|Speaker of the Slovak National Council|
4 April 2012 – 17 November 2014
|Preceded by||Pavol Hrušovský|
4 July 2006 – 8 July 2010
|Preceded by||Béla Bugár (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Richard Sulík|
|Member of the Slovak National Council|
15 October 2002
23 February 1958 |
|Political party||Direction – Social Democracy|
Pavol Paška (born 23 February 1958) is a Slovak politician and was the 23rd Speaker of the National Council of the Slovak Republic (7th since Slovakia gained independence in 1993) during two terms, from 2006 until 2010, and again from 2012 until 2014. He is a member of of the Direction - Social Democracy (Smer-SD) party.
Early life and educationEdit
Paška was born in Košice on 23 February 1958. He graduated from the Faculty of Arts of the Comenius University in Bratislava in 1985. His study fields included philosophy and aesthetics. Prior to his university studies he had worked for State Company Zdroj in Slovakia’s second largest city of Košice in which he was born on 23 February 1958.
After finishing his study he worked at Education and Culture Centre in Košice and at Self-Administration Office and later Municipal District Administration KVP in Košice. Paška became active in the business sphere in 1992 before entering politics in 1999.
Paška was first elected as the deputy leader of Smer-SD, along with future minister of the interior Robert Kaliňák at their annual congress in the western Slovak town of Hlohovec on 12 April 2003.  He was re-elected as deputy chairman at the party's national congress in Trenčín on 30 September.
Speaker of ParliamentEdit
His party, Direction – Social Democracy, led by current Prime Minister Robert Fico, won the June 2006 parliamentary elections with 29.1% of the votes and formed a coalition with the People's Party - Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (ĽS-HZDS) and the Slovak National Party (SNS). Support for Direction – Social Democracy party after the elections rose even higher, oscillating in the summer 2007 opinion polls around 40%.
In the wake of the election, the new Slovak parliament elected Paška as its new speaker, with 98 out of 148 MPs present supporting the nomination. Parliament also elected three deputy speakers - Miroslav Číž from Smer, Anna Belousovová from the SNS party and Viliam Veteška from the HZDS. Paška said he "wanted consensus, cooperation, and respect to dominate in the new parliament".
One of his first actions as speaker of parliament was to make parliamentary sessions public through live broadcasts on the public service Slovak Television (STV) channel, to "prevent information about parliamentary sessions being manipulated." In 2007 Paška stated he would introduce a proposal for the complete cancellation of ministers of parliament's immunity, claiming it represented "an abuse of power".
In November 2007, the Paska faced a motion of no confidence in parliament. The opposition parties wanted Paška to be fired for his handling of a controversial law. The opposition took issue with Paska's interference in the amendment to the social insurance law, approved by the parliament in a chaotic vote with two contradictory amending proposals. The draft bill was supposed to be published on the internet within three days after the vote. Paška admitted that he ordered the legislative department to ignore parliament’s vote and publish a version that did not the original proposal. Katarína Kližanová Rýsová, spokesperson from the Smer-SD party called the motion to dismiss Paska "ridiculous". On 27 November Paska survived the motion. Out of 111 MPs present in 150-member parliament, 59 supported the motion. The opposition would have needed 76 votes to succeed in its attempt to oust the Speaker of Parliament.
- "Slovak president to be inaugurated on 15 June – parliament speaker". BBC. 6 April 2009. Retrieved 14 December 2010.
- "Fico remains leader of Smer". Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- "Fico re-elected chairman of Smer". Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- "Parliament elects speaker, deputy speakers". Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- "Paška to propose total removal of MPs immunity". Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- "Opposition wants speaker of parliament sacked". Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- "Smer-SD: Dismissing Paška is ridiculous". Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- "Speaker of parliament survives non-confidence vote". Retrieved 19 November 2014.