Last modified on 18 October 2014, at 05:47

Pazz & Jop

A man wearing a plaid-red shirt speaks into a microphone.
Music critic Robert Christgau created[1] and presided over the Pazz & Jop poll from its inception in 1971 to 2005.

Pazz & Jop is an annual poll of musical releases compiled by American newspaper The Village Voice. The poll is tabulated from the submitted year-end top ten lists of hundreds of music critics.[2][3] Pazz & Jop was introduced by The Village Voice in 1974 as an album-only poll, but was expanded to include votes for singles in 1979.[4][5] Throughout the years, other minor lists have been elicited from poll respondents for releases such as extended plays,[6] music videos,[7] album re-issues,[8] and compilation albums—all of which have since been discontinued.[9] The Pazz & Jop albums poll utilizes a points system in formulating list rankings.[10] Participating critics assign a number value, ranging from five to thirty, to each of the albums on their top ten list, with all ten albums totaling one-hundred points.[10] Singles lists, however, have always been unweighted.[10]

In 1971, English rock band The Who topped the first Pazz & Jop albums poll with Who's Next,[11] while English singer Ian Dury and his band the Blockheads topped the first singles poll with "Hit Me with Your Rhythm Stick" (1979).[11] Bob Dylan and Kanye West have topped the albums poll the most number of times, with four number-one albums each. West in addition won the singles poll of 2005. Music critic Robert Christgau oversaw the Pazz & Jop poll for more than thirty years; he also wrote an accompanying essay that discussed the poll's contents.[12][13] Christgau's tenure as Pazz & Jop overseer came to an abrupt end when he was controversially fired from The Village Voice after a company buy-out in August 2006.[14] In response to his dismissal, several prominent critics publicly announced that they would no longer be turning in their lists for the poll; Sasha Frere-Jones of The New Yorker described Christgau's firing as "a slap in the face to so many of us [critics] in so many ways."[15] Regardless, The Village Voice has continued to run the feature, with Rob Harvilla succeeding Christgau as music editor and overseer of the poll.[16] Christgau's annual Pazz & Jop overview essay was discontinued and substituted with multiple retrospective articles of the year's music written by a selection of critics.[17]

Number-one releasesEdit

AlbumsEdit

A gray-haired man wearing a hat plays a guitar.
American musician Bob Dylan has topped the Pazz & Jop albums poll four times.
Two African-American men rap into microphones whilst on stage. One wears a blonde wig, a grey jacket and blue trousers, and the other wears a green checkered hat, a white shirt and khaki shorts.
Speakerboxxx/The Love Below (2003) by American hip hop duo Outkast garnered the most total points of any number-one album in the history of the poll.
A man holding a microphone in his right hand whilst on stage. He wears a black t-shirt with a tiger-like face on it, tight leather pants, and a kilk.
American hip-hop artist Kanye West has topped the Pazz & Jop albums poll four times out of six albums.
Year Artist Album Mentions Points Ref.
1971 Who, TheThe Who Who's Next N/A 540 [11]
1974 Mitchell, JoniJoni Mitchell Court and Spark 14 186 [4]
1975 Dylan, BobBob Dylan and Band, TheThe Band The Basement Tapes 23 285 [18]
1976 Wonder, StevieStevie Wonder Songs in the Key of Life 25 292 [19]
1977 The Sex Pistols Never Mind the Bollocks, Here's the Sex Pistols 32 412 [20]
1978 Costello, ElvisElvis Costello and Attractions, thethe Attractions This Year's Model 58 783 [21]
1979 Parker, GrahamGraham Parker Squeezing Out Sparks 63 767 [5]
1980 Clash, TheThe Clash London Calling 89 1,347 [22]
1981 Clash, TheThe Clash Sandinista! 67 862 [23]
1982 Costello, ElvisElvis Costello and Attractions, thethe Attractions Imperial Bedroom 87 1,061 [24]
1983 Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson Thriller 100 1,305 [25]
1984 Springsteen, BruceBruce Springsteen Born in the U.S.A. 136 1,757 [26]
1985 Talking Heads Little Creatures 99 1,078 [27]
1986 Simon, PaulPaul Simon Graceland 96 1,131 [28]
1987 Prince Sign o' the Times 118 1,491 [29]
1988 Public Enemy It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back 79 1,011 [30]
1989 De La Soul 3 Feet High and Rising 89 1,050 [31]
1990 Young, NeilNeil Young and Crazy Horse Ragged Glory 104 1,282 [32]
1991 Nirvana Nevermind 134 1,699 [33]
1992 Arrested Development 3 Years, 5 Months & 2 Days in the Life Of... 97 1,050 [34]
1993 Phair, LizLiz Phair Exile in Guyville 108 1,383 [35]
1994 Hole Live Through This 121 1,552 [36]
1995 Harvey, PJPJ Harvey To Bring You My Love 120 1,492 [37]
1996 Beck Odelay 110 1,134 [38]
1997 Dylan, BobBob Dylan Time Out of Mind 135 1,655 [39]
1998 Williams, LucindaLucinda Williams Car Wheels on a Gravel Road 167 2,129 [40]
1999 Moby Play 134 1,548 [41]
2000 Outkast Stankonia 220 2,660 [42]
2001 Dylan, BobBob Dylan Love and Theft 235 3,010 [43]
2002 Wilco Yankee Hotel Foxtrot 201 2,328 [44]
2003 Outkast Speakerboxxx/The Love Below 305 3,554 [45]
2004 West, KanyeKanye West The College Dropout 245 2,826 [46]
2005 West, KanyeKanye West Late Registration 227 2,525 [47]
2006 Dylan, BobBob Dylan Modern Times 95 1,123 [48]
2007 LCD Soundsystem Sound of Silver 141 1,662 [49]
2008 TV on the Radio Dear Science 154 1,744 [50]
2009 Animal Collective Merriweather Post Pavilion 154 1,794 [51]
2010 West, KanyeKanye West My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy 266 3,250 [52]
2011 Tune-Yards Whokill 135 1,645 [53]
2012 Ocean, FrankFrank Ocean Channel Orange 170 1,952 [54]
2013 West, KanyeKanye West Yeezus 160 1,991 [55]

SinglesEdit

English musician Ian Dury performed "Hit Me with Your Rhythm Stick", which topped the first singles poll in 1979.
American rapper Missy Elliott is the only artist with two consecutive Pazz & Jop number-one singles: "Get Ur Freak On" and "Work It".
Year Artist Single Mentions Ref.
1979 Dury, IanIan Dury and Blockheads, thethe Blockheads "Hit Me with Your Rhythm Stick"/"Reasons to be Cheerful, Part 3" 29 [5]
1980 Blow, KurtisKurtis Blow "The Breaks" 40 [22]
1981 Anderson, LaurieLaurie Anderson "O Superman"/"Walk the Dog" 56 [23]
Rolling Stones, TheThe Rolling Stones "Start Me Up"
1982 Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five "The Message" 156 [24]
1983 Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson "Billie Jean" 75 [25]
1984 Prince "When Doves Cry"/"17 Days" 111 [26]
1985 Artists United Against Apartheid "Sun City" 101 [27]
1986 Run–D.M.C. "Walk This Way" 78 [28]
1987 Prince "Sign o' the Times" 54 [29]
1988 Chapman, TracyTracy Chapman "Fast Car" 55 [30]
1989 Public Enemy "Fight the Power" 75 [31]
1990 Deee-Lite "Groove Is in the Heart"/"What Is Love?" 74 [32]
1991 Nirvana "Smells Like Teen Spirit" 116 [33]
1992 Arrested Development "Tennessee" 100 [34]
1993 Breeders, TheThe Breeders "Cannonball" 78 [35]
1994 Beck "Loser" 89 [36]
1995 Coolio featuring L.V. "Gangsta's Paradise" 81 [37]
1996 Quad City DJ's "C'mon N' Ride It (The Train)" 34 [38]
1997 Hanson "MMMBop" 96 [39]
1998 Fatboy Slim "The Rockafeller Skank" 110 [40]
1999 TLC "No Scrubs" 109 [41]
2000 Outkast "Ms. Jackson" 124 [42]
2001 Elliott, MissyMissy Elliott "Get Ur Freak On" 176 [43]
2002 Elliott, MissyMissy Elliott "Work It" 212 [44]
2003 Outkast "Hey Ya!" 322 [45]
2004 Franz Ferdinand "Take Me Out" 145 [46]
2005 West, KanyeKanye West featuring Foxx, JamieJamie Foxx "Gold Digger" 145 [47]
2006 Gnarls Barkley "Crazy" 151 [48]
2007 Winehouse, AmyAmy Winehouse "Rehab" 97 [49]
2008 M.I.A. "Paper Planes" 107 [56]
2009 Jay-Z featuring Keys, AliciaAlicia Keys "Empire State of Mind" 89 [57]
2010 Green, Cee LoCee Lo Green "Fuck You" 187 [58]
2011 Adele "Rolling in the Deep" 116 [59]
2012 Jepsen, Carly RaeCarly Rae Jepsen "Call Me Maybe" 94 [60]
2013 Daft Punk featuring Williams, PharrellPharrell Williams "Get Lucky" 117 [61]

Defunct categoriesEdit

Compilation albumsEdit

Year Artist Album Mentions Ref.
1995 Various artists Macro Dub Infection: Volume One 28 [37]
1996 Bukem, LTJLTJ Bukem Logical Progression 11 [38]

Album re-issuesEdit

A black-and-white photograph of bearded man raising his arm.
Filmmaker Harry Everett Smith compiled the 1952 album Anthology of American Folk Music, which topped the re-issues poll upon being re-released in 1997.
Year Artist Album Mentions Ref.
1986 Neville Brothers, TheThe Neville Brothers Treacherous: A History of the Neville Brothers (1955–1985) 43 [28]
1987 Carr, JamesJames Carr At the Dark End of the Street 35 [29]
1988 Berry, ChuckChuck Berry The Chess Box 35 [30]
1989 Waters, MuddyMuddy Waters The Chess Box 65 [31]
1990 Johnson, RobertRobert Johnson The Complete Recordings 108 [32]
1991 Brown, JamesJames Brown Star Time 84 [33]
1992 Marley, BobBob Marley Songs of Freedom 51 [34]
1993 Beach Boys, TheThe Beach Boys Good Vibrations: Thirty Years of The Beach Boys 42 [35]
1994 Armstrong, LouisLouis Armstrong Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1923–1934) 34 [36]
1995 Velvet Underground, TheThe Velvet Underground Peel Slowly and See 57 [37]
1996 Ra, SunSun Ra The Singles 25 [38]
1997 Various artists Anthology of American Folk Music 100 [39]
1998 Various artists Nuggets: Original Artyfacts from the First Psychedelic Era, 1965–1968 111 [40]
1999 Os Mutantes Everything Is Possible: The Best of Os Mutantes 31 [41]
1999 Various artists Loud, Fast and Out of Control: The Wild Sounds of '50s Rock 31 [41]

Extended playsEdit

Perfect Sound Forever and Watery, Domestic by American indie rock band Pavement were voted the number-one extended plays of their respective release years.
Year Artist Album Mentions Ref.
1981 Specials, TheThe Specials Ghost Town 44 [23]
1982 Burnett, T-BoneT-Bone Burnett Trap Door 75 [24]
1983 Los Lobos ...And a Time to Dance 54 [25]
1984 Keene, TommyTommy Keene Places That Are Gone 32 [26]
1985 Chilton, AlexAlex Chilton Feudalist Tarts 32 [27]
1986 Chilton, AlexAlex Chilton No Sex 27 [28]
1988 Springsteen, BruceBruce Springsteen Chimes of Freedom 13 [30]
1989 Williams, LucindaLucinda Williams Passionate Kisses 17 [31]
1990 Mekons, TheThe Mekons F.U.N. '90 27 [32]
1991 Pavement Perfect Sound Forever 26 [33]
1992 Pavement Watery, Domestic 23 [34]
1993 Luscious Jackson In Search of Manny 31 [35]
1994 Pizzicato Five Five by Five 15 [36]

Music videosEdit

A sideview of two rock musicians performing onstage.
American rock band Nirvana topped the music videos poll for three consecutive years.
Year Artist Music video Director(s) Mentions Ref.
1983 Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson "Beat It" Giraldi, BobBob Giraldi 63 [25]
1984 Art of Noise "Close (To the Edit)" Rybczyński, ZbigniewZbigniew Rybczyński 35 [26]
1985 Artists United Against Apartheid "Sun City" Demme, JonathanJonathan Demme, Godley & Creme 68 [27]
1986 Gabriel, PeterPeter Gabriel "Sledgehammer" Johnson, Stephen R.Stephen R. Johnson 87 [28]
1987 Squeeze "Hourglass" Edmondson, AdeAde Edmondson 12 [29]
1990 Deee-Lite "Groove Is in the Heart" Nakano, HiroyukiHiroyuki Nakano 35 [32]
1990 Madonna "Justify My Love" Mondino, Jean-BaptisteJean-Baptiste Mondino 35 [32]
1991 Nirvana "Smells Like Teen Spirit" Bayer, SamuelSamuel Bayer 59 [33]
1992 Nirvana "In Bloom" Kerslake, KevinKevin Kerslake 23 [34]
1993 Nirvana "Heart-Shaped Box" Corbijn, AntonAnton Corbijn 34 [35]
1994 Beastie Boys "Sabotage" Jonze, SpikeSpike Jonze 66 [36]
1995 Björk "It's Oh So Quiet" Jonze, SpikeSpike Jonze 33 [37]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cromelin, Robert (January 1, 2007). "Jockeying for top music poll position". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 12, 2014. 
  2. ^ Thorpe, David (January 16, 2013). "Pazz & Jop: A Note on Crap". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  3. ^ Sinclair, Tom (December 12, 2001). "CD Wow". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (January 20, 1975). "The 1974 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c Christgau, Robert (January 28, 1980). "The 1979 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  6. ^ Christgau, Robert (February 1, 1982). "Pazz & Jop 1981: The Year the Rolling Stones Lost the Pennant". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  7. ^ Christgau, Robert (February 28, 1984). "Pazz & Jop 1983: Who Else? A Goddamn Critics Band, That's Who Else". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  8. ^ Christgau, Robert (March 3, 1987). "Pazz & Jop 1986: Township Jive Conquers the World". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  9. ^ Christgau, Robert (February 20, 1996). "Pazz & Jop 1995: Lost in the Soundscape". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c McDonald, Glenn (January 21, 2011). "Pazz & Jop Stats II: Calculating Enthuasiasm, Hipness, Metalism, And, Uh, Kvltosis". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c Christgau, Robert (February 10, 1972). "The 1971 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  12. ^ Scholtes, Peter S. (October 19, 2006). "Robert Christgau: NPR Animal". City Pages. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  13. ^ Christgau, Robert. "Pazz & Jop". Robert Christgau. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  14. ^ Rosen, Jody (September 5, 2006). "X-ed Out". Slate. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  15. ^ Ganz, Jacob (January 5, 2007). "'Voice' Music Poll Undermined by Internet". NPR. Retrieved June 7, 2013. 
  16. ^ Sisario, Ben (November 30, 2006). "Meaty, Beaty, Big and Bloggy: An Online Poll Covets the Territory Once Owned by Pazz & Jop". The New York Times. Retrieved June 7, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Critical Review: An Interview with Village Voice Music Editor Rob Harvilla on Pazz + Jop". Flavorwire. January 22, 2009. Retrieved June 7, 2013. 
  18. ^ Christgau, Robert (December 29, 1975). "The 1975 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  19. ^ Christgau, Robert (January 31, 1977). "The 1976 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  20. ^ Christgau, Robert (January 23, 1978). "The 1977 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  21. ^ Christgau, Robert (January 22, 1979). "The 1978 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  22. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (February 9, 1981). "The 1980 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  23. ^ a b c Christgau, Robert (February 1, 1982). "The 1981 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  24. ^ a b c Christgau, Robert (February 22, 1983). "The 1982 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  25. ^ a b c d Christgau, Robert (February 28, 1984). "The 1983 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  26. ^ a b c d Christgau, Robert (February 18, 1985). "The 1984 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  27. ^ a b c d Christgau, Robert (February 18, 1986). "The 1985 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  28. ^ a b c d e Christgau, Robert (March 3, 1987). "The 1986 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  29. ^ a b c d Christgau, Robert (March 1, 1988). "The 1987 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  30. ^ a b c d Christgau, Robert (February 28, 1989). "The 1988 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  31. ^ a b c d Christgau, Robert (February 27, 1990). "The 1989 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f Christgau, Robert (March 5, 1991). "The 1990 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  33. ^ a b c d e Christgau, Robert (March 3, 1992). "The 1991 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  34. ^ a b c d e Christgau, Robert (March 2, 1993). "The 1992 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  35. ^ a b c d e Christgau, Robert (March 1, 1994). "The 1993 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  36. ^ a b c d e Christgau, Robert (February 28, 1995). "The 1994 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  37. ^ a b c d e Christgau, Robert (February 20, 1996). "The 1995 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  38. ^ a b c d Christgau, Robert (February 25, 1997). "The 1996 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  39. ^ a b c Christgau, Robert (February 24, 1998). "The 1997 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  40. ^ a b c Christgau, Robert (March 2, 1999). "The 1998 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  41. ^ a b c d Christgau, Robert (February 22, 2000). "The 1999 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  42. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (February 20, 2001). "The 2000 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  43. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (February 12, 2002). "The 2001 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  44. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (February 18, 2003). "The 2002 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  45. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (February 17, 2004). "The 2003 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  46. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (February 15, 2005). "The 2004 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  47. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (February 7, 2006). "The 2005 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  48. ^ a b "The 2006 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. February 6, 2007. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  49. ^ a b "The 2007 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  50. ^ "New York Pazz and Jop Albums − All Votes (2008)". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  51. ^ "New York Pazz and Jop Albums − All Votes (2009)". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  52. ^ "New York Pazz and Jop Albums − All Votes (2010)". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  53. ^ "New York Pazz and Jop Albums − All Votes (2011)". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  54. ^ "New York Pazz and Jop Albums − All Votes (2012)". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  55. ^ McDonald, Glenn. "Pazz & Jop Statistics". Furia.com. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  56. ^ "New York Pazz and Jop Singles − All Votes (2008)". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  57. ^ "New York Pazz and Jop Singles − All Votes (2009)". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  58. ^ "New York Pazz and Jop Singles − All Votes (2010)". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  59. ^ "New York Pazz and Jop Singles − All Votes (2011)". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  60. ^ "New York Pazz and Jop Singles − All Votes (2012)". The Village Voice. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  61. ^ McDonald, Glenn. "Pazz & Jop Statistics". Furia.com. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 

External linksEdit