Last modified on 24 July 2014, at 03:50

Sport Club Corinthians Paulista

Corinthians
Sport Club Corinthians Paulista Logo.png
Full name Sport Club Corinthians Paulista
Nickname(s) Timão (Great Team)
O Time do Povo (The People's Club)
Todo Poderoso (Almighty)
Coringão
Founded September 1, 1910; 103 years ago (1910-09-01)
Stadium Arena Corinthians, São Paulo
Ground Capacity 46,116
President Mário Gobbi
Head coach Mano Menezes
League Brasileirão
2013 Brasileirão, 10th
Website Club home page
Current season

Sport Club Corinthians Paulista (Brazilian Portuguese: [isˈpɔʁtʃi ˈklubi kʊˈɾĩtʃɐ̃s pawˈɫistɐ]), commonly known as Corinthians and referred to as Timão (IPA: [tʃiˈmɐ̃w]), is a Brazilian multisport club based in Tatuapé, a bairro in the city of São Paulo. Although they compete in a number of different sports, Corinthians is mostly known for its association football team. It plays in the Paulistão, the State of São Paulo's premier state league, as well as the Brasileirão, the top tier of the Brazilian football league system.

The club was founded in 1910 by five railway workers from the bairro nobre of Bom Retiro, who became impressed by the performances of London-based club Corinthian Football Club, electing Miguel Battaglia as the club's first president. Since then, Corinthians became one of Brazil's most successful clubs, having won the Brasileirão on five occasions. The Timão also contain in their laurels three Copa do Brasil trophies, one Supercopa do Brasil, two FIFA Club World Cup, one Copa Libertadores and one Recopa Sudamericana. They have also won the Campeonato Paulista 27 times and the Torneio Rio – São Paulo on five occasions, being the record-holder as the most successful club in those competitions. The club managed to perform a double in 1999, winning both the Paulistão and the Brasileirão.

The Timão played their home games at the Pacaembu, which held up to 40,199 spectators. In 2013, Corinthians moved into to their new home of Arena Corinthians, which has a capacity of 68,000. Corinthians' home kit is white shirts, with black shorts, accompanied by white socks, this combination has been used since 1920. Nike are the kit manufacturers. Corinthians holds many long-standing rivalries, most notably against Palmeiras and São Paulo. It has contributed many key and famous players towards Brazil's FIFA World Cup squads such as Gilmar, Rivelino, Sócrates, Viola and Ricardinho.

The club was the 16th most valuable club in the world in 2013, worth over US$358 million. In terms of revenue, Corinthians is also Brazil's richest sports club and the 31st biggest football club in the world, the largest outside of Europe, generating an annual turnover of over US$126 million in 2012. Corinthians is also one of the most supported outfits in Brazil. According to a study done by Pluri Stochos Pesquisas and Licenciamento Esportivo, 14.6% of Brazilians support the Timão.

HistoryEdit

Corinthians in 1914

In 1910 the football in Brazil was an elitist sport. The top clubs were formed by people who were part of the upper classes. Among them were Club Athletico Paulistano, São Paulo Athletic Club,[1] & Associação Atlética das Palmeiras.[2] Lower-class society excluded from larger clubs founded their own minnow clubs and only played "floodplain" football.

Bucking the trend, a group of five workers of the São Paulo Railway, more precisely Joaquim Ambrose and Anthony Pereira (wall painters), Rafael Perrone (shoemaker), Anselmo Correia (driver) and Carlos Silva (general laborer), residents of the neighborhood of Bom Retiro. It was August 31, 1910 when these workers were watching a match featuring an London-based club touring Brazil, Corinthians FC.[3] After the match, while the group returned home, The men spoke of partnerships, business idea's, & general dreams of grandeur. In the mind of each one surfaced a great idea: the foundation of a club, after several exchanges in a lively argument, a common ground led those athletes the same dream. The arguments led to the conclusion that they would meet the next day to make a dream into reality.

September 1, 1910. In anticipation of heavy rains, the group agreed to meet after sundown in public sight. That night at 8:30pm, on Rua José Paulino ("Rua dos Imigrantes" (Immigrants Street)), underneath the glow of an oil lamp the five workers reunited alongside their guest and neighbors from Bom Retiro. That night the club was founded, alongside its board of directors, who elected Miguel Battaglia as the first Club President.[3]

Corinthians played their first match on September 10, 1910, away against União da Lapa, a respected amateur club in São Paulo; and despite being defeated by 1–0, this match would mark the beginning of a successful era as an amateur club.

On September 14, Luis Fabi scored Corinthians' first goal against Estrela Polar, another amateur club in the city, and Corinthians won their first game 2–0.

1914, Corinthians first Champion Squad: Fúlvio, Casimiro do Amaral and Casimiro Gonzalez; Police, Biano and Cesar; Aristides, Peres, Amilcar, Dias and Neco

With good results and an increasing number of supporters, Corinthians joined the Liga Paulista, after winning two qualifying games, and played in the São Paulo State Championship for the first time, in 1913. Just one year after joining the league, Corinthians was crowned champion for the first time (in 1914), and were again two years later. There were many fly-by-night teams popping up in São Paulo at the time, and during the first practice held by Corinthians a banner was placed by the side of the field stating "This One Will Last".

Teleco was a superb Corinthians scorer, with 251 goals in 246 matches. He became the top scorer of the Paulista Championships of 1935, 1936, 1937, 1939 and 1941. His nickname was O Rei das Viradas (The King of Twist)

The year of 1922, the Centennial of Brazilian Independence, marks the start of Corinthians hegemony in the São Paulo State Championship. As football was almost exclusively played at Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo by that time, the two state champions were considered to be the two top clubs in Brazil. After defeating the Rio de Janeiro State Championship champion of that year, América, Corinthians joined the company of the great teams in Brazil.

The same year also marked the first of three State Championships in a row, something that happened again in 1928–1930 and 1937–1939.

Corinthians seemed destined to win State Championships in threes; after six years without being a champions, they came won three more from 1937 the 1939. The 1940s were a more difficult time; and the club would win a championship in 1941 and would only win their next in 1951.

At the beginning of the 1950s Corinthians made history in the São Paulo Championship. In 1951, the team composed of Carbone, Cláudio, Luisinho, Baltasar and Mário scored 103 goals in thirty matches of the São Paulo Championship, registering an average of 3.43 per game. Carbone was the top goalscorer of the competition with 30 goals. The club would also win the São Paulo Championships of 1952 and 1954. In this same decade, Corinthians were champions three times of the Rio-São Paulo Championship (1950, 1953 and 1954), the tournament that was becoming most important in the country with the increased participation of the greatest clubs from the two most important footballing states in the country.

In 1953, in a championship in Venezuela, Corinthians won the Small Cup of the World, a championship that many consider as a precursor of the Worldwide Championship of Clubs. On the occasion, Corinthians, substituting for Vasco da Gama, went to Caracas, the Venezuelan capital and recorded six consecutive victories against Roma (1–0 and 3–1), Barcelona (3–2 and 1–0) and Selection of Caracas (2–1 and 2–0). The club would also win the Cup of the Centenary of São Paulo, in the same year (1954).

Rivelino is considerated the greatest Corinthians' player of all times

After the triumphs in the São Paulo Championship and the Rio-São Paulo of 1954, Corinthians had a lengthy title drought. The breakthrough finally came when they won the São Paulo state championship in 1977, breaking a string of 23 years without a major title.

Under the leadership of Sócrates, Wladimir and Casagrande, Corinthians were the first Brazilian club in which players decided about concentração, a common Brazilian practice where the football players were locked up in a hotel days before a game, and discussed politics. (In the early 1980s, military dictatorship, after two decades, ended in Brazil). In 1982, before the election of government of São Paulo State, the team wore a kit with the words: DIA 15 VOTE (Vote on 15th),[4] trying to motivate the biggest number of fans to vote.

In 1990, Corinthians won their first Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, beating their rivals, São Paulo in the final at the opponents' own stadium, Estádio do Morumbi.[5] In the following year, Corinthians beat Flamengo and won the Supercopa do Brasil.[6] In the 1995, the club won the Copa do Brasil for the first time, beating Grêmio in the final at the Estádio Olímpico Monumental in Porto Alegre.[7] In the same decade, the club won the state championship in 1995, 1997 and 1999,[8] and won the national championship again in 1998 and in 1999.[9]

In 2000, Corinthians won the first edition of the FIFA Club World Cup, beating Vasco in the final played at the Estádio do Maracanã. To reach the final, Corinthians finished ahead of Real Madrid of Spain, Al-Nasr of Saudi Arabia and Raja Casablanca of Morocco.[10] In the same decade, the club won the state championship in 2001 and in 2003[8] and the Copa do Brasil in 2002, beating Brasiliense in the final.[11]

Between 1990 and 2005, the club also won the Ramón de Carranza Trophy in 1996, the Rio-São Paulo Tournament in 2002, the São Paulo Youth Cup in 1995, 1999, 2004, and 2005, and the Dallas Cup in 1999 and 2000.

The club's situation in early 2004 was among the most difficult in their history. Bad administration, lack of money and terrible campaigns both in the 2003 Brazilian Championship and in the 2004 São Paulo State Championship caused their millions of supporters to worry. Fortunately, some young players and a new manager Tite helped the team to improve from their terrible start. At the end of the championship, Corinthians finished in 5th place and gained entry to the Copa Sudamericana (a minor continental championship).

This situation was one of the factors which enabled Corinthians' president, Alberto Dualib, to convince the club's advisors to sign a controversial deal with an international fund of investors called Media Sports Investment. The deal granted the company a large degree of control over the club for 10 years in exchange for large financial investments in return. This has brought many quality players to the team, such as Carlos Tevez, Roger, Javier Mascherano and Carlos Alberto.

Despite the MSI investments, Corinthians experienced a slow start in the 2005 state championship, but managed to improve as it progressed, eventually managing to finish second. Their start to the Brazilian championship during 2005 was difficult, too, but after Daniel Passarella's dismissal (due to an unexpected 5–1 loss to Corinthians' rivals, São Paulo), the club finished the championship round well, and were eventually crowned Brazilian Champions for the fourth time, after a controversial annulment of eleven games due to a betting scandal.

The relationship between Corinthians' managers and the MSI president, Kia Joorabchian was not good, and after being eliminated in the Copa Libertadores, the club experienced a crisis which was responsible for the bad performances for the rest of 2006. Eventually, the partnership came to an end.[12]

On December 2, 2007, following a 1–1 draw away to Grêmio, Corinthians were relegated to the second division.

Corinthians, who won promotion to the top division of Brazilian football for 2009 by winning the Serie B tournament, signed with three-time FIFA Player of the Year Ronaldo.[13][14] In 2009, lead by Ronaldo, Corinthians won their 26th Campeonato Paulista and their third Copa do Brasil. Confirming the club's good moment, Corinthians finished the Campeonato Brasileiro 2010 in 3rd place, granting their place on the subsequent Copa Libertadores. After being eliminated from the South American tournament by the relatively less traditional Deportes Tolima, though, Corinthians saw Ronaldo retire from football. To replace him, the club signed with other 2006 national squad veteran Adriano.[15] In 2011, Corinthians won their fifth national title.

On July 4, after reaching the final of the 2012 Copa Libertadores undefeated, Corinthians won its first title after a two-match final against 6-time champions Boca Juniors by drawing 1-1 in Argentina and accomplishing an inaugural victory at the Estádio do Pacaembu in São Paulo winning 2-0, becoming the ninth Brazilian side to win the Copa Libertadores.[16][17] After this historical title, Corinthians is considered the most valuable club in Brazil.[18] The club won the 2012 FIFA Club World Cup for the second time after defeating English club Chelsea 1–0 on December 16, 2012.[19][20][21]

KitEdit

ColorsEdit

Evolutions of the uniform.

The Corinthians' shirt had no crest before 1913, when the club joined the Liga Paulista Even though the club has been recognized by the colors black and white for most of their history, the first Corinthians' kit originally consisted of cream shirts and black shorts. But when the shirts were washed, the cream color gradually became white. After that, early in the club's history, the official colors were changed, so the club would not waste much money on buying new kits. In 1954 the black with thin white stripes uniform was introduced, and became the alternative uniform. The original cream color of the first uniform would come back as a reference in 2007, with the golden third uniform. The purple has been associated as a fan color for a long time and, since 2008, has been used as a successful third uniform: in popular culture, a corintiano roxo (purple corintiano) is a fanatic supporter of Corinthians.

CrestsEdit

Unlike the shirt, the shield of Corinthians went through several changes over the years. While the Corinthians disputed only friendlies and "futebol de várzea" (Floodplain Football, Paulista Colloquial language for Amateur Football). The first crest was hastily created for a game against Minas Gerais, it was valid for qualifying for the 1913 Liga Paulista de Football, and was simply composed of the letters "C" and "P" (Corinthians Paulista) laced together.[22] The third shield would be used until the following year, when Hermogenes Barbuy, lithographer and brother of the player Amilcar, created the first official shield, developing a framework for the letters and added the 'S " ( Sport), which premiered at the friendly against Torino (Italy), in Sao Paulo.[23]

Shortly thereafter, the frame gets larger, and from 1919 the distinctive beginning to form the current format, which includes the flag of São Paulo in the center. In 1937, Getúlio Vargas lowered the status of the New State and made a public ceremony with the burning of flags of all States in the Federation, in order to symbolize his desire to strengthen the centralized government. Yet, the flag of São Paulo survived inside the shell of the Corinthians. After the fall of the regime, the freedom to use of regional symbols was once again permitted.[22] In 1939, the shield has won a string around the circle, and the two oars and anchor, in allusion to the club's success in nautical sports. The design was created by a Modernist painter Francisco Rebolo, who played for Corinthians reserve squad in the 1920s. Thereafter, the symbol Corinthian passed through small changes over time, specifically the flag and the frame.[22]

In 1990, the first star was added in reference to the first Brazilian title. The same was done with the achievements of 1998 1999 and 2005, and a larger yellow star above the others, in honor of winning the FIFA World Cup 2000. Before 2011, the Corinthians board decided to remove all the stars.

The Evolution of the Crest of Sport Club Corinthians Paulista
1913 1914 1914-1916 1916 1916-1919 1919-1939 1939-1979 1980–Present
SCCorinthians Paulista 1910.png SCCorinthians Paulista 1914.png Corinthians Paulista 1914-16.png Corinthians Paulista 1916.png Corinthians Paulista 1916-19.png

Manufacturer and sponsorsEdit

Corinthians began the 2012 Season with Johnson & Johnson Brazilian consumer brand Jontex as its main sponsor.[24] When Corinthians initiated the 2012 Libertadores Campaign a month later, Fiat subsidiary Iveco (Chest) became the main sponsor alongside Fisk (Back), Marabraz (Sleeves), & Bom Brill (Shoulders).[25] Prior to the Libertadores Final Iveco approached Corinthians in an attempt to become the exclusive sponsor of Timão, Corinthians rebuffed stating that such a deal would be out of Iveco's financial reach.[26] The latest prices for Corinthians Shirt sponsorships are as follows: (Chest & Back) R$30m (12m/$15m), Sleeves R$15m (6m/$7.5m), Shoulders R$8m (3.2m/$4m), for a total of R$53m (21.3m/$26.5m).[26] On July 7, 2012, It was announced that Corinthians is close to signing an exclusive sponsorship deal lasting until the end of 2012, worth R$68m (27.3m/$34m).[27] This would place Corinthians as the second most expensive shirt in the world, ahead of Juventus (Tamoil) & behind Manchester United (Nike).[28]

2005 Corinthians Shirt
Period Kit manufacturer Shirt partner
1980–1981 Topper None
1982 Bom Brill
1983 Cofap
1984 Citizen
1984 Bic
1984 Corona
1985–1989 Kalunga
1990–1994 Finta
1995–1996 Penalty Suvinil
1996–1998 Banco Excel
1998 Embratel
1999–2000 Topper Batavo
2000–2002 Pepsi
2003–2004 Nike
2005–2007 Samsung
2008 Medial Saúde
2009 Batavo
2010–2012 Hypermarcas
2012 Iveco
2012–2014 Caixa

FacilitiesEdit

StadiumEdit

Pacaembu, Corinthians popular home from 1940 - 2013

Former StadiaEdit

  • Campo do Lenheiro & Estadio do Bom Retiro:

The first field of the Corinthians was in the neighborhood of Bom Retiro, where the club was founded in 1910. More precisely in the old street of Immigrants, current Rua José Paulino. It was actually a stadium, but a vacant lot owned by a seller of firewood.[29] It was nicknamed "Field Lenheiro." [30] It was the time of the floodplain and the players themselves had to clean and flatten the lawn.[29]

  • Ponte Grande:

In January 1918, Corinthians opened its first stadium, in Great Bridge (now the Bridge of Flags), on the banks of Tiete River.[29] The land was leased from the municipality under the influence of the intellectual Antonio de Alcantara Machado, one of the first to approach the club workers. Stood beside the Campo Forest, AA Palmeiras (the largest city so far) and was built by the players and fans in a community helping system.[29] The Corinthians played their games there until 1927. They played 138 games with 83 wins, 43 draws and 12 defeats.[31]

  • Parque São Jorge:

In 1926, the club purchased Parque São Jorge, located within the Tatuapé. The Parque São Jorge belonged to Sports Club Sirius, a rival in the disputes of the football season. After purchase, then-President Ernesto Corinthians Cassano decided to reform the stage, with financial support from the members.[32] While the reforms were carried out, followed the Corinthians sending their matches in the area of Great Bridge. Once stopped reforms in the Parque São Jorge, in 1928, the field of Great Bridge was donated to the Saint Benedict.[32] The renovated Parque São Jorge, still without floodlights, was inaugurated on July 22, in a friendly game against América-RJ.[33] The land purchased with the original included a Syrian farm - hence the nickname "Fazendinha", still used today. It was from here that the Corinthians began to develop and could build up its headquarters.[32]

In Estádio Alfredo Schürig, the official name of "Fazendinha", the club only played in 468 deals, with 346 wins, 60 draws and 62 defeats. 1312 goals were scored by Timão and 480 conceded. The last game played there was a friendly against Brasiliense on August 3, 2002.[33] Currently, the Parque São Jorge is used for training and games of smaller categories. The board has the idea of reforming it, but the plans never leave paper.[32]

PacaembuEdit

With the growing number of fans, Corinthians began operating in major stadiums, in particular, the club has established a relationship with Paulo Machado de Carvalho Stadium, which belongs to the municipality of São Paulo and is best known as Pacaembu Stadium.[34] Some 50,000 fans attended the inauguration of the stadium on April 28 of 1940. The primary pitted Palestra Italia and Coritiba. Then, the game between Corinthians background, then current three-time champion Sao Paulo, and Atletico Mineiro, Corinthians won by 4-2.[34]

The Pacaembu was opened as the largest stadium in the Latin America, with capacity for 70,000 people.[34] In 1942, little more than 70 000 people came to the stadium to watch the match between Corinthians and Sao Paulo, in particular by the attacker Leonidas da Silva, idol-Pauline and are considered the best Brazilian player in his time.[35] The game ended tied at 3-3 and the public was never beaten that game at the stadium. Currently, the Pacaembu has capacity for up to 40,000 spectators.[36]

As the capacity of Pacaembu decreased with time, to 37,000 spectators as of its last improvement in 2008, Corinthians have been forced to play sometimes in rival São Paulo FC's ground, the (Morumbi Stadium), when the expected attendance is greater than Pacaembu's capacity.

Former partner group HTMF bought land in the Raposo Tavares Highway in late 1990s for the stadium construction, but the partnership ended soon after that.

Arena CorinthiansEdit

Main article: Arena Corinthians

In late 2006 a NGO called Cooperfiel established a fund drive for a new stadium. The NGO's stated goal is to raise R$300 million (approximately $140 million USD) within a 36-month time frame for the construction of a 60,000 seat venue that would be ceded to the club under an undetermined arrangement. The project finally failed and money earned was given to Corinthians. As of 2009, there are some conjectures that the government of São Paulo might make a deal for a 30-year allotment of Pacaembu. Besides that, Fazendinha is being improved to host some matches and shows starting in 2010.

In August 2010 the president of CBF, Ricardo Teixeira, along with Governor of São Paulo state, Alberto Goldman, and the mayor of São Paulo, Gilberto Kassab announced that the opening ceremony of the World Cup of Brazil will be held in the New Corinthians Stadium to be built in the district of Itaquera, in the eastern part of São Paulo city.[37][38]

Of the R$820 million in the budget, $400 million will be financed through a loan from BNDES to be paid by the Corinthians in conjunction with the construction, the Odebrecht Group, while the remaining R$420 million will be paid by Development Incentive Certificates issued by the City of São Paulo. The issuance of Certificates of Development Incentive for the construction of the stadium corresponds to an ordinance to Encourage Development that is applied to any investment in the East Zone of São Paulo and does not consist of money that the government will pay directly, but indirectly through tax money it will receive.

Training FacilityEdit

CT Joaquim GravaEdit

  • Hotel:

There are 32 Bedrooms in Hotel CT Joaquim Grava; 2 players per room during Pre-Season, 1 to a room while in Season. The auditorium in the hotel allows for Lectures & Team meetings. The hotel restaurant seats 60. The hotel is complete with physiotherapy and massage rooms ; offices for the president and the Board of directors, offices for hotel administration, a Locker Room for the visiting team, games rooms, an internet café and a reading room.

  • Annex:

Office of Technology & Statistics; Office of the Logistics Supervisor; a Large shared Multi-Purpose office for Security, Communications & TV Corinthians, & Administrative meeting room

  • Laboratório Corinthians-R9:[39]

an in-house bio-mechanics complex for the main purpose of injury prevention. Machines measure the contact force and velocity of the joints in running, jumping and kicking. Also measured, The force & reaction timing of players during acceleration and deceleration, as well as analysis of how their effort may adversely affects their joints and muscles.

or Centro de Preparação e Reabilitação Osmar da Oliveira (Center for Preparation & Rehabilitation). Gym, physical therapy rooms, heated pools and locker rooms.

  • Press Room:

Seats over 100 Media Officials

  • Team Chapel:

For individual Prayer

  • External Space:

Mini-gym, Courts with approval of FIBA (basketball) and FIVB (volleyball) for official games, outdoor pool, BBQ, & a tennis court.

Club cultureEdit

SupportersEdit

FielEdit

The Flag of The República Popular do Corinthians.

The Corinthians fans is fondly called "Faithful." One of the most memorable moments was favored by its fans in 1976, in that year's Championship semifinal, when more than 70,000 Corinthians Fans traveled from São Paulo to Rio de Janeiro to watch the match against Fluminense at Maracana Stadium. The event was recorded in history as the "Corinthian Invasion" (pt / Invasão Corinthiana). This was also the largest audience recorded in a match involving the Alvinegro at Brazil's then largest stadium. The largest crowd of the Morumbi Stadium was recorded at an October 13, 1977, where just over 146,000 people attended a game between Corinthians and Ponte Preta, the second match of the that year's Championship's finals. Corinthians also holds the largest crowd for that year Championship. In Pacaembu, Corinthians holds nine out of ten largest audiences in the stadium's history. The record attendance at Pacaembu was at a game between Corinthians and Sao Paulo in 1942, which had more than 70,000 spectators.

"Bando do Loucos" (The Gang of The Crazy), one of the nicknames of the Corinthians crowd. According to a number of research institutes, as Ibope and Datafolha, besides Score Magazine, Corinthians holds the second largest crowd in Brazil with about 25 million fans around the country - behind only of Flamengo from Rio de Janeiro. Nearly 15 million of these supporters are concentrated in São Paulo, where the team of the Parque São Jorge outnumber São Paulo and Palmeiras' fans added - two of their biggest rivals. Another 10 million "faithful "are scattered throughout the rest of Brazil. In Minas Gerais, the "Timão" has more than a million fans and is the fourth largest crowd in this state - only behind locals Cruzeiro and Atlético, and again Rio's Flamengo. In the south of the country, Corinthians are only behind Grêmio & International. Parana is the only state in which Corinthians is the most popular team outside of São Paulo, where 1.8 million alvinegros outnumber Atlético Paranaense & Coritiba fans.

Gaviões da Fiel's 6-time Champion Samba School celebrates Corinthians annually in Sao Paulo's Carnaval

Outside the South / Southeast regions, Corinthians is consolidated as the second most popular team in the country. At Centro Oeste, Norte, and Nordeste regions, they also have the second largest fanbase. Corinthians have a strong presence of supporters in states like Pernambuco(according to research Ibope/2010 are almost 700,000 fans, behind only the two main local teams: Sport and Náutico (according to DataFolha Timão already stands as the second largest crowd of the State).

Corinthians’ fans are famous for being passionate about the team and loyal supporters. In April 2009, the club released a tribute documentary to their fans. Named "Fiel" (Faithful). The documentary highlights the fans' support in one of the most difficult moments in the team’s history: when it was demoted to the national second division in 2007. Directed by Andrea Pasquini and written by Serginho Groisman and Marcelo Rubens Paiva, the documentarie shows several fans and players’ testimonials.

In 2009, another documentary about the fan's love for the team was released. Directed by Di Morreti, "23 Anos em 7 Segundos – O Fim do Jejum Corinthiano" (23 Years in seven Seconds - The End of the Corinthian Drought), which portrays the historical moment when, in 1977, Corinthians won the Campeonato Paulista, after 23 years without winning any Championships.

Torcidas OrganizadasEdit

The Club is acknowledged for the biggest and most influential torcidas organizadas (Ultras) in Brazil.

Torcida cheers team on underneath a banner, pictured bottom center in a Tuque beloved supporter Alfinete notoriously insecure about his receding hairline
  • Gaviões da Fiel:[41] (Hawks of the Faithful)

Motto: "Lealdade, Humildade e Procedimento" (Loyalty, Humility & Procedure)
Gaviões da Fiel was founded on 1 July 1969, but its ideology began to be thought of before. In 1965, young Corinthians fans gathered in the stands in order to question the political and administrative life of the Corinthians. The members gathered in different locations, members homes, workplaces, & public squares. This group was distinguished by a passion for the club and have characteristics idealizing and fulfilling. The foundation of Gaviões, on 1 July 1969, came during a bleak time for Brazilians, amidst the military dictatorship. At a time when freedom of expression was virtually nonexistent, these young fans began to attempt recover political and administrative control of Corinthians. The Corinthians were under the administration of Wadih Helu, who for years tried to prevent the creation of the Gaviões through several reprisals. This persecution was not enough to make them give up and gradually his ideas were maturing. "I had decided that the name of the club should contain faithful, as well as the fans were already known to the Corinthians that even after 15 years without winning a single title, crowds took to the stage." What was simply an utopia of young lovers and revolutionary thoughts turned into reality: Gaviões da Fiel was born. However, the persecution of the managers of the Corinthians is not over. There were many attempts to escape the ideas of these young people. However, in 1972, Wadih plate Helu lost the election to Miguel Martinez, who took command of the Corinthians. The Hawks of the Faithful attempted unprecedented act in its history: the overthrow of a Military Dictator took precedence over the Timão. Miguel Martinez, even though it was supported by the Hawks of the Faithful, tried to influence its founders, so that they would not pressure the new administration of the club and not put into practice some of their politically revolutionary ideas. In July 1971, the Gaviões underwent its first political crisis, as one of the founders accepted the proposal of the Corinthians to leave Gavioes da Fiel & create a more moderate / Non-Politicized Torcida. Like everything that involves the Corinthians and passion of its fans, the Hawks of the Faithful loomed up and multiplied, rapidly assuming the position of the largest organized supporters of Brazil. The attitude of these young people began to increasingly disturbing the Dictatorship, especially when the Hawks of the Faithful had spoken publicly against the military dictatorship, displaying a banner in a match at Morumbi asking for “Anistia ampla, geral e irrestrita” (Widespread amnesty, blatant & unrestricted). This protest led to the conviction of then Gaviões president, being the first public entity to openly manifest itself against the regime.

Currently, the torcida has 97,177 members (January 14, 2013), The largest Organized Torcida in Brazil.[42]

Organized Fans of Corinthians, at an away match in Florianopolis, SC
  • Camisa 12:[43] (The 12th Shirt)

Motto: "O Jogador das arquibancadas" (The player of the terraces)
Camisa 12 was founded in August 1971, The Non-Politicized off-shoot of Gaviões da Fiel. The greatest moment for the torcida came in 1976, during "Invasão Corintiana", in a memorable semi-final against Fluminense, Camisa 12 actively participated. When Over 70,000 Corinthians fans from Sao Paulo made the 280 mile trip to Rio da Janeiro's Maracana Stadium with scores of Flags, Banners, & Percussion Ensembles. The attendance for that match was 147,000+.[44]

Over 15,000 Members

  • Pavilhão Nove:[45] (The Pavilion Nine)

Motto: "Preso por uma só Paixão" (Incarcerated by a single passion)
It was founded on September 9, 1990 by nine Timão fans in honor of the team Football Carandiru House of Detention. The symbol adopted was from the Disney Cartoon DuckTales of its antagonists The Beagle Boys. The torcida grew out of a social program carried out in Carandiru Penitentiary, once the largest prison in Latin American (Now Demolished) & site of the Carandiru Massacre. Where a group of friends, young fans of Corinthians, formed a team and promoting a charity football match against a team of Carandiru detainees, mainly composed of Corinthians supporters, all from the ninth pavilion of the institution, hence its name. This group, through raffles, promotions and sports culture contributions, began to raise funds for the making banners and flags to divulge the its philosophy on games in the stadiums of the Corinthians. The idea of creating an organized torcida was and to mature on September 9, 1990 officially became a Corinthians Organized Torcida, christened The Pavilion Nine.[46]

Over 12,000 Members

Torcida Corinthiana celebrates the unprecedented Copa Libertadores title
  • Estopim da Fiel:[47] (The Faithful's Fuse)

Motto: "Raça e Atitude" (Bravery & Demeanor)
Estopim da Fiel, founded on January 5, 1979 finds its roots in the 1976 "Invasão Corintiana". A Group of fans from the Diadema neighborhood of Sao Paulo participated in the invasion of Maracana Stadium, celebrated in the stand with a flag & a banner that read, "Estopim da Fiel" & "Corinthianos do Diadema".[48]

  • Fiel Macabra:[49] (Macabre Faithful)

Motto: "A Mais Fanática do Interior" (The Most Fanatical in the Interior)
Fiel Macabra, Founded on October 4, 1993 in Bauru, SP. This torcida was founded by a group of friends that regularly met in Bauru cafeteria. After its initial 3 years, it opened an official headquarter in Bauru, with 5 other offices following soon at the interior of São Paulo. With about 1,800 Members, it is the team's largest ultras in the interior of São Paulo.

Coringão Chopp (Litoral Division), Banner Reads: "os bebados que sobem a serra" (the drunks who climb the mountains)
  • Coringão Chopp:[50] (Draught Beer Corinthians)

Motto: "Torcer e Beber pelo Corinthians" (Drink & Root for Corinthians)
Coringão Chopp, Founded on October 14, 1989. This torcida's origins begin in the 1980s on a Greater São Paulo courtyard. The local was frequented by a group of friends who met casually to play street football & drink beers together after Corinthians games. In 1989, These friends decided frequent Corinthians matches as a unit, They began by going in separate cars. That year their group of friends grew, all them from Greater São Paulo, mainly The ABC Region & their courtyard became a "Meeting Point" for the masses of new friends. That same year, the owner of the courtyard known as Dinho was discussing the sheer volume of Corinthians Fans that considered his courtyard as a Pre-match meeting point. It was that moment when Dinho & friends realized that they had the numbers to create an organized torcida. The members of the newly created torcida, reached a simple agreement on what to name themselves. They agreed that they both had a passion for Corinthians & Chopp (Draught beer). After years of growth in membership, respect, & acceptance, the torcida moved out of the Courtyard & set up a headquarters in Diadema.[51]

Over 6,000 Members

  • Regional/Local:

Many of the Torcidas above have Sub-sedes (Branch Offices) established by fans living outside of São Paulo. Gavioes in particular has 10, 8 In-State, 1 Out-of-State Brasilia, & 1 International Japan. Camisa 12 with 8, 6 In-State, 2 Out-of-State Minas Gerais & Espírito Santo. Pavilhão Nove with 10, 9 In-State, 1 Out-of-State Mato Grosso do Sul. Estopim da Fiel with 10, 8 In-State, 2 Out-of-State Parana & Minas Gerais. Fiel Macabra with 6, 5 In-State, 1 Out-of-State Rio Grande do Sul. Coringão Chopp with 5, all in-state.

RivalriesEdit

Derby Paulista, c. 1920s
  • Derby Paulista is a crosstown fixture between Corinthians and Palmeiras, consistently cited as one of the greatest rivalries worldwide by FIFA,[52] CNN,[53] The Daily Mail,[54] & Others. Palmeiras was founded by a group of Italians who were formerly members of Corinthians.[55] Since 1914, when that treasonous act was taken upon these former supporters, a deep-seated hatred was born.[55] The Derby atmosphere is fierce on and off the pitch, as violence is a norm between the clubs.[56]
  • Clássico Majestoso is a crosstown fixture between Corinthians and São Paulo. The Derby dates back to 1935, at the final re-founding São Paulo after being thrice defunct. Corinthians possesses the largest amount of supporters in the state (25 Million), whereas Sao Paulo's lies in second place (16 Million). The Clássico's most memorable match for Corinthians is the 1990 Campenato Brasileiro finals, which led to Corinthians first national title.
  • Clássico Alvi-negro is a regional fixture between Corinthians and Santos.'Alvi-negro' is given after the colors worn by both teams, black and white (Alvi, from Latin albus, white, and negro, black). The Classico reached one of its highest stages for Corinthians supporters when Corinthians met Santos in the Semi-Finals of Libertadores 2012. Corinthians won 2-1 on aggregates.
  • Other Rivalries: Derby dos Invictos (Derby of the Undefeated), Corinthians and Portuguesa is crosstown rivalry. Corinthians vs Ponte Preta is an in-state rivalry that peaked in the 1977 Campeonato Paulista final, which led to Ponte Preta's greatest Paulista Finish (runner-up). Classico das Multidões (Classic of The Masses) is an inter-state rivalry pegging the two most supported teams in Brazil: Corinthians and Flamengo. Corinthians and Vasco led to great match ups and some rivalry recently, mostly after Vasco winning the Brasileirão in 1997 and 2000, and Corinthians in 1998 and 1999. Their greatest match coincided with the first FIFA Club World Cup in 2000, with a Corinthians victory in the penalty shootout. Corinthians also won the 2011 Brasileirão in the last round of the season, two points over the runner-ups Vasco. Corinthians saved Vasco from their usual runner-up fate by defeating the cariocas in 2012 Libertadores Quarterfinals.
Rival Pld W D L GF GA GD Win % Loss %  %D α Pld W D L GF GA GD Win % Loss %  %D α Last Match Next Match Honors
All-Time 21st century Date Location Competition Result Date Location Competition
In-State
Palmeiras[57][58] 341 118 102 121 454 497 -43 34.60 35.48 -1.73 .384 37 16 10 11 52 49 +3 43.24 29.72 13.52 .3726 6/24/2012 Pacaembu Brasileirão 1-0 9/15/2012 Arena Barueri Brasileirão 1999 Paulistao
São Paulo[59][60] 294 113 92 89 433 395 +38 38.44 30.27 8.17 .1747 40 14 13 13 55 52 +3 35.00 32.5 2.5 .9285 2/12/2012 Pacaembu Paulistão 1-0 8/26/2012 Morumbi Brasileirão 1990 Brasileirao
Santos[61][62] 306 123 86 97 560 477 +83 40.20 31.18 8.51 .0290 40 14 8 18 62 61 +1 35.00 43.9 -9.75 .1017 6/20/2012 Pacaembu Libertadores 1-1 8/19/2012 Vila Belmiro Brasileirão 2012 Libertadores Semis
Portuguesa[63][64] 251 141 51 59 509 329 +180 56.18 23.5 32.68 .0001 15 8 3 4 34 18 +16 53.33 26.66 26.66 .2466 2/22/2012 Canindé Paulistão 0-2 7/21/2012 Pacaembu Brasileirão
Ponte Preta[65][66] 128 74 30 24 239 129 +110 57.81 18.75 39.06 .0001 30 18 3 9 61 38 +23 60.00 30 30 .0033 6/17/2012 Majestoso Brasileirão 0-1 9/11/2012 Pacaembu Brasileirão 1977 Paulistao
Out-of-State
Flamengo[67][68] 119 46 26 47 181 190 -9 38.66 39.16 -0.83 .9710 25 6 11 8 34 38 -4 24.00 32 -8 .6236 7/18/2012 Engenhão Brasileirão 0-3 10/13/2012 Pacaembu Brasileirão
Vasco da Gama[69][70] 108 43 30 35 157 154 +3 39.81 32.4 7.41 .3029 26 8 11 7 28 25 +3 30.77 26.92 3.85 .7116 5/23/2012 Pacaembu Libertadores 1-0 8/5/2012 São Januário Brasileirão 2000 FIFA Club World Cup
Atlético Mineiro[71][72] 83 33 23 27 127 114 +13 39.76 32.53 7.23 .4049 22 12 5 5 38 30 +8 54.55 22.72 31.83 .0718 5/27/2012 Independência Brasileirão 1-0 9/1/2012 Pacaembu Brasileirão

Legend:

SymbolsEdit

D'Artagnan, Corinthians Mascot
  • Musketeer:

Corinthians' official mascot is the Musketeer, a symbol of bravery, audacity and fighting spirit. The adoption of that character recalls the first years of the club.

In 1913 most of the leading football clubs in São Paulo State founded the APEA (Paulista Athletic Sports Association). The depleted Paulista League was left with only Americano, Germania and Internacional, known as the "three musketeers" of São Paulo football. Corinthians joined the three as D'Artagnan, being the fourth and most adored musketeer, just like in Alexandre Dumas, père's novel The Three Musketeers. To be accepted in that "musketeers universe",

Corinthians had to show their bravery. As there was many other teams who coveted the spot in the Liga Paulista, Corinthians participated in a selective tournament against Minas Gerais and São Paulo, two other great teams of Paulista amateur football at that time. The Corinthian team beat Minas 1–0 and São Paulo 4–0, earning acceptance into the group and acquiring the right to participate in the Special Division of the Paulista League in the following year.

  • Saint George:

An important symbol for Corinthians is Saint George/(Ogum). Saint George is one of the most revered Catholic Saints in Brazil, a nation with a blend of cultures. The collusion between African & European cultures is seen in Brazil's definition of São Jorge as a mash between Catholicism & Western African Mythology. The comparison may be drawn the entities similar characteristics; St George, the soldier who protects those who pray to him; Ogum God of War who serves the communities who believe in him. it is this warrior demeanor that made Corinthians fans indebted to São Jorge.

Corinthians began as a small team for the lower classes of Sao Paulo, even though they obtained initial success. Lack of respect for the working class by forced Corinthians to leave their Sao Paulo State Football League in protest. after multiple championships Timão made its largest leap in prestige in the founding of a Corinthians' Headquarters, 1926. The creation of said headquarters became the first fusion of Timão & São Jorge. The land purchased for the headquarters was formerly Parque São Jorge (St. George Park) at 777 Rua São Jorge, Tatuapé, São Paulo, SP.[73]

Corinthians support for São Jorge became fanatical during the decade of the 60's, Between 1954 and 1977, Corinthians failed to add to its gallery of conquests and the Corinthian Nation lived the hardest moments of its history. While the stream struggled in the 60's, fan recanted that they were blessed by a "Santo Guerreiro" (Warrior Saint). In the early 60's the lack of success lingered in the minds of fans & gave birth to a utilization of the blessings of São Jorge. this caused Corinthians to erect a chapel in honor of the saint, in order to strengthen the clubs resolve via mysticism. 1969, after the death of two players Lidu & Eduardo, the funeral was held in Capela São Jorge, & strengthened the clubs identity at a time when championships were non-existent. 1974 Paulista Final, after a heart-wrenching loss to arch-rival Palmeiras, composer Paulinho Nogueira recorded "Oh Corinthians", a song that had popular commercial success at the time. In the verses of the composition dedicated to the suffering Corinthians could not miss the quote to the patron Saint George:

"...Oh, são 20 anos de espera. Mas meu São Jorge me dê forças, para poder um dia enfim, descontar meu sofrimento em quem riu de mim".
("... Oh, It's been 20 years of waiting, but my St. George gives me strength to be able to one day finally cashing in my suffering upon those who laughed at me.)"

Corinthians 2011 third kit, was burgundy colored & featured São Jorge slaughtering a dragon in a dark watermark across the right side of the chest. The utilization of São Jorge's image on the shirt is the practice of São Jorge's Prayer.

St. George, The Corinthians patron saint
Oração do São Jorge


Eu andarei vestido e armado, com as armas de São Jorge.
(I will be armed & dressed with the weapons of St. George)
Para que meus inimigos tendo pés não me alcancem,
(in order for my Enemies having feet, will be unable to reach me )
tendo mãos não me peguem,
(having hands, will be unable to catch me ')
tendo olhos não me enxerguem,
(having eyes, will be unable to see me )
nem pensamentos eles possam ter para me fazerem mal.
(having thought, will be unable to wish ill upon me)
Armas de fogo o meu corpo não alcançarão,
(Firearms will be unable to reach my body)
facas e lanças se quebrem sem ao meu corpo chegar,
(knives & lances will break without reaching my body)
cordas e correntes se quebrem sem ao meu corpo, amarrar.
(ropes & chains will break without constricting my body)

AnthemEdit

Corinthians Headquarters, located at 777 Rua São Jorge (Parque São Jorge), Tatuapé, Sao Paulo, SP

Salve o Corinthians,
(Hail Corinthians)
O campeão dos campeões,
(The champion of champions)
Eternamente dentro dos nossos corações
(eternally in our hearts)
Salve o Corinthians de tradições e glórias mil
(Hail The Corinthians of thousands of traditions & glories)
Tu és orgulho
(You are the pride...)
Dos esportistas do Brasil
(...of The athletes of Brazil)

Teu passado é uma bandeira,
(your past is a banner)
Teu presente, uma lição
(your present is a lesson)
Figuras entre os primeiros
(figures within the elite)
Do nosso esporte bretão
(...of our British Sport)

Corinthians grande,
(Great Corinthians)
Sempre Altaneiro,
(always the highest)
És do Brasil
(it's Brazil's...)
O clube mais brasileiro
(...most Brazilian club)

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Salve o Corinthians,
(Hail Corinthians)
O campeão dos campeões,
(The champion of champions)
Eternamente dentro dos nossos corações
(eternally in our hearts)
Salve o Corinthians de tradições e glórias mil
(Hail The Corinthians of thousands of traditions & glories)
Tu és orgulho
(You are the pride...)
Dos esportistas do Brasil
(...of The athletes of Brazil)

PlayersEdit

First team squadEdit

As of 16 April 2014

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Júlio César
2 Brazil DF Weverton Almeida Santos Evaristo (on loan from Ponte Preta)
3 Brazil DF Cleber
4 Brazil DF Gil
5 Brazil MF Ralf (captain)
6 Brazil DF Fábio Santos
7 Brazil MF Elias
8 Brazil MF Renato Augusto
9 Peru FW Paolo Guerrero
10 Brazil MF Jádson
11 Paraguay MF Ángel Romero
12 Brazil GK Cássio
14 Peru MF Luis Ramírez
15 Brazil DF Guilherme Andrade
16 Brazil DF Uendel
18 Brazil FW Luciano
No. Position Player
19 Brazil MF Guilherme
20 Brazil MF Danilo
21 Brazil FW Malcom
22 Brazil GK Danilo Fernandes
25 Brazil MF Bruno Henrique
26 Brazil DF Guilherme Antonio Arana Lopes
27 Brazil GK Walter
28 Brazil DF Felipe
29 Brazil MF José Paulo de Oliveira Pinto
30 Brazil FW Paulinho
31 Brazil FW Romarinho
32 Brazil MF Jocinei
34 Brazil DF Pedro Henrique Ribeiro Gonçalves
35 Brazil DF Fagner (on loan from VfL Wolfsburg)
40 Brazil MF Petros (on loan from Penapolense)
Brazil DF Anderson Vieira Martins
11 Uruguay MF Nicolás Lodeiro

Youth & reserve squadEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Henrique Teixeira
2 Brazil DF Lucas Roncato
3 Brazil DF Lucas Balardin
4 Brazil MF Ualefi
5 Brazil DF Victor PC
6 Brazil FW Michael
7 Brazil MF Ayrton
8 Brazil FW Leandro
9 Brazil FW Paulinho
10 Brazil MF Jean Theodoro
11 Brazil GK Caíque França
12 Brazil MF Lucas Neves
13 Brazil DF Rafael
14 Brazil DF Ivan
15 Brazil DF Luis Guilherme
17 Brazil FW Rivaldinho
No. Position Player
20 Brazil MF Allano
21 Brazil MF Paulo Cesar
22 Brazil MF Victor Alves
23 Brazil FW Yuri
24 Brazil MF Zé Paulo
25 Brazil GK Matheus Silva
26 Brazil DF Nick
27 Brazil DF Victor Oliveira
28 Brazil MF Lucas Lima
29 Brazil MF Patrick dos Santos Cruz
30 Brazil FW Cesar Romero
31 Brazil FW Lucas Sousa
32 Brazil MF Frenando Geano
33 Brazil DF Leonel Naldo
34 Brazil GK Dani Silva
35 Brazil FW Raphael Santos

Out on LoanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil GK Renan (on loan to Botafogo-SP)
Brazil DF Igor (on loan to Sport)
Brazil DF Denner (on loan to Bragantino)
Brazil DF André Vinícius (on loan to Portuguesa)
Brazil DF PC (on loan to Belenenses)
Brazil DF Nick (on loan to Belenenses)
Brazil DF Ramon (on loan to Beşiktaş)
Brazil MF Rodriguinho (on loan to Grêmio)
Brazil MF Anderson (on loan to Avaí)
Brazil MF Gomes (on loan to Portuguesa)
No. Position Player
Brazil MF Luan Silva (on loan to Harrisburg City Islanders)
Brazil MF Nenê Bonilha (on loan to Osasco)
Brazil MF Matheus (on loan to Osasco)
Brazil MF Willian Arão (on loan to Chapecoense)
Brazil MF Giovanni (on loan to Portuguesa)
Brazil MF Vitor Júnior (on loan to Figueirense)
Brazil FW Elton (on loan to Al-Nassr)
Brazil FW Taubaté (on loan to Ferroviária-SP)
Brazil FW Alexandre Pato (on loan to São Paulo)

Notable playersEdit

There are many players who reside in the hearts & minds Corinthians Fans. Popular consensus amongst the Fiel supporting throngs of household names such as Brandão (Never as sent off in 19 years of Footballing), Cristian (Best known for 2009 Paulistao Semi Final Performance), Dentinho (Raised in Club, didn't leave when Timão was Relegated 2008), Dinei (Registered member of Gavioes da Fiel before becoming a Footballer, led Timão to first national title in 1990), Idário ("Deus da Raça" or The God of Bravery), Tupãzinho (Scored the goal that secured Corinthians first National Title), & many, many more. Corinthians Fans are known to fanatically support their team, regardless of performance. Furthermore, The Fiel are known to make idols of players who could hardly considered as "Craques" or Footballing Elite, Based on Bravery, Courage, & Attitude. yet, in order to create a concise list we must create "List Criteria" based on statistics & individual honors.

Sócrates, 2005

List criteria:

Name Years Pos App Goals Titles Prata Ouro SAFY 20th century Notes
Brazil Neco 1913–1930 FW 313 239 8 [78]
Brazil Teleco 1934–1944 FW 248 255 4 [79]
Brazil Servílio 1938–1949 MF 363 201 3 [80]
Brazil Cláudio 1944–1957 MF 549 305 6 [81]
Brazil Baltazar 1944–1957 FW 402 267 6 [82]
Brazil Luisinho 1948–1967
1964–1967
MF 604 175 6 [83]
Brazil Olavo 1952–1961 DF 506 17 4 [84]
Brazil Rivelino 1965–1974 MF 473 144 1 1971 1973 38th [85]
Brazil Zé Maria 1970–1983 DF 599 17 4 1973, 1977 [86]
Brazil Vaguinho 1971–1981 MF 555 110 4 [87]
Brazil Wladimir 1972–1985
1987
DF 805 32 4 1974, 1976,
1982
[88]
Brazil Biro-Biro 1978–1989 MF 589 75 4 1982 [89]
Brazil Sócrates 1978–1984 MF 298 172 3 1980 1983 61st [90]
Brazil Marcelo 1987–1993 MF 342 4 2 1990
Brazil Ronaldo 1986–1998 GK 602 571 6 1990, 1994 [91]
Brazil Neto 1989–1993
1996-1997
MF 227 80 3 1991 [92]
Brazil Zé Elias 1993–1996 DF 161 2 2 1994 [93]
Brazil Marcelinho 1994-1997
1998-2001
2006
MF 432 206 8 1994 1999 [94]
Brazil Edílson 1997–2000 FW 164 55 4 1998 [95]
Paraguay Gamarra 1998–1999 DF 80 7 2 1998 1998 [96]
Brazil Vampeta 1998-2000
2002-2003
2007
MF 268 17 7 1998, 1999 [97]
Brazil Dida 1999–2000
2001-2002
GK 94 122 4 1999 [98]
Brazil Gil 2000–2005 FW 263 57 4 2002 [99]
Brazil Fábio Luciano 2000–2003 DF 59 13 5 2002
Argentina Tevez 2004–2006 FW 78 46 1 2005 2005 [100]
Brazil Marcelo Mattos 2005–2007 MF 173 21 1 2005
Brazil Elias 2005–2007 MF 155 24 3 2010 [101]
Brazil Chicão 2008- DF 223 49 5 2010 [102]
Brazil Ronaldo Fenômeno 2009–2011 FW 69 35 2 13th [103]
Brazil Roberto Carlos 2009–2011 DF 61 5 2010
Brazil Paulinho 2010-2013 MF 167 34 3 2011, 2012 [104]
Brazil Alessandro 2008-2013 DF 256 4 8
Marcelinho Carioca, Neto, & notable Corinthians supporter, Lula
Jorge Henrique, Dentinho, Ronaldo, & others celebrating 2009 Copa do Brasil Title with Lula

Technical staffEdit

Current technical staffEdit

Last Updated May 31, 2011.:[105]

Comissão técnica
Name Position
Brazil Roberto de Andrade Director
Brazil Duilio Monteiro Alves Associate Director
Brazil Edu Gaspar General Manager
Brazil Mauro Silva Supervisor
Equipe Técnica 2011/12
Name Position
Brazil Adenor Leonardo Bacchi (Tite) Manager
Brazil Xavier, Delamore & Carille Assistant Managers
Brazil Fábio Mahseredjian Fitness Coach
Brazil Ruschel, Chien Chan Junior, & Ramos do Prado Assistant Fitness Coach
Brazil Mauri Costa Lima Goalkeeping Coach
Brazil Dr. Joaquim Grava Medical Consultant
Brazil Dr. Stancati e Dr. Galotti Doctors
Brazil Mazziotti, Gonçalves, Vieira e Mello Physiotherapist
Brazil Antônio Carlos Gomes Physiology Consultant
Brazil Rodrigues e Fedato Filho Physiologist
Brazil Christine Fernanda Machado Neves Nutritionist
Board of Directors
Name Position
Brazil Mário Gobbi President
Brazil Luis Paulo Rosenberg Vice-President
Brazil Roberto de Andrade Souza Director of Professional Football
Brazil Raul Corrêa da Silva Financial Director
Brazil Jorge Alberto Aun Director of Estates & Works
Brazil Fausto Bittar Filho Director of Land Sports
Brazil André Luiz de Olivera Administrative Director
Brazil Fernando Alba Braghiroli Director of Amateur Football
Brazil Sérgio E. M. de Alvarenga Director of Legal Instrument
Brazil Oldano G. de Carvalho Director of Aquatic Sports
Brazil Waldir Rozante Director of Social Department
Brazil Luis Paulo Rosenberg Marketing Director
Brazil Duilio N. Monteiro Alves Cultural Director
Brazil Elie Werdo Secretary General
Brazil Jacinto Antonio Ribeiro Assessor - Presidency
Brazil Manoel Ramos Evangelista Assessor - Presidency


PresidentsEdit

Name Tenure
Brazil Alexandre Magnani 1910–1914
Brazil Ricardo de Oliveira 1915
Brazil João Baptista Maurício 1915–1916
Brazil João Martins de Oliveira 1917
Brazil João de Carvalho (Interim) 1918
Brazil Albino Teixeira Pinheiro 1919
Brazil Guido Giacominelli 1920–1925, 1927
Brazil Aristides de Macedo Filho 1925
Brazil Ernesto Cassano 1926, 1928
Brazil José Tipaldi 1929
Brazil Filipe Collona 1929–1930
Brazil Alfredo Schürig 1930–1933
Brazil João Baptista Maurício 1933
Brazil José Martins Costa Júnior 1933–1934
Brazil Manuel Correcher 1935–41
Brazil Mario Henrique Almeida (Intervenor) 1941
Brazil Pedro de Souza 1941
Brazil Manuel Domingos Correia 1941-1943
Brazil Alfredo Ignácio Trindade 1944-1946
Brazil Lourenço Fló Junior 1947-1948
Brazil Alfredo Ignacio Trindade 1948–1959
Brazil Vicente Matheus 1959–1961
Brazil Wadih Helu 1961-1971
Brazil Miguel Martinez 1971-1972
Brazil Vicente Matheus 1972–1981
Brazil Waldemar Pires 1982–1985
Brazil Roberto Pasqua 1985–1987
Brazil Vicente Matheus 1987–1991
Brazil Marlene Matheus 1991–1993
Brazil Alberto Dualib 1993–2007
Brazil Clodomil Antonio Orsi (Interim) 2007
Brazil Andrés Sanchez 2007–2011
Brazil Mário Gobbi 2012–


Notable ManagersEdit

List criteria:

Name Years G W D L GF GA\ W% CP-A1 CB CB-A CL CWC Notes
Brazil Amílcar Barbuy 1915-1920
1935
1937
192 135 18 39 0 0 70.31 1915
1937
[106]
Brazil Guido Giacominelli 1921–1925 117 88 11 18 321 112 75.21 1922
1923
1924
[107]
Brazil Neco 1927
1937-1938
66 29 15 22 135 113 43.94 1937
1938
[108]
Brazil Virgílio Montarini 1929–1931 84 51 17 16 284 142 60.71 1929
1930
[109]
Brazil Del Debbio 1939-1942
1947-1949
1963
215 143 31 41 0 0 66.51 1939
1941
[110]
Brazil Rato 1942-1943
1951-1954
1958-1959
1963
1969
255 161 43 51 0 0 63.14 1951
1952
1953
1954
[111]
Brazil Osvaldo Brandão 1954-1957
1964-1966
1969
1977-1978
1980-1981
438 249 96 93 0 0 56.85 1954
1977
[112]
Brazil Sylvio Pirillo 1959-1960
1974-1975
124 67 26 31 158 209 54.03 [113]
Brazil Dino Sani 1969-1970
1975
122 54 39 29 187 116 44.26 [114]
Brazil Duque 1972
1976-1977
113 54 36 23 113 88 47.79 1977 [115]
Brazil José Teixeira 1978–1979 107 48 41 18 150 96 44.86 1979 [116]
Brazil Mário Travaglini 1981-1982
1985
122 [117]
Brazil Basílio 1985
1987
1989-1990
1992
116 51 42 23 140 90 43.97 [118]
Brazil Nelsinho Baptista 1990-1991
1992-1993
1997
2007
192 84 66 42 277 203 43.75 1997 1990 [119]
Brazil Eduardo Fernandes Amorim 1995–1996 110 52 29 29 185 130 47.27 1995 [120]
Brazil Vanderlei Luxemburgo 1998
2001
139 65 34 40 258 180 46.76 2001 1998 [121]
Brazil Oswaldo de Oliveira 1999–2000 112 58 21 33 220 158 51.79 1999 1999 2000 [122]
Brazil Tite 2004-2005
2010–2013
234 118 71 45 324 184 50.43 2013 2011 2012 2012 [123]
Brazil Mano Menezes 2008–2010 2014–Present 185 103 49 33 320 176 55.68 2009 2009 [124]

StatisticsEdit

Recent SeasonsEdit

Last Ten Seasons
year Campeonato Brasileiro Copa do Brasil Continental/Worldwide Campeonato Paulista
Div Pos G W D L GF GA Fase Máxima Competition Fase Máxima Div. Fase Máxima Pos.
2004 A 46 20 14 12 53 53 Quarter-finals A1 First stage 16º
2005 A 42 24 9 9 87 59 Round of 16 SA Quarter-finals A1 League
2006 A 38 15 8 15 41 46 CL SA Round of 16 Round of 16 A1 League
2007 A 17º 38 10 14 14 40 50 Round of 16 SA Brazil Preliminary A1 First stage
2008 B 38 25 10 3 79 29 Final A1 First stage
2009 A 10º 38 14 10 14 50 54 Final A1 Final
2010 A 38 19 11 8 65 41 CL Round of 16 A1 First stage
2011 A 38 21 8 9 53 36 CL First stage A1 Final
2012 A 38 15 12 11 51 39 CL WC Final Final A1 Quarter-finals
2013 A 10º 38 11 17 10 27 22 Round of 16 CL RS Round of 16 Final A1 Final


Legend:
     Champion.
     Runner-Up.
     Classified for Copa Libertadores da América via Campeonato Brasileiro Campaign.
     Classified for Copa Libertadores da América via Copa do Brasil or Copa Libertadores Title.
     Classified for Copa Conmebol, Copa Mercosul or Copa Sul-Americana.
     Relegated to Série B.
     Promoted to Série A.

Club honorsEdit

Copa Libertadores encased in an exhibit at The Corinthians Memorial, July 2012.
FIFA World Cup trophy displayed in Memorial Club, December 2012
Worldwide
Competitions Titles Seasons
Here the trophy FIFA Club World Championship 1 2000Cscr-featured.png
Trofeu mundial fifa01.svg FIFA Club World Cup 1 2012Cscr-featured.png
Continental
Competitions Titles Seasons
Copa Libertadores 1 2012Cscr-featured.png
CONMEBOL recopa trophy.svg Recopa Sudamericana 1 2013Cscr-featured.png
National
Competitions Titles Seasons
Cbf brazilian championship trophy 02.svg Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 5 1990, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2011
CBF Brazilian Cup.png Copa do Brasil 3 1995Cscr-featured.png, 2002, 2009
SuperCopaBrasil.jpg Supercopa do Brasil 1 1991Cscr-featured.png
B Series Brazilian Championship Trophy.png Campeonato Brasileiro Série B 1 2008
Interstate
Competitions Titles Seasons
Rio-SãoPaulo.png Torneio Rio-São Paulo 5 1950, 1953, 1954, 1966, 2002
State
Competitions Titles Seasons
Paulista Championship Trophy.png Campeonato Paulista 27 1914Cscr-featured.png, 1916Cscr-featured.png, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1928, 1929Cscr-featured.png, 1930, 1937, 1938Cscr-featured.png, 1939, 1941, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1977, 1979, 1982, 1983, 1988, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2009Cscr-featured.png, 2013

Cscr-featured.png Denotes Undefeated Championship

Other titlesEdit

Winners (1): 1956Cscr-featured.png
Winners (1): 1953Cscr-featured.png
Winners (1): 1996Cscr-featured.png

A Cscr-featured.png near the year denotes the club won the competition without losses

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ not to be confused with São Paulo Futebol Clube
  2. ^ do not confuse with Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras
  3. ^ a b "No Bom Retiro, em 1910, Começa Esta História". Folha de S.Paulo (in Portuguese). May 12, 1976. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  4. ^ BORBA, Marco Aurélio (November 5, 1982) "O Timão cheio de bossas". Revista Placar. pp. 50-53
  5. ^ Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 1990 at RSSSF[dead link]
  6. ^ Supercopa do Brasil at RSSSF[dead link]
  7. ^ Copa do Brasil 1995 at RSSSF[dead link]
  8. ^ a b Campeonato Paulista at RSSSF[dead link]
  9. ^ Campeonato Brasileiro Série A at RSSSF[dead link]
  10. ^ "2000 FIFA Club World Cup at RSSSSF". Rsssf.com. Retrieved July 31, 2012. 
  11. ^ Copa do Brasil 2002 at RSSSF[dead link]
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  14. ^ Ronaldo agrees to join Corinthians – The Independent, December 9, 2008
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  22. ^ a b c 1913: Nasce o Mosqueteiro corintiano - Lance1, May 28, 2010
  23. ^ 1914 - O primeiro título e o primeiro ídolo - Lance!, May 29, 2010
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  31. ^ Corinthians 5000 Jogos: Clube - Lance!, February 17, 2008
  32. ^ a b c d 1926: Timão compra o Parque São Jorge - Lance!, June 10, 2010
  33. ^ a b 1928: Satanás, ídolo e muralha corintiana - Lance!, June 12, 2010
  34. ^ a b c 1940: A primeira partida do Corinthians no Pacaembu - Lance!, June 24, 2010
  35. ^ 1942: Corinthians conquista o Torneio Quinela de Ouro - Lance!, June 26, 2010
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  37. ^ "Novo estádio do Corinthians receberá jogos da Copa de 2014" (in Portuguese). 
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  44. ^ "Camisa 12 Historia". Camisa12net.com.br. Retrieved July 31, 2012. 
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  77. ^ "Bola de Prata" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  78. ^ "Idolo Neco" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  79. ^ "Idolo Teleco" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  80. ^ "Idolo Servilio" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  81. ^ "Idolo Claudio" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  82. ^ "Idolo Baltazar" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  83. ^ "Idolo Luizinho" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  84. ^ "Idolo Olavo" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
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  86. ^ "Idolo Zé Maria" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  87. ^ "Idolo Vaguinho" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
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  89. ^ "Idolo Biro-Biro" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
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  92. ^ "Idolo Neto" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
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  94. ^ "Idolo Marcelinho" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  95. ^ "Idolo Edílson" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
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  97. ^ "Idolo Vampeta" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  98. ^ "Idolo Dida" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  99. ^ "Idolo Gil" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  100. ^ "Idolo Tevez" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  101. ^ "Idolo Elias" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  102. ^ "Idolo Chicão" (in Portuguese). Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
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External linksEdit