Last modified on 20 December 2014, at 21:20

List of rail accidents (1980–89)

This is a list of rail accidents from 1980 to 1989.

1980sEdit

1980Edit

1981Edit

  • April 8, 1981 – United Kingdom – A freight train is derailed at Hadfield, Derbyshire.[6]
  • June 4, 1981 – PolandOsieck rail crash: About 3.45 p.m. there was a head-on collision between PKP class EN57 and freight train with two heavy locomotives: 25 people killed (mostly railroad workers who come back to home from work), 8 survived; crew of freight train, which passed signal at danger - survived too.[7]
  • June 6, 1981 – IndiaBihar train disaster: Hundreds are killed (300-800) when a train falls into a river.[8]
  • July 9, 1981 – ChinaLiziyida train disaster: A bridge was destroyed by mud-rock flow, while a passenger train was running towards it. Two locomotives, a mail carriage and a passenger carriage were flushed into the Dadu River by the flow, and other two passenger carriages derailed, 275 people killed or lost.

1982Edit

  • January 13, 1982 – United StatesWashington, D.C.: An Orange line train derails on the Washington Metro between the Smithsonian and Federal Triangle stations. While the train was being backed, the derailed truck drives the aluminum car into a tunnel support, killing three people. By coincidence this happened at the same time Air Florida Flight 90 crashed into the 14th Street Bridge.
  • January 16, 1982 – United Kingdom – A freight train derails at Chinley, Derbyshire.[9]
  • March 14, 1982 – United StatesMineola, New York: A Long Island Rail Road train hits a van at a level crossing on Herricks Road killing nine and injuring one.[10]
  • July 7, 1982 – United StatesFair Lawn, New Jersey: Teenagers throw a switch and send a commuter train into a pasta factory resulting in the death of the engineer. Four teens are eventually charged with various crimes relating to the wreck.[11]
  • August 2, 1982 – West GermanyOstercappeln: Two drunk British Army soldiers steal a tank at the Osnabrück barracks and crash into the oncoming D 15233 after the tank has been driven on the Rollbahn railway tracks. Both engines of the train and five cars derail, the tank is completely destroyed. 23 people are injured, the two soldiers are instantly killed.[12][13]
  • September 12, 1982 – Switzerland – A bus carrying members of Schönaich sports association was hit by a late running three car regional train on a level crossing in Pfaeffikon when an attendant failed to close manually operated barriers. 39 people in the bus were killed, only 2 survived.[14]

1983Edit

1984Edit

  • June 23, 1984 – United Kingdom – An express passenger train is derailed at Morpeth, Northumberland due to excessive speed on a curve. Fifteen people are injured.
  • July 7, 1984 – United StatesWilliston, Vermont: The Amtrak Montrealer derailed following a railbed washout, killing five people and injuring nearly 140.[16]
  • July 30, 1984 – United KingdomPolmont rail accident, a push-pull train derailed after colliding with a cow, killing 13.
  • October 31, 1984 – Argentina – According to Argentine television network Telefe report, a commuter train rammed into the bus and shoved 600-feet down a rail tracks, where scattering wreckage and bodies along the way at San Justo, suburb of Buenos Aires, killing 43 people, another ten are injured.
  • November 13, 1984 – United Kingdom – A freight train is derailed at Stockport, Cheshire due to a defective wagon.[17]
  • November 30, 1984 – United Kingdom – A passenger train is derailed by a broken rail at Stoulton, Worcestershire. Two people are injured.[18]
  • December 23, 1984 – ItalyTrain 904 bombing: The Rapido 904 from Naples to Milan, aka the "Christmas train", explodes in the longest Italian railway tunnel, near San Benedetto Val di Sambro. 15 people died in the blast and 267 were injured (2 of them died in hospital). A bomb had been placed on the train by a mobster, acting as part of a large plot involving mobsters from Sicily, Naples and Rome, neo-fascist terrorists, and the covert masonic lodge P2. Later a former right-wing MP was sentenced for giving explosives to a mobster who was involved in the plot.
  • 1984 – United Kingdom – A passenger train overruns a signal and collides with a freight train at Wembley Central station, London. Three people are killed.[19]

1985Edit

1986Edit

  • February 8, 1986 – CanadaHinton train collision, Dalehurst, Alberta: 23 lives lost when Via Rail passenger train and CN freight train collide head-on. This resulted in the adoption of stricter crew scheduling practice and a complete rewrite of the operating rules.
  • February 17, 1986 – ChileQueronque rail accident, a ValparaísoSantiago express train collided head-on with local train, near Limache. The official death toll was 58 people with 510 injured. The tragedy prompted to switch off the full express route.
  • March 9, 1986 – United Kingdom – A passenger train is in a head-on collision with two light engines at Chinley, Derbyshire due to a signalman's error. Lack of training and a power cut are contributory factors. One person is killed.[23]
  • March 10, 1986 – IndiaKhagaria rail disaster, over 50 people are killed in a collision in Bihar.[8]
  • June 15, 1986 – United Kingdom – An express passenger train is derailed at Motherwell, Lanarkshire due to a broken rail.[3]
Main article: Colwich rail crash
  • September 19, 1986 – United Kingdom – An express passenger train overruns signals at Colwich, Staffordshire and comes to halt foul of a junction. Another express passenger train is in collision with it, killing one person and injuring 75. Thirty-two people are hospitalised.[24]
November 8, 1986 – Bangkok, Thailand
  • November 8, 1986 – ThailandBangkok: 5 people die and 7 are injured when an unmanned train runaway from the maintenance depot for 15 kilometer at a speed of 50 km/h toward Hua Lamphong station and hit the buffer stop.
  • December 28, 1986 – Japan – An out of service train fell onto a fish processing factory, caused by strong wind at Amarube railroad bridge, Kasumi, Hyogo. One train conductor and five factory workers are killed.[25]

1987Edit

  • January 4, 1987 – United States1987 Maryland train collision, Chase, Maryland: The Amtrak Colonial express train, highballing at 130 miles per hour (210 km/h), slammed into a consist of Conrail freight locomotives whose engineer had ignored a stop signal and had fouled the Northeast Corridor mainline at Gunpow Interlocking. The force of the impact completely destroyed the lead Amtrak locomotive and derailed the rest of the train, killing the Amtrak engineer, a lounge car attendant and 14 passengers. The subsequent investigation revealed that the in-cab signaling system of the Conrail lead locomotive was inoperative and that the Conrail crew had been smoking marijuana. This notorious accident, Amtrak's most deadly at the time, caused the US railroad industry to tighten up drug use detection among operational personnel and subsequently led to the federal certification of locomotive engineers
  • February 20, 1987 – United Kingdom – A freight train runs away and is derailed by trap points at Chinley, Derbyshire. Another train runs into the wreckage.[18]
  • March 24, 1987 – United Kingdom – A freight train overran a signal and was in a head-on collision with a passenger train at Clink Road Junction, Somerset. Several people are seriously injured.[26]
  • July 8, 1987 – India – A Deccan of Hyderabad-Hazrat Nizamuddin of Delhi Dakshin Express derailed at Macherial, Andhra Pradesh, killing 53.[8]
  • August 6, 1987 – United Kingdom – A merry-go-round train runs away and is derailed by trap points at Baddesley, Warwickshire.[27]
  • August 7, 1987 – Soviet UnionKamensk-Shakhtinsky rail disaster: A freight train collides with standing passenger train in Kamenskaya station, Kamensk-Shakhtinsky, Rostov Oblast, killing 106 people.
  • October 19, 1987 – IndonesiaBintaro train crash: A commuter train from Rangkasbitung with 600 passengers collides head-on with another commuter train with 300 passengers bound for Merak, at Bintaro Jaya, south of Jakarta, killing at least 156 people, injuring at least 300. Indonesia's worst rail accident in history.
  • October 19, 1987 – United KingdomGlanrhyd Bridge collapse: Four people died when a passenger train from Swansea to Shrewsbury fell off a bridge that had collapsed due to exceptional flood conditions of the river beneath the bridge acting on its piers.

1988Edit

1989Edit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ F.A.C.T. Train bomb 18 January 1980[dead link], Retrieved on March 3, 2007
  2. ^ CAIN Sutton index of deaths 1980, Retrieved on March 3, 2007
  3. ^ a b Hall 1990, p. 131.
  4. ^ Trevena 1981, p. 48.
  5. ^ a b c d "Tragedia sui binari". Il Sole 24 Ore. January 7, 2004. Retrieved July 1, 2009. 
  6. ^ a b Earnshaw 1990, p. 47.
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Train Wrecks in India. Emergency & Disaster - Management Inc.
  9. ^ Earnshaw 1989, p. 3.
  10. ^ Barron, James (March 15, 1982). "TRAIN KILLS 9 TEEN-AGERS ON L.I. AS VAN GOES PAST CROSSING GATE". The New York Times. Retrieved January 14, 2012. 
  11. ^ "THE REGION; Youths Sentenced In Train Crash". The New York Times. March 30, 1985. Retrieved May 8, 2010. 
  12. ^ a b Gerd Böhmer. "Bahnbetriebsunfälle der DR und DB ab 1958". 
  13. ^ . Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung. 1982-08-03.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "Europe: A Grisly Triptych of Disasters". Time. September 27, 1982. 
  15. ^ Library, Department of Transport. Public Transport. Regulatory Affairs (1983-08-21). "Department of Transport Publications, Report into Cherryville Railway Accident". Transport.ie. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  16. ^ "Williston, VT Train Wreck, July 1984 | GenDisasters ... Genealogy in Tragedy, Disasters, Fires, Floods". .gendisasters.com. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  17. ^ Earnshaw 1989, pp. 46-47.
  18. ^ a b Earnshaw 1990, p. 45.
  19. ^ Hall 1990, p. 132.
  20. ^ "Electric Train Collision, Beenleigh Line". Parliament of Queensland. 10 April 1985. p. 5064. 
  21. ^ אסון הבונים – ויקיפדיה (in Hebrew). He.wikipedia.org. 2011-11-20. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  22. ^ "Around The World; 5 Reported Killed In Swiss Train Crash". The New York Times. September 15, 1985. Retrieved May 8, 2010. 
  23. ^ Vaughan 1989, pp. 240-48.
  24. ^ Hall 1990, pp. 133-34.
  25. ^ 余部鉄橋事故から25年 「安心して…」遺族ら報告 [25 years since the Anarube railway bridge accident]. Kobe Shimbun (in Japanese). December 29, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2012. 
  26. ^ Vaughan 2003, pp. 10-11.
  27. ^ Earnshaw 1993, p. 38.
  28. ^ NTSB - Testimony
  29. ^ 4 Die in Freight Train Collision in Pennsylvania. The New York Times. January 15, 1988.
  30. ^ Earnshaw 1993, p. 39.
  31. ^ "The Deseret News - Búsqueda en el archivo de Google Noticias". News.google.com. 1988-03-25. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  32. ^ "Fatal Train Crash in China". New York Times. March 25, 1988. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  33. ^ Earnshaw 1990, p. 46.
  34. ^ (Russian) Крушение пассажирского поезда «Аврора»
  35. ^ [2]
  36. ^ "Toll in Mexican Train Disaster Rises to at Least 112". The New York Times. August 11, 1989. 

SourcesEdit

  • Earnshaw, Alan (1989). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 5. Penryn: Atlantic Books. ISBN 0-906899-35-4. 
  • Earnshaw, Alan (1990). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 6. Penryn: Atlantic Books. ISBN 0-906899-37-0. 
  • Earnshaw, Alan (1991). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 7. Penryn: Atlantic Books. ISBN 0-906899-50-8. 
  • Earnshaw, Alan (1993). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 8. Penryn: Atlantic Books. ISBN 0-906899-52-4. 
  • Haine, Edgar A. (1993). Railroad wrecks. Associated University Presses. ISBN 978-0-8453-4844-4. 
  • Hall, Stanley (1990). The Railway Detectives. London: Ian Allan. ISBN 0 7110 1929 0. 
  • Rolt, L. T. C.; Kichenside, G. M. (1982). Red for Danger: A history of railway accidents and railway safety (4th ed.). Newton Abbot, Devon: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-8362-0. OCLC 9526651. 
  • Shaw, Robert B. (1978). A History of Railroad Accidents, Safety Precautions and Operating Practices. LCCN 78104064. 
  • Trevena, Arthur (1981). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 2. Redruth: Atlantic Books. ISBN 0-906899-03-6. 

External linksEdit