Last modified on 7 October 2014, at 00:53

President of Chile

President of
the Republic of Chile
Flag of the President of Chile.svg
Michelle Bachelet foto campaña (Recortada).jpg
Michelle Bachelet

since 11 March 2014
Style Her Excellency
Residence La Moneda Palace
Term length Four years, not eligible for re-election immediately
Inaugural holder Manuel Blanco Encalada
Formation 9 July 1826
Website Government of Chile

The President of the Republic of Chile (Spanish: Presidente de la República de Chile) is the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Chile. The President is responsible for both government and state administration.[1] Although its role and significance has changed over the history of Chile, as well as its position and relations with other actors in the national political organization, it is one of the most prominent political figures. It is also considered as one of the institutions that make up the "Historic Constitution of Chile", and is essential to the country's political stability.[2]

Under the current Constitution (adopted in the 1980), the President is elected to serve for a period of four years, with immediate re-election being prohibited. The shorter period (previously the term was six years) allows for parliamentary and presidential elections to be synchronized. The official seat of the President of Chile is the La Moneda Palace in the capital Santiago.

List of heads of state of Chile (1810–present)Edit

Presidents of National Junta of Government (1810-1814)Edit

Portrait Name
Term of office Notes Refs
Flag of Chile (1812-1814).svgOld Fatherland (1810–1814) • Coat of arms of Chile (1812-1814).svg
Mateo de Toro y Zambrano.jpg Mateo de Toro Zambrano
18 September 1810 – 26 February 1811
First President of First Government Junta. Died in office.
Juan Martínez de Rozas.JPG Juan Martínez de Rozas
26 February 1811 – 2 April 1811
Acting president. Supporter of the patriotism.
Fernando Marquez de la Plata.jpg Fernando Márquez de la Plata
2 April 1811 – 4 July 1811
Appointed successor of Rozas. Supporter of the royalism.
JuanAOvalleSilva.JPG Juan Antonio Ovalle
4 July 1811 – 20 July 1811
President of First National Congress.
MartinCalvoEncalada.jpg Martín Calvo Encalada
20 July 1811 – 4 September 1811
President of Second Government Junta.
Juan Enrique Rosales.jpg Juan Enrique Rosales
4 September 1811 – 16 November 1811
Deposed by Carrera's coup d'état.
Pintura José Miguel Carrera.jpg José Miguel Carrera
16 November 1811 – 23 August 1813
Strong patriot, Carrera was one of better Independence's supporters. Carrera was de jure president until 23 August 1813, but de facto he continued to served in office until the 2 October 1814.
JMinfante.jpg José Miguel Infante
23 August 1813 – 11 January 1814
Infante served as President as patriot. However, he was the mind behind the Federalists.
AgustinEyzaguirre.jpg Agustín Eyzaguirre
11 January 1814 – 7 March 1814
Last President of National Government Junta.

Supreme Directors of Chile (1814-1826)Edit

Portrait Name
Term of office Notes Refs
Flag of Chile (1812-1814).svgOld Fatherland (1810–1814) • Coat of arms of Chile (1812-1814).svg
Antonio de Irisarri.jpg Antonio José de Irisarri
7 March 1814 – 14 March 1814
Fco. de la Lastra.JPG Francisco de la Lastra
14 March 1814 – 23 July 1814
During his briefly government, la Lastra signed the Treaty of Lircay with the Spain.
Pintura José Miguel Carrera.jpg José Miguel Carrera
23 July 1814 – 2 October 1814
Carrera return to be President for some month, befor the Spanish Reconquest.
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svgSpanish Reconquest (1814–1817) • Spanish empire coat of arms.PNG
MarianoOsorio.JPG Mariano Osorio
2 October 1814 – 26 December 1815
First Governor during the Spanish Reconquest.
CasimiroMarcoDelPont.JPG Francisco Marcó del Pont
26 December 1815 – 12 February 1817
Last Governor of Spanish Chile. During his office, the Spaniards had won the Second Battle of Cancha Rayada, but had lost the battles of Chacabuco and Maipú.
Flag of Chile (1817-1818).svgNew Fatherland (1817-1823) • Coat of arms of Chile (1818).svg
FRuizTagle.jpg Francisco Ruiz-Tagle
12 February 1817 – 16 February 1817
Ohiggins.jpg Bernardo O'Higgins
16 February 1817 – 28 January 1823
During his government, O'Higgins was responsible of the ultimate Spaniards retire from the Chile. O'Higgins' proposed radical and liberal reforms, such as the establishment of democracy and abolition of titles of nobility, were resisted by the powerful large landowners.
Flag of Chile.svgRepublic of Chile (1823–present) • Coat of arms of Chile.svg
AgustinEyzaguirre.jpg Agustín Eyzaguirre
28 January 1823 – 4 April 1823
Eyzaguirre was the last President of the Government Junta. During his government, the Chile took over the Chiloé Archipelago from Spain.
Ramón Freire.jpeg Ramón Freire
4 April 1823 – 9 July 1826
Last Supreme Director of Chile. Freire introduct a Federal system in Chile.

Presidents of Chile (1826-present)Edit

# Portrait Name
Term of office

Political Party
1 Manuel Blanco Encalada (Nataniel Hughes, 1853).jpg Manuel Blanco Encalada
9 July 1826 9 September 1826 Independent
First President of Chile.
(2) AgustinEyzaguirre.jpg Agustín Eyzaguirre
9 September 1826 25 January 1827 Independent
During his government, Eyzaguirre affronted the financial difficulties, army unpayment, the Chillán's incidents, the ribellion of Chiloé and to resume the payment of the foreign debt, when it was already bankrupt itself. When General Campino failed his coup, Eyzaguirre presented his dimission to the Congress.
(-) Ramón Freire.jpeg Ramón Freire
25 January 1827 8 May 1827 Pipiolos
3 FranciscoAntonioPinto.jpg Francisco Antonio Pinto
8 May 1827 16 July 1829 Pipiolos
Vice Presiden of Freire, Pinto began "Accidental president" as successor of Freire. He resigned the dimission with the civil war's start.
(-) Fcoramonvicuna.jpg Francisco Ramón Vicuña
16 July 1829 19 October 1829 Pipiolos
(3) FranciscoAntonioPinto.jpg Francisco Antonio Pinto
19 October 1829 2 November 1829 Pipiolos
(-) Fcoramonvicuna.jpg Francisco Ramón Vicuña
2 November 1829 7 November 1829 Pipiolos
(-) Ramón Freire.jpeg Ramón Freire
7 November 1829 8 November 1829 Pipiolos
(-) Fcoramonvicuna.jpg Francisco Ramón Vicuña
8 November 1829 7 December 1829 Pipiolos
(-) JTOvalle.jpg José Tomás Ovalle
24 December 1829 18 February 1830 Pelucones
(-) FRuizTagle.jpg Francisco Ruiz-Tagle
18 February 1830 1 April 1830 Pelucones
(-) JTOvalle.jpg José Tomás Ovalle
1 April 1830 21 March 1831 Pelucones
Interim. Died in office.
(-) FernandoErrazurizAldunate.png Fernando Errázuriz
21 March 1831 18 September 1831 Pelucones
4 JJPrieto.JPG José Joaquín Prieto
18 September 1831 18 September 1841 Pelucones
First President of the "Conservative Republic". During his mandate, Prieto has intensified law and order policies after a decade of anarchy, struggled the outlaws, introduced the Constitution and won the battle of Yungay against the Peru-Bolivian Confederation.
5 ManuelBulnes.JPG Manuel Bulnes
18 September 1841 18 September 1851 Conservative Party
During his government, Bulnes promoted a cultural expansion, with a lot of intellectuals posted to Chile. He's founded the National Institute, the University of Chile and many more junior schools. The Bulnes government issued also an amnesty.
6 Manuel Montt presidente-2.jpg Manuel Montt
18 September 1851 18 September 1861 National Party
After his election, Montt was quickly subdued the liberal revolution. During his authoritarian regime, Montt supported the conservative élite but also the poor strate, and work for commercial relations with the near country, as Argentina. Montt also support the Catholic Church State's rights in Chile and the German immigration in Southern Chile.
7 JJPEREZ.png José Joaquín Pérez
18 September 1861 18 September 1871 National Party Fusion
When Pérez was elected, the Church of the Company Fire kill around 3,000 people in 1963. He was the founder of firefighters of Santiago. His mandate was characterized by various conflict and incidents, as Chincha Islands War against the Spanish Empire and the occupation of Araucanía.
8 Federico Errázuriz Zañartu.jpg Federico Errázuriz Zañartu
18 September 1871 18 September 1876 Liberal Party Fusion
Zañartu government, despite its predecessor, has promoted the school secularization and the freedom of worship, abolished ecclesiastical privileges, and built several railways in all country. Zañartu financied the Blanco Encalada and improved the military's conditions.
9 Anibal Pinto 3.jpg Aníbal Pinto
18 September 1876 18 September 1881 Liberal Party Liberal Alliance
Pinto government affronted many difficulties, as 1877 eartquake, floods and financial crisis. Pinto firmed the 1881 Boundary Treaty with Argentina and kept the Chile neutral during the War of the Pacific.
10 Domingo Santa María.jpeg Domingo Santa María
18 September 1881 18 September 1886 Liberal Party Liberal Alliance
The María government began a participation in the War of the Pacific, and took over Lima in 1883, forced Peru to capitulated. María also fight against the Catholic Church, with issues a civic marriages, public cemeteries. María broke up the occupation of Araucanía, interrupt the diplomatic rapports with Rome, centralized the railways, inaugurated the first telephonic line between Santiago and Concepcion, and introduced the first public electric lighting.
11 JoseManuelBalmaceda.JPG José Manuel Balmaceda
18 September 1886 18 September 1891 Liberal Party Liberal Alliance
Balmacede, during his mandate, fight against the Congress, caused the 1891 Civil War.
(-) General Baquedano.jpg Manuel Baquedano
18 September 1891 31 August 1891 Military
Baquedano government broke up the 1891 Civil War.
12 Jorge Montt Alvarez(3).jpg Jorge Montt
31 August 1891 18 September 1896 Military Coalición
Montt has introtuced very important laws, as more federal devolution to municipalities and free market policies. He has reformed and improved the armed forces and introduced the gold standard and legal tender in Chile.
13 Federico Errázuriz Echaurren.jpg Federico Errázuriz Echaurren
18 September 1896 12 July 1901 Liberal Party Coalición
Errázuriz government was characterized by a marked advancement in public education. Errázuriz Echaurren contracted the new sewerage system for Santiago, and the water reservoir of Peñuelas, which still provides the water for Valparaíso. He's affronted a possible war against Argentina, warded off with a pacification in Punta Arenas in 1899. Died in office.
(-) Anibal Zanartu.jpg Aníbal Zañartu
12 July 1901 18 September 1901 Liberal Party Coalición
14 German Riesco.jpg Germán Riesco
18 September 1901 18 September 1906 Liberal Party Liberal Alliance
Riesco government affronted some political problems with the rival Coalición, but also introduced various reforms. Riesco main reforms included a new Code of Civil Procedure in 1902 which is still in force today. He firmed the Pacts of May between Chile and Argentina, the peace treaty with Bolivia and the current border of Chile, with Andes Boundary Case of 1902.
15 Retrato de Pedro Montt.JPG Pedro Montt
18 September 1906 16 August 1910 National Party Liberal Alliance
Montt government's first action was to call out the army to suppress large-scale strikes in 1907, which resulted in the Santa María School massacre. His administration supported the construction of a railway that ran the length of the country and stimulated the production of nitrates and copper. It did little, however, to improve the living conditions of the people. In 1909, Montt he authorized a ten year grant from the Chilean government for Claudio Arrau to study in Europe. Died in office.
(-) Elías Fernandez Albano cropped.jpg Elías Fernández
16 August 1910 6 September 1910 National Party Liberal Alliance
Interim. Died in office.
(-) Pdte.Emiliano Figueroa.JPG Emiliano Figueroa Larraín
6 September 1910 23 December 1910 Liberal Democratic Party Liberal Alliance
16 Barros Luco2.jpg Ramón Barros Luco
23 December 1910 23 December 1915 Liberal Party Liberal Alliance
Barros Luco's government applied this maxim to his administration, which would be consumed by the machinations of the parliament at large, the propensity of which was to delay or hinder the government under any pretense, including the most trivial claim of a minor deputy. Meanwhile, the corruption amongst the political parties had reached alarming levels, in answer to which laws against fraud were approved in 1914 and 1915, in addition to a reform of the municipal system, which managed to eliminate the falsification of results, allowing for greater transparency. During his term of office he initiated the construction of the port of San Antonio, in addition to the construction of roads, bridges, drinking water and sewers.
17 Jlsanfuentes.PNG Juan Luis Sanfuentes
23 December 1915 23 December 1920 Liberal Democratic Party Coalición
Elected after almost 15 years of liberal presidents, Sanfuentes government remained neutral during the First World War. While the conflict lasted, domestic industry had one of its biggest booms, with the national industry growing 53% in those four years. But the end of the war led to a crisis of the nitrate industry, which resulted in a wave of social unrest. Sanfuentes' hard line against striking coal miners and trade unionists in the final year of his presidency was a key factor in the rise of his liberal reformer successor.
18 Arturo Alessandri Palma.jpg Arturo Alessandri Palma
23 December 1920 11 September 1924 Liberal Party Liberal Alliance
Alessandri government affronted the Saber noise and the Congress's interferences with failure. He was deposed by a military coup in 1924.
(-) Luis Altamirano.jpg Luis Altamirano
11 September 1924 23 January 1925 Military
(-) Pedro Pablo Dartnell 2.jpg Pedro Pablo Dartnell
23 January 1925 27 January 1925 Military
(-) Emilio Bello.jpg Emilio Bello
27 January 1925 12 March 1925 Independent
(-) Arturo Alessandri Palma.jpg Arturo Alessandri Palma
12 March 1925 1 October 1925 Liberal Party
(-) Luis Barros Borgoño Vicepresidente.jpg Luis Barros Borgoño
1 October 1925 23 December 1925 Liberal Party
19 Pdte.Emiliano Figueroa.JPG Emiliano Figueroa Larraín
23 December 1925 10 May 1927 Liberal Democratic Party
Figueroa Larraín government was a short-lived government, deposed by a coup led by Carlos Ibáñez del Campo.
20 Carlos Ibanez.jpg Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
10 May 1927 26 July 1931 Military
Took over the President position, Ibáñez del Campo used the rule by decree for establish a dictatorship. His popularity, however, was helped by massive loans by American banks, which helped to promote a high rate of growth in the country. He sigled the Treaty of Lima in 1929 and unified the various police forces under the Carabiniers of Chile. He's popularity is falled after the 1929 Wall Street Crash. His rivals, as Alessandri Palma, removed him from the office and exiled Ibáñez del Campo out of Chile for some years.
(-) Pedro Opazo.jpg Pedro Opazo Letelier
26 July 1931 27 July 1931 Independent
(-) JEMontero.jpg Juan Esteban Montero
27 July 1931 3 September 1931 Radical Party
(-) Manuel Trucco.jpg Manuel Trucco Franzani
3 September 1931 15 November 1931 Radical Party
21 JEMontero.jpg Juan Esteban Montero
15 November 1931 4 June 1932 Radical Party
Montero government called for the implementation of an austerity program that involved the reduction of public expenditures and public salaries, a downsizing of the public administration and an increase of the foreign debt. Notwithstanding these harsh measures, the depreciation of the currency continued, and inflation soared while the Central Bank reserves were at an all time low. Montero was deposed by a coup orchestrated by Marmaduke Grove.
(-) Arturo Puga.jpg Arturo Puga Osorio
4 June 1932 16 June 1932 Military
(-) CDavila.jpg Carlos Dávila
16 June 1932 13 September 1932 Military
(-) Bartolomé Blanche.jpeg Bartolomé Blanche
13 September 1932 2 October 1932 Military
(-) Coat of arms of Chile.svg Abraham Oyanedel Urrutia
2 October 1932 24 December 1932 Military
22 Alessandri Ulk (1932).jpg Arturo Alessandri Palma
24 December 1932 24 December 1938 Liberal Party
The Second Alessandri government had a new constitution drafted. Furthermore, Alessandri created a Central Bank, initiating the first rupture with classical liberalism's laissez faire policies. He balanced the fiscal deficit with new taxes and resumed payment of the external debt, with losses for holders of Chilean bonds. When they reached a surplus, they focused on public works. The construction of the National Stadium in Santiago, inaugurated in December 1938, stands out. His role in the 1938 Seguro Obrero massacre has always been subject of controversy.
23 Pedro Aguirre Cerda.jpg Pedro Aguirre Cerda
24 December 1938 25 November 1941 Radical Party Popular Front
During his mandate, Cerda has created the CORFO, to encourage with subsidies and direct investments an ambitious program of import substitution industrialization. During his first year he had to face the military opposition to his plans, that boiled over with the so-called Ariostazo. He also promoted and campaigned for a Nobel prize for Gabriela Mistral, which only came to fruition under his successor, Juan Antonio Ríos. Died in office.
(-) Jerónimo Méndez Arancibia.jpg Jerónimo Méndez Arancibia
25 November 1941 2 April 1942 Radical Party Popular Front
24 Retrato del Presidente Juan Antonio Ríos.jpg Juan Antonio Ríos
2 April 1942 27 June 1946 Radical Party Democratic Alliance
Ríos' administration, continuing the Aguirre Cerda policies, focused on the development of the steel, power and oil industries. To that effect, funds were channeled via the CORFO, created under the previous administration. Ríos has created the Endesa (National Power Company), ENAP (National Oil Company) and the Cap (Pacific Steel Company). Up to 1942, Chile and Argentina had declined to sever relations with the Axis powers and Francoist Spain, and the Chilean election was viewed by many as critical during Second World War. However, he made Chile eligible for the Lend-Lease program, and obtained the necessary loans to help along the economic recovery. Died in office.
(-) Alfredo Duhalde Vásquez.jpg Alfredo Duhalde Vásquez
27 June 1946 3August 1946 Radical Party Democratic Alliance
(-) Coat of arms of Chile.svg Vicente Merino Bielich
3 August 1946 13 August 1946 Independent Democratic Alliance
25 Gabriel Gonzalez Videla.jpg Gabriel González Videla
3 November 1946 3 November 1952 Radical Party Democratic Alliance
Videla's administration launched the Plan Serena, a urbanistic projet in La Serena. The Videla cabinet, between 1946 and 1948, included Communist ministers; but the international Cold War and Chile’s internal troubles soon pushed González Videla toward the right-wing, and in 1948 he has banned the Communist Party with the Law of Permanent Defense of Democracy and was aligned with the AFL–CIO having grown closer to United States labor interests during World War II. The presidency of González Videla saw the strong political recovery of the right. Between 1940 and 1952 Chile's population rose from 5,000,000 to 6,350,000, with the strongest increase in urban areas, which accounted for 52 percent of the total population in 1940 and 60 percent in 1952. Production rose during this period by a rate very close to the rise in population. Economic links with the United States, which had grown after the economic crisis of the 1930s, were strengthened after World War II; US investments in Chile increased from $414,000,000 in 1945 to $540,000,000 in 1950, largely in copper production. By 1952 the United States had loaned $342,000,000 to the Chilean government.
26 Carlos Ibanez.jpg Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
3 November 1952 3 November 1958 Independent FENAFUI
As President, Ibáñez promised to "sweep" out political corruption and bad government with his "broom" and was nicknamed the "General of Hope". By that time he was already old and ailing, and he left government mostly to his cabinet. He had no plan to control inflation - one of the most pressing economic problems at the time in Chile - and as a result it skyrocketed to 71% in 1954 and 83% in 1955. Helped by the Klein-Sacks mission, Ibáñez managed to reduce it to 33% when he left the presidency. During his term, public transport costs rose by 50% and economic growth fell to 2.5%. He has also abolished the Law of Permanent Defense of Democracy, that banned the Communist Party.
27 Retrato de Jorge Alessandri con banda presidencial.JPG Jorge Alessandri Rodríguez
3 November 1958 3 November 1964 Independent Democratic Front of Chile
Alessandri initially focused, unsurprisingly, on economic issues, particularly on controlling inflation and balancing the state budget, and he liberalised Chile's tariff régime. However, he once again froze public sector pay, unleashing widespread industrial unrest. Alessandri government affronted the 1960 earthquake, causing more than USD 400 million in damage. Reconstruction and relief soon drowned out other issues. Alessandri sticked also to the Alliance for Progress. Together, these unleashed a wave of progressive tax and agricultural reforms.
28 Fotografia Eduardo Frei Montalva.jpg Eduardo Frei Montalva
3 November 1964 3 November 1970 Christian Democratic Party
Frei's administration began many reforms in Chilean society. Social Promotion, Agrarian and Education reforms, Neighborhood Associationswere and copper nationalization, some of his main projects. He also took measures to rationalize drug supply. Frei's administration also introduced a wealth tax and carried out a property tax reassessment in order to make the taxation system more progressive. In 1965, he started a presidential tour through France, the United Kingdom, Federal Republic of Germany, Italy and the Vatican City. During this time, he also visited countries in Latin America and afterly Frei government has built a lot of houses, hospitals and schools.
29 Salvador Allende Gossens-.jpg Salvador Allende Gossens
3 November 1970 11 September 1973 Socialist Party Unidad Popular
Allende government launched a campaign against illiteracy, while adult education programs expanded, together with educational opportunities for workers. Price controls were also set up, while the Allende Government introduced a system of distribution networks through various agencies (including local committees on supply and prices) to ensure that the new rules were adhered to by shopkeepers. To improve social and economic conditions for women, the Women’s Secretariat was established in 1971, which took on issues such as public laundry facilities, public food programs, day-care centers, and women’s health care (especially prenatal care). In October 1972, the first of what were to be a wave of strikes was led first by truckers, and later by small businessmen, some (mostly professional) unions and some student groups. He was unpopular between the Christian Democratic Party and National Party. Allende was deposed by Augusto Pinochet's coaup d'état in 1973. Died in office.
Flag of Chile.svgMilitary Junta (1973–1990) • Coat of arms of Chile.svg
30 Augusto Pinochet - 1995.jpg Augusto Pinochet Ugarte
11 September 1973 11 March 1990 Military
Pinochet ruled the Chile with the iron fist. He repressed the freedom of expression, banned the leftist political parties and has introduced a new Constitution in 1980 with a referendum. He cooperated with various Latin America's dictatorships in the Operation Condor. Under his government around 30,000 people was desaparecido (missing in English). However, during his government, the Chile began a economic power in the Americas region. To formulate the economic rescue, the government relied on the so-called Chicago Boys and a text called El ladrillo. Large foreign banks reinstated the credit cycle, as the Junta saw that the basic state obligations, such as resuming payment of principal and interest installments, were honored. International lending organizations such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the Inter-American Development Bank lent vast sums anew. Many foreign multinational corporations such as ITT, Dow Chemical, and Firestone, all expropriated by Allende, returned to Chile. He started a transition to democracy in 1987 after Pope John Paul II's visit. Pinochet announced free elections for 1990.
Flag of Chile.svgDemocratic restoration (1990–present) • Coat of arms of Chile.svg
31 Aylwin Banda.jpg Patricio Aylwin Azócar
(born in 1918)
11 March 1990 11 March 1994 Christian Democratic Party Concertación
Although Chile had officially become a democracy, the Chilean military remained highly powerful during the presidency of Aylwin, and the Constitution ensured the continued influence of Pinochet and his commanders. This prevented his government from achieving many of the goals it had set out to achieve, such as the restructuring of the Constitutional Court and the reduction of Pinochet's political power. Aylwin's administration did initiate direct municipal elections, the first of which were held in June 1992. The Aylwin Government did much to reduce poverty and inequality during its time in office. A tax reform was introduced in 1990 and expanded public health programs, vocational and training programs for young Chileans, and a major public housing initiative.
32 Eduardo Frei 1998 (recorte).jpg Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle
(born in 1942)
11 March 1994 11 March 2000 Christian Democratic Party Concertación
Frei government was notable in making improvements in health and education, together with reducing poverty. Frei has modernized the economy, fought the inflation and made various liberalization, for a "international integration" of Chile.
33 Ricardo Lagos despedida (cropped).jpg Ricardo Lagos Escobar
(born in 1938)
11 March 2000 11 March 2006 Party for Democracy Concertación
Frei government was involved in the additional payments to public administrator's regular remuneration: the so-called "extra payments" were de facto an illegal payment. During 2004, Lagos faced a series of tensions in his relation with other South American countries, caused by recurring Bolivian aspirations for access to the sea. This situation was linked with the power crisis taking place in Argentina, an important supplier of natural gas to Chile. Frei has also worked for population: extreme poverty was significantly reduced; the legal workweek was reduced from 48 to 45 hours and improvements were made in infrastructure and transport.
34 Michelle Bachelet with sash.jpg Michelle Bachelet Jeria
(born in 1951)
11 March 2006 11 March 2010 Socialist Party Concertación
Bachelet's administration created an advisory committee to reform the pension system, which was headed by former budget director Mario Marcel. In 2006 Bachelet enacted legislation to protect subcontracted employees, and in 2009 she introduced pay equality legislation, guaranteeing equal pay for equal work in the private sector, regardless of gender. During her presidency Bachelet opened 18 new subway stations in Santiago, nine in 2006, one in 2009 and eight in 2010. In 2007 Santiago's transport system was radically altered with the introduction of Transantiago, designed under the previous administration. Instead in 2007 she created the Economic and Social Stabilization Fund, a sovereign wealth fund which accumulates fiscal surpluses which are above 1% of GDP. In 2009 Bachelet opened the Museum of Memory in Santiago, documenting the horrors of Pinochet's 16-and-a-half year dictatorship. She has made economic partnership with Singapore, Australia, New Zealand, Brunei and Vietnam.
35 Fotografía oficial del Presidente Sebastián Piñera - 2.jpg Sebastián Piñera Echenique
(born in 1949)
11 March 2010 11 March 2014 National Renewal Coalition for Change
Piñera government affronted various difficulties, as an eartquake and a possible tsunami. IN 2010, Piñera rallied his countrymen in the rescue of 33 trapped miners, all of whom were rescued after 70 days following a mining accident. In 2011 he faced the protests in Magallanes Region in response to a proposed increase in the price of natural gas in that region. During his presidency, Chile was strong aligned with Spain. In 2011, Piñera has defended for-profit activity in education and proposed to legalize it, rejecting the students demands for the public ownership of educational establishments. As president Piñera has expressed support for the Argentine claim on the Falkland Islands.
36 Michelle Bachelet with sash.jpg Michelle Bachelet Jeria
(born in 1951)
11 March 2014 Incumbent Socialist Party New Majority
Bachelet was elected president for a second time. Isabel Allende was elected President of the Senate, as first woman that is involved in his role.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ See Sentencia Rol 78-1989 of the Constitutional Court of Chile, relapsed on the Central Bank of Chile's Constitutional Act project (declarations Nº 7 to 13).
  2. ^ Bravo Lira, Bernardino (1996). "Introducción. Raíz y razón del Estado de derecho en Chile". El Estado de Derecho en la Historia de Chile. Santiago, Chile: Ediciones Universidad Católica de Chile. 

External linksEdit