Last modified on 17 December 2014, at 15:06

Nyköping

Nyköping
images of Nyköping
images of Nyköping
Official seal of Nyköping
Seal
Nyköping is located in Sweden
Nyköping
Nyköping
Coordinates: 58°45′11″N 17°00′31″E / 58.75306°N 17.00861°E / 58.75306; 17.00861Coordinates: 58°45′11″N 17°00′31″E / 58.75306°N 17.00861°E / 58.75306; 17.00861
Country Sweden
Province Södermanland
County Södermanland County
Municipality Nyköping Municipality
Founded 1187
Area[1]
 • City 13.43 km2 (5.19 sq mi)
Elevation 20 m (70 ft)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 • City 29,891
 • Density 2,225/km2 (5,760/sq mi)
 • Metro 50,760
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 611 xx
Area code(s) (+46) 155
Website www.nykoping.se (English)

Nyköping (Swedish pronunciation: [nyːˈɕœpɪŋ])[2] is a locality and the seat of Nyköping Municipality, Södermanland County, Sweden with 29,891 inhabitants in 2010.[1] The city is also the capital of Södermanland County. Including Arnö, the locality on the southern shore of the bay just a couple of kilometres from the city centre, Nyköping would have 33,762 inhabitants according to the same SCB source. Commonly, Arnö is referred to as a part of the city proper.

HistoryEdit

The area bears traces of settlers since around 2000 BC. In the early medieval age, around 1000 AD, Nyköping was a capital of one the many Swedish petty kingdoms.[citation needed] In the 13th century, construction on the Nyköping Fortress was begun; the following century it became the strongest fortress of the country. The coat of arms probably depicts the fortress, or one of its towers.[citation needed]

In 1317 the Nyköping Banquet took place, a renowned episode in Sweden's history, when King Birger of Sweden captured his two brothers as a revenge for earlier sufferings and had them imprisoned without food until they starved to death. (See Nyköpings gästabud.)

The earliest known charter dates from 1444[verification needed], making it one of the now defunct Cities in Sweden. In the 16th century Nyköping became the seat of Duke Charles who later became Charles IX of Sweden. With the status of a Royal residential seat, Nyköping was at its peak of development.

Nyköping, in an engraving from 1690–1710.

In 1665 large parts of the city including the fortress were damaged in a fire. The same thing happened again in 1719 when Russian troops invaded the city. It was then rebuilt with its current street plan.

Nyköping was industrialized relatively early compared to the rest of Sweden. In the early 19th century, textile industry was established, and the population soon rose as Nyköping's industry grew. In 1879, C.A. Wedholms mejerikärlsfabrik was founded, starting to produce milk churns.

20th centuryEdit

Students pose along the street in 1908.

Nyköping was the town where Nordiska Kompaniet had its furniture factory. The business created a spin off named ANA, which licence-built American and English cars. The company was later purchased by Saab Automobile and led to SAAB becoming the largest employer in the town during the 1980s, as well as the relocation of the headquarters to Spelhagen. But when GM bought SAAB from Investor AB, the headquarters was moved back to Trollhättan and about two thousand lost their jobs.[3]

Military historyEdit

Nyköping has been a stronghold for the reconnaissance squadrons of the Swedish Air Force. Between 1941 and 1980, the nearby Stockholm Skavsta Airport was hosting the F11 wing which had three squadrons with reconnaissance aircraft. It was the only dedicated reconnaissance wing in the Swedish Air Force. The city has also hosted the flying school of the Swedish Army which was located at Brandholmen between 1963 and 1985.

GeographyEdit

Nyköping is the exodus of a small river named Nyköpingsån, which runs through the city centre, dividing the city into a natural eastern and western part. Due to the narrowness of the river, there are a full seven crossings available for automobile traffic, one of them being for the E4. For pedestrians and bikers, an additional seven bridges are available, and in addition to that there's also one bridge for train traffic. The small river Kilaån separates Nyköping and Arnö, with that river being even narrower. Also separating Nyköping and Arnö is the so-called Stadsfjärden (the City bay), which is a bay stretching around the Arnö peninsula down to the neighboring municipality of Oxelösund. Stadsfjärden is primarily used for tourist shipping and canoeing, with an internationally renowned canoeing stadium being situated along the northern shore. The port is much smaller than Oxelösund's and is primarily used for civil traffic, as opposed to cargo shipments and ferry traffic which is dominated by nearby ports of Oxelösund and Nynäshamn. This is due to the port being some 15 kilometres from open sea as opposed to Oxelösund's position at the edge of the peninsula. Even though Nyköping is a relatively flat city there are some hills in the northern parts of the town, barely reaching 50 metres altitude. The city centre is essentially just above sea level and doesn't rise above 10 metres altitude.

Populated areas of NyköpingEdit

  • Brandholmen
  • Brandkärr
  • Bryngelstorp
  • Ekensberg
  • Fågelbo
  • Isaksdal
  • Harg
  • Herrhagen (at Arnö)
  • Högbrunn
  • Kuggnäs (at Arnö)
  • Långsätter (at Arnö)
  • Malmbryggshagen
  • Oppeby
  • Oxbacken
  • Påljungshage
  • Rosenkälla
  • Stenkulla
  • Väster (the West)
  • Öster (the East)
  • Östra bergen (the Eastern Mountains)

The area of Gumsbacken only carries a large shopping mall centre but is part of the city proper.

TransportationEdit

Map of regional transportation, showing (1) Nyköping, (2) Oxelösund, (3) motorway E4 and railroad towards the airport, Norrköping and Malmö, (4) road 52 and railroad towards Katrineholm and Kumla, (5) road 53 towards Malmköping and Eskilstuna, (6) motorway E4 and railroad towards Södertälje and Stockholm.

BusesEdit

Nyköping's intercity and city bus-links are operated by Nobina Sverige. The city bus network consists of five lines:[4]

Number Origin Final destination Frequency Distance
1 Bryngelstorp Harg Every 15 minutes 11.4 km (7.1 mi)
2 Arnö Brandkärr Every 15 minutes 7.8 km (4.8 mi)
3 Bus station Brandholmen Twice an hour 3.4 km (2.1 mi)
161 Bus station Bus station 10 times/day NA
162 Bus station Bus station 10 times/day NA

Coaches to Stockholm and Gothenburg are operated by Swebus.

RailEdit

A SJ X12 at the 'Nyköping C' railway station.

The city is located on a branch line to the Södra stambanan. Scheduled railway connections on the line is provided by SJ AB. These are mostly operated by Electric Multiple Units of which the SJ X40 is the most common. Commuter trains towards Norrköping may be operated by X12s. SJ does currently not operate any X 2000 services to Nyköping.

Line Vehicles Operator
Gävle-Stockholm-Linköping SJ RcSJ X40 SJ AB
Norrköping SJ X12 SJ AB
Stockholm-Malmö Bombardier TRAXXEurosprinter Veolia operated by Hector Rail.

AirEdit

Stockholm-Skavsta Airport offers intra-European routes on Ryanair and Wizz Air.

ClimateEdit

Nyköping has, along with the rest of Mälardalen, a relatively mild humid continental climate[5]. Winter averages around the freezing point during daytime with only the cold nights bringing the climate classification to humid continental rather than oceanic. Summer average highs are between 20 °C (68 °F) and 23 °C (73 °F) depending on month and weather patterns. However, both summers and winters have been significantly warmer and colder, respectively, than the averages. Temperatures over 30 °C (86 °F) are occasional but not overly common, with temperatures above 32 °C (90 °F) unknown in recent decades.[6]

Climate data for Nyköping
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0
(32)
0
(32)
3
(37)
8
(46)
15
(59)
20
(68)
22
(72)
22
(72)
15
(59)
11
(52)
5
(41)
1
(34)
10.2
(50.4)
Average low °C (°F) −6
(21)
−6
(21)
−4
(25)
0
(32)
5
(41)
9
(48)
13
(55)
11
(52)
7
(45)
4
(39)
−1
(30)
−5
(23)
2.25
(36.05)
Source: SMHI.se[7]

SportsEdit

Nyköping has two major sport clubs:

The city is yet to have a team in the major football or hockey leagues of Sweden, with stints in the second tiers being the greatest achievements for both sides.

SightsEdit

Panoramic view of part of Nyköpings (2010).

Twin citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Duden Aussprachewörterbuch gives Swedish pronunciation: [ˌnyːçøːpiŋ]
  3. ^ http://www.sn.se/polopoly_fs/1.561819.1259760309!/sn-saab-20090131.pdf
  4. ^ "Här kan du ladda ned din tidtabell och karta för stadstrafiken i Nyköping" (in Swedish). Lanstrafiken.se. Retrieved 2012-03-14. 
  5. ^ "Nykoping, Sweden Climate Summary". Weatherbase. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Nykoping, Sweden Temperature averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "Weather Information for Nyköping 1961-1990". Swedish Meteorological Institute. Retrieved 31 October 2012. 
  8. ^ "Nyköpings BIS – Fotboll Klubb". Retrieved 2010-09-16. 

External linksEdit