List of rail accidents (1980–89)

This is a list of rail accidents from 1980 to 1989.




  • January 5, 1981 – According to Spanish EFE news agency report, a BurgosMadrid passenger train ignored by a red traffic signal, and slammed head-on into a diesel locomotive car at Miraflores railroad station, Zaragoza, Spain, five railroad workers and one passenger killed.
  • January 21, 1981 – Two passenger trains collided near Gunung Payung, Kebasen, Central Java. The trains were Senja IV, hauled by CC 201 33 from Jakarta and Maja, hauled by CC 201 35 from Madiun. Senja IV passed through Notog Station, then from the other side, Maja departed from Kroya Station. When Maja entered Kebasen Station, the driver disobey (or might didn't see) the red signal, the train passed through the station. The Kebasen Station train dispatcher then burst into panic and sent an emergency signal to the level crossing at the north of the station, tried to stop the train, but the driver still disobey the emergency signal. Senja IV 's driver saw the light of Maja 's locomotive and tried to stop his train, but Maja 's driver didn't see the light of Senja IV 's locomotive. The trains collided near the banks of Serayu River. The collision killed 7 people and seriously injured 35. The accident occurred at dawn, when it was stormy and foggy.
  • March 8, 1981 – A train traveling from Mar del Plata, Argentina to Buenos Aires smashes into a pair of derailed freight cars at Brandsen Partido, states of Buenos Aires, 60 miles (97 km) south of the capital, killing 45 people and injuring 120.
  • March 8, 1981 – A truck collides with a passenger train at a level crossing, sending five of the ten coaches over a bridge into a dry river bed in Hsinchu, Taiwan. Thirty people are killed and 131 injured in what was the worst rail crash in Taiwan to that point.
  • March 16, 1981 – A freight train rammed into back of passenger train halted by thick hock at approaching to Imata railroad station, Chivay, Arequipa Region, Peru. according to Peruvian railroad official confirmed, killing at least 30 people and injuring at least 90.
  • May 14, 1981 – Two express trains collide about 100 miles (160 km) south of Seoul, killing 54 people.
  • June 4, 1981 – near Osieck, Poland: About 3.45 p.m. there was a head-on collision between PKP class EN57 and freight train with two heavy locomotives: 25 people killed (mostly railroad workers who come back to home from work), 8 survived; crew of freight train, which passed signal at danger - survived too[4]
  • June 6, 1981 – Bihar train disaster, India: Hundreds are killed (300-800) when a train falls into a river.[5]
  • July 9, 1981 –Liziyida train disaster, China: A bridge was destroyed by mud-rock flow, while a passenger train was running towards it. Two locomotives, a mail carriage and a passenger carriage were flushed into the Dadu River by the flow, and other two passenger carriages derailed, 275 people killed or lost.
  • July 17, 1981 – A freight train slams into the back of a passenger train in Madhya Pradesh, India, killing 39 people and injuring 43.
  • July 19, 1981 – In an incident blamed on sabotage, a train traveling to Ahmedabad from New Delhi, India, derailed in Gujarat, killing 30 people and injuring 70.
  • July 31, 1981 – According to Associated Press of Pakistan report, an IslamabadKarachi nightly express with 1,700 passengers on board derailed and 500-yard of the rail track has damaged, between Samarsatta-Bahawalpur, Punjab of Pakistan, killing 43 people and injuring 50.
  • August 18, 1981 – A Silver Fern diesel-electric railcar left the tracks on a sharp bend, and plunged down 26 feet between Tangiwai and Waiouru, New Zealand, killing four, another 13 are injured.
  • November 30, 1981 – Mohora, Hungary: Departmental train strikes a bus. 17 killed, 29 injured.


  • January 13, 1982 – Washington, D.C.: An Orange line train derails' on the Washington Metro between the Smithsonian and Federal Triangle stations. While the train was being backed, the derailed truck drives the aluminum car into a tunnel support, killing three people. By coincidence this happened at the same time Air Florida Flight 90 crashed into the 14th Street Bridge.
  • January 27, 1982 – Bouhalouane train crash: A passenger train travelling from Oran to Algiers derailed 50 miles (80 km) west of the Algerian capital, killing at least 130 people and injuring 146, in Algeria's worst train crash in 20 years.
  • January 27, 1982 – A freight train and an express passenger train collide head-on in heavy fog near Agra, India, killing 50 and injuring 50.
  • March 14, 1982 – Mineola, New York: A Long Island Rail Road train hits a van at a level crossing on Herricks Road killing nine and injuring one.[6]
  • March 20, 1982 – A Mangalore-to-New Delhi train slams into a tourist bus at a level crossing in Andhra Pradesh, snapping the bus in two, killing at least 59 people on the bus and injuring 25 others.
  • July 7, 1982 – Fair Lawn, New Jersey: Teenagers throw a switch and send a commuter train into a pasta factory resulting in the death of the engineer. Four teens are eventually charged with various crimes relating to the wreck.[7]
  • July 12, 1982 – An express train travelling from Mexicali to Guadalajara, Mexico, derails into a ravine near Tepic, killing 34 people and injuring 136.
  • July 18, 1982 – A night express train travelling from Dortmund to Rimini, collided with a freight train near Othmarsingen (Switzerland). 6 people were killed and another 6 were injured.
  • August 2, 1982 – Ostercappeln, Germany: Two drunk British Army soldiers steal a tank at the Osnabrück barracks and crash into the oncoming D 15233 after the tank has been driven on the Rollbahn[disambiguation needed] railway tracks. Both engines of the train and five cars derail, the tank is completely destroyed. 23 people are injured, the two soldiers are instantly killed.[8][9]
  • September 9, 1982 – According to Hungarian Railroad Authority and Magyar Televiso Report, an express train collides with a bus on the outskirts of Szekesfehervar, Fejer, Hungary, killing at least sixteen, the majority bus passengers.
  • September 12, 1982 - A bus carrying members of Schönaich sports association was hit by a late running three car regional train on a level crossing in Pfaeffikon (Switzerland) when an attendant failed to close manually operated barriers. 39 people in the bus were killed, only 2 survived.[10]
  • November 27, 1982 – According to Italian Railroad Authority and ANSA news agency report, an eighteen car train crashes when diverted by a faulty switch onto a parallel line, running into a section at San Benedetto del Tronto, Marche, Italy. A wagon-lit breaks on impact, killing 3 and injuring 32.


  • February 1, 1983 – According to a Mena report, a CairoAlexandria express hits a local train after passing a stop signal, killing nineteen people and injuring 77 at Qallama, Egypt.
  • February 20, 1983 – A train traveling from Nogales, Sonora, Mexico to Guadalajara is rammed in the rear by a freight train near Guaymas. The resulting explosion kills at least 56 people and injures 78.
  • May 27, 1983 – Frechen, Germany: The Oostende-Wien-Express night train derails owing to trackbed damage. The engine hits a bridge and the first car jackknifes into the wreckage. Seven people are killed, 23 injured.
  • June 10, 1983 – According to the Egyptian Al Gomhouria newspaper, a CairoLuxor express train rear-ends another passenger train on same track at Al-Ayat, Giza, Egypt, killing 24. Another 50 are injured.
  • August 21, 1983 – Cherryville Junction, County Kildare, Ireland: a train, having run out of fuel and stopped, is hit by a second train from the rear. 7 people are killed and 55 are injured.[11]


  • April 13, 1984 Wiggins, Colorado, Two Burlington Northern trains collide head on killing 5 - RAR-85-04
  • June 14, 1984 – Motley, Minnesota, United States: Two Burlington Northern Railroad trains collide head-on.
  • July 7, 1984 – Williston, Vermont, United States: The Amtrak Montrealer derailed following a railbed washout, killing five people and injuring nearly 140.[12]
  • July 14, 1984 – Divača, Slovenia (former Yugoslavia): A freight train plows into the rear of a crowded passenger train, killing 31 people and injuring 33.
  • July 30, 1984 – Polmont rail accident, a push-pull train derailed after colliding with a cow, killing 13.
  • August 16, 1984 – According to Indian State railroad confirmed report, a passenger train hit a bridge washaway and plunged into flooded ravine at near Chargoon railroad station, Madhya Pradesh, India, killing 56 people, another 120 are injured.
  • September 1, 1984 – Switzerland – Two trains colliden at Martigny-Bourg. Six people are killed and 30 are injured.[citation needed]
  • October 31, 1984 – According to Argentine television network Telefe report, a commuter train rammed into the bus and shoved 600-feet down a rail tracks, where scattering wreckage and bodies along the way at San Justo, suburb of Buenos Aires, Argentina, killing 43 people, another ten are injured.
  • November 25, 1984 – Hong Kong: A train derailed between Sheung Shui and Fanling station on the KCR East Rail. The incident occurred when the driver, preparing to back the train up to Sheung Shui station, failed to follow a speed/stop signal while the train was exceeding the speed limit. The train crashed into a boulder/buffer with the first 2 cars piling on top of each other. The degree of which they were damaged was so extensive that the cars never returned to service. Luckily, the passengers were unloaded before the crash while the driver sustained only minor injuries. However, the accident caused train services to suspend for the rest of the day and the incident spurred a series of public outcries concerning railway safety.
  • December 23, 1984 – Train 904 bombing, Italy: The Rapido 904 from Naples to Milan, aka the "Christmas train", explodes in the longest Italian railway tunnel, near San Benedetto Val di Sambro. 15 people died in the blast and 267 were injured (2 of them died in hospital). A bomb had been placed on the train by a mobster, acting as part of a large plot involving mobsters from Sicily, Neaples and Rome, neo-fascist terrorists, and the covert masonic lodge P2. Later a former right-wing MP was sentenced for giving explosives to a mobster who was involved in the plot.


  • January 13, 1985 – Awash rail disaster: A derailment hurled a train into a ravine at Imperial Railway Company of Ethiopia, near Awash, Ethiopia, killing at least 428 people. This accident is the worst railroad disaster in Africa.
  • January 21, 1985 – Gary, Indiana, United States: Two South Shore Line trains collide head-on, 85 injured.
  • February 23, 1985 – Rajnandgaon train fire, Madhya Pradesh, India: More than 50 people are killed when an express train catches fire.[5]
  • March 9, 1985 – Bunovo, Bulgaria: 7 people killed in a terrorist attack in the mothers with children car on the Sofia - Burgas route.
  • March 20, 1985 – Ronnenberg, Germany: Two freight trains, one consisting of 20 tank cars filled with petrol, the other consisting of 19 cars loaded with coal, collide in the densely populated suburb of Empelde, close to Hanover and ignite, the fire burning almost a day.
  • March 23, 1985 – Trinder Park, Queensland, Australia: Two people were killed and 31 injured when two electric multiple units collided head on.[13]
  • April 26, 1985 – Switzerland – Two trains collide on the BernSolothurn Deisswil line. Four people are killed and sixteen are injured.[citation needed]
  • June 11, 1985 – HaBonim disaster, HaBonim, Israel: 21 people killed, including 19 school children in a collision between a bus on a school field trip and a train going from Haifa to Tel Aviv near HaBonim.[14]
  • June 13, 1985 – Agra rail disaster, Agra, India: 38 people are killed in a collision.[5]
  • June 17, 1985 – A CairoAswan express and freight train collided, and passenger train entered safety catch point and ten passenger cars with a locomotive engine are crushed, six car are caught fire at Qena, Egypt, killing ten, and 14 are injured.[citation needed]
  • July 11, 1985 – A four cars of express train from Kanazawa are derailed at Noto railroad Line, Anamizu, Ishikawa, Japan, killing 7 people, another 26 are injured. In an incident cause of heavy rain with landslide.
  • August 3, 1985 – A limited express southbound Capdenac from Paris where head-on collide with two-car local train are go-ahead on same track, at Assier station, Flaujac-Gare, Cahors, France, killing at least 34 people, injuring at least 150.
  • August 31, 1985 – A Paris-Portbou express derailed and head-on collided with postal train at Argenton-sur-Creuse, France, killing 43 people, another 37 are injured. In an incident cause by express driver are exceed speed.
  • September 11, 1985 – Alcafache train crash: The Sud Express linking Porto-Paris head-on collides with a Regional train linking Guarda-Coimbra at Alcafache (Beira Alta Line) between NelasMangualde, Viseu, Portugal. Portuguese official estimated killing 118, but Portuguese media claimed at least 150 people killed.
  • September 14, 1985 – A LausanneMorges passenger train head-on collided with two electric locomotives at Denges, Morges, Switzerland, in an incident caused by railroad worker missed switching point at safety catch point, killing five people and injuring 56.[15]
  • December 22, 1985 – An electric locomotive collides with a freight train in Coronella, Ferrara, Italy, killing 10 people and injuring 11.[3]
  • December 27, 1985 – A Buenos AiresConcordia passenger train head-on collision a freight train at Zarate, state of Buenos Aires, Argentina, killing five people and injuring eight.[citation needed]


November 8, 1986 – Bangkok, Thailand
  • January 15, 1986 – A WuhanGuangzhou express train explosion at Shaoguan, Guangdong, China, in an incident blamed on sabotage, killing seven people and injuring 38.[citation needed]
  • February 8, 1986 – Hinton train collision, Dalehurst, Alberta, Canada: 23 human lives lost when Via Rail passenger train and CN freight train collide head-on. This resulted in the adoption of stricter crew scheduling practice and a complete rewrite of the operating rules.
  • February 17, 1986 – Queronque rail accident, a ValparaísoSantiago express train collided head-on with local train, near Limache in Chile, the official death toll was 58 people with 510 injured.
  • February 28, 1986 – An express train ran over and derailed, when passenger and driver watching celebrating at a local festival at Telicherry railroad station, Thalassery, Kerala, India, killing 31 and injuring 100.[citation needed]
  • March 10, 1986 – Khagaria rail disaster, over 50 people are killed in a collision in Bihar.[5]
  • March 28, 1986 – An extra three locomotive with five passenger car JohannesburgPietersburg express train derail at track, Pylpunt, Gauteng, South Africa, killing at least sixteen people.[citation needed]
  • May 5, 1986 – A Lisbon-Covilha express train smashed standing commuter train at Povoa de Santa Iria station, Lisbon, Portugal, in an incident caused by an express train driver has exceed speed, killing 14 people, another injuring are 18.[citation needed]
  • June 28, 1986 – An express train head-on collide with local train at Black Sea coastal resort town of Gagry, Georgia, killing at least 70 people, injuring another 140.
  • November 8, 1986 – Bangkok, Thailand: 5 people die and 7 are injured when an unmanned train runaway from the maintenance depot for 15 kilometer at a speed of 50 km/h toward Hua Lamphong station and hit the buffer stop.
  • December 28, 1986 – An out of service train fell onto a fish processing factory, caused by strong wind at Amarube railroad bridge, Kasumi, Hyogo, Japan, one train conductor and five factory workers are killed.[16]


  • January 4, 1987 – 1987 Maryland train collision, Chase, Maryland, United States: The Amtrak Colonial express train, highballing at 130 miles per hour (210 km/h), slammed into a consist of Conrail freight locomotives whose engineer had ignored a stop signal and had fouled the Northeast Corridor mainline at Gunpow Interlocking. The force of the impact completely destroyed the lead Amtrak locomotive and derailed the rest of the train, killing the Amtrak engineer, a lounge car attendant and 14 passengers. The subsequent investigation revealed that the in-cab signaling system of the Conrail lead locomotive was inoperative and that the Conrail crew had been smoking marijuana. This notorious accident, Amtrak's most deadly at the time, caused the US railroad industry to tighten up drug use detection among operational personnel and subsequently led to the federal certification of locomotive engineers.
  • March 8, 1987 – According to Television Nacional de Chile report, a freight train hits standing passenger train at Pelequen, O'Higgins, Chile, killing twelve people and injuring 35.
  • July 8, 1987 – According to United News of India report, a Deccan of Hyderabad-Hazrat Nizamuddin of Delhi Dakshin Express derailed at Macherial, Andhra Pradesh, killing 53.[5]
  • July 28, 1987 – Three cars of passenger train from Aleppo explode at Al-Jazira, northern Syria, killing at least 50 people.
  • August 7, 1987 – Kamensk-Shakhtinsky rail disaster: A freight train collides with standing passenger train in Kamenskaya station, Kamensk-Shakhtinsky, Rostov Oblast, killing 106 people.
  • October 19, 1987 – Bintaro train crash: A commuter train from Rangkasbitung with 600 passengers collides head-on with another commuter train with 300 passengers bound for Merak, at Bintaro Jaya, south of Jakarta, Indonesia, killing at least 156 people, injuring at least 300. Indonesia's worst rail accident in history.
  • October 19, 1987 – Glanrhyd Bridge collapse: Four people died when a passenger train from Swansea (Wales) to Shrewsbury (England) fell off a bridge that had collapsed due to exceptional flood conditions of the river beneath the bridge acting on its piers.
  • November 16, 1987 – Lerum, near Gothenburg, Sweden: two passenger trains collide at a station, killing 9 people and injuring 140. Signal repairers by mistake had switched two cables in a switch machine.


  • January 14, 1988 – Thompsontown, Pennsylvania: Two Conrail freight trains collide head-on after one train ignores a signal. The engineers and brakemen on both trains were killed, and damages totaled $6 million. The crash was attributed to crew fatigue.[17][18]
  • January 19, 1988 – Forst Zinna rail disaster: A Soviet tank in Forst Zinna, East Germany gets stuck on a level crossing and gets hit by an express train. 6 people die, 33 are injured.[8]
  • January 24, 1988 – No.80 express train Kunming-Shanghai derails and overturns between Qiewu and Dengjiacun, Yunnan, China, killing at least 90 people, injuring another 67 people.
  • March 23, 1988 – Juneda, Catalonia. 10 children and 5 adults die when a train slams into a bus on an unbarriered level crossing.[19]
  • March 24, 1988 – No.311 NanjingHangzhou express train Head-on collides with No.208 ChangshaShanghai express train in Nanxiang, Jiading, Shanghai, China, killing 29 people, including two Japanese high school students, and injuring 100.[20]
  • April 19, 1988 – Piła, Poland: At 7.32a.m., 10 soldiers killed when troop train collides with a goods train; 28 injured.
  • April 25, 1988 – Sorø train accident, Denmark: 8 people die and 72 are injured as an intercity train derails in a switch in Sorø owing to excessive speed.
  • June 4, 1988 – Drogomil, near Bytom Odrzanski, Poland: 10 soldiers die in collision between army truck and passenger train from Zielona Góra; truck explodes after collision because of eight jerrycans of petrol; 3 soldiers survived.
  • June 4, 1988 – a 120-ton freight train explodes damaging 150 nearby buildings at Arzamas railroad station, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, killing at least 73 people.
  • June 27, 1988 – Gare de Lyon train accident, Gare de Lyon, Paris, France: After brake failure, runaway train hits stationary rush-hour train in station, 56 people killed, over 50 injured.
  • July 8, 1988 – Peruman railway accident - According to Press Trust of India report, a BangaloreTrivandrum Island Express derails and plunges into Ashtamudi Lake on the outskirts of Kollam, Kerala, India, 107 people drowned.[5]
  • August 16, 1988 – A high-speed train traveling from Leningrad to Moscow derails near Bologoye, killing 30 people and injuring about 180.[21]
  • December 12, 1988 – Clapham Junction rail crash, London, England: wrong side failure from electrical short circuit caused by faulty signal maintenance, 35 people dead, more than 100 injured.


  • January 15, 1989 – A Chittagong bound express train and Dhaka bound mail train, both trains carrying Muslim pilgrims crash head-on at Tongi railroad station, Maizdi Khan, near Dhaka, Bangladesh, killing at least 135 people, injuring at least 1,000. Many people were riding on the roof of trains and between passenger cars.
  • January 18, 1989 – A passenger train plows into a bus carrying local newly-weds and families on an unattended crossing in Huinan, Tonghua, Jilin, China, killing at least 32 people, another 41 injured.
  • February 2, 1989 - A runaway train crashes into parked rail cars in the Helena Train Wreck.
  • March 4, 1989 – Purley Station rail crash, London, England: As one train crosses over from one track to another, a second train runs a red signal and collides with the first train; the accident leaves six people dead and 94 injured.
  • March 6, 1989 – Glasgow Bellgrove rail accident, two commuter trains crash at Bellgrove station in the East End of Glasgow. One passenger and the driver of one of the trains were killed.
  • April 2, 1989 – According MENA of Egypt report, a passenger train and freight train collide head-on. Four passenger cars catch fire and derail, one car plunging into the River Nile at Damanhour, Nile Delta, Egypt, killing six people and injuring 102.
  • April 3, 1989 – Two cars of the train from Bari derailed and slammed against the rail at San Severo, Foggia, Italy, killing eight and injuring 20.[3]
  • April 16, 1989 – Karnataka express train derailed at Lalitpur, Uttar Pradesh, India, killing 75 people.[5]
  • May 4, 1989 – Tepic, Mexico: 20-52 (depending on reports) are killed after train brakes fail while descending a mountain side; the locomotive and three passenger cars flip on a curve and plunge down the ravine.
  • May 12, 1989 – San Bernardino train disaster, San Bernardino, California: A Southern Pacific Railroad freight train derails on Duffy Street after descending the very steep Cajon Pass, killing two crew members and two children, ages 7 and 9. Eleven homes were severely damaged or completely destroyed in the accident. Thirteen days later fuel leaking from a pipe line damaged in the recovery ignites, killing 2 people and causing further damage to homes.
  • June 4, 1989 – Ufa train disaster, Soviet Union: 575 people are killed and over 600 wounded when two trains pass near a leaking natural gas line which explodes.
  • August 10, 1989 - San Rafael River train disaster, train carrying 330 people goes off a bridge into the San Rafael River in Mexico killing 112.[22][23]
  • November 1, 1989 – Udyan Abha Toofan express train derailed at Sakaldiha, Bihar, India, killing at least 48 people.[5]
  • November 16, 1989 – In Crotone, Italy, two passenger trains collided on the CrotoneCatanzaro line, killing 12 people and injuring 32.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ F.A.C.T. Train bomb 18 January 1980[dead link], Retrieved on March 3, 2007
  2. ^ CAIN Sutton index of deaths 1980, Retrieved on March 3, 2007
  3. ^ a b c d "Tragedia sui binari". Il Sole 24 Ore. January 7, 2004. Retrieved July 1, 2009. 
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Train Wrecks in India. Emergency & Disaster - Management Inc.
  6. ^ Barron, James (March 15, 1982). "TRAIN KILLS 9 TEEN-AGERS ON L.I. AS VAN GOES PAST CROSSING GATE". The New York Times. Retrieved January 14, 2012. 
  7. ^ "THE REGION; Youths Sentenced In Train Crash". The New York Times. March 30, 1985. Retrieved May 8, 2010. 
  8. ^ a b Gerd Böhmer. "Bahnbetriebsunfälle der DR und DB ab 1958". 
  9. ^ . Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung. 1982-08-03.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ "Europe: A Grisly Triptych of Disasters". Time. September 27, 1982. 
  11. ^ Library, Department of Transport. Public Transport. Regulatory Affairs (1983-08-21). "Department of Transport Publications, Report into Cherryville Railway Accident". Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  12. ^ "Williston, VT Train Wreck, July 1984 | GenDisasters ... Genealogy in Tragedy, Disasters, Fires, Floods". Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  13. ^ "Electric Train Collision, Beenleigh Line". Parliament of Queensland. 10 April 1985. p. 5064. 
  14. ^ "אסון הבונים – ויקיפדיה" (in (Hebrew)). 2011-11-20. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  15. ^ "Around The World; 5 Reported Killed In Swiss Train Crash". The New York Times. September 15, 1985. Retrieved May 8, 2010. 
  16. ^ "余部鉄橋事故から25年 「安心して…」遺族ら報告" [25 years since the Anarube railway bridge accident]. Kobe Shimbun (in Japanese). December 29, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2012. 
  17. ^ NTSB - Testimony
  18. ^ 4 Die in Freight Train Collision in Pennsylvania. The New York Times. January 15, 1988.
  19. ^ "The Deseret News - Búsqueda en el archivo de Google Noticias". 1988-03-25. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  20. ^ "Fatal Train Crash in China". New York Times. March 25, 1988. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  21. ^ (Russian) Крушение пассажирского поезда «Аврора»
  22. ^ [2]
  23. ^ "Toll in Mexican Train Disaster Rises to at Least 112". The New York Times. August 11, 1989. 


  • Haine, Edgar A. (1993). Railroad wrecks. Associated University Presses. ISBN 978-0-8453-4844-4. 
  • Rolt, L. T. C.; Kichenside, G. M. (1982). Red for Danger: A history of railway accidents and railway safety (4th ed.). Newton Abbot, Devon: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-8362-0. OCLC 9526651. 
  • Shaw, Robert B. (1978). A History of Railroad Accidents, Safety Precautions and Operating Practices. LCCN 78104064. 

External linksEdit

Last modified on 20 April 2014, at 00:39