List of ethnic groups
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2012)|
The following is an incomplete list of ethnic groups.
|Baharna||Bahrain, Saudi Arabia (Qatif, Al Ahsa)||3,000,000||Indigenous people of Bahrain and Qatif|
|Badui||Indonesia||5,000 - 8,000|
|Bai||China (Yunnan province)||1,858,063|
|Bajau||Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei||401,800||Known as Sea Gypsies, they touch land only to bury their dead|
|Baka||Cameroon, Gabon||5,000 - 30,000||Pygmy people of Central Africa|
|Bakongo/Kongo||Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Angola, Congo, Republic of the||10,000,000||Majority population of the Republic of the Congo|
|Balkars||Russia (Kabardino-Balkaria), Kazakhstan||110,000|
|Baloch (also Baluch, Balochi)||Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Oman, United Arab Emirates||9,000,000||traditionally nomadic Muslim people of Balochistan|
|Baltic Germans||Latvia, Estonia, Germany|
|Bamar (also Burmese and Burman)||Burma, Thailand, Singapore||30,000,000||Majority ethnic group of Burma|
|Bambara||Mali, Senegal, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Niger||2,700,000||Part of the Manding linguistic/cultural subgroup of the Mandé peoples|
|Bamileke||Cameroon||4,000,000||Majority inhabitants of Cameroon|
|Banat Swabians||Romania, Serbia||Ethnic German population of Southeast Europe|
|Banda||Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Cameroon, South Sudan||1,300,000|
|Bantu||Sub-Saharan Africa||General label for 300-600 ethnic groups in Africa|
|Baoule||Côte d'Ivoire||Akan people|
|Barakzai||Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan||2,000,000 - 9,000,000||Pashtun people|
|Basarwa||Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Angola||90,000||Indigenous people|
|Bashkirs||Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan||2,000,000||Turkic people|
|Basotho||Lesotho, South Africa||4,300,000|
|Basques||Spain, France||2,600,000||Ethnolinguistically unique pre-Indo European language (Basque language)|
|Basque Argentine||Argentina||3,000,000 - 3,500,000||Argentine people of Basque ancestry|
|Basque American||United States||57,793||American people of Basque ancestry|
|Basque Chilean||Chile||1,600,000 - 4,500,000||Chilean people of Basque descent (10-27% of Chile's population)|
|Bassari||Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau||10,000 - 30,000|
|Baster (also known as Baaster)||Namibia||25,181||People descended from the offspring of Dutch speaking whites and black Africans, usually found in Southern Africa|
|Bateke||Congo, Republic of the, Congo, Democratic Republic of the|
|Batswana||Botswana, South Africa||Largest ethnic group in Botswana|
|Bavarians||Germany||12,531,925||High German speaking people of Bavaria|
|Beaver||Canada (British Columbia)||1,000||Former name for the Danezaa people|
|Bedouins||Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Jordan, Iraq, Libya, Egypt, Israel||8,000,000 - 10,000,000||Traditionally nomadic people|
|Beja||Sudan, Eritrea Egypt||Traditionally nomadic people|
|Belarusians||Belarus||9,000,000||Majority people of Belarus|
|Bengalis||Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, South Korea, Japan||300,000,000|
|Bengali American||United States||213,000||American people of Bengali ancestry|
|Bengali Hindus||India, Bangladesh||85,000,000||Hindus of Bengali ancestry|
|Bene Israel||India, Israel||65,000||Indian Jews of western India|
|Berbers||Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Canary Islands|
|Beti-Pahuin||Cameroon, Congo, Republic of the, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe||3,320,000|
|Bezhtas||Russia ( Dagestan)||6,198|
|Bhil (also known as Bheel)||India (central India)|
|Bhotiya||Bhutan, Nepal, India (Sikkim)|
|Biafada people||Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Gambia|
|Biharis||India, Pakistan, Bangladesh||1,200,000|
|Blackfeet (also known as Blackfoot)||Canada (Alberta), United States (Montana)||32,000|
|Black British||United Kingdom||1,500,000|
|Black Indians||United States||182,000||African Americans with Native American ancestry and/or African Americans who were historically assimilated into Native American tribes.|
|Bouyei (also known as Bo Y and Buyi)||China, Vietnam||2,900,000|
|Borinquen||Puerto Rico||0||Indigenous people; Now extinct, but gave the namesake Boricua used among some Puerto Ricans as a self-name.|
|Bosniaks||Bosnia and Herzegovina||3,000,000||South Slavic people.|
|Bostonian or the culture of New England States USA.|
|Bouganvilleans||Papua New Guinea|
|Boyar||India||South Indian Hindu Telugu speaking community.|
|Boyko||Ukraine||Highlanders or mountain-dwellers.|
|Brahmin||India, Nepal||51,000,000||Members of one of the four varnas (castes) in traditional Hindu societies. 3% of the population of the Indian subcontinent.|
|Brahui||Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran||2,528,000|
|Brau||Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam||313|
|Brazilian||Brazil, Paraguay, United States, Japan||192,853,373||All people born in Brazil.|
|Bretons||France||1,246,798 - 3,120,288|
|British||United Kingdom||50,366,497||see White British|
|British American||United States||40,234,652||British diaspora.|
|British Australian||Australia||20,000,000||British diaspora.|
|British Canadian||Canada||12,134,745||British diaspora.|
|British Chileans||Chile||700,000||British diaspora.|
|British Peruvians||Peru||8,003||British diaspora.|
|British New Zealander||New Zealand||2,425,278||British diaspora.|
|Britons||United Kingdom||300,000,000||Ancient Celtic people culturally dominating Great Britain from the Iron Age until the Early Middle Ages. By the 11th century their descendants had split into different groups not accumulating again until the 1707 act of union, has many ethnic sub-groups. Diaspora now covers the world, particularly prominent in anglophone countries (in the "European" populations).|
|Brooklynese or culture of New York City, USA named after its borough Brooklyn.|
|Brulé||United States (Nebraska, South Dakota)||Native American Sioux peoples.|
|Bru-Van Kieu||Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia||129,559|
|Bulang||China (Yunnan province), Burma, Thailand||92,000|
|Bulgarians||Bulgaria||9,000,000 - 10,000,000|
|Bulgars||Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Russia, Bulgaria,||0||Extinct; Predecessors of Tatars and modern-day Bulgarians.|
|Burgenland Croats||Austria||50,000||Ethnic Croats in the Austrian state of Burgenland.|
|Bushongo||Congo, Democratic Republic of the|
|Caddo||United States (Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas)||5,757||Native American peoples.|
|Cahuilla||United States (California)||1,276||Native American peoples.|
|Caingang||Brazil (São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul)||Native American peoples.|
|Cajun||United States (Louisiana)||488,549||French-Americans in Louisiana. See also Acadian.|
|Caldoche||New Caledonia||French people of New Caledonia; largest French national colony outside of France.|
|Californio||United States (California), Mexico (Alta California)||300,000 - 500,000||Spanish-speaking inhabitants of the colonial Spanish/Mexican California and their descendants.|
|Campa||Bolivia||25,000 - 45,000|
|Canaanites||Lebanon, Israel||0||Ancient people, unclear who their descendants are.|
|Canarians||Canary Islands||1,547,611||Berber based ethnic group.|
|Cantonese||China||66,000,000||Subgroup of Han chinese, people whose ancestral home is in Guangdong. Also called Yue. They form a significant proportion of Overseas Chinese.|
|Cape Coloured||South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe||4,539,790||Mixed-race population of the Western Cape province in South Africa.|
|Cape Malay||South Africa||200,000||Population descended from people of the Malay archipelago in the Western Cape province in South Africa.|
|Castilians||Spain||~6,500,000||Largest ethnic group of Spain, found in the Castile region; Also found in the Spanish diaspora.|
|Caprivian||Namibia||Inhabitants of the Caprivi Strip in northeastern Namibia.|
|Caribs||Caribbean||3,000||Native American peoples of northern South America, the Lesser Antilles, and the east coast of Central America.|
|Cascadian, members of the Cascadia (independence movement) belong to a culture of the Northwestern USA.|
|Catalans||Spain, France, Andorra||8,000,000||Also found in the Catalan-speaking diaspora around the world.|
|Catawba||United States (North Carolina, South Carolina)||2,600||Native American peoples.|
|Cayuga||United States (New York, Oklahoma), Canada (Ontario)||86,000||Native American peoples.|
|Cayuse||United States (Oregon, Washington)||0||Native American peoples.|
|Cebuano||Philippines||20,000,000||Also known as Cebu.|
|Celts||Ireland, United Kingdom, France (Brittany)||0||Ethno-linguistic group of tribal societies in Iron Age and Medieval Europe.|
|Ceylon Moors||Sri Lanka||1,800,000||People of Arab descent living in Sri Lanka.|
|Chagga||Tanzania||2,000,000||People of Bantu descent (Niger-Congo-B) living in Kilimanjaro Region in Tanzania.|
|Cham||Cambodia, Vietnam||400,000||People of Indonesian descent living in Cambodia and central Vietnam.|
|Chambri||Papua New Guinea|
|Chamorro||Guam, Northern Mariana Islands||177,000||Indigenous peoples.|
|Champenois-speaking people of Champagne-Ardenne of Northeastern France.|
|Charrúa||Uruguay, Brazil||0||Indigenous peoples; Now extinct.|
|Chehalis||United States (Washington)||691||Native American peoples.|
|Chemehuevi||United States (Arizona, California)||600||Native American peoples.|
|Cherokee||United States (North Carolina, Oklahoma)||316,049||Native American people originally of eastern and central Tennessee, most of Kentucky, southern West Virginia, western Virginia, northern Georgia (USA), northern Alabama, northwestern South Carolina, and western North Carolina, now mostly living in Oklahoma and North Carolina.|
|Cheyenne||United States (Montana, Oklahoma)||15,672||Native American peoples.|
|Chicanos||United States||31,689,000||United States citizens of Mexican origin. While some Mexican-Americans may embrace the term "Chicano", others prefer to identify themselves differently.|
|Chickahominy||United States (Virginia)||972||Native American people.|
|Chickasaw||United States||38,000,000||Native American people formerly of northeast Mississippi, west Tennessee, and northwest Alabama, now living in Oklahoma.|
|Chilcotin||Canada (British Columbia)||Native American peoples.|
|Chilean American||United States||113,934||Chilean diaspora of the United States.|
|Chilean Australian||Australia||33,626||Chilean diaspora of Australia.|
|Chilean Swedes||Sweden||42,396||Chilean diaspora of Sweden.|
|Chimakum||United States (Washington)||0||Native America peoples. Now extinct.|
|Chinese||China||1,310,158,851||Also known as Han or Han Chinese. Dominant ethnic group of the People's Republic of China.|
|Chinese American||United States||3,376,031||Chinese diaspora of the United States.|
|Chinese Australian||Australia||1,185,000||Chinese diaspora of Australia.|
|Chinese Brazilian||Brazil||151,649||Chinese diaspora of Brazil.|
|Chinese Canadian||Canada||1,364,215||Chinese diaspora of Canada.|
|British Chinese||United Kingdom||296,623||Chinese diaspora of the United Kingdom.|
|Ethnic Chinese in Brunei||Brunei||43,000||Chinese diaspora of Brunei.|
|Chinese people in Bulgaria||Bulgaria||10,000||Chinese diaspora of Bulgaria.|
|Burmese Chinese||Burma||1,637,540||Chinese diaspora of Burma.|
|Chinese Cambodian||Cambodia||1,180,000||Chinese diaspora of Cambodia|
|Chinese people in Chile||Chile||10,000||Chinese diaspora of Chile.|
|Chinese-Costa Rican||Costa Rica||45,000||Chinese diaspora of Costa Rica.|
|Chinese Cuban||Cuba||114,240||Chinese diaspora of Cuba.|
|Chinese in Fiji||Fiji||8,000||Chinese diaspora of Fiji.|
|Chinese Filipino||Philippines||1,146,250||Chinese diaspora of the Philippines.|
|Chinese diaspora in France||France||230,515||Chinese diaspora of France.|
|Chinese Indonesian||Indonesia||8,800,000||Chinese diaspora of Indonesia.|
|Chinese people in Italy||Italy||162,000||Chinese diaspora of Italy.|
|Chinese Jamaican||Jamaica||22,000||Chinese diaspora of Jamaica.|
|Chinese people in Japan||Japan||655,377||Chinese diaspora of Japan.|
|Ethnic Chinese in Korea||South Korea, North Korea||706,861||Chinese diaspora of the Korean Peninsula.|
|Laotian Chinese||Laos||185,765||Chinese diaspora of Laos.|
|Malaysian Chinese||Malaysia||6,590,500||Chinese diaspora of Malaysia.|
|Chinese Mauritian||Mauritius||38,500||Chinese diaspora of Mauritius.|
|Chinese Mexican||Mexico||23,000||Chinese diaspora of Mexico.|
|Ethnic Chinese in Mongolia||Mongolia||40,000||Chinese diaspora of Mongolia.|
|Chinese New Zealander||New Zealand||147,510||Chinese diaspora of New Zealand.|
|Chinese Nicaraguan||Nicaragua||12,000||Chinese diaspora of Nicaragua.|
|Ethnic Chinese in Panama||Panama||135,000||Chinese diaspora of Panama.|
|Chinese Peruvian||Peru||1,300,000||Chinese diaspora of Peru.|
|Chinese of Romania||Romania||2,243||Chinese diaspora of Romania.|
|Ethnic Chinese in Russia||Russia||998,000||Chinese diaspora of Russia.|
|Chinese in Samoa||Samoa, American Samoa||250||Chinese diaspora of Samoa.|
|Chinese Singaporean||Singapore||2,808,300||Han Chinese in Singapore; Majority ethnic group of Singapore.|
|Chinese South Africans||South Africa||350,000||Chinese diaspora of South Africa.|
|Chinese people in Spain||Spain||197,214||diaspora of Spain.|
|Thai Chinese||Thailand||7,053,240||Chinese diaspora of Thailand.|
|Chinese in Tonga||Tonga||3,000||Chinese diaspora of Tonga.|
|Chinese Trinidadian||Trinidad and Tobago||3,800||Chinese diaspora of Trinidad and Tobago.|
|Chinookan||United States (Washington, Oregon)||Native American peoples.|
|Chipewyan||Canada||11,000||Native American peoples.|
|Chippewa||United States (Minnesota, North Dakota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Montana), Canada (Great Lakes)||219,711||Native American peoples.|
|Chitimacha||United States (Louisiana)||720||Native American peoples.|
|Chitpavan||India (Maharashtra)||497,000||Smarta Brahmin community of Konkan.|
|Choctaw||United States (Oklahoma, California, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Alabama)||160,000||Native American people of Mississippi and Alabama, now mostly living in Oklahoma and Mississippi.|
|Chukchansi||United States (California)||2,600||Native American peoples.|
|Chukchis||Russia (Chukchi Peninsula)||15,767||Indigenous peoples.|
|Chulym Tatars||Russia (Tomsk Oblast)||656||Turkic peoples.|
|Chumash||United States (California)||2,000 - 5,000||Native American peoples.|
|Chut||Vietnam (Quang Binh province)||3,829|
|Chuukese people||Federated States of Micronesia||53,280|
|Ciboney||Cuba||0||Indigenous peoples; Now extinct.|
|Circassians or Cherkezians||Russia, Turkey||7,000,000 - 9,000,000||See also Adyghe.|
|Clayoquot||Canada (Vancouver, British Columbia)||618||Native American peoples.|
|Co people|||
|Coalhuiltec||Native American peoples.|
|Co Ho people||Vietnam|
|Co Lao|||
|Co Tu people||Vietnam (Thừa Thiên -Huế, Quảng Nam)||61,588|
|Coast Salish||United States (Washington, Oregon), Canada (British Columbia)||~18,000||Native American peoples.|
|Cochiti||United States (Southwestern)||Native American peoples.|
|Cocopah||United States (Arizona), Mexico (Baja California and Sonora)||891||Native American peoples.|
|Coeur d'Alene||United States (Rocky Mountains and Columbian Plateau)||2,000||Native American peoples.|
|Coharie||United States (North Carolina)||2,632||Native American peoples.|
|Colchians or Kolchians||Georgia||0||Ancient Mingrelians-Lazs who inhabited the west and southwest of the Transcaucasus region in prehistoric and historic times.|
|Coloured||South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe||4,539,790||Mixed-race inhabitants of South Africa. See also Cape Coloured.|
|Colville||United States (Washington)||~322||Native American peoples; One of the Salish tribes.|
|Comanche||United States (Oklahoma, Texas, California, New Mexico)||14,700||Native American peoples.|
|Cong||Laos, Thailand, Vietnam||40,000||See also Phunoi.|
|Congolese people||Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo|
|Copper||Native American peoples.|
|Copt||Egypt||10,000,000 - 20,000,000||Christian ethnoreligious group in Egypt.|
|Coquille||United States (Oregon)||Native American peoples.|
|Cornish||United Kingdom||534,300||British people originating in Cornwall and the South West of Great Britain.|
|Cornish American||United States||1,000,000 - 2,500,000||Cornish diaspora in the United States.|
|Cornish Australian||Australia||1,000,000||Cornish diaspora in Australia.|
|Cossack||Russia, Ukraine||2,500,000 - 7,000,000||Predominantly East Slavic people inhabiting the lower Dnieper and Don basins.|
|Costanoan||United States (California)||1,500 - 2,000||Native American peoples; One of the Mission Indian peoples.|
|Coushatta||United States (Louisiana, Texas, Oklahoma)||1,520||Native American peoples. See also Alabama.|
|Cowichan||Canada (Vancouver Island, British Columbia)||4,000||Native American peoples.|
|Cowlitz||United States (Washington)||Native American peoples; One of the Salish peoples.|
|Cree||United States, Canada||200,000||Native American peoples.|
|Creek||United States (Alabama, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas)||71,502||Native American people originally of Alabama but now mostly residing in Oklahoma.|
|Créole||United States||People of Iberian or French ancestry in the Americas, or people of mixed Native American and European ancestry in Alaska. See Louisiana Creole people.|
|Creole Belizean||Belize||People of mixed European ancestry in Belize. See Belizean Creole.|
|Crimean Germans||Ukraine (Crimea)||3,000||Crimean people of German origin.|
|Crimean Goths||Ukraine (Crimea)||Gothic tribes who remained in the lands around the Black Sea, especially in Crimea. Almost no signs of the Crimean Goths exist today.|
|Crimean Tatars||Ukraine||248,200||Turkic people of Crimea.|
|Croats||Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina||4,462,171||South Slavic peoples.|
|Croatian American||United States||420,763||Croatian diaspora in the United States.|
|Croatian Australian||Australia||126,264||Croatian diaspora in Australia.|
|Croatian Brazilian||Brazil||45,000||Croatian diaspora in Brazil.|
|Croatian Canadians||Canada||110,880||Croatian diaspora in Canada.|
|Croatian Chileans||Chile||380,000||Croatian diaspora in Chile.|
|Croatian Peruvians||Peru||6,000||Croatian diaspora in Peru.|
|Crow||United States (Montana)||12,000||Native American peoples; One of the Sioux peoples.|
|Cuban Americans||United States||1,094,811||Cuban diaspora in the United States.|
|Cumans||Eastern Europe, Caucasus||0||Historic nomadic Turkic peoples.|
|Cupeño||United States (California)||1,000||Native American peoples.|
|Greek Cypriots||Cyprus||1,150,000||Ethnic Greek population in Cyprus.|
|Czechs||Czech Republic||10,000,000||Slavic people of central Europe, consisting of Bohemians and Moravians.|
|Czech American||United States||1,462,000||Czech diaspora in the United States.|
|Czechs in the United Kingdom||United Kingdom||30,000 – 90,000||Czech diaspora in the United Kingdom.|
|Czech Canadian||Canada||98,090||Czech diaspora in Canada.|
|Dai (Thai, Thai Lue)||China, Laos, Thailand||1,500,000 - 2,000,000|
|Dakelh||Canada (British Columbia)||First Nations people, one of the Athabaskan group of peoples.|
|Dakota||United States, Canada||170,110||Autonym of the Santee Sioux, sometimes applied to all Sioux.|
|Danes||Denmark||4,996,980||Germanic people of Scandinavia.|
|Danish American||United States||1,430,897||Danes diaspora in the United States.|
|Danish Australian||Australia||50,413||Danes diaspora in Australia.|
|Danish Canadian||Canada||200,035||Danes diaspora in Canada.|
|Daribi||Papua New Guinea|
|Dayaks||Indonesia||2,000,000 - 4,000,000|
|De'ang||Burma, China, Thailand||557,000|
|Deg Hit'an||United States (Alaska)||Native American peoples.|
|Degar||Vietnam||1,000,000||Indigenous people of the Central Highlands.|
|Delaware||United States, Canada||16,000||Native American peoples.|
|Dena'ina||United States, (Alaska)||1,400||Athabascan people, also known as the Tanaina.|
|Dhivehis||Maldives, India (Lakshadweep)||400,000||Indo-Aryan people native to the Maldives.|
|Didos||Russia||15,256||Also known as Tsez.|
|Diegueno||United States (California), Mexico (Baja California)||3,000 - 3,200||Native American peoples.|
|Diola||Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau||500,000|
|Dogon||Mali, Burkina Faso||400,000 - 800,000|
|Dom||India, Bangladesh||100,000 - 1,000,000||A Dalit or untouchable caste of India.|
|Dominican American||United States||1,414,703||Dominican diaspora in the United States.|
|Don Cossacks||Russia, Ukraine||200,000 - 2,000,000|
|Dorians||Greece||0||Subgroup of Greeks in Ancient Greece.|
|Dravidians||India (Southern India), Sri Lanka||217,000,000|
|Druze||Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan||1,000,000 - 2,500,000||Also a Religion.|
|Dutch||Netherlands||17,228,780||Germanic people of northern Europe.|
|Dutch American||United States||5,087,191||Dutch diaspora in the United States.|
|Dutch Australian||Australia||320,000||Dutch diaspora in Australia.|
|Dutch Brazilian||Brazil||4,434,021||Dutch diaspora in Brazil.|
|Dutch Canadian||Canada||1,000,000||Dutch diaspora in Canada.|
|Cape Dutch||South Africa||7,000,000||Dutch diaspora in South Africa.|
|Dutch New Zealander||New Zealand||100,000||Dutch diaspora in New Zealand.|
|Dyula||Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso||Also known as Jula. Part of the Manding linguistic/cultural subgroup of the Mandé peoples.|
|Egyptians||Egypt, Libya, United States, France||88,000,000|
|Elema||Papua New Guinea|
|Enets||Russia, Ukraine||237||Traditionally nomadic Samoyedic people.|
|Enga||Papua New Guinea|
|English||United Kingdom||45,265,093||Ethnic group of the UK, and of England, descended from ancient Britons (Celts) as well as Anglo-Saxons and Vikings. Sub-group of British.|
|English Brazilian||Brazil||English diaspora.|
|English African||Africa||English diaspora.|
|English Argentine||Argentina||English diaspora.|
|Eskimo||Russia (Siberia), United States (Alaska), Canada, Greenland||150,000||See also Inuit and Yupik.|
|Esselen||United States (California)||0||Often regarded as the first native American tribe to become culturally extinct.|
|Eurasian Avars||(Central Asia)||0||An ancient Turkic people who established Avar Khaganate.|
|European Americans||United States||223,553,265||Citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the original peoples of Europe. Largest ethnic group in the United States.|
|Europeans||European Union||503,492,041||Citizens of the European Union.|
|Evenki||Russia, China, Mongolia||67,000|
|Ewe||Ghana, Togo||Part of the Gbe linguistic/culture group.|
|Expatriata Americana||3,000,000 - 6,000,000||American diaspora.|
|Falasha/Beta Israel||Israel, Ethiopia||125,000 - 130,000|
|Falkland Islanders||Falkland Islands, United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia||3,105|
|Fante||Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire||~3,000,000||Akan people.|
|Faroese||Faroe Islands, Denmark, Iceland, Norway||80,000 - 90,000||Germanic people.|
|Fars||Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, Iraq, United States||81,000,000||Native name for Persians.|
|Fereydan||Iran||5,000,000||Georgian people who mostly live in the city of Fereydoon Shahr and in the Fereydan region of Iran.|
|Fernandinos||Equatorial Guinea, São Tomé and Príncipe|
|Fijian||Fiji, New Zealand, Australia, United States, United Kingdom||500,000||Melanesian group, central South Pacific Ocean.|
|Fir Bolg||Ireland||0||An early race that inhabited the island of Ireland.|
|Finnish American||United States||700,000||Finnish diaspora.|
|Flemish||Belgium||6,230,000||Dutch-speaking inhabitants of Belgium, found primarily in Flanders.|
|West Flemings||France (Nord, Pas-de-Calais)||187, 750||Flemish inhabitants of northernmost France.|
|Florida Crackers, a culture from the state of Florida, USA.|
|Fon||Benin, Togo, Nigeria||3,500,000||Part of the Gbe linguistic/culture group.|
|Fox||United States (Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska)||4,000||Native Americans of the Midwestern USA. Historically their homelands were in the Great Lakes region. Euro-American colonization and settlement forced resettlement of the people into the American Midwest.|
|Franco-Mauritian||Mauritius||24,000||People of French origin living in Mauritius.|
|Franco-Réunionnaise||Réunion||People of French origin in Réunion.|
|Franks||Francia||0||Germanic people of northwest Europe who settled in France in the time of the Roman Empire.|
|Franconians||Germany||Inhabitants of the eastern part of former Francia in Germany.|
|French American||United States||11,500,000||French diaspora in the United States.|
|French British||United Kingdom||6,200,000||French diaspora in the United Kingdom.|
|French Mexican||Mexico||60,000||French diaspora in Mexico.|
|French Argentine||Argentina||6,800,000||French diaspora in Argentina.|
|French Chilean||Chile||700,000||French diaspora in Chile.|
|French Peruvian||Peru||230,000||French diaspora in Peru.|
|French Canadian||Canada||10,421,365||French-speaking descendants of French colonists in Canada. See also French-speaking Quebecer, Métis and Acadians.|
|Frisians||Netherlands, Germany||1,500,000||Germanic peoples native to the "German Bight" along the North Sea.|
|Fula||West Africa and the Sahel as far east as Sudan||Also called Fulani or Fulbe).|
|Ga||Ghana, Togo, United Kingdom, Germany, United States, Canada||1,800,000|
|Gaddi||India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir)|
|Gaels||Ireland, Scotland, Isle of Man, United States, Canada||1,690,294||Celtic people originating in Ireland.|
|Gagauz||Moldova, Ukraine||240,000||Turkic people.|
|Galicians||Spain (Galicia)||2,783,100||Also found in other parts of Spain and Latin America in diaspora.|
|Gaoshan||Taiwan||499,500||Aboriginal people of Taiwan.|
|Garifuna/Garinagu||Honduras, Belize, Guatemala, Nicaragua||600,000||Central American people of mixed Amerindian and African descent.|
|Garo||India (Meghalaya), Bangladesh||2,000,000|
|Gbaya||Central African Republic, Cameroon, Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo||970,000|
|Ge||Brazil (Caribbean coast)|
|Geba Buru||Indonesia (Buru)|
|Georgian American||United States||200,000||Georgian diaspora in the United States.|
|Germans||Germany||66,420,000||Largest of the Germanic peoples.|
|German American||United States||50,000,000||German diaspora in the United States.|
|German Argentine||Argentina||3,100,000||German diaspora in Argentina.|
|German Australian||Australia||812,000||German diaspora in Australia.|
|German Brazilian||Brazil||5,000,000||German diaspora in Brazil.|
|German-Briton||United Kingdom||262,000||German diaspora in the United Kingdom.|
|Germans in Bulgaria||Bulgaria||436||German diaspora in Bulgaria.|
|German Canadian||Canada||3,200,000||German diaspora in Canada.|
|German-Chilean||Chile||500,000 - 600,000||German diaspora in Chile.|
|Germans in the Czech Republic||Czech Republic||40,000||German diaspora in the Czech Republic.|
|Germans of Hungary||Hungary||120,344||German diaspora in Hungary.|
|Germans of Kazakhstan||Kazakhstan||180,374||German diaspora in Kazakhstan.|
|German Mexican||Mexico||140.000||German diaspora in Mexico.|
|German Peruvian||Peru||180,000||German diaspora in Peru.|
|Germans in Poland||Poland||153,000||German diaspora in Poland.|
|Germans in Romania||Romania||60,000||German diaspora in Romania.|
|Germans from Slovakia||Slovakia||5,000 - 10,000||German diaspora in Slovakia.|
|Germans of Yugoslavia||Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia||8,400||German diaspora in former Yugoslavia.|
|Gia Rai||Vietnam||332,557||Also known as Jarai.|
|Gitanos||Spain||1,000,000||Romani people in Spain.|
|Gogodali||Papua New Guinea|
|Gorals||Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republic|
|Gorani||Serbia||13,946 - 60,000||Slavic people in Serbia|
|Goshute||United States (Nevada, Utah)||450||Native American peoples.|
|Greeks||Greece, Cyprus||14,000,000 - 17,000,000|
|Griqua||South Africa, Namibia||2,000,000 - 5,000,000|
|Gros Ventre||United States (Montana)||3,682||Native American peoples.|
|Gruzinim||Georgia, Israel, United States||180,000||Georgian-speaking Jews from Georgia.|
|Guarani||Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia||257,400||Indigenous people.|
|Gujaratis||India (Gujarat)||65,000,000 - 75,000,000|
|Gullah||United States (South Carolina, Georgia)||Descendants of enslaved Africans.|
|Hadza||Tanzania||1,000||an ethnic minority group in Tanzania.|
|Haida||United States (Alaska), Canada (British Columbia)||2,000||Native Americans inhabiting the Pacific Northwest part of the country.|
|Haitian||Haiti, France, United States, Canada, Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, Dominican Republic, Bahamas||10,123,787|
|Hakka||China (Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangxi, Hong Kong), Taiwan, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, Singapore, Australia||80,000,000||a distinct subgroup of Han Chinese of the People's Republic of China and Taiwan.|
|Haliwa-Saponi||United States (North Carolina)||3,800||Native Americans inhabiting North Carolina|
|Hamshenis||Turkey, Russia, Abkhazia, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan||An Armenian ethnic group mostly in Turkey.|
|Han Chinese||China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Macau||1,310,158,851||dominant ethnic group of the People's Republic of China, Taiwan and Singapore and largest ethnic group in the world.|
|Hani||China (Yunnan), Vietnam, Laos, Burma||1,500,000|
|Hausa||Nigeria, Niger, Sudan, Chad, Saudi Arabia, Togo, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana||40,000,000||an ethnic group that occupies a large portion of West Africa, including the Northern part of Nigeria, Niger, Ghana, and in varying mumbers throughout the Sahel and West Africa.|
|Havasupai||United States (Arizona)||750||Native Americans inhabiting Arizona|
|Haw||Thailand||Chinese people who migrated to Thailand via Burma or Laos. Most of them were from Yunnan, the southern province of China.|
|Hawaiian||United States (Hawaii, California, Nevada, Washington, Guam)||164,918||Polynesian indigenous people of the island chain in the Pacific Ocean.|
|Hapa||United States||527,077||mixed Asian/Native Hawaiian/White-European American peoples in the USA.|
|Hazara||Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, Canada||Approx. 4.4-7.5 million||inhabitants of Afghanistan and Pakistan, who have Mongol descent.|
|Herero||Namibia, Botswana, Angola||240,000||most live in Namibia.|
|Hesquiat||Canada (British Columbia)||Native Americans inhabiting British Columbia|
|Hezhen||Russia, China, Ukraine||18,000||Also known as "Nanai People".|
|Hidatsa||United States (North Dakota)||Siouan people, a part of the Three Affiliated Tribes.|
|Himba||Namibia, Angola||20,000 - 50,000|
|Hindoestanen||Suriname, Netherlands||135,000||Also known as Indo-Surinamese|
|Hindi people||India||people from the loosely defined linguistic region in North and Central India where Hindi languages are widely spoken.|
|Hinukhs||Russia||443||from the Tsunta region of southwest Dagestan|
|Hispanic||United States||49,850,000||Americans with origins in (as defined by law, in Mexico, Puerto Rico, or other Spanish-Speaking Cultures.) Latin America.|
|Hmar||India||less than 100,000||northeast India|
|Hmong||China, Vietnam, Laos, United States, Thailand, France, Australia, French Guiana, Canada, Argentina, Germany||4-5 million||an ethnic minority in China, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, USA, Canada, Australia, France, Germany, French Guiana varies from languages.|
|Hoa||Vietnam||823,071||a minority living in Vietnam consisting of persons considered to be ethnic Chinese.|
|Ho-Chunk||United States (Wisconsin, Nebraska, Iowa)||7,000||also known as Winnebago.|
|Hoh||United States (Washington)||Native Americans inhabiting western Washington.|
|Hohokam||United States, Mexico||0||a prehistoric people that lived in what is now the Southwest United States / Northwest Mexico.|
|Hoklo||China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Burma, Philippines||60,000,000||A subgroup of Han Chinese of Taiwan, southern Fujian, and in Wenzhou and Zhoushan prefectures of Zhejiang province. They are also known as Hokkiens.|
|Holikachuk||Canada (Yukon Territory)||an Athabaskan people native to western Alaska.|
|Hopi||United States (Arizona)||18,327||Native American, of the southwest United States.|
|Houma||United States (Louisiana)||10,837||Native American.|
|H're||Vietnam||113,111||most live in Vietnam's South Central Coast.|
|Hualapai||United States (Arizona)||1,965||Native American.|
|Huastec||Mexico||66,000||Natives of Mesoamerica.|
|Hui Chinese||China||10,000,000||a predominantly Muslim ethnic group in China.|
|Huicol||Mexico||Native Americans in Mexico.|
|Hungarians||Hungary||13.2-14.5 million||also known as Magyars.|
|Huns||n/a||823,071||ancient ethnic group, may have been ancestors to Bulgarians and/or Hungarians.|
|Hunzakuts||Pakistan||87,000||also known as Burusho people.|
|Huli||Template:Country data Papau New Guinea||136,000||live in the Southern Highlands districts of Tari, Koroba, Margaraima and Komo, of Papua New Guinea.|
|Hunzibs||Russia||1,840||a group in southern Dagestan.|
|Hupa||United States (California)||2,140||Native American.|
|Hurrians||n/a||ancient people from the Middle East.|
|Huron||United States (Michigan, Oklahoma, Kansas), Canada (Quebec)||8,900||Eastern United States Native American. Also know as Wyandot.|
|Hutsuls||Ukraine, Romania||26,290||Ukrainian mountain people of Ukraine and Romania.|
|Hutu||Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo||11,500,000||a people mainly of Rwanda and Burundi.|
|Hyksos||Egypt||0||historic peoples of ancient Egypt, originated in Southwest Asia.|
- Iatmul – an ethnic minority group in Papua.
- Iban – an ethnic group of Dayak (Sea Dayak) in Borneo, particularly in Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei.
- Ibanag – A Filipino minority ethnic group.
- Ibibio – West Africa (Nigeria).
- Icelanders – Majority ethnic group of Iceland.
- Igbo – A West African people based primarily in the southeastern part of Nigeria. Their language is also called Igbo.
- Igorot – A Filipino minority ethnic group.
- I-Kiribati – Mix of diverse islander communities, including different populations on Phoenix-islands, Line-Islands, etc.
- Illiniwek, also known as the Illini, Illinois, or Illinois Confederacy.
- Ilocano – Third largest Filipino ethnic group.
- Ilonggo – A Filipino ethnic group.
- Incan – Of western South America, along the Andes and particularly Peru.
- Indo-Americans – people from Indian Origin settled in America
- Indo-Malaysisans – people from Indian Origin settled in Malaysia
- Indo-Nepalese – people from Indian Origin settled in Nepal (more specifically from Northern plains of India.
- Indo-Aryan – speakers of Indo-Aryan languages originating from Northern India, eastern Pakistan, Bangladesh and southern and central Sri Lanka.
- Indo-Caribbean – Caribbean people (found mostly in Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica) and South American people (found mostly in Guyana, Suriname)of South Asian origins India, Nepal, Burma, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
- Indo-Europeans – hypothetical pre-historic people that spoke the hypothetical Proto-Indo-European language.
- Indo-Guyanese – Guyanese people of (South Asian) Indian origins.
- Indo-Iranians – speakers of Aryan/Indo-Iranian languages originating from the Indian subcontinent, Iranian plateau and Central Asia, divided into three subgroups:
- Indo-Jamaicans - East Indians from Jamaica) as a result of British indentureship in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
- Indo-Trinidadian – Trinidad and Tobago people of South Asian origins: India, Pakistan, Nepal, Burma, Bangladesh, Maldives, Sri Lanka and former British colonies of Guyana in South America.
- Ingessana – an ethnic minority group in Ethiopia.
- Ingushes – Ingushetia, northern Caucasus.
- Innu – Native Americans of eastern Canada.
- Inuit – Widespread in Alaska, northern Canada and Greenland.
- Irani – religious and ethnic community of the Indian subcontinent. See also Parsi.
- Iranian – Aryan speakers of Iranian languages inhabiting the Iranian plateau, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and other parts of the Caucasus and Central Asia (refers to a number of ethnic groups including Persians and Kurds).
- Irish – the native people of Ireland.
- Iroquois – Native Americans once widespread in the eastern United States (the Iroquois Confederacy of upstate New York) and Canada.
- Isleta – Natives from New Mexico.
- Istro-Romanians – Istria.
- Italians – majority ethnic group of Italy, as well as Argentina in diaspora. Also found in states surrounding Italy, as well as many other countries in diaspora.
- Italian American – Americans of Italian descent.
- Italian Argentine – Half of the Argentinean people are of Italian descent.
- Italian Australian
- Italian Brazilian
- Italians in the United Kingdom
- Italian Canadian
- Italian Egyptian
- Italians in Germany
- Italian settlers in Libya
- Italian Mexican
- Italian Peruvian
- Italian Puerto Rican
- Italians of Romania
- Italian Scots
- Italian Swiss – third largest ethnic group of Switzerland.
- Tunisian Italians
- Italian settlement in Uruguay
- Italians in Vatican City
- Welsh Italians
- Itsekiri – A Nigerian minority ethnic group, located in Delta State in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, West Africa.
- Jakaltek people – Maya people of Guatemala.
- Jakut – an ethnic minority in Russia.
- Jamaican – mixture of African slaves, Central American natives and English settlers, Caribbean.
- Janjevci – South Slavic group.
- Japanese people, ethnic Japanese – from the islands off the east coast of Asia (Yamato people, Ryukyuan people, Ainu people) and the Japanese home islands (Honshū, Kyushu and Shikoku, plus Hokkaido since the 17th century).
- Jassic (Jász) of Hungary.
- Javanese – especially central and eastern part of Java, Indonesia, about 80 million on the island of Java and 50 million throughout Indonesia.
- Jebala – an ethnic group of northern Morocco.
- Jemez Pueblo Indians of New Mexico.
- Jivaro – An ethnic minority in Peru and Ecuador.
- Jutes – descendants are the Jutlanders of Denmark.
- Kalasha of Chitral – an ethnic group in Pakistan.
- Kale - Romani people in Wales.
- Kallawaya – an ethnic minority in Peru.
- Kaliai – an ethnic minority group in Papua.
- Kalaallit - Inuit living in Greenland.
- Kaluli – an ethnic minority group in Papua.
- Kamayura – An ethnic minority in Brazil.
- Kannadiga – people from Karnataka, India.
- Kapauku – a Papuan ethnic group speaking Ekari.
- Kapampangan – A Filipino ethnic group.
- Karachay – A Turkic people in Russia (primarily Karachay-Cherkessia).
- Karaims – also known as Karaimi or Karaimlar, a Turkic community practising Islamic Mosaism.
- Karajá – An ethnic minority in Brazil.
- Karakalpaks – A Turkic people in Central Asia.
- Karamanlides – Turkish-speaking people native to the Karaman and Cappadocia regions of Anatolia, Turkey also in Greece.
- Karamojong – a people primarily of northeastern Uganda.
- Karelians – Finnic people in Finland and Karelia, northeastern Europe.
- Karen – Southeast Asia.
- Kashubians – a Slavic people of northern Europe.
- Kaw or Kansa Indians.
- Kayapo – An ethnic minority in Brazil.
- Kazakhs – a Turkic people of Central Asia, primarily Kazakhstan.
- Kenyah – an ethnic minority in Indonesia.
- Kenyan American – Current president of the United States Barack Obama has a Kenyan father.
- Khakas – A Turkic people of Russia, primarily Khakassia
- Khants – An ethnic minority in Russia.
- Khmer – Found primarily in southeast Asia, especially Cambodia.
- Khmu – an ethnic minority in Laos.
- Kho Mu.
- Khoikhoi – Southern Africa.
- Khomani or Nu.
- Kickapoo – Native Americans of the USA and a small Kickapoo tribal community in the Rio Grande valley of Texas and northern Mexico.
- Kĩkũyũ native to the African country of Kenya.
- Kinh or Jing or Vietnamese.
- Kiowa – Native Americans of the Great Plains of the United States.
- Klamath – Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest (USA).
- Knanaya - Originally Jewish migrants to India; they are now found in various religious sects including Christianity. They follow strict endogamy, a practice which has been facing increasing challenge from exogamous peoples now. Now many have migrated worldwide.
- Kombai – ethnic minority in Papua.
- Kogi – an ethnic minority in Colombia.
- Koniag – Alutiiq people of Alaska.
- Kongo – a major ethnic group in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the largest in the Republic of the Congo.
- Koptian – an ethno-religious group, most live in Egypt.
- Korean – from the Korean Peninsula.
- Korean American
- Koreans in Argentina
- Korean Australian
- Korean Brazilian
- Koreans in the United Kingdom
- Korean Canadian
- Koreans in Chile
- Koreans in China
- Koreans in the Philippines
- Koreans in France
- Koreans in Germany
- Koreans in Guatemala
- Koreans in Hong Kong
- Koreans in the Arab world
- Koreans in Indonesia
- Koreans in Iran
- Koreans in Japan
- Koreans in Malaysia
- Korean Mexican
- Koreans in Micronesia
- Korean New Zealander
- Koreans in Paraguay
- Koreans in Peru
- Koreans in Poland
- Koreans in Singapore
- Koreans in Taiwan
- Koreans in Uruguay
- Koreans in Vietnam
- Korean adoptees
- Korowai – An ethnic minority in Papua.
- Koryaks – An ethnic minority in Russia.
- Kosraean – Ethnic group at Kosrae, part of the Federated States of Micronesia.
- Koyukon – Natives of Alaska.
- Kozaks - Natives of United States.
- Kpelle – Group from Guinea and Liberia.
- Kraho – Natives of northwestern Brazil.
- Kri – Group from Sierra Leone, western Africa.
- Kristang – A creole ethnic group in Malacca, Malaysia and Singapore.
- Krymchaks – a Jewish Turkic people living in Crimea.
- Kuban Cossacks.
- Kubu – an ethnic minority in Indonesia.
- Kuikuru – An ethnic minority in Brazil.
- Kuna – an ethnic minority in Panama.
- Kumyks – Turkic people of northern Caucasus.
- Kurds – live mostly in Iran, Turkey, Syria and Iraq.
- Kuruba Gowda – Indigenous people of India.
- Ktunaxa – Indigenous people of British Columbia and Idaho.
- Kwakiutl – an ethnic minority in Canada.
- Kwakwaka'wakw – Indigenous peoples of the central British Columbia coast.
- Kyrgyz – Turkic people of Central Asia, primarily Kyrgyzstan.
- La Chi.
- La Ha.
- La Hu.
- Laguna Pueblo Indians of New Mexico.
- Laigain – from the northwestern region of Gaul.
- Lakota – Native Americans of the Great Plains of the United States and Canada.
- Laks – Caucasus.
- Langi (also Lango) – an ethnic group of Uganda (a Luo people)
- Lao – southeast Asia.
- Lao Sung – the People's Republic of China, Vietnam, Laos and Thailand.
- Lao Theung – Laos.
- Latgalians – Baltic people in Eastern part of Latvia, northeastern Europe.
- Latvians – Baltic people of northeastern Europe.
- Layap – ethnic minority in the North of India.
- Lebanese people, 18 million live worldwide.
- Lemkos – Slavic mountain people of Central Europe (Ukraine, Poland and Slovakia).
- Lenca – An ethnic minority in Honduras.
- Lengua – An ethnic minority in Argentina.
- Leonese – A European people in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsule (Spain and Portugal). Their language is Leonese.
- Lezgis – Dagestani.
- Lhotshampa – people of Nepali ancestry in Bhutan. Can be of any ethnic or religious group, but are mostly Pahari-speaking Hindus. Found mostly in the south of the country.
- Liechtenstein – People of the principality located in the European Alps between Austria and Switzerland.
- Limburgish speaking people of the tri-national area of the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany.
- Lipka Tatars.
- Lipovans – Danube Delta, Romania.
- Lisu – an ethnic minority in Thailand.
- Lithuanians – Baltic people of central Europe. Lithuanians live worldwide, esp. North America (the US and Canada), South America ( Brazil).
- Livonians – Finnic people in Latvia, northeastern Europe.
- Lo Lo.
- Louisiana Creole people – United States Louisiana.
- Loyalists of Ontario and New Brunswick.
- Lua – A minority cultural group of Laos, people in Laos, Southeast Asia.
- Luba – an ethnic minority group in Chad.
- Luhya – an ethnic group of Kenya comprising several closely related ethnic groups. A few other related ethnicities are located in two of Kenya's neighboring countries: Uganda and Tanzania.
- Luiseno – Native Americans of Southern California (USA).
- Lumad – A Filipino minority ethnic group.
- Lumbee – Native Americans of the Carolinas (USA).
- Lummi – Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest (USA).
- Lunda – an ethnic minority group in DR Congo.
- Lun Bawang/Lun Dayeh(Borneo) - an ethnic minority group in (Malaysia,Brunei,Indonesia)
- Luo (also Joluo) – a people of Kenya and Tanzania (part of the larger Luo group).
- Lusitanians – one of the ethnic groups of Ancient Portugal.
- Luxembourgers – ethnic group native to Luxembourg.
- Maasai – people of southern Kenya and northern Tanzania.
- Macao – Macaoese people of the former Portuguese colony in China.
- Magar people.
- Marwari - People from Mewar, Rajasthan, Indian region, generally known for their trading skills
- Mewat - Ethnic group from Mewat, Rajasthan, Indian region
- Magyars – a Central European people, speaking Hungarian (a Uralic language), more commonly known in English as Hungarians, majority people of Hungary, autochthonous minorities in Austria (Burgenland), Croatia, Romania (Csango, Székely, Transylvania), Serbia (Vojvodina), Slovakia and Ukraine, immigrant populations in North America (Canada and the U.S.):
- Mahican – Native Americans from New England.
- Maidu – Native Americans of Northern California (USA).
- Mailu – an ethnic minority group in Papua.
- Maingtha – see Achang.
- Maka – people of southern Cameroon.
- Malagasi – an ethnic minority in Madagascar.
- Malay – located primarily in the Malay peninsula, and parts of Sumatra and Borneo.
- Malayalee People of Kerala State, South India.
- Maltese – ethnic group in the Mediterranean.
- Mam – a Maya people of Guatemala.
- Mamamwa – an ethnic minority in the Philippines.
- Manasi – An ethnic minority in Bolivia.
- Manchu – Manchuria, now part of the People's Republic of China, north of Korea.
- Mandan – Native Americans.
- Mandinka – an ethnic group in West Africa (part of the Manding linguistic/cultural subgroup of the Mandé peoples).
- Mang people.
- Mangbetu – an ethnic minority in DR Congo.
- Mangyan – A Filipino minority ethnic group.
- Mansis – An ethnic minority in Russia.
- Manx – indigenous people of the Isle of Man.
- Māori – indigenous people of New Zealand.
- Mapuche – Non-homogeneous peoples of South America, inhabiting Chile and western Argentina.
- Maratha – Kshatriya caste of Marathis.
- Marathis a.k.a. Maharashtrians due to the state they are the majority in – ethnic group of Maharashtra, Goa and surrounding states in India.
- Mari – Uralic.
- Marind-Anim – an ethnic minority in Papua New Guinea.
- Mashantucket Pequots – Native Americans of New England.
- Matabele – Southern Africa.
- Mataco – An ethnic minority in Argentina.
- Matis – ethnic minority.
- Mauritian- people from the island of Mauritius
- Maya – collective term for diverse groups of indigenous peoples of south-east Mexico and northern Central America, widespread although most live in Mexico and Guatemala, and extends into Central America and recent immigrants of Mayan descent in the USA.
- Mayo – An ethnic minority in Mexico.
- Mazandarenis – Southern Caspian people.
- Mbaya – An ethnic minority in Paraguay.
- Mbochi – third largest ethnic group of the Republic of the Congo.
- Megleno-Romanians – a Vlach ethnic group in Greece.
- Mekeo – an ethnic minority group in Papua.
- Melungeons of the Southeastern United States.
- Memon – ethnic group in India and Pakistan.
- Mende – an ethnic group in Sierra Leone (a Mande people).
- Menominee – Eastern United States Native American.
- Mennonites. They comprise of:
- Mentawai – Mentawai Islands, West Sumatra, Indonesia.
- Mer - Saurashtra, Gujarat, India.
- Mestizo – People of mixed European and Native American ancestry from Latin America.
- Meitei – People of a South Asian Ancient Kingdom, now merged to India, Also known as Manipuri, this ethnic group has sub groups like Meitei Naga, Meitei Kuki, Meitei Pangan and other subsets.
- Mbuti – an ethnic minority group in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
- Miccosukee – Eastern United States Native American.
- Mi'kmaq – Eastern United States and Atlantic Canada Native American.
- Mina – Meenas, Meena or Mina is a community mainly found in Rajasthan, India.
- Mekeo – an ethnic minority group in Papua.
- Mexican people – Largest Spanish-speaking country in the world, second largest Latin American nation after Brazil.
- Minahasa/Manadonese – Northern Part of Sulawesi (formerly known as North Celebes) Indonesia.
- Minangkabau – West Sumatra, Indonesia.
- Mingo people.
- Mingrelians – sub-group of Georgians.
- Miskito – native people of coastal Nicaragua.
- Mizrahi Jews- see also Arab Jews
- Mitsogo – an ethnic minority group in Gabon.
- Miwok – Native Americans of Northern California (USA).
- Mixtec – Central American natives. Live in Mexico.
- Mizo – an ethnic minority in Bangladesh.
- Mlabri – an ethnic minority in Laos.
- Modoc – Native Americans of the Western United States.
- Mohajir – Descendents of Indian immigrants to Pakistan at the time of partition.
- Mohave – Native Americans of the southwest United States.
- Mohawk – Eastern United States Native American.
- Mokshas - Finnic people in Middle Volga area
- Molise Croats.
- Mon – southeast Asia, particularly Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam and China.
- Monacan – Native American ethnic group from the Eastern United States.
- Monesque - people from Monaco.
- Mongols – Majority in Mongolia, Kalmykia, Russia and Inner Mongolia, China
- Mono – Native Americans from Eastern California and Nevada.
- Montagnais – Native Americans of Canada.
- Montenegrins – largest ethnic group of Montenegro.
- Moor – people living mainly in Western Sahara, Morocco and the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, from which the latter country derives its name.
- Moravians – people living in the Moravia region of Czech Republic, not to be confused with the Moravian diaspora, a global Christian religious community of the Moravian Church.
- Moriori – indigenous ethnic-group of the Chatham Islands, New Zealand.
- Morisco – Spanish Muslims who converted to Christianity.
- Morlachs – Nearly extinct Latin-based ethnocultural group of Croatia.
- Mormons – Identified by religion, members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, headquartered in Salt Lake City, Utah, a Mormon majority state in the USA and Mormon communities in ten other Western States. Mormon missionaries spread the church worldwide in the late 19th and 20th century; they are now in all six continents and of many races, ethnicities, and nationalities. In Utah, the Mormon (sub)culture is well represented by White/Anglo-European/Americans, descendants of settlers from the Midwest USA came to the Salt Lake Valley in 1847–49.
- Moro people – the largest and most dominant non-Christian minority in the Philippines.
- Mossi – an ethnic minority group in Niger.
- Motuan – an ethnic minority in Papua New Guinea.
- Muckleshoot Indians – Native Americans.
- Mudéjar – Muslims of Al-Andalus, who remained in Christian territory after the Reconquista
- Muhajir (Pakistan) – Urdu speaking population of Pakistan, who migrated from India to Pakistan at the time of partition of India in 1947.
- Mulatto – Blacks with mixed European and African ancestry, but the terminology "Mulatto" has become considered racially charged in the USA.
- Mundurucu – An ethnic minority in Brazil.
- Naga (see List of Naga tribes) – an ethnic group in India and Burma.
- Nahua (Nahuatl-speaking groups of Mexico).
- Narragansett – native Americans of New England.
- Nasia – an ethnic minority group in New Guinea.
- Natchez – An ethnic minority in Mexico.
- Nauruan – Micronesian group of islands in the Pacific Ocean.
- Navajo – Native Americans of the southwest United States. Mostly situated in Arizona, New Mexico and Utah. Largest Native American tribal nation in the USA.
- Ndebele – an ethnic group of southern Africa (a Nguni people).
- Negrito – Umbrella term of many minority groups of the Maritime Southeast Asia.
- Nenets – Samoyedic people living in Russia.
- Nespelem – alternate spelling Nespelim or Nespilim; Salish Native Americans of eastern Washington State.
- Nevisian of the island of Saint Nevis.
- Nez Percé – Native Americans of the Rocky Mountains area.
- Ngac'ang – See Achang.
- Ngasan – An ethnic minority in Russia.
- Nganasans – Samoyedic people.
- Nisei – see Japanese American along with Sansei.
- Nivkh – An ethnic minority in Russia.
- Niuean – Polynesian island in the Pacific Ocean.
- Ni-Vanuatu – of Vanuatu, an island chain in the Pacific Ocean.
- Njem – people of southern Cameroon.
- Nogais – Tatars.
- Nooksack – Native Americans of Washington.
- Norwegians- Scandinavian people from the nation of Norway.
- N/u or Khomani.
- Nuba – an ethnic minority group in Sudan.
- Nubians – an African people native to the upper Nile Valley, between Egypt and Sudan.
- Nuer – southern Sudan and western Ethiopia.
- Nukak – an ethnic minority in Colombia.
- Nuristani – an ethnic group found mostly in Nuristan, Laghman and Kunar provinces of Afghanistan and some western valleys of adjacent Chitral district of the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan, 125,000 - 300,000
- Nuu-chah-nulth – Native Americans of the Pacific northwest of North America.
- Nyagatom – ethnic minority in Ethiopia.
- Nzema – People living in Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire.
- O Du.
- Occitania - Occitan Language speaking peoples in Southern France.
- Oglala – Native Americans of the central United States.
- Ojibwa – Native Americans of Canada and the northern USA.
- "Okies" a transplanted sociocultural group from Oklahoma and the Great Plains states to California and the US West Coast.
- Omagua – An ethnic minority in Brazil.
- O'Odham see Tohono O'Odham.
- Orokaiva – an ethnic minority group in Papua.
- Oromo – in East Africa.
- Osage Nation of Oklahoma (formerly also of Missouri, Kansas, and Arkansas).
- Ossetians – Iranian speaking people of the Caucasus.
- Otavaleño – an ethnic minority in Ecuador.
- Ottawa – Native Americans.
- Pa Then.
- Paiute – Native Americans of the Western USA.
- Pākehā – New Zealanders of European ancestry.
- Pandits – Sub ethnic group of Brahmin who are involved in spiritual work from India.
- Pangasinan people – A Filipino ethnic group.
- Pa-O – Burma.
- Pashu – Burma.
- Pashtun (Pathan) – large group inhabiting Afghanistan and Pakistan (with smaller communities in Iran and the United Arab Emirates).
- Parsi – ethno-religious group of the Indian subcontinent (etymologically related to, but not to be confused with Persian language word for a person from Pars). Descended from Zoroastrian Persians who migrated to the northern Indian subcontinent.
- Pattar – Belong to Vishwakarma community in India. Pattar actually means, 'Goldsmith'.
- Pa-Thi – Burma.
- Pawnee – Eastern United States Native American
- Pennsylvania Dutch – members of Plain sects who conduct religious services in Pennsylvania German, a dialect very similar to the German spoken in the lower Rhine area, from which they came.
- Penan – ethnic minority in Malaysia.
- Pennsylvania German – people of many religious affiliations whose families were formerly Pennsylvania Dutch. Called Pennsylvania Dutch by some.
- Penobscot – Eastern United States Native American.
- Perce – Native Americans.
- Persians – largest ethnic group of Iran.
- Phoenicians – historical ethnic group of the Levant.
- Phu La.
- Phu Noi.
- Phu Thai.
- Picardy - Picards.
- Picts – Early settlers on the island of Ireland, yet they were found in Scotland during the height of the Roman Empire (1st century AD).
- Pied-noir – French people who live(d) in North Africa (primarily in Algeria when it was part of France before the war of independence, 1954–62).
- Piegan – Native Americans.
- Pima – Native Americans of the Southwest USA.
- Pit River Indians.
- Pitcairn-Norfolk, microcosm of English settlers on two islands in the South Pacific.
- Pilaga – An ethnic minority in Argentina.
- Polabian Slavs.
- Polish – Slavic people of Central Europe, also known as Polonia.
- Polish American
- Polish Australian
- Polish Argentine
- Polish Brazilian
- Poles in the United Kingdom
- Polish Canadian
- Poles in Germany
- Polish minority in Ireland
- Polish minority in Russia
- Poles in Belarus
- Poles in Czechoslovakia
- Poles in Ireland
- Poles in Latvia
- Poles in Lithuania
- Poles in Romania
- Poles in the former Soviet Union
- Poles in the Soviet Union
- Poles in Ukraine
- Polynesians – a.k.a. Pacific Islanders.
- Pomaks – Slavic Muslims found in Bulgaria, Turkey and Greece.
- Pomo – Western United States Native American. Most live in California.
- Ponca – Native Americans of the Great Plains (USA).
- Ponhpeian – ethnic group at Pohnpei, part of the Federated States of Micronesia.
- Pontic Greeks – a population group in Greece and the southern coast of Black Sea.
- Portuguese – extreme southwest of Europe.
- Potawatomi – Eastern United States Native American.
- Powhatan – Eastern United States Native American.
- Proto-Indo-Europeans – pre-historic speakers of the hypothetical Proto-Indo-European language.
- Pu Peo.
- Pueblo people – Native Americans of the Rocky Mountains-area and the desert Southwest USA.
- Puelche – An ethnic minority in Argentina and Chile.
- Puerto Ricans.
- Puget Sound Salish – of Washington.
- Purépecha – Native Americans living in western Mexico.
- Punan – an ethnic minority in Indonesia.
- Punjabis – Indo-Aryan group inhabiting the Punjab, located in India and Pakistan. More specifically, the majority in the provinces, territories and states of Islamabad Capital Territory, Punjab, Pakistan, Punjab, India, Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Azad Kashmir and Delhi.
- Qashqai – Turkic minority group of South-Western Iran
- Quapaw – Native Americans of the Southern Plains (USA)
- Québécois – French Canadian
- Quechuas – South American people (various ethnic groups speaking Quechua) of Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Argentina, and Chile
- Quiché (K'iche')
- Quinqui – semi-nomadic group of Spain
- Ra Glai
- Rajasthani - ethnic group from Rajasthan - Western part of India
- Rakhine – Rakhine State, Burma
- Rakuba – an ethnic minority group in Chad
- Ramapough Mountain Indians
- Rappahannock – of the mid-Atlantic region of the United States
- Rashaida – minority group in Sudan, closely related to the Bedouin
- Rehoboth Baster people of Namibia in southern Africa
- Ripuarian people of the tri-national area of the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany
- Ro Mam
- Rohingya – Muslim minority group in North western Burma
- Roma – one of the two groups more commonly known as Gypsies, who are of North Indian/Indo-Aryan descent
- Romani - an ethnic group consisting of Roma and Kale
- Romanians – a Vlach ethnic group of the Balkans
- Rotuman – Native of Rotuma, Fiji
- Russians – Eastern Slavs of eastern Europe, majority group of most areas of Russia, including large parts of the Caucasus and Siberia
- Rutuls – Dagestani
- Ryukyuans – the native inhabitants of the Ryukyus, a chain of islands starting about 200 km (124 mi) southwest of the Japanese mainland
- Northern Ryukyuans
- Southern Ryukyuans
- Saarlanders of Saarland, Germany and adjacent part of France.
- Saho – northern Ethiopia
- Salish – of Washington and British Columbia.
- Sami – Nordic (Norweigan, Finnic and Swedish) people, thought to be among the oldest ethnic groups in Europe.
- Sammarinese - people of San Marino
- Samoans – Polynesian island chain in the Pacific Ocean, also the largest group of Polynesians. Many Samoans live in the Mainland US and Hawaii (see Samoan American).
- Samogitians – Baltic people in western part of Lithuania, northeastern Europe.
- Samojeeds – ethnic minority in Russia.
- Samburu – an ethnic minority group in Kenya.
- San – an ethnic minority group in Botswana.
- San Chay.
- San Diu.
- Sanema – ethnic minority in South America.
- Santee Sioux – native Americans of the Great Plains (USA).
- Saponi – Native American people of North Carolina – related to the Catawba.
- Saramaka – ethnic minority in Suriname.
- Sarakatsani – a Greek population of transhumant shepherds in Greece and parts of the Southern Balkans.
- Sardinians, an ethnic group originating in Sardinia.
- Sauk – Native Americans of the Midwest/Great Plains (USA).
- Savoyard dialect of Savoyards of Savoy in southeastern France.
- Saxons of the German state of Saxony, ancestral people of the English people (See Anglo-Saxons).
- Scottish-American People of Scottish descent.
- Scots-Irish, or Scotch-Irish – descendants of Ulster-Scots who migrated to North America.
- Scots-Irish American
- Scottish – people native to Scotland
- Selkies – mythological people of the North Sea and British Isles, but would have been a pre-Indo-European ethnicity if they existed
- Selkups – Samoyedic people
- Seminole – Native Americans of Florida
- Seneca – Native Americans of the New York area
- Senegalese people of Senegal and the Gambia
- Sephardic Jews
- Serbs – South Slavic. Orthodox people of southeastern Europe (Balkans) living in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Republika Srpska) as well as Croatia and Macedonia
- Seychellois Creole people
- Seychellois people- ethnic minority Europe
- Shavante – An ethnic minority in Brazil
- Shawnee – related peoples to the Algonkian, Delaware (Leni-Lenape) and Iroquois peoples
- Sherpa – group in Nepal and the Himalaya
- Shipibo – An ethnic minority in Peru
- Shoalwater Bay Tribe
- Shona – ethnic minority in Zimbabwe and Mozambique
- Shoshone – Native Americans of the Great Basin (USA)
- Si La
- Sidamo – southern Ethiopia
- Silesians – inhabitants of Silesia of either Polish- and German-speaking origins of Poland
- Sindhis – Found mainly in Sindh, Pakistan. Most Sindhi Hindus also moved to Gujarat and Rajasthan in India after partition
- Sinhalese or Sinhalas – inhabitants of Sri Lanka
- Sinti – one of the two main groups of Gypsies, who are of North Indian/Indo-Aryan descent
- Sioux – Northern Central United States
- Skagit – Native Americans
- Slovaks – Slavic people of central Europe
- Slovak American
- Slovaks in Bulgaria
- Slovaks in Vojvodina
- Slovenes – Slavic people of central and southeastern Europe
- Slovene Hungarians
- Somali – in Greater Somalia and the Somali diaspora
- Songhai – msinly in Mali (closely related to the Zarma and Dendi)
- Soninke – a group in Senegal, Mali, and Mauritainia (a Mande people)
- Sorbs – concentrated Slavic minority in Germany (see also Wends and Lusatians)
- Southern Tutchone
- Southeastern United States or "American southern" culture
- Spanish – southwestern Europe, inhabitants of Iberia and their descendants of Latin America
- Spokane - native tribe of the Pacific Northwest (USA)
- Squaxin Island Tribe
- Sri Lankan Moors – People of mixed Arab descent in Sri Lanka
- Sundanese – western part of Java, Indonesia
- Sudanese people
- Sudanese American – Americans of Sudanese descent
- Sudanese Australian – Australian people of Sudanese descent
- Suri – ethnic minority in Ethiopia
- Surui – An ethnic minority in Brazil
- Susu – group in coastal Guinea (a Mande people)
- Suyá – tribe of Brazil
- Svans – sub-group of Georgians
- Swahili people – ethnic minority in Kenia and Tanzania
- Swazi – Largest ethnic group of Swaziland, also significant population in South Africa (a Nguni people)
- Swedes – a Germanic people of Scandinavia
- Swiss of the Swiss Confederation (Switzerland)
- Sylheti - India (Barak Valley, Tripura), Bangladesh
- T'boli – people at Philippines in Mindanao
- Ta Oi
- Tabasarans – Dagestani
- Tagalogs – The second largest Filipino ethnic group
- Taíno – natives of the Caribbean
- Taiwan – Inhabitants of the island nation
- Taiwanese American
- Taiwanese aborigines
- Tajik – Iranian peoples, lives across Central Asia
- Tajiks in China – one of 56 nationalities officially recognized by the People's Republic of China
- Talysh are an ethnic group in Iran and Azerbaijan
- Tamang – group in Nepal and the Himalaya
- Tamil – Dravidian group widespread in Southern India and parts of Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, South Africa and a global diaspora
- Tanna – An ethnic minority in Vanuatu
- Taos Pueblo Indians of New Mexico
- Tapajo – An ethnic minority in Brazil
- Tapirapé – An ethnic minority in Brazil
- Tarahumara – Native Americans of the Mexican state of Chihuahua
- Tasaday – an ethnic minority in the Philippines
- Tatar –an ethnic group of Turkic people, who gave birth to contemporary Azerbaijani people, and people of contemporary Tatarstan in a mixture with people of older Turkic tribes
- Tats – an ethnic group in Azerbaijan and Dagestan
- Teda – an ethnic minority group in Chad
- Tehuelche – An ethnic minority in Argentina
- Teimani Jewish Jews of Yemenite extraction
- Tejano – Latino immigrants to Texas though they may be its' original Spanish/Amerindian inhabitants
- Telefolmin – an ethnic minority group in Papua
- Tetons (Lakota people) – Native Americans of the Rocky Mountains area
- Texans and Tejanos are cultural peoples from the state of Texas, USA
- Thai – majority ethnic group of Thailand
- Thakali – minority ethnic group of Nepal
- Tibetans – majority ethnic group of the Tibetan Autonomous Region (China), Ladakh (India), Baltistan (Pakistan), northern Bhutan, parts of Nepal and historically Sikkim
- Tigray people
- Tigray-Tigrinia – in Ethiopia, Eritrea and Sudan
- Tigre people
- Tigrinya people
- Tlingit – Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest
- Toala – an ethnic minority in Indonesia
- Toba – an ethnic minority in Argentina
- Tocharians – ancient yet extinct Indo-Europeans of Central Asia and Xinjiang, China
- Tohono O'odham – Native Americans of Arizona, USA and Sonora, Mexico
- Tokelauan – Polynesian island chain in the Pacific Ocean
- Tolais – ethnic minority in Papua New Guinea (New Britain)
- Toltec – Central America: Meso-American civilization of Mexico
- Tonga – East Africa
- Tongans – a Polynesian ethnic group
- Toraja – Indigenous Peoples in Sulawesi Island of Indonesia
- Torres Strait Islanders – indigenous people of the Torres Strait Islands, Australia
- Transylvanian Saxons – Germans of Romania
- Tsakhurs – Dagestan
- Tsez, also known as Dido
- Tsimishian – Pacific Northwest Native Americans
- Tsonga – Southern Africa
- Tsuu T'ina
- Tswana people – ethnic minority in South Africa and Botswana (see also Batswana)
- Tuareg – Berber people of Niger and surrounding area
- Tukano – An ethnic minority in Brazil
- Tuamotu – Island group in French Polynesia; ethnically diverse from other French Polynesian islands
- Tupí people - indigenous people of Brazil
- Tupian peoples of Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay
- Tupinamba – An ethnic minority in Argentina
- Turkmen – Turkic people
- Turkish people – Turkic people
- Turkish American
- Turkish Chinese
- Turksish Japanese
- Turkish German
- Turkish French
- Turkish Brazilian
- Turkish England
- Turkish Italian
- Turkish Russian
- Turkish Canadian
- Turkish Indian
- Turkish Spanish
- Turkish Australian
- Turkish Mexican
- Turkish South Korean
- Turkish Indonesia
- Turkish Dutch
- Turkish Turkish
- Turkish Swiss
- Turkish Saudi
- Turkish Swedish
- Turkish Polish
- Turkish Belgian
- Turkish Norwegian
- Turkish Iranian
- Turkish Taiwanese
- Turkish Argentinian
- Turkish Austrian
- Turkish South African
- Tutsi – from Rwanda, Burundi and southern Africa
- Tuvaluans – a Polynesian ethnic group originated in Tuvalu
- Tuvans of Tuva, Siberia or the Soviet-annexed republic of Tannu Tuva
- Twa peoples
- Txicao – An ethnic minority in Brazil
- U'wa – Indigenous peoples in the northeast of Colombia
- Ubykh – minority Northwest Caucasian people of Manyas, Turkey
- Ukrainian – widespread Slavic people north of the Black Sea, in Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Serbia, Greece and other several countries
- Ulster-Scots – descendants of Scots who migrated to Ulster, Northern Ireland
- Ulta – An ethnic minority in Russia
- Upper Skagit
- Urapmin – a small tribe in Papua New Guinea
- Ute – Native Americans of the Rocky Mountains area
- Uyghur – Turkic Muslim people in the People's Republic of China
- Uzbek – Turkic people of central Asia
- Vaccaei – ancient people group in Northern Spain
- Valencian people – Related to Catalan people, but are culturally distinct from Catalonians
- Vandals – ancient Germanic people living in North Africa
- Vaturanga – a people of the Guadalcanal
- Venda – South Africa
- Vietnamese or Kinh or Jing or archaically Annamites
- Visayan – The largest Filipino ethnic group
- Vlachs – Latin/Romance-speaking peoples of the Balkans
- Volga Germans – Mostly were deported by the Soviets or transported to Siberia during WWII
- Wabanaki – native Americans
- Waitaha – pre-Māori people of Aotearoa (New Zealand)
- Waiwai – An ethnic minority in Guyana
- Waki – an ethnic minority in Pakistan and China
- Walla Walla
- Walsers – French/Swiss or German-Swiss settlers from the Valais Canton of Switzerland arrived in Austria and the former Austro-Hungarian empire during the 19th century (also known as the "Banat French", when they settled in the Banat region of Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Serbia and Slovakia)
- Wayana – An ethnic minority in Guyana
- Welayta people – people of southern Ethiopia
- Welsh – a British people native to Wales
- Wends – Slavic people from north-central Europe
- White Mountain Apache of Arizona (USA)
- Wiyot – northern California
- Wolof – Senegal and elsewhere in western Africa
- Wu Chinese – A subgroup of Han Chinese, concentrated in the Wu region and other parts of Jiangnan
|Xavante||Brazil (Eastern Mato Grosso)||9,600|
|Xin Uygurs||China (Xinjiang)|
|Xinh Mun||Vietnam, Laos||18,018|
|Yaghan||An ethnic minority in Chile|
|Yagua||An ethnic minority in Peru|
|Yakama or Yakimas|
|Yakugir||An ethnic minority in Russia|
|Yakuts||Turkic people of Siberia in Russia|
|Yankton Sioux||Native Americans|
|Yanomami||the Amazon River basin, Brazil|
|Yao||an ethnic minority in Thailand|
|Yavapai: Yavapai-Apache Nation, Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe|
|Yapese||Ethnic group at Yap Island, part of the Federated States of Micronesia.|
|Yekuana||An ethnic minority in Venezuela|
|Yoruba||an ethnic minority group in Nigeria, Benin and Togo|
|Yörük||semi-nomadic Turkish people of Balkans and Anatolia|
|Yuki||– Native Americans of northwestern California (USA)|
|Yuma||Native Americans of southeastern California and southern Arizona (USA)|
|Yurok||Native Americans of Southern Oregon and Northern California (USA)|
|Yu people||Thought to be in moribund status, extinct language but cultural distinction present among the "Yu family" in Central China|
|Zaghawa||Chad (eastern) and Sudan (western)||75,000-350,000|
|Zambo||Latin America||800,000||Mixed people of African and Native American descent.|
|Latino Zamboangueño||Philippines (Zamboanga Peninsula)|
|Zeibeks||Turkey (Izmir, Aydın)|
|Zhuang||China (Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region)||18,000,000|
Related lists by status↑Jump back a section
- Levinson, David (1998), Ethnic Groups Worldwide: A Ready Reference Handbook, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 978-1-57356-019-1