Last modified on 6 December 2014, at 23:34

Peter Ustinov

Sir Peter Ustinov
CBE
Sir Peter Ustinov 4 Allan Warren.jpg
Peter Ustinov in 1973
Born Peter Alexander, Baron von Ustinov
(1921-04-16)16 April 1921
London, England, UK
Died 28 March 2004(2004-03-28) (aged 82)
Genolier, Vaud, Switzerland
Cause of death
Heart failure
Residence Bursins, Vaud, Switzerland
Alma mater Westminster School
Occupation Actor, writer, filmmaker
Years active 1940–2004
Religion Lutheran
Spouse(s) Isolde Denham (1940–1950; divorced)
Suzanne Cloutier (1954–1971; divorced)
Helene du Lau d'Allemans (1972–2004; his death)
Children 4
Parents Jonah Freiherr von Ustinow (later Jona von Ustinov) and Nadezhda Benois)
Awards See Awards

Sir Peter Alexander Ustinov, CBE (/ˈjuːstɪnɒf/ or /ˈstɪnɒf/;[1] 16 April 1921  – 28 March 2004) was an English actor, writer and dramatist. He was also renowned as a filmmaker, theatre and opera director, stage designer, author, screenwriter, comedian, humorist, newspaper and magazine columnist, radio broadcaster, and television presenter. A noted wit and raconteur, he was a fixture on television talk shows and lecture circuits for much of his career. He was also a respected intellectual and diplomat who, in addition to his various academic posts, served as a Goodwill Ambassador for UNICEF and President of the World Federalist Movement.

Ustinov was the winner of numerous awards over his life, including two Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor, Emmy Awards, Golden Globes and BAFTA Awards for acting, a Grammy Award for best recording for children, as well as the recipient of governmental honours from, amongst others, the United Kingdom, France and Germany. He displayed a unique cultural versatility that has frequently earned him the accolade of a Renaissance man. Miklós Rózsa, composer of the music for Quo Vadis and of numerous concert works, dedicated his String Quartet No. 1, Op. 22 (1950) to Ustinov.

In 2003, Durham University changed the name of its Graduate Society to Ustinov College in honour of the significant contributions Ustinov had made as Chancellor of the university from 1992 until his death.

Family background and early lifeEdit

Ustinov began life as Peter Alexander von Ustinow,[2] although born in Swiss Cottage, London. His father, Jona (born Jonah Freiherr von Ustinow), nicknamed "Klop" (Russian: Клоп, "bed-bug"), was of Russian, Armenian, German, Polish, Jewish, and Ethiopian noble descent. Rumours about an Ethiopian royal ancestry could not be confirmed by family documents. A recent publication based on genealogical documents preserved from his grandmother's family has clarified this open question. Peter's grandmother was Magdalena Hall, daughter of Katharina Hall, also known as Welette-Iyesus (wife of Tewodros II's cannon-caster Moritz Hall, a Jewish convert to Christianity and an employee of the Protestant mission in Ethiopia, later Jaffa), a confidante of Empress Taytu in the early 20th century. She was of mixed Ethiopian-German origin, the daughter of the German painter and immigrant to Ethiopia Eduard Zander and the court lady Isette-Werq in Gondar, daughter of an Ethiopian general called Meqado (active before the mid-19th century).[3] Jona had served as a lieutenant in the Imperial German Luftstreitkräfte in the First World War.[citation needed]

Jona's maternal great-grandfather was the German painter Eduard Zander,[4] an immigrant to Ethiopia and an Ethiopian Orthodox Christian convert. Zander married the noblewoman Woizero Essete Work Meqado de Choa on 20 March 1849 in Däräsge.[5] His first wife, she was the daughter of an Ethiopian general named Meqado,[4] and was reputedly of Portuguese descent.[5]

A few years later in 1853, Zander divorced Essete and re-married a very young Lima Oromo woman, with whom he had a child, Maria Sophia. Three portraits Zander painted of his second wife still exist.[5] His eldest daughter with Essete, Katherina Hall, gave birth to Magdalena Hall, who was Jona's mother with the Russian aristocrat Plato von Ustinov.[6]

Jona (or Iona) worked as a press officer at the German Embassy in London in the 1930s, and was a reporter for a German news agency. In 1935, two years after Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany, Jona von Ustinov began working for the British intelligence service MI5 and became a British citizen, thus avoiding internment during the war. He was the controller of Wolfgang Gans zu Putlitz, an MI5 spy in the German embassy in London who furnished information on Hitler's intentions before the Second World War.[7] (Peter Wright mentions in his book Spycatcher that Jona was possibly the spy known as U35; Ustinov says in his autobiography that his father hosted secret meetings of senior British and German officials at their London home.) Ustinov's great-grandfather Moritz Hall,[8] a Jewish refugee from Krakow and later a Christian convert and collaborator of Swiss and German missionaries in Ethiopia, married into a German-Ethiopian family.

Ustinov's mother, Nadezhda Leontievna Benois, known as Nadia, was a painter and ballet designer of Russian, French, Italian, and German ancestry.[9][10] Her father, Leon Benois, was an Imperial Russian architect and owner of Leonardo da Vinci's painting Madonna Benois. Leon's brother Alexandre Benois was a stage designer who worked with Stravinsky and Diaghilev. Their paternal ancestor Jules-César Benois was a chef who had left France for St. Petersburg during the French Revolution and became a chef to the Emperor Paul.

Ustinov was educated at Westminster School and had a difficult childhood because of his parents' constant fighting. One of his schoolmates was Rudolf von Ribbentrop, the eldest son of the Nazi Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop. While at school, Ustinov considered anglicising his name to "Peter Austin" but was counselled against it by a fellow pupil who said that he should "Drop the ‘von’ but keep the ‘Ustinov’". After training as an actor in his late teens, along with early attempts at playwriting, he made his stage début in 1938 at the Players' Theatre, becoming quickly established. He later wrote, "I was not irresistibly drawn to the drama. It was an escape road from the dismal rat race of school."[11]

Career highlightsEdit

Ustinov as Nero in Quo Vadis (1951)

In 1939, he appeared in White Cargo at the Aylesbury Rep, where he had a different accent every night.[12]

Ustinov served as a private soldier in the British Army during World War II, including time spent as batman to David Niven while writing the Niven film The Way Ahead. The difference in their ranks - Niven was a Lieutenant-Colonel and Ustinov a private - made their regular association militarily impossible; to solve the problem, Ustinov was appointed as Niven's batman.[13] He also appeared in propaganda films, debuting in One of Our Aircraft Is Missing (1942), in which he was required to deliver lines in English, Latin and Dutch.

After the war he began writing; his first major success was with the play The Love of Four Colonels (1951). He starred with Humphrey Bogart and Aldo Ray in We're No Angels (1955). His career as a dramatist continued, his best-known play being Romanoff and Juliet (1956). His film roles include Roman emperor Nero in Quo Vadis (1951), Lentulus Batiatus in Spartacus (1960), Captain Vere in Billy Budd (1962), an old man surviving a totalitarian future in Logan's Run (1976), and, in half a dozen films, Hercule Poirot, a part he first played in Death on the Nile (1978). Ustinov voiced the anthropomorphic lion Prince John of the 1973 Disney animated film Robin Hood. He also worked on several films as writer and occasionally director, including The Way Ahead (1944), School for Secrets (1946), Hot Millions (1968), and Memed, My Hawk (1984).

Ustinov in The Sundowners (1960)

Ustinov won Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor for his roles in Spartacus (1960) and Topkapi (1964). He also won one Golden Globe award for Best Supporting Actor for the film Quo Vadis (he set the Oscar and Globe statuettes up on his desk as if playing doubles tennis; the game was also a love of his life, as was ocean yachting). Furthermore, Ustinov was the winner of three Emmys and one Grammy, and was nominated for two Tony Awards.

Between 1952 and 1955, he starred with Peter Jones in the BBC radio comedy In All Directions. The series featured Ustinov and Jones as themselves in a London car journey perpetually searching for Copthorne Avenue. The comedy derived from the characters they met, whom they often also portrayed. The show was unusual for the time as it was improvised rather than scripted. Ustinov and Jones improvised on a tape, which was very difficult, and then edited for broadcast by Frank Muir and Denis Norden, who also sometimes took part. The favourite characters were Morris and Dudley Grosvenor, two rather stupid East End spivs whose sketches always ended with the phrase "Run for it Morry" (or Dudley as appropriate.)

During the 1960s, with the encouragement of Sir Georg Solti, Ustinov directed several operas including Puccini's Gianni Schicchi, Ravel's L'heure espagnole, Schoenberg's Erwartung and Mozart's The Magic Flute. Further demonstrating his great talent and versatility in the theatre, Ustinov later did set and costume design for Don Giovanni.

His autobiography, Dear Me (1977), was well received and saw him describe his life (ostensibly his childhood) while being interrogated by his own ego, with forays into philosophy, theatre, fame and self-realisation. In concluding, Ustinov muses "We have gone through much together, Dear Me, and yet it suddenly occurs to me we don't know each other at all".[citation needed]

In the later part of his life (from 1969 until his death), his acting and writing tasks took second place to his work on behalf of UNICEF, for which he was a Goodwill Ambassador and fundraiser. In this role he visited some of the neediest children and made use of his ability to make just about anybody laugh, including many of the world's most disadvantaged children. "Sir Peter could make anyone laugh," UNICEF Executive Director Carol Bellamy is quoted as saying. "His one-man show in German was the funniest performance I have ever seen – and I don’t speak a word of German."

On 31 October 1984, Ustinov was to meet with Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. She was assassinated on her way to the meeting.[14]

Peter Ustinov in 1986

Ustinov also served as President of the World Federalist Movement from 1991 until his death. He once said, "World Government is not only possible, it is inevitable; and when it comes, it will appeal to patriotism in its truest, in its only sense, the patriotism of men who love their national heritages so deeply that they wish to preserve them in safety for the common good."[15]

He is best known to many Britons and Americans as a chat-show guest, a role to which he was ideally suited. He was an extremely frequent guest of Jack Paar's Tonight Show in the early 1960s and was a guest on the famous "upside down" episode of the American talk show Late Night, during which the camera, mounted on a slowly revolving wheel, gradually rotated the picture 360 degrees during the course of an hour; Ustinov appeared midway through and was photographed upside down in close-up as he spoke while his host appeared only in long shots. Towards the end of Ustinov's life, he undertook some one-man stage shows in which he let loose his raconteur streak: he told the story of his life, including some moments of tension with the society he was born into. For example, he took a test as a child, asking him to name a Russian composer; he wrote Rimsky-Korsakov but was marked down. He then told the correct answer, Tchaikovsky, since they had been studying him in class, and was told to stop showing off.

He was the subject of This Is Your Life on two occasions: in November 1977 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews at Pinewood Studios on the set of Death on the Nile. A week before he was surprised at a book signing at book printers Butler and Tanner in Frome, Somerset. This footage was not used as Ustinov flatly refused to take part and swore at Eamon Andrews. His wife persuaded him to change his mind. Again he was surprised in December 1994, when Michael Aspel surprised him at the United Nations headquarters in Geneva.

A car enthusiast since the age of four, he owned a succession of interesting machines ranging from a Fiat Topolino, several Lancias, a Hispano-Suiza, a pre-selector Delage, and a special-bodied Jowett Jupiter. He made records like Phoney Folklore that included the song of the Russian peasant "whose tractor had betrayed him" and his "Grand Prix of Gibraltar" was a vehicle for his creative wit and ability at car engine sound-effects and voices.

He spoke English, French, Spanish, Italian, German, and Russian fluently, as well as some Turkish and modern Greek. He was proficient in accents and dialects in all his languages.

Peter Ustinov 1992 by Erling Mandelmann

In the 1960s, he became a Swiss resident to avoid the British tax system of the time, which heavily taxed the earnings of the wealthy. However, he was knighted in 1990 and was appointed Chancellor of Durham University in 1992, having previously been elected as the first Rector of the University of Dundee in 1968[16] (a role in which he moved from being merely a figurehead to taking on a political role, negotiating with militant students). Ustinov was re-elected to the post for a second three year term in 1971 narrowly beating Michael Parkinson after a disputed recount.[17][18]

He received an honorary doctorate from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Belgium).

Ustinov was a frequent defender of the Chinese government, stating in an address to Durham University in 2000, "People are annoyed with the Chinese for not respecting more human rights. But with a population that size it's very difficult to have the same attitude to human rights." In 2003, Durham's postgraduate college (previously known as the Graduate Society) was renamed Ustinov College.

Ustinov went to Berlin on a UNICEF mission in 2002 to visit the circle of United Buddy Bears that promote a more peaceful world between nations, cultures and religions for the first time. He was determined to ensure that Iraq would also be represented in this circle of about 140 countries. In 2003, he sponsored and opened the second exhibition of the United Buddy Bears in Berlin.[19]

Amongst his lesser known works, Ustinov presented and narrated the official video review of the 1987 Formula One season. His commentary proved highly entertaining. Ustinov also narrated the documentary series Wings of the Red Star. In 1988 he hosted a live television broadcast entitled The Secret Identity of Jack the Ripper.

Ustinov gave his name to the Foundation of the International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences for their prestigious Sir Peter Ustinov Television Scriptwriting Award, given annually to a young television screenwriter.

Peter Ustinov at a book-signing session

Ustinov appeared as a guest star during the first season of The Muppet Show in 1976. The theme of the show had Miss Piggy, Fozzie Bear, Hilda "The Wardrobe Lady" and Scooter openly saying to Kermit the Frog how much they admired and wanted to be like Peter Ustinov. Kermit was under the impression that they harboured these feeling towards him but hastily altered them when Ustinov was on the show, and so to cheer himself up Kermit goes off and sings "It's Not Easy Bein' Green". At the end of the episode Kermit admits to Ustinov that he feels a bit jealous and Ustinov responds by saying "I'm jealous of you. I've always wanted to be a frog". One of the highlights of the episode is when Ustinov becomes "The Robot Politician", which was Bunsen Honeydew's latest invention. In the sketch when "The Robot Politician" inevitably breaks down, Ustinov accidentally punches Dr. Bunsen Honeydew in the face before blowing up. In a later interview about his time with Jim Henson's creations he said "you took the characters absolutely seriously and paid no attention to the manipulator" adding "there's an old theatrical saying...'never work with children or animals'...I would add puppets to that list because they always steal the limelight."[citation needed]

Personal lifeEdit

Ustinov in 1986

Ustinov was married three times – first to Isolde Denham (1920-1987), daughter of Reginald Denham and Moyna Macgill. The marriage lasted from 1940 to their divorce in 1950, and they had one child, daughter Tamara Ustinov. Isolde was the half-sister of Angela Lansbury. His second marriage was to Suzanne Cloutier, which lasted from 1954 to their divorce in 1971. They had three children, two daughters, Pavla Ustinov and Andrea Ustinov, and a son, Igor Ustinov.

His third marriage was to Helene du Lau d'Allemans, which lasted from 1972 to his death in 2004.[20] Ustinov suffered from diabetes and a weakened heart in his last years.[21]

DeathEdit

He died on 28 March 2004 of heart failure in a clinic in Genolier, near his home in Bursins, Vaud, Switzerland.[22] He was so well regarded as a goodwill ambassador that UNICEF Executive Director Carol Bellamy spoke at his funeral and represented United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan.

World politicsEdit

Ustinov was the President of the World Federalist Movement from 1991 to 2004, the time of his death. WFM is a global NGO that promotes the concept of global democratic institutions. WFM lobbies those in powerful positions to establish a unified human government based on democracy and civil society. The United Nations and other world agencies would become the institutions of a World Federation. The UN would be the federal government and nation states would become like provinces.[citation needed]

Novels, novellas, short stories and playsEdit

  • Abelard and Heloise
  • Add a Dash of Pity and Other Short Stories
  • Beethoven's Tenth
  • Brewer's Theatre (with Isaacs, et al)
  • The Comedy Collection
  • Dear Me
  • Disinformer: Two Novellas
  • Frontiers of the Sea
  • Generation at Jeopardy: Children in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union (with the United Nations Children's Fund)
  • God and the State Railways
  • Half Way Up the Tree
  • The Indifferent Shepherd
  • James Thurber with Thurber
  • Klop and the Ustinov Family (with Nadia B. Ustinov)
  • Krumnagel
  • The Laughter Omnibus
  • Life is an Operetta: And Other Short Stories
  • Loser
  • The Love of Four Colonels
  • The Methuen Book of Theatre Verse (with Jonathan and Moira Field)
  • Monsieur Rene
  • My Russia
  • The Moment of Truth
  • Niven's Hollywood with Tom Hutchinson
  • The Old Man and Mr. Smith: A Fable[23]
  • Photo Finish
  • Quotable Ustinov
  • Romanoff and Juliet
  • Still at Large
  • The 13 Clocks with James Thurber
  • The Unicorn in the Garden and Other Fables for Our Time (with James Thurber)
  • The Unknown Soldier and His Wife
  • Ustinov at Eighty
  • Ustinov at Large
  • Ustinov in Russia
  • Ustinov Still at Large

TelevisionEdit

FilmographyEdit

AwardsEdit

Academy AwardEdit

  • 1952 nominated: Best Supporting Actor (Quo Vadis)
  • 1961 won: Best Supporting Actor (Spartacus)
  • 1965 won: Best Supporting Actor (Topkapi)
  • 1969 nominated: Best Original Screenplay (Hot Millions, with Ira Wallach)

BAFTA AwardEdit

  • 1962 nominated: Best British Screenplay (Billy Budd)
  • 1978 nominated: Best Actor in a Leading Role (Death on the Nile)
  • 1992 won: Britannia Award for Lifetime Achievement
  • 1995 nominated: Best Light Entertainment Performance (An Evening with Sir Peter Ustinov)

Berlin International Film FestivalEdit

Emmy AwardEdit

  • 1958 won: Best Single Performance by a Leading or Supporting Actor (Omnibus: The Life of Samuel Johnson)
  • 1967 won: Outstanding Single Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role (Barefoot in Athens)
  • 1970 won: Outstanding Single Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role (A Storm in Summer)
  • 1982 nominated: Outstanding Individual Achievement in Informational Programming (Omni: The New Frontier)
  • 1985 nominated: Outstanding Classical Program in the Performing Arts (The Well-Tempered Bach with Peter Ustinov)

Golden Globe AwardEdit

  • 1952 won: Best Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture (Quo Vadis)
  • 1961 nominated: Best Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture (Spartacus)
  • 1965 nominated: Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy (Topkapi)

Grammy AwardEdit

  • 1960 won: Best Recording for Children (Prokofiev: Peter and the Wolf) with the Philharmonia Orchestra directed by Herbert von Karajan[27]

Tony AwardEdit

  • 1958 nominated: Best Play (Romanoff and Juliet)
  • 1958 nominated: Best Actor in a Play (Romanoff and Juliet)

Evening Standard British Film AwardEdit

  • 1980 won Best Actor (Death on the Nile)

LifeworkEdit

  • 1992: Britannia Award
  • 1993: London Critics' Award
  • 1994: Bambi
  • 1997: German Video Prize of the DIVA Award
  • 1998: Bavarian Television Award
  • 2001: Golden Camera (Goldene Kamera, Berlin)
  • 2002: Planetary Consciousness Award of the Club of Budapest
  • 2004: Bavarian Film Award (Bayerischer Filmpreis)
  • 2004: Rose d'Or Charity Award with UNICEF (posthumously)

OtherEdit

  • 1974: Golden Camera Award for Best Actor for the Exchange of Notes
  • 1978: Prix de la Butte for Oh my goodness! Messy memoirs
  • 1981: Karl-Valentin-Orden (Munich)
  • 1987: Golden Rascal (Goldenes Schlitzohr)

State honours and awardsEdit

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

Honorary DoctoratesEdit

1967: Cleveland Institute of Music (Honorary Doctor of Music)
1969: Dundee University (Honorary Doctor of Laws)
1971: La Salle University, Philadelphia (Honorary Doctor of Laws)
1972: Lancaster University (Honorary Doctor of Humanities)
1973: University of Lethbridge (Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts)
1984: University of Toronto
1988: Georgetown University (Honorary Doctor of Humanities)
1991: University of Ottawa (Honorary Doctor of Laws)
1992: University of Durham (Honorary Doctor of Humanities)
1995: St. Michael's College, Toronto
1995: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies (Toronto)
1995: University of Brussels
2000: National University of Ireland
2001: International University of Geneva

In popular cultureEdit

In 1997 singer/songwriter Lauren Christy released a song entitled The Night I Saved Peter Ustinov from her Polygram Records album Breed. In it Christy recounts a story in which she saves Ustinov from a suicide attempt.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The pronunciations accepted by Sir Peter himself according to Miller, Gertrude M. Miller (Editor). BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names. Oxford University Press, 1971. ISBN 0-19-431125-2.
  2. ^ "peterustinov.org". peterustinov.org. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  3. ^ >See Wolbert G.C. Smidt: Verbindungen der Familie Ustinov nach Äthiopien, in: Aethiopica, International Journal of Ethiopian and Eritrean Studies 8, 2005, pp. 29–47; for older speculations on Ustinov's Ethiopian ancestry, which have been disproved, see Frontline: Ustinov, which wrongly claimed that Peter Ustinov's alleged ancestor, Susan Bell, was the daughter of Tewodros II. The supposed connection with Susan Bell is based on Ustinov's memory of some family relation with the Swiss missionary Theophilus Waldmeier (husband of Susan Sara Yewubdar Bell), who, however, was a colleague and friend of Ustinov's great-grandfather, not his great-grandfather himself.
  4. ^ a b Previous rumours about an Ethiopian royal ancestry could not be confirmed by family documents.[citation needed] A recent publication based on genealogical documents preserved from his grandmother's family has clarified this open question. Peter's grandmother was Magdalena Hall, daughter of Katharina Hall, also known as Welette-Iyesus (wife of Tewodros II' cannon-caster Moritz Hall, a Jewish convert and employee of the Protestant mission in Ethiopia, later Jaffa), a confidante of Empress Taytu in the early 20th century. She was of mixed Ethiopian-German origin, the daughter of the German painter and immigrant to Ethiopia Eduard Zander and the court lady Isette-Werq in Gondar, daughter of an Ethiopian general called Meqado (active before the mid-19th century). See Wolbert G.C. Smidt: Verbindungen der Familie Ustinov nach Äthiopien, in: Aethiopica, International Journal of Ethiopian and Eritrean Studies 8, 2005, pp. 29–47; for older speculations on Ustinov's Ethiopian ancestry, which have been disproved, see Frontline: Ustinov, which wrongly claimed that Peter Ustinov's alleged ancestor, Susan Bell, was the daughter of Tewodros II. The supposed connection with Susan Bell is based on Ustinov's memory of some family relation with the Swiss missionary Theophilus Waldmeier (husband of Susan Sara Yewubdar Bell), who, however, was a colleague and friend of Ustinov's great-grandfather, not his great-grandfather himself.
  5. ^ a b c McEwan, Dorothea (2013). The Story of Däräsge Maryam. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 45. ISBN 3643904088. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  6. ^ McEwan, Dorothea (2013). The Story of Däräsge Maryam. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 52. ISBN 3643904088. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  7. ^ MI5 monitored union and CND leaders with ministers' backing, book reveals Richard Norton-Taylor, The Guardian, 5 October 2009.
  8. ^ For his biography, with references to archival documentation and publications on him and his family, see Holtz: "Hall, Moritz", in: Siegbert Uhlig (ed.): Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 2, Wiesbaden 2005. There is also a family photo, which shows Ustinov's grandmother with her husband and their children, including Ustinov's father Jona.
  9. ^ Distinguished Guest in the Visitation Parish | Gemeinde Mariae-Heimsuchung St. Petersburg. Visitmaria.ru (17 March 2011).
  10. ^ Peter Ustinov. Seplis.com.
  11. ^ Ustinov, Peter (1977). Dear Me (1st edition ed.). Boston: Little, Brown. p. 95. ISBN 0-316-89051-0. OCLC 3071948. 
  12. ^ Exit Through the Fireplace by Kate Dunn, 1998
  13. ^ "Obituary: Sir Peter Ustinov (BBC)". Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  14. ^ Juergensmeyer, Mark. Terror in the Mind of God: The Global Rise of Religious Violence. University of California Press; 2003.
  15. ^ World Federalist Movement: President at the Wayback Machine (archived October 29, 2008). wfm.org
  16. ^ Shafe, Michael et al (1982). University Education in Dundee 1881–1981 A Pictorial History. Dundee: University of Dundee. p. 205. 
  17. ^ "Rectorial Elections". Archives, Records and Artefacts at the University of Dundee. University of Dundee. Retrieved 26 June 2012. 
  18. ^ Baxter, Kenneth et al (2007). A Dundee Celebration. Dundee: University of Dundee. p. 32. 
  19. ^ [1][dead link]
  20. ^ peter ustinov. Leninimports.com (28 March 2004).
  21. ^ Peter Ustinov, 82. Chicago Tribune (30 March 2004).
  22. ^ Sir Peter Ustinov, President of the World Federalist Movement from 1991 to 2004, Dies at Age 82 at the Wayback Machine (archived February 7, 2005), World Federalist Movement, 29 March 2004.
  23. ^ Ustinov, Peter (1st U.S. ed edition May 1991). "The Old Man and Mr. Smith: A Fable". Arcade Publishing. ISBN 978-1559701341. Retrieved 7 October 2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  24. ^ Profile of Omni: The New Frontier; IMDb.com; accessed 29 July 2014.
  25. ^ "Awards for Romanoff and Juliet". imdb.com. Retrieved 24 January 2010. 
  26. ^ "Berlinale 1972: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  27. ^ a b "Sir Peter Ustinov, Oscar-winning actor, dies at 82," The New York Times, 30 March 2004. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
  28. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question" (PDF) (in German). p. 1444. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 

External linksEdit

Critical viewpointsEdit

Academic offices
Preceded by
Learie Nicholas Constantine, Baron Constantine, Kt.
as Rector of the University of St Andrews
Rector of the University of Dundee
1968–1974
Succeeded by
Sir Clement Freud
Preceded by
Dame Margot Fonteyn
Chancellor of the University of Durham
1992–2004
Succeeded by
Bill Bryson