Movement for Autonomies
|Movement for Autonomies
Movimento per le Autonomie
|Federal Secretary||Agazio Loiero|
|Founded||30 April 2005|
|Headquarters||via dell'Oca, 27
|Ideology||Regionalism, Centrism, Christian democracy|
|National affiliation||with The People of Freedom and Lega Nord|
|European Parliament group||EPP–ED (2005–2009)|
|Chamber of Deputies|
|Sicilian Regional Assembly|
The Movement for Autonomies (Movimento per le Autonomie, MpA) is a regionalist and Christian democraticpolitical party in Italy. It demands economic development and greater autonomy for Sicily and the other regions of Southern Italy.
The party was founded on 30 April 2005 as Movement for Autonomy (Movimento per l'Autonomia) by Sicilian splinters from the Union of Christian and Centre Democrats (UDC) and other centre-right parties, notably Forza Italia (FI), the Italian Republican Party (PRI) and the New Italian Socialist Party (NPSI).
At the 2006 general election the party joined the centre-right House of Freedoms coalition and formed a joint-list, the Pact for Autonomies, with Lega Nord, a regionalist movement based in Northern Italy, and the Sardinian Action Party. The MpA elected five deputies (two in the lists of FI) and two senators (one in the lists of FI). Lombardo claimed to have discarded the possibility of an alliance with the centre-left The Union mainly because of the latter's opposition to the building of the Strait of Messina Bridge and their support to civil unions.
In January 2008 the MpA formed a political pact with Italy of the Centre (IdC), under which Vincenzo Scotti, leader of IdC, became president of the party. At the 2008 general election the party won 1.1% of the vote (7.4% in Sicily) and obtained 8 deputies and 2 senators, due to the alliance with The People of Freedom (PdL) and Lega Nord. After the election the MpA joined the Berlusconi IV Cabinet. More important, at the Sicilian regional election Lombardo was elected President of the region by a landslide and the MpA was the third largest party with 13.8% of the vote (21.8% if also the vote for Lombardo's personal list and the Autonomist Democrats) and 15 regional deputies.
Party of the South
In the 2009 European Parliament election the MpA, that changed its name into Movement for Autonomies in order to reflect its attempt to become a national party rooted in every part of the country, ran as part of the Pole of Autonomy, that included also The Right, the Pensioners' Party and the Alliance of the Centre. As part of its "national" strategy the party was joined by some small regionalist parties active in Northern regions: Lombardia Autonoma, the Forum of the Venetians, Autonomist Trentino and S.O.S. Italy. At the national level the alliance gained a mere 2.2% of the vote, thus returning no MEPs, but in its Sicilian stronghold it reached 15.6%.
Since the election there were talks about the foundation of a new "Party of the South", of which the MpA would have been the core. In December 2009 Raffaele Lombardo, leader of the MpA and President of Sicily, formed his third cabinet that included ministers from his MpA party, the PdL–Sicily of Gianfranco Micciché and the newly formed regional section of Alliance for Italy (ApI), plus some independents, including one who was close to the centre-left opposition Democratic Party (PD). Lombardo appointed no members of the "official" PdL and of the UDC.
The break-up of the alliance with the official PdL in Sicily and all around the South led to a painful split. In January 2010 Vincenzo Scotti and four deputies out of eight, who wanted to continue the alliance with the PdL, were expelled from the party and formed their own movement called We the South (NS). However, in September 2010 Lombardo broke also with Micciché and formed his fourth cabinet supported by the so-called "third pole" coalition, composed of the MpA, Future and Freedom (FLI), a wing of the UDC and ApI, plus the PD. In November, as an ally of Gianfranco Fini's FLI, the MpA quitted Berlusconi's government.
In July 2012 Lombardo step down from secretary of the party and was replaced by Giovanni Pistorio, long-time Sicilian leader of the party, and Agazio Loiero, a former Democrat who was President of Calabria from 2005 to 2010.
Party of the Sicilians
In August Lombardo resigned also from President of Sicily, prompting an early election. The Sicilian section of the MpA was renamed as Party of the Sicilians (PdS). Lombardo decided not to stand for re-election and the PdS chose to support Gianfranco Micciché, leader of Great South, for President, as part of a "Sicilianist" coalition. Micciché won 15.4% of the vote and the PdS obtained a mere 9.5%.
The PdS/MpA failed to pass the electoral thresholds in the 2013 general election, but, thanks to an agreement with the PdL, had one deputy (Angelo Attaguile) and two senators (Antonio Scavone and Pippo Compagnone) elected. Attaguile chose to team up with Lega Nord in the "Lega Nord–Autonomies" parliamentary group.
- Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck