Nuclear power by country
Currently, 68 reactors are under construction in 15 countries. Some new countries will be starting their first nuclear power plants including: Vietnam, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Ghana, Morocco and Saudi Arabia.
Nuclear power stations operate in thirty countries. In 2010, before the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, it was reported that an average of about 10 nuclear reactors were expected to become operational per year, although according to the World Nuclear Association, of the 17 civilian reactors planned to become operational between 2007 and 2009, only five actually came on stream. As of June 2011, Germany and Switzerland are phasing-out nuclear power.
As of June 2011, countries such as Australia, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, New Zealand, Norway and Portugal remain opposed to nuclear power.
Of the thirty countries in which nuclear power plants operate, only France, Belgium and Slovakia use them as the primary source of electricity, although many other countries have a significant nuclear power generation capacity. According to the World Nuclear Association, a nuclear power advocacy group, over 45 countries are giving "serious consideration" to introducing a nuclear power capability, with Iran, the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Vietnam, Belarus, and Jordan at the forefront.China, South Korea and India are pursuing ambitious expansions of their nuclear power capacities, with China aiming to increase capacity to at least 60 GWe by 2020, 200 GWe by 2030 and 400 GWe by 2050. South Korea plans to expand its nuclear capacity from 20.7 GWe in 2012 to 27.3 GWe in 2020 and to 43 GWe by 2030. India aims to have 14.6 GWe nuclear power generation capacity by 2020 and 63 GWe by 2032 and to have 25% of all electricity supplied by nuclear power by 2050.
|Nuclear share of
List of nuclear reactors by country
||This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)|
Only the commercial reactors registered with the International Atomic Energy Agency are listed below.
|References and notes|
|Bulgaria||2||0||Four reactors were shut down in 2004 and 2007. Belene Nuclear Power Plant construction was officially terminated in March 2012.|
|China||18||28||70 GWe by 2020(~5%)|
|Finland||4||1||As of 2012, TVO is planning new reactor to be build and operational by 2020.|
|Germany||9||0||Phase-out in place.|
|Iran||1||0||The first reactor of Bushehr Plant has power generation capacity of 915 MW|
|Japan||2 (50)*||0 (2)*||After the March 2011 Fukushima disaster, Japan shut down all of its 54 nuclear reactors, but has since restarted two reactors, despite strong public opposition. Japan announced its intention to phase out nuclear power by 2030, but did not halt the construction of seven new reactors.|
|Switzerland||5||0||Phase-out in place.|
|Ukraine||15||2||2 new reactors by 2030|
|United Arab Emirates||0||1||To be built by 2017 by S. Korean consortium?|
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