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In South Africa, a metropolitan municipality or Category A municipality is a municipality which executes all the functions of local government for a city or conurbation. This is by contrast to areas which are primarily rural, where the local government is divided into district municipalities and local municipalities.
The Constitution, section 155.1.a, defines "Category A" municipalities. In the Municipal Structures Act it is laid out that this type of local government is to be used for conurbations, "centre[s] of economic activity", areas "for which integrated development planning is desirable", and areas with "strong interdependent social and economic linkages".
The metropolitan municipality is similar to the consolidated city-county in the USA, although a South African metropolitan municipality is created by notice of the provincial government, not by agreement between district and local municipalities.
List of metropolitan municipalitiesEdit
|Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality||BUF||Eastern Cape||East London||2,536||755,200||297.8|
|City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality||CPT||Western Cape||Cape Town||2,460||3,740,026||1,520.3|
|City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality||JHB||Gauteng||Johannesburg||1,645||4,434,827||2,695.9|
|City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality||TSH||Gauteng||Pretoria||6,345||2,921,488||460.4|
|Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality||EKU||Gauteng||Germiston||1,924||3,178,470||1,652.0|
|eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality||ETH||KwaZulu-Natal||Durban||2,292||3,442,361||1,501.9|
|Mangaung Metropolitan Municipality||MAN||Free State||Bloemfontein||6,284||747,431||118.9|
|Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality||NMA||Eastern Cape||Port Elizabeth||1,959||1,152,115||588.1|
- Government Communication & Information Services (2005) Categories of municipalities
- Parliament of the Republic of South Africa (1996) Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, Chapter 7: Local Government
- Parliament of the Republic of South Africa (1998) Local Government: Municipal Structures Act, Act 117 of 1998.
- South African Local Government Association