Last modified on 22 July 2014, at 18:01

Princeton, New Jersey

For communities with a similar name, see Princeton (disambiguation).
Princeton, New Jersey
Borough
Princeton
Princeton highlighted in Mercer County. Inset map: Mercer County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Princeton highlighted in Mercer County. Inset map: Mercer County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of the former Princeton Township (and enclaved Borough in pink), New Jersey
Census Bureau map of the former Princeton Township (and enclaved Borough in pink), New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°21′26″N 74°40′13″W / 40.357115°N 74.670165°W / 40.357115; -74.670165Coordinates: 40°21′26″N 74°40′13″W / 40.357115°N 74.670165°W / 40.357115; -74.670165[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Mercer
Incorporated January 1, 2013
Government
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Liz Lempert (term ends December 31, 2016)[3][4]
 • Administrator Robert W. Bruschi[5]
 • Clerk Linda McDermott[6]
Area[2]
 • Total 18.363 sq mi (47.56 km2)
 • Land 17.933 sq mi (46.45 km2)
 • Water 0.430 sq mi (1.11 km2)  2.34%
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9][10][11]
 • Total 28,572
 • Density 1,600/sq mi (600/km2)
Demonym Princetonian
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 08540-08544[12][13]
Area code(s) 609 [14]
Website www.princetonnj.gov

Princeton is a municipality with a borough form of government in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States, that was established on January 1, 2013, through the consolidation of the Borough of Princeton and Princeton Township. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 28,572, reflecting the former township's population of 16,265, along with the 12,307 in the former borough.[7][8][9][10][11]

Nassau Street, Princeton's main street.
The "Dinky" at the Princeton Branch platform at Princeton Junction.

Princeton is best known as the location of Princeton University, located in the community since 1756. Although Princeton is a "college town", there are other important institutions in the area, including the Institute for Advanced Study, Westminster Choir College, Princeton Theological Seminary, Educational Testing Service (ETS), Opinion Research Corporation, Siemens Corporate Research, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Sarnoff Corporation, FMC Corporation, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Amrep, Church and Dwight, Berlitz International, and Dow Jones & Company.

Princeton is roughly equidistant from New York City and Philadelphia. Princeton is close to many major highways that serve both cities, and receives all major TV and radio broadcasts from each.

New Jersey's capital is the city of Trenton, but the governor's official residence has been in Princeton since 1945, when Morven in the borough became the first Governor's mansion. It was later replaced by the larger Drumthwacket, a colonial mansion located in the township. Morven became a museum property of the New Jersey Historical Society.

Princeton was named No. 15 of the top 100 towns in the United States to Live and Work In by Money Magazine in 2005.[15]

Although residents of Princeton (Princetonians) traditionally have a strong community-wide identity, the community had been composed of two separate municipalities: a township and a borough. The central borough was completely surrounded by the township. The Borough seceded from the Township in 1894 in a dispute over school taxes; the two municipalities later formed the Princeton Public Schools, and some other public services were conducted together before they were reunited into a single Princeton in January 2013. The Borough contained Nassau Street, the main commercial street, most of the University campus, and incorporated most of the urban area until the postwar suburbanization. Borough and Township had roughly equal populations.

United States Postal ZIP codes for Princeton include 08540, 08541 (Educational Testing Service), 08542 (largely the old Borough), 08543 (PO boxes), and 08544 (the University). The first covers areas outside Princeton proper, including portions of Lawrence, Hopewell, and West Windsor Townships in Mercer County, Montgomery and Franklin Townships in Somerset County, and Plainsboro and South Brunswick Townships in Middlesex County.

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

The Lenni Lenape Native Americans were the earliest identifiable inhabitants of the Princeton area. Europeans founded their settlement in the latter part of the 17th century. The first European to find his home in the boundaries of the future town was Henry Greenland. He built his house in 1683 along with a tavern. In this drinking hole representatives of West and East Jersey met to set boundaries for the location of the township.[16]

Originally, Princeton was known only as part of nearby Stony Brook. Mr. James Leonard first referred to the town as Prince-town,[when?] when describing the location of his large estate in his diary.[17] The town bore a variety of names subsequently, including: Princetown, Prince's Town and finally Princeton.[18] Although there is no official documentary backing, the town is considered[by whom?] to be named after King William III, Prince William of Orange of the House of Nassau. Another theory suggests that the name came from a large land-owner named Henry Prince, but no evidence backs this contention.[18] A royal prince seems a more likely eponym for the settlement, as three nearby towns had similar names: Kingston, Queenstown (in the vicinity of the intersection of Nassau and Harrison Streets) and Princessville (Lawrence Township).[17]

Nassau Hall, which very briefly served as the capitol building of the United States of America in 1783[citation needed]

When Richard Stockton, one of the founders of the township, died in 1709 he left his estate to his sons, who helped to expand property and the population. Based on the 1880 United States Census, the population of the town comprised 3,209 persons (not including students).[17] Local population has expanded from the nineteenth century. According to the 2000 Census, Princeton Borough has 14,203 inhabitants, while Princeton Township has 16,207.[19][20] The numbers have become stagnant; since the establishment of Princeton University there in 1756, the town's population spikes every year during the fall and winter and drops significantly over the course of the summer.[17]

RevolutionEdit

Battle of Princeton, 1777

Aside from housing the University of the same name, the settlement suffered the revolutionary Battle of Princeton on its soil. After the victory in 1777, the town hosted the first Legislature under the State Constitution of New Jersey to decide the State’s seal, Governor and organization of its government. In addition, two of the original signers of the Declaration of Independence—Richard Stockton and John Witherspoon lived in Princeton.[17] Princetonians honored their citizen’s legacy by naming two streets in the downtown area after them.

On January 10, 1938 Henry Ewing Hale called for a group of citizens to discuss opening a “Historical Society of Princeton.” Later the Bainbridge House would be dedicated for this purpose. Previously the house was used once for a meeting of Continental Congress in 1783, a general office and as the Princeton Public Library. The House is actually property of Princeton University and is leased to the Princeton Historical Society for one dollar per year.[21] The house has kept its original staircase, flooring and paneled walls. All together, 70% of the house has been unaltered. Aside from safety features like wheelchair access and electrical work, the house was merely restored to its original look.

Government historyEdit

During the most stirring events in its history, Princeton was a wide spot in the road; the boundary between Somerset County and Middlesex County ran right through Princeton, along the high road between New York and Philadelphia, now Nassau Street. When Mercer County was formed in 1838, part of West Windsor Township was added to the portion of Montgomery Township which was included in the new county, and made into Princeton Township; the area between the present borough line and the Delaware and Raritan Canal was added to Princeton Township in 1853. Princeton Borough became a separate municipality in 1894.

In the early nineteenth century, New Jersey boroughs had been parish bodies, chartered within existing townships. Princeton Borough received such a charter in 1813, as part of Montgomery and West Windsor Townships; it continued to be part of Princeton Township until the Act of 1894, which required that each township form a single school district; rather than do so, Princeton Borough petitioned to be separated. (The two Princetons now form the Princeton Public Schools.) Two minor boundary changes united the then site of the Princeton Hospital and of the Princeton Regional High School inside the Borough, in 1928 and 1951 respectively.[22]

GovernmentEdit

Local governmentEdit

Princeton is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a six-member Borough Council, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election.[23]

The Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office, serves as the borough's chief executive officer and nominates appointees to various boards and commissions subject to approval of the Borough Council. The Mayor presides at the Borough Council meetings and votes in the case of a tie or a few other specific cases.[23]

The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Council has administrative powers and is the policy-making body of the Borough. The Council approves appointments made by the Mayor. Council Members serve on various boards and committees and act as liaison's to certain Departments, Committees or Boards.[23]

As of 2013, the Mayor of Princeton is Liz Lempert, whose term of office ends December 31, 2016.[4] Members of the Princeton Borough Council are Council President Bernard P. Miller (2014), Jo Butler (2014), Jenny Crumiller (2013), Heather Howard (2015), Lance Liverman (2015) and Patrick Simon (2013).[24][25]

Merger of Borough and TownshipEdit

On November 8, 2011, the residents of both the Borough of Princeton and the Township of Princeton voted to merge the two municipalities into one. In Princeton Borough 1,385 voted for, 902 voted against while in Princeton Township 3,542 voted for and 604 voted against. Proponents of the merger asserted that when the merger is completed the new municipality of Princeton will save $3.2 million as a result of some scaled down services including layoffs of 15 government workers including 9 police officers (however the measure itself does not mandate such layoffs). Opponents of the measure challenged the findings of report citing cost savings as unsubstantiated, and noted that voter representation would be reduced in a smaller government structure.[26] The consolidation took effect on January 1, 2013.[27]

Federal, state and county representationEdit

Princeton is located in the 12th Congressional District[28] and is part of New Jersey's 16th state legislative district.[8][29][30] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, the former Princeton Borough and Princeton Township had both been in the 15th state legislative district.[31]

New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Rush D. Holt, Jr. (D, Hopewell Township).[32] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[33][34] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[35][36]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 16th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Christopher Bateman (R, Somerville) and in the General Assembly by Jack Ciattarelli (R, Hillsborough Township) and Donna Simon (R, Readington Township). [37][38] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[39] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[40]

Mercer County is governed by a County Executive who oversees the day-to-day operations of the county and by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders that acts in a legislative capacity, setting policy.[41] As of 2013, the County Executive is Brian M. Hughes (D; term ends December 31, 2013, Princeton).[42] Members of the Board of Chosen Freeholders are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the board selects a Freeholder Chair and Vice-Chair from among its members.[43] Mercer County's freeholders are Freeholder Chair John Cimino (D; 2014, Hamilton Township)[44], Freeholder Vice Chair Andrew Koontz (D; 2013, Princeton),[45] Ann M. Cannon (D; 2015, East Windsor Township),[46] Anthony P. Carabelli (D; 2013, Trenton),[47] Pasqual "Pat" Colavita, Jr. (D; 2015, Lawrence Township),[48] Samuel T. Frisby (D; 2015; Trenton)[49] and Lucylle R. S. Walter (D; 2014, Ewing Township)[50][51] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Paula Sollami Covello (D, 2015).[52] Sheriff John A. "Jack" Kemler (D, 2014)[53] and Surrogate Dianne Gerofsky (D, 2016).[54][55]

ClimateEdit

Like most of the Northeastern United States, Princeton has a humid continental climate, and generally sees cold winters and hot, humid summers. According to Weather.com, the lowest recorded temperature in Princeton was −16 °F (−27 °C) on January 28, 1935, and the highest record temperature was 105 °F (41 °C) on July 9, 1936.[56]

Climate data for Princeton, NJ
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 73
(23)
75
(24)
88
(31)
95
(35)
96
(36)
100
(38)
105
(41)
102
(39)
103
(39)
95
(35)
82
(28)
76
(24)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 38.6
(3.7)
41.1
(5.1)
50.1
(10.1)
61.0
(16.1)
71.6
(22)
80.2
(26.8)
85.0
(29.4)
83.2
(28.4)
76.2
(24.6)
65.2
(18.4)
54.2
(12.3)
43.5
(6.4)
62.49
(16.94)
Average low °F (°C) 21.5
(−5.8)
23.4
(−4.8)
31.2
(−0.4)
39.4
(4.1)
48.9
(9.4)
57.9
(14.4)
63.2
(17.3)
61.6
(16.4)
54.0
(12.2)
42.3
(5.7)
34.6
(1.4)
26.7
(−2.9)
42.06
(5.58)
Record low °F (°C) −16
(−27)
−8
(−22)
2
(−17)
18
(−8)
28
(−2)
35
(2)
45
(7)
40
(4)
31
(−1)
22
(−6)
0
(−18)
−6
(−21)
−16
(−27)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.79
(96.3)
2.96
(75.2)
3.89
(98.8)
3.91
(99.3)
4.65
(118.1)
3.74
(95)
5.32
(135.1)
4.20
(106.7)
4.42
(112.3)
3.63
(92.2)
3.84
(97.5)
3.90
(99.1)
48.25
(1,225.6)
Source #1: Homefacts.com[57]
Source #2: Weather Channel (records)[56]

EducationEdit

Colleges and universitiesEdit

Princeton University's Cuyler, Class of 1903, and Walker Halls are dormitories with Collegiate Gothic architecture.
Princeton University's Fine Hall, home of its Department of Mathematics.
Fuld Hall, home of the Institute for Advanced Study.

Princeton University is a dominant feature of the community. Its main campus has its historic center on Nassau Street in the borough and stretches south into the township. Its James Forrestal satellite campus is located in Plainsboro Township, and some playing fields (and half of the University's Lake Carnegie) lie within adjacent West Windsor Township.

Westminster Choir College, the renowned school of music presently owned by Rider University, established in Princeton in 1932. Before establishing in Princeton, the school resided in Dayton, Ohio and then briefly in Ithaca, New York.

Princeton Theological Seminary, a prestigious Presbyterian seminary and the oldest independent seminary in America, has its main academic campus in Princeton, and residential housing is located just outside the Township in West Windsor Township.

The Institute for Advanced Study is in the Township and maintains extensive land holdings (the "Institute Woods") there.

Mercer County Community College in West Windsor is the nearest public college to serve Princeton residents.

Primary and secondary schoolsEdit

Public schoolsEdit

The Princeton Public Schools serve students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[58]) are four elementary schools — Community Park Elementary School[59] (grades K-5; 321 students), Johnson Park Elementary School[60] (PreK-5; 372), Littlebrook Elementary School[61] (K-5; 335) and Riverside Elementary School[62] (PreK-5; 276) — John Witherspoon Middle School[63] with 664 students in grades 6-8 and Princeton High School[64] with 1,420 students in grades 9-12.[65] The high school is located within the former borough; the other schools are within the former township boundaries. The high school also serves students from Cranbury Township as part of a sending/receiving relationship.[66]

In the early 1990s, redistricting occurred between the Community Park and Johnson Park School districts, as the population within both districts had increased due to residential development. Concerns were also raised about the largely white, wealthy student population attending Johnson Park (JP) and the more racially and economically diverse population at Community Park (CP). As a result of the redistricting, portions of the affluent Western Section neighborhood were redistricted to CP, and portions of the racially and economically diverse John Witherspoon neighborhood were redistricted to JP.

The Princeton Charter School (grades K-8) is located in the township. The school operates under a charter granted by the Commissioner of the New Jersey Department of Education. The school is a public school that operates independently of the Princeton Regional Schools, and is funded on a per student basis by locally-raised tax revenues.[67]

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Princeton High School as the 59th-best high school in New Jersey in its 2012 rankings of the "Top Public High Schools" in New Jersey, after being ranked 44th in 2010.[68]

Private schoolsEdit

Several private schools are located in Princeton: The Lewis School of Princeton, Princeton Day School, Princeton Friends School, Hun School of Princeton, and YingHua International School.

St. Paul Catholic School, (Pre-School to 8th grade) founded in 1878, is the oldest and only coeducational Catholic school, joining Princeton Academy of the Sacred Heart (K-8, all male) and Stuart Country Day School of the Sacred Heart (co-ed for Pre-K, and all female K-12), which operate under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton.[69]

Schools that are outside the town proper but have Princeton mailing addresses include the American Boychoir School in Plainsboro Township, Chapin School and Princeton Junior School in Lawrence Township, the Waldorf School of Princeton (New Jersey's only Waldorf school) and Princeton Montessori School in Montgomery Township, Eden Institute in West Windsor Township, and Princeton Latin Academy in Hopewell.

Public librariesEdit

The Princeton Public Library's current facility was opened in April 2004 as part of the on-going downtown redevelopment project, and replaced a building dating from 1966. The library itself was founded in 1909.

Miscellaneous educationEdit

The Princeton Community Japanese Language School (PCJLS, プリンストン日本語学校 Purinsuton Nihongo Gakkō) teaches weekend Japanese classes for Japanese citizen children abroad to the standard of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), and it also has classes for people with Japanese as a second language. The main office of the school is in Princeton although the office used on Sundays is in Memorial Hall at Rider University in Lawrence Township in Mercer County.[70] Courses are taught at Memorial Hall at Rider University.[71]

TransportationEdit

TrainsEdit

Princeton is roughly equidistant from New York City and Philadelphia. Since the 19th century, it has been connected by rail to both of these cities by the Princeton Branch rail line to the nearby Princeton Junction Station on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor.[72][73] The Princeton train station was moved from under Blair Hall to a more southerly location on University Place in 1918,[72] and was moved further southeast in 2013.[74] Commuting to New York from Princeton became commonplace after the Second World War.[75] While the Amtrak ride time is similar to New York and to Philadelphia, the commuter-train ride to New York — via New Jersey Transit's Northeast Corridor Line — is generally much faster than the equivalent train ride to Philadelphia, which involves a transfer to SEPTA trains in Trenton. New Jersey Transit provides shuttle service between the Princeton and Princeton Junction stations; the train is locally called the "Dinky",[73] and has also been known as the "PJ&B" (for "Princeton Junction and Back").[76] Two train cars, or sometimes just one, are used.

BusesEdit

NJ Transit provides bus service to Trenton on the 606 route and local service on routes 605 and 655.[77] Coach USA Suburban Transit operates frequent daily service to midtown NYC on the 100 route, and weekday rush-hour service to downtown NYC on the 600 route.[78] Princeton and Princeton University provide the FreeB and Tiger Transit local bus services.[79]

RoadsEdit

The borough has a total of 126.95 miles (204.31 km) of roadways, of which 118.36 miles (190.48 km) are maintained by the municipality, 3.93 miles (6.32 km) by Mercer County, and 8.66 miles (13.94 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[80]

U.S. Route 206[81] and New Jersey Route 27[82] pass through Princeton, along with County Routes 583,[83] 571 (commonly known as Washington Road)[84] and 533.[85]

Other major roads that are accessible outside the municipality include U.S. Route 1 (in Lawrence, West Windsor & South Brunswick), Interstate 95 (the section north of Trenton) and Interstate 295 (both in Lawrence), and the New Jersey Turnpike (also designated as Interstate 95, east of Trenton). The closest Turnpike exits are Exit 8A in Monroe Township, Exit 8 in East Windsor, and Exit 7A in Robbinsville.

A number of proposed highways around Princeton have been canceled. The Somerset Freeway (Interstate 95) was to pass just outside the municipality before ending in Hopewell (to the south) and Franklin (to the north). This project was canceled in 1980. Route 92 was supposed to remedy the lack of limited-access highways to the greater Princeton area. The road would have started at Route 1 near Ridge Road in South Brunswick and ended at Exit 8A of the Turnpike. However, that project was killed in 2006.

AirEdit

Princeton Airport is a public airport lying 3 miles (5 km) north of Downtown Princeton in Montgomery Township. The private Forrestal Airport was located on Princeton University property, 2 miles (3 km) east of the main campus, from the early 1950s through the early 1990s.

The closest commercial airport is Trenton-Mercer Airport in Ewing Township, about 15 miles (24 km) from the center of Princeton, which is served by Frontier Airlines nonstop to and from 17 points nationwide. Other nearby major airports are Newark Liberty International Airport and Philadelphia International Airport, located 39 miles (63 km) and 52 miles (84 km) away, respectively.

Sister citiesEdit

Notable peopleEdit

Note: this list does not include people whose only time in Princeton was as a student. Only selected faculty are shown, whose notability extends beyond their field into popular culture. See Faculty and Alumni lists above.

Also:

  • All of the members of Blues Traveler, as well as Chris Barron (see above) are from Princeton and were high school friends.
  • All sitting New Jersey governors since 1945 have had their official residence in Princeton, first at Morven and since 1982 at Drumthwacket, but not all have actually lived in these houses.

Princeton in popular cultureEdit

FilmEdit

Princeton was the setting of the Academy Award-winning A Beautiful Mind about the schizophrenic mathematician John Nash. It was largely filmed in central New Jersey, including some Princeton locations. However, many scenes of "Princeton" were actually filmed at Fordham University's Rose Hill campus in the Bronx.[3]

The 1994 film I.Q., featuring Meg Ryan, Tim Robbins, and Walter Matthau as Albert Einstein, was also set in Princeton, and was filmed in the area. It includes some geographic stretches, including Matthau looking through a telescope from the roof of "Princeton Hospital" to see Ryan and Robbins' characters kissing on the Princeton Battlefield.

Historical films which used Princeton as a setting but were not filmed there include Wilson, a 1944 biographical film about Woodrow Wilson.

In his 1989 independent feature film Stage Fright, independent filmmaker Brad Mays shot a drama class scene in the Princeton High School auditorium, using PHS students as extras. On October 18, 2013, Mays' feature documentary I Grew Up in Princeton had its premiere showing at Princeton High School. The film, described in one Princeton newspaper as a "deeply personal 'coming-of-age story' that yields perspective on the role of perception in a town that was split racially, economically and sociologically",[147] is a portrayal of life in the venerable university town during the tumultuous period of the late sixties through the early seventies.

Scenes from the beginning of Across the Universe (2007) were filmed on the Princeton University campus.

Parts of Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen were filmed in Princeton. Megan Fox and Shia LaBeouf were filming on Princeton University campus for two days during the summer of 2008.

Scenes from the 2008 movie The Happening were filmed in Princeton.

In the movie Toy Story 3, it is inferred from his computer screensaver and "Go Tiger" pennants in his room that Andy is going to Princeton.

TV and radioEdit

The 1938 Orson Welles radio broadcast of The War of the Worlds, is set partly in nearby Grover's Mill, and includes a fictional professor from Princeton University as a main character, but the action never moves directly into Princeton.

The TV show House was set in Princeton, at the fictional Princeton-Plainsboro Teaching Hospital, and establishing shots for the hospital display the Frist Campus Center of Princeton University. The actual University Medical Center of Princeton at Plainsboro opened on May 22, 2012, exactly one day after the finale of House aired.[148]

The 1980 television miniseries Oppenheimer is partly set in Princeton.

LiteratureEdit

F. Scott Fitzgerald's literary debut, This Side of Paradise, is a loosely autobiographical story of his years at Princeton University.

Princeton University's Creative Writing program includes several nationally and internationally prominent writers, making the community a hub of contemporary literature.

Many of Richard Ford's novels are set in Haddam, New Jersey, a fictionalized Princeton.

Joyce Carol Oates 2004 novel Take Me, Take Me With You (written pseudonymously as Lauren Kelly) is set in Princeton.[149]

New Jersey author Judy Blume set her novel Superfudge in Princeton.

Points of interestEdit

Preceded by
Philadelphia
Capital of the United States of America
1783
Succeeded by
Annapolis, Maryland

Local mediaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013. Data was calculated by adding values for the pre-consolidation Princeton Borough and Township.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Mayor, Princeton, New Jersey. Accessed December 1, 2013.
  5. ^ Administration, Princeton, New Jersey. Accessed January 1, 2013.
  6. ^ Office of the Clerk, Princeton, New Jersey. Accessed January 1, 2013.
  7. ^ a b DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Princeton township, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 20, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 8. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  9. ^ a b Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Princeton township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed August 20, 2012.
  10. ^ a b DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Princeton borough, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 20, 2012.
  11. ^ a b Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Princeton borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 20, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Princeton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 20, 2012.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 21, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Princeton, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 29, 2013.
  15. ^ Best Places to Live 2005: No. 15 – Princeton, NJ, Money (magazine), accessed November 2, 2006
  16. ^ A Brief History of Princeton, Princeton Township, “A Brief History of Princeton,” Princeton Township, Mercer county, New Jersey, (accessed November 1, 2010)
  17. ^ a b c d e History of Burlington and Mercer counties. New Jersey with Biographical Sketches of their Pioneers and Prominent Men. Philadelphia: Everts & Peck. 1883. 
  18. ^ a b John Frelinghuysen Hageman (1879). History of Princeton and its Institutions, vol.1 of 2. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co. 
  19. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, "Princeton Borough", United States Census 2000, (accessed on November 3, 2010).
  20. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, "Princeton Township", United States Census 2000, (accessed on November 3, 2010).
  21. ^ A Brief History of Princeton, Historical Society of Princeton. Accessed November 3, 2010.
  22. ^ Snyder, The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries, p. 23 and 164, which cites the Acts of the NJ Legislature 1843, p. 67; 1853, p. 361, for the changes of those years.
  23. ^ a b c Governing Body, Princeton, New Jersey. Accessed January 1, 2013.
  24. ^ Borough Council, Princeton, New Jersey. Accessed November 2, 2013.
  25. ^ 2013 Municpal Data Sheet, Princeton, New Jersey. Accessed November 2, 2013.
  26. ^ Clerkin, Bridget (November 8, 2011). "Princeton voters approve consolidation of borough, township into one municipality". The Times (Trenton, NJ). Retrieved November 9, 2011. 
  27. ^ "2 Princetons vote to merge into 1 town". Asbury Park Press (Asbury Park, NJ). Associated Press. November 8, 2011. Retrieved November 10, 2011. 
  28. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  29. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 63, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  30. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  31. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 63, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  32. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  33. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  34. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  35. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  36. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  37. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 30, 2014.
  38. ^ District 16 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 30, 2014.
  39. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
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  88. ^ Morse, Steve. "Twenty years later, Phish still moves against the current; Band's creativity thrives outside pop's boundaries", The Boston Globe, November 30, 2003. Accessed July 30, 2013. "The next summer they painted houses around Princeton, N.J., (where Anastasio grew up) and made enough money to go to Europe and play street music."
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  96. ^ via Associated Press. "'Star Trek' actor Brooks charged with DUI in Conn.", The Seattle Times, February 3, 2012. Accessed August 22, 2013. "Avery Brooks is set to be arraigned in state court in Norwalk next week in connection with his arrest last weekend in Wilton, a wealthy suburb about 50 miles northeast of Manhattan.... Local police say they pulled over the 63-year-old Princeton, N.J., resident shortly after 10 p.m. Sunday after receiving a complaint about his driving."
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  103. ^ Fiorletta, Alicia. "Interview with Chris Conley from Saves The Day: Breaking Through, Moving Forward", The Aquarian Weekly, November 9, 2011. Accessed October 12, 2013. "Chris Conley, singer, guitarist and lyricist for Saves The Day, particularly remembers his upbringing in Princeton, NJ, as a time of personal growth and musical discovery."
  104. ^ Gussow, Mel. "Whitney Darrow Jr., 89, Gentle Satirist of Modern Life, Dies", The New York Times, August 12, 1999. Accessed October 12, 2013. "Mr. Darrow was born in Princeton, N.J., where his father was one of the founders of the Princeton University Press."
  105. ^ Dawidoff, Nicholas. "The Civil Heretic", The New York Times, March 25, 2009. Accessed October 12, 2003. "FOR MORE THAN HALF A CENTURY the eminent physicist Freeman Dyson has quietly resided in Princeton, N.J., on the wooded former farmland that is home to his employer, the Institute for Advanced Study, this country’s most rarefied community of scholars."
  106. ^ Nichols, Heidi L. "Those Exceptional Edwards Women; Jonathan spent his life surrounded by beautiful women, and it showed.", Christian History, Issue 77. Accessed August 22, 2013. "When Jonathan Edwards was about to die, he dictated his final words to his daughter Lucy. His thoughtswere of his wife, Sarah, who had not yet joined him at their new home in Princeton, New Jersey, where he had just become college president."
  107. ^ Blackwell, Jon. "1933: The genius next door", The Trentonian. Accessed October 12, 2013. "From the moment Albert Einstein arrived in Princeton in 1933, a shaggy, sweater-wearing genius with a pipe in one hand and a sheaf of papers in the other, stories like the one about the girl's homework got a good laugh. And the amazing thing is, they were true."
  108. ^ Elmer W. Engstrom, IEEE Global History Network. Accessed June 15, 2014. "In honor of his community activities at his home in Princeton, New Jersey, Dr. Engstrom was named Man of the Year for 1964 by the Princeton Chamber of Commerce and Civic Council."
  109. ^ Fowler, Linda. "Charles Evered has a Wonderful Life", Inside Jersey, September 2011. Accessed October 12, 2013. "Content when he’s surrounded by history, Evered, a native Jerseyan, lives in a townhouse in Colonial-era Princeton Township with his wife, actress Wendy Rolfe Evered, and their kids, Margaret and John; they like to call it Olympic Village because of the diversity of its residents."
  110. ^ President Henry B. Eyring, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Accessed October 12, 2013. "Born in Princeton, New Jersey, on May 31, 1933, he has served the Church as a regional representative, a member of the general Sunday School board, and a bishop."
  111. ^ McGrath, Charles. "A New Jersey State of Mind", The New York Times, October 25, 2006. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Mr. Ford, who was born and reared in Mississippi, discovered the Jersey Shore in the late 1970’s, when he and his wife were living in Princeton, where he had a teaching job."
  112. ^ George Gallup, 1901-1984 Founder, The Gallup Organization. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Dr. Gallup founded the American Institute of Public Opinion, the precursor of The Gallup Organization, in Princeton, New Jersey, in 1935."
  113. ^ Zernike, Kate. "George Gallup Jr., of Polling Family, Dies at 81", The New York Times, November 22, 2011. Accessed November 2, 2013. "George Gallup Jr., who led the firm that his father made all but synonymous with polling and expanded it to become a barometer of Americans’ views on religion as well as their political attitudes, died on Monday in Princeton, N.J. He was 81 and lived in Princeton."
  114. ^ Gödel, Kurt; and Feferman, Solomon. Kurt Gödel: Collected Works: Volume III: Unpublished Essays and Lectures, p. 5. Oxford University Press, 1995. ISBN 9780195147209. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Photographs of the Godel home in Princeton at 145 Linden Lane."
  115. ^ Bear, Rob. "Dwell Takes a Look Inside Michael Graves' Princeton Home", Curbed, April 23, 2012. Accessed November 2, 2013. "The architect and industrial designer Michael Graves was walking one Sunday with his daughter, when he spotted a 'a ruin in Princeton, N.J.,' that was, in fact, an abandoned warehouse built and once used by the Italian masons brought in to build the stone dormitories at Princeton University. Graves transformed The Warehouse, as it is now known, into a magnificent home for himself and his family."
  116. ^ Dutka, Elaine. The Acting Bug Bites Ethan Hawke", The Los Angeles Times, February 20, 1994. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Acting was a refuge for this self-described 'terrible student,' a way to get out in the world for a kid who couldn't wait for life to start. Hawke's family eventually moved to Princeton, N.J., where, as a 13-year-old, he made his stage debut in the McCarter Theater's production of St. Joan."
  117. ^ Elliott, Khristine. "Historical Ties", Battle Creek Enquirer, July 4, 2003. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Joseph Hewes isn't one of the most well-known signers of the Declaration of Independence, but he's got a built-in fan base in Calhoun, Branch and Barry counties.... Born in Princeton, NJ, in 1730, he went on to graduate from Princeton College."
  118. ^ Anderson, Robert W. "A Short Biography of Charles Hodge", WRS Journal 4/2 (August 1997) 9-13, Western Reformed University. Accessed November 2, 2013. "His son and biographer, A. A. Hodge, recorded that he 'reached his home, in Princeton, about the 18th of September 1828 WHERE THERE WAS JOY.' His son, then being five years of age, added that this was “the first abiding image of his father.'"
  119. ^ Gardner, Joel R.; and Harrison, Andrew R. "The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation: The Early Years", The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Accessed November 2, 2013. "They moved into Bellevue, an estate in Highland Park, and their son, Robert Wood Johnson III, was born in 1920. While living in Highland Park, Johnson became involved inlocal politics and served a term as mayor while he was still in his twenties. His marriage broke up in 1930, and his wife and child remained at Bellevue, while he relocated with his new wife, Margaret, to Morven, in Princeton, which later became the governor’s mansion."
  120. ^ Weiner, Tim; and Crossette, Barbara. "George F. Kennan Dies at 101; Leading Strategist of Cold War", The New York Times, March 18, 2005. Accessed November 2, 2013. "George F. Kennan, the American diplomat who did more than any other envoy of his generation to shape United States policy during the cold war, died on Thursday night in Princeton, N.J. He was 101."
  121. ^ Staff. "Ask a Reporter: Gina Kolata", The New York Times. Accessed August 22, 2013. "Ms. Kolata is married and has two children. She lives in Princeton, N.J."
  122. ^ Staff. "Paul Krugman's Solution to Getting Fiscal Stimulus? It Involves Aliens", PBS NewsHour, June 18, 2012. Accessed August 22, 2013. "The easy economics, Krugman told us at his home in Princeton, is that government should spend to goose the economy, because the private sector, for various reasons, simply won't."
  123. ^ McGrath, Charles. "Deep In Suburbia", The New York Times, February 29, 2004. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Lee now lives, with his wife and two young daughters, in Princeton, N.J. -- just a stone's throw, not accidentally, from a golf course."
  124. ^ Staff. "Lessons From John Lithgow's Onstage 'Education'", NPR, December 5, 2011. Accessed November 2, 2013. "You have just made a huge splash on Broadway, just won your first Tony Award, gone on to success that your father could never have dreamed, in fact you never really thought possible, a repertory actor. And at the same time you are living at his home in Princeton, and he has just been fired."
  125. ^ Ouzounian, Richard . "Shameless lunacy; John Lithgow wild and crazy in Dirty Rotten Scoundrels Actor has loosened with time, writes Richard Ouzounian", Toronto Star, April 11, 2005. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Lithgow travelled constantly during the first 16 years of his life thanks to his father's vagabond thespian activities, finally settling down in Princeton, NJ when his dad became head of the university theatre there."
  126. ^ Plump, Wendy. "Emily Mann’s McCarter Magic", Princeton magazine. Accessed November 30, 2013. "This is the setting recently encountered at Emily Mann’s Mercer Street home in Princeton: A warm kitchen on a cold winter morning; staffers from McCarter Theatre filling bowls with fruit and setting out muffins; the playwright herself over in a corner wrestling an espresso machine into submission."
  127. ^ Leitch, Alexander. "Mann, Thomas", from A Princeton Companion, Princeton University Press (1978). Accessed November 30, 2013. "During their stay in Princeton Mr. and Mrs. Mann lived in the red brick Georgian house at the corner of Stockton Street and Library Place. Here, working three or four hours every morning, seven days a week, he completed Lotte in Weimar and started the fourth volume of the Joseph tales."
  128. ^ Staff. "Cartoonist Henry Martin donates art, books", News at Princeton, April 7, 2010. Accessed November 30, 2013. "The cartoonist Henry Martin, a 1948 graduate of Princeton University, has donated nearly 700 original drawings along with some of his humor books to the Princeton University Library.... Martin, a longtime Princeton resident, continues to draw a cartoon for the Office of Development each November."
  129. ^ Hessler, Peter. "John McPhee, The Art of Nonfiction No. 3", The Paris Review, Spring 2010, No. 192 .accessed November 30, 2013. "John Angus McPhee was born in Princeton, New Jersey, in 1931, attended college in his hometown, and still lives there today."
  130. ^ Dougherty, Steve. "In Nashville, the Buddy System", The Wall Street Journal, February 21, 2013. Accessed November 30, 2013. "Mr. Miller, an Air Force brat who was born in Ohio and grew up in Maryland and Princeton, N.J., where he attended high school, sees no contradiction between his Yankee roots and his love for country music."
  131. ^ Abel, David. "Romney apologizes for use of expression; To some, `tar baby' is racial pejorative", The Boston Globe, July 31, 2006. Accessed November 30, 2013. "In 1981, author Toni Morrison published a novel titled ``Tar Baby," and she has compared the expression to other racial epithets.... Reached at her home near Princeton University, where she teaches, Morrison called the expression 'antiquated' and one that's 'attractive to some people, when they begin to search for hints of racism.'"
  132. ^ Als, Hilton. "Ghosts in the House", The New Yorker, October 27, 2003. Accessed November 30, 2013. "Morrison owns a home in Princeton, where she founded the Princeton Atelier."
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  134. ^ A Brilliant Madness Transcript, American Experience. Accessed November 30, 2013. "Narrator: John Nash lives in Princeton with Alicia and their son Johnny, who is also a mathematician and suffers from schizophrenia."
  135. ^ Scott, Debra. "Bebe Neuwirth: Close-up on Bebe Neuwirth -- Green Card is her first big movie role", Entertainment Weekly, December 21, 1990. Accessed November 30, 2013. "When director Peter Weir's film Green Card opens this week, the Princeton, N.J.-born, bicoastal actress, who is married to actor-director Paul Dorman, may get her wish again."
  136. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis. "Joyce Carol Oates: Princeton's 'dark lady of fiction' comes shining", The Star-Ledger, March 15, 2010. Accessed November 30, 2013. "Sitting in her bucolic backyard in Princeton, Joyce Carol Oates shimmers with a kind of delicate intensity."
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  138. ^ New Jersey Governor Charles Smith Olden, National Governors Association. Accessed June 15, 2014. "Charles S. Olden, the twenty-fourth governor of New Jersey, was born in Princeton, New Jersey on February 19, 1799."
  139. ^ George, Jason. "From a C Student to a Celestial Traveler", The New York Times, May 16, 2004. Accessed December 14, 2013. "'I want to share the experience with school groups, especially in the inner cities and more remote areas,' Mr. Olsen, who lives in Princeton, N.J., said recently by telephone and e-mail from Star City, Russia, where he began training last month."
  140. ^ Staff. "J. Robert Oppenheimer, Atom Bomb Pioneer, Dies", The New York Times, February 19, 1967. Accessed June 15, 2014. "PRINCETON, N. J., Feb. 18 -- Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, the nuclear physicist, died here tonight at the age of 62. A spokesman for the family said Dr. Oppenheimer died at 8 o'clock in his home on the grounds of the Institute for Advanced Study."
  141. ^ Tagliabue, John. "A U.S. Angel With Millions Helps Walesa", The New York Times, June 11, 1989. Accessed August 22, 2013. "On June 1, the Solidarity leader signed a letter of intent with Czeslaw Tolwinski, the director of the big Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk, and Barbara Piasecka Johnson, a Polish-born American heiress who lives in Princeton, to create a shipbuilding company."
  142. ^ Vanderbeek, Brian via McClatchy Newspapers. "Blues Traveler is the rare jam band with chart-topping hits", Chicago Tribune, November 14, 2013. Accessed June 15, 2014. "And such peace befits a band that traces its roots to the idyllic New Jersey town of Princeton. It's home to a great Ivy League university and apparently — at least in the 1970s — as a breeding ground for jam band leaders. Phish frontman Trey Anastasio attended preppy Princeton Day School just a couple years before Popper and Spin Doctors founder Chris Barron were classmates at Princeton High."
  143. ^ Hillier, Jordan. "Christopher Reeve", Princeton Magazine. Accessed June 15, 2014. "Born in New York City in 1952 and raised from the age of four in Princeton, Reeve’s love of acting was evident from the days when he and his brother Benjamin turned large cardboard boxes into pirate ships for their own action adventures."
  144. ^ Immanuel Velikovsky Papers entry, Princeton University Library.
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