups are awarded to actors. Formal awards for best actor and best actress have been given since 1934. In the mid-1990s awards were also given to supporting actors and actresses.
There are two Golden Osella Prizes: for Best Technical Contribution (to cinematographers, composers, etc.) and for Best Screenplay.
Jaeger-LeCoultre Glory to the Filmmaker AwardEdit
- 2007 Kitano Takeshi for Glory to the Filmmaker!
- 2008 Abbas Kiarostami for Shirin
- 2008 Agnès Varda for The Beaches of Agnès'
- 2009 Sylvester Stallone for Rambo
- 2010 Mani Ratnam for Raavanan
- 2011 Al Pacino for Wilde Salome
- 2012 Spike Lee for Bad 25
- 2013 Ettore Scola for Che strano chiamarsi Federico!
The Mussolini Cups were the top awards from 1934 to 1942. Named after Italy's then dictator prime minister, Benito Mussolini, they were abandoned upon his ousting in 1943, and eventually returned as the Grand International Prize of Venice in 1947 (see Golden Lion).
Mussolini Cup for best Italian FilmEdit
|Year||English title||Original title||Director(s)|
|1934||Loyalty of Love||Teresa Confalonieri||Guido Brignone|
|1935||Casta Diva||Casta diva||Carmine Gallone|
|1936||The White Squadron||Lo squadrone bianco||Augusto Genina|
|1937||Scipio Africanus: The Defeat of Hannibal||Scipione l'africano||Carmine Gallone|
|1938||Luciano Serra, Pilot||Luciano Serra pilota||Goffredo Alessandrini|
|1939||Abuna Messias||Goffredo Alessandrini|
|1940||The Siege of the Alcazar||L'assedio dell'Alcazar||Augusto Genina|
|1941||The Iron Crown||La corona di ferro||Alessandro Blasetti|
Mussolini Cup for best foreign filmEdit
|Year||English title||Original title||Director(s)||Country|
|1934||Man of Aran||Man of Aran||Robert J. Flaherty||United Kingdom|
|1935||Anna Karenina||Anna Karenina||Clarence Brown||United States|
|1936||The Kaiser of California||Der Kaiser von Kalifornien||Luis Trenker||Germany|
|1937||Dance Program||Un carnet de bal (fr)||Julien Duvivier||France|
|1938||Olympia Part One: Festival of the Nations||Olympia 1. Teil — Fest der Völker||Leni Riefenstahl||Germany|
|1940||The Postmaster||Der Postmeister||Gustav Ucicky||Germany|
|1941||Uncle Krüger||Ohm Krüger||Hans Steinhoff||Germany|
|1942||The Great King||Der große König||Veit Harlan||Germany|
Best director awardsEdit
|1935||King Vidor||The Wedding Night|
|1936||Jacques Feyder||Carnival in Flanders||La Kermesse Héroique|
|1937||Robert J. Flaherty and Zoltan Korda||Elephant Boy|
- "The Jaeger-LeCoultre Glory to the Filmmaker attributed to Sylvester Stallone - Venice Lido - VeneziaSi". Veneziasi.it. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
- "Venice Fest 2011 To Give Pacino Glory to the Filmmaker Award, Premiere Wilde Salome with Chastain | Thompson on Hollywood". Blogs.indiewire.com. 2010-12-24. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
- "JAEGER-LECOULTRE - " Glory to the Filmmaker " 2012". Worldtempus.com. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
- "Venice Fest Pays Tribute to Ettore Scola". Variety.com. 2013-08-19. Retrieved 2013-08-30.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Venice Film Festival.|
- La Biennale di Venezia – Official website (English) (Italian)
- Venice International Film Festival history at La Biennale di Venezia website
- Venice Film Festival at the Internet Movie Database