Last modified on 1 September 2014, at 05:13

List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

Countries by number of active soldiers (2009)

This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel. It includes any government-sponsored soldiers used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government. The term "country" is used in the sense of state which exercises sovereignty or has limited recognition.

Guide to the listEdit

The list consists of columns which can be sorted by clicking on the appropriate title:

  • The names of the states, accompanied by their respective national flags.
  • The number of military personnel on active duty that are currently serving full-time in their military capacity.
  • The number of military personnel in the reserve forces that are not normally kept under arms whose role is to be available to mobilize when necessary.
  • The number of personnel in paramilitary forces, armed units that are not considered part of a nation's formal military forces.
  • The total number of military and paramilitary personnel, and the ratio per thousand inhabitants.
  • These numbers are largely sourced from the 2012 edition of "The Military Balance" published annually by the International Institute for Strategic Studies.
  • As military forces around the world are constantly changing in size, no definitive list can ever be compiled.

Many of the 174 countries listed here, especially those with the highest number of total soldiers, such as the two Koreas and Vietnam, include a large number of paramilitaries, civilians and policemen in their reserve personnel. Some countries, such as Italy and Japan have only volunteers in their armed forces; while others, such as Mauritius and Panama, have no national armies, but only a paramilitary force.

The listEdit

Flag State Active military Reserve military Paramilitary Total Total per 1000 capita Active per 1000 capita
Afghanistan Afghanistan[1] 170,700 0 136,100 306,800 9.9 5.5
Albania Albania[2] 14,245 0 500 14,745 4.1 3.9
Algeria Algeria[3] 130,000 150,000 187,200 467,200 13.7 3.8
Angola Angola[4] 107,000 0 10,000 117,000 9.1 8.4
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda[5] 170 75 0 245 2.9 2
Argentina Argentina[6] 73,100 0 31,240 104,340 2.6 1.8
Armenia Armenia[7][Note 1] 48,834 210,000 6,964 265,798 89.6 16.5
Australia Australia[8] 56,552 20,440 0 76,992 3.6 2.7
Austria Austria[9] 25,758 187,886 0 213,644 26 3.1
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan[10] 66,940 300,000 15,000 381,940 46.4 8.1
The Bahamas Bahamas[11] 860 0 0 860 2.8 2.8
Bahrain Bahrain[12] 8,200 0 11,260 19,460 26.7 11.3
Bangladesh Bangladesh[13] 157,053 0 63,900 220,953 1.4 1
Barbados Barbados[11] 610 430 0 1,040 3.7 2.1
Belarus Belarus[14] 72,940 289,500 110,000 472,440 49 7.6
Belgium Belgium[15] 34,336 1,400 0 35,736 3.4 3.3
Belize Belize[16] 1,050 700 0 1,750 5.7 3.4
Benin Benin[17] 4,750 0 2,500 7,250 0.8 0.5
Bhutan Bhutan 8,000 0 1,000 9,000 12.7 11.3
Bolivia Bolivia[18] 46,100 0 37,100 83,200 8.5 4.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina[19] 9,656 0 0 9,656 2.1 2.1
Botswana Botswana[20] 9,000 0 1,500 10,500 5.3 4.5
Brazil Brazil[21] 318,480 1,340,000 395,000 2,053,480 10.3 1.6
Brunei Brunei[22] 7,000 700 2,250 9,950 25.6 18
Bulgaria Bulgaria[23] 31,315 303,000 34,000 368,315 51.1 4.3
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso[24] 11,200 0 250 11,450 0.7 0.7
Burma Burma[25] 406,000 0 107,250 513,250 10.7 8.4
Burundi Burundi[26] 20,000 0 31,050 51,050 5.4 2.1
Cambodia Cambodia[27] 124,300 0 67,000 191,300 13.2 8.6
Cameroon Cameroon[28] 14,100 0 9,000 23,100 1.2 0.7
Canada Canada[29] 65,700 33,950 4,500 104,150 3.1 2
Cape Verde Cape Verde[30] 1,200 0 0 1,200 2.8 2.8
Central African Republic Central African Republic[31] 2,150 0 1,000 3,150 0.7 0.5
Chad Chad[32] 25,350 0 9,500 34,850 3.4 2.5
Chile Chile[33] 59,059 40,000 44,712 143,771 8.7 3.6
China People's Republic of China[34][Note 2] 2,285,000 510,000 1,132,000 3,927,000 2.9 1.7
Colombia Colombia[35] 449,415 790,000 144,097 1,383,512 29.2 9.5
Costa Rica Costa Rica[36] 0 0 9,800 9,800 2.3 0
Croatia Croatia[37] 18,600 21,000 3,000 42,600 9.5 4.1
Cuba Cuba[38][Note 3] 49,000 39,000 1,146,500 1,234,500 107.8 4.3
Cyprus Cyprus[39] 12,000 50,000 750 62,750 57.8 11.1
Czech Republic Czech Republic[40] 25,421 0 2,100 27,521 2.7 2.5
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire[41] 17,050 10,000 1,500 28,550 1.4 0.8
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo[42] 144,000 0 1,400 145,400 2.1 2.1
North Korea Democratic People's Republic of Korea[43][Note 4] 1,190,000 600,000 5,889,000 7,679,000 312.7 48.5
Denmark Denmark[44] 18,628 53,507 0 72,135 13.1 3.4
Djibouti Djibouti[45] 10,450 0 2,500 12,950 14 11.3
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic[46] 24,500 0 15,000 39,500 4.1 2.5
Ecuador Ecuador[47] 58,483 118,000 500 176,983 12.1 4
Egypt Egypt[48] 438,500 479,000 397,000 1,314,500 16.7 5.6
El Salvador El Salvador[49] 15,500 9,900 17,000 42,400 5.9 2.2
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea[50] 1,320 0 2,000 3,320 5.2 2.1
Eritrea Eritrea[51] 201,750 120,000 0 321,750 52.9 33.1
Estonia Estonia[52] 5,750 30,000 12,000 47,750 36.7 4.4
Ethiopia Ethiopia[53] 138,000 0 0 138,000 1.6 1.6
Fiji Fiji[54] 3,500 6,000 0 9,500 10.1 3.7
Finland Finland[55] 22,100 340,000 13,375 375,475 71.5 4.2
France France[56][Note 5] 222,215 93,099 98,155 413,469 6.4 3.4
Gabon Gabon[57] 4,700 2,000 6,700 4.4 3.1
The Gambia Gambia[58] 800 0 0 800 0.4 0.4
Georgia (country) Georgia[59] 20,655 0 11,700 32,355 7.2 4.6
Germany Germany[60][61] 182,620 40,369 0 222,989 2.7 2.2
Ghana Ghana[62] 15,500 0 0 15,500 0.6 0.6
Greece Greece[63] 144,567 216,650 4,000 365,217 33.8 13.4
Guatemala Guatemala[64] 15,212 63,863 19,000 98,075 7.4 1.1
Guinea Guinea[65] 12,300 0 7,000 19,300 1.9 1.2
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau[66] 4,450 0 2,000 6,450 4.2 2.9
Guyana Guyana[67] 1,100 670 1,500 3,270 4.3 1.5
Haiti Haiti[68] 0 0 2,000 2,000 0.2 0
Honduras Honduras[69] 12,000 60,000 8,000 80,000 10.2 1.5
Hungary Hungary[70] 22,587 44,000 12,000 78,587 7.9 2.3
Iceland Iceland[71] 0 0 130 130 0.4 0
India India[72][Note 6] 1,325,000 1,155,000 2,288,407 4,768,407 3.9 1.1
Indonesia Indonesia[73] 302,000 400,000 280,000 982,000 4.1 1.2
Iran Iran[74][Note 7] 523,000 350,000 1,490,000 2,363,000 35.6 7.9
Iraq Iraq[75] 271,400 0 531,000 802,400 27.7 9.4
Republic of Ireland Ireland[76] 9,650 14,875 0 24,525 5.3 2.1
Israel Israel[77] 176,500 565,000 8,000 749,500 94.4 22.2
Italy Italy[78][79][Note 8] 179,155 41,867 177,633 398,655 6.7 3
Jamaica Jamaica[80] 2,830 953 0 3,783 1.3 1
Japan Japan[81] 247,764 56,378 12,250 316,392 2.5 1.9
Jordan Jordan[82] 100,500 65,000 10,000 175,500 28 16
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan[83] 49,000 0 31,500 80,500 5.2 3.2
Kenya Kenya[84] 24,120 0 5,000 29,120 0.7 0.6
Kosovo Kosovo[85][86][87] 2,500 800 0 3,300 1.9 1.4
Kuwait Kuwait[88] 15,500 23,700 7,100 46,300 17.2 5.8
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan[89] 10,900 0 9,500 20,400 3.8 2
Laos Laos[90] 29,100 0 100,000 129,100 18.9 4.3
Latvia Latvia[91] 4,600 10,666 0 15,266 6.8 2.1
Lebanon Lebanon[92] 59,100 200,000 20,000 279,100 69.5 14.7
Lesotho Lesotho[93] 2,000 0 0 2,000 0.9 0.9
Liberia Liberia[94] 2,400 0 0 2,400 0.7 0.7
Libya Libya[95] 76,000 40,000 0 116,000 18.3 12
Lithuania Lithuania[96] 10,640 6,700 14,600 31,940 9 3
Luxembourg Luxembourg[97] 900 0 612 1,512 3.1 1.8
Madagascar Madagascar[98] 13,500 0 8,100 21,600 1 0.7
Malawi Malawi[99] 5,300 0 1,500 6,800 0.5 0.4
Malaysia Malaysia[100][Note 9] 109,000 516,000 269,300 894,300 34.8 4.2
Mali Mali[101] 7,350 0 7,800 15,150 1.1 0.5
Malta Malta[102] 1,954 173 0 2,127 5.2 4.8
Mauritania Mauritania[103] 15,870 0 5,000 20,870 6.7 5.1
Mauritius Mauritius[104] 0 0 2,000 2,000 1.6 0
Mexico Mexico[105] 280,000 87,344 51,500 418,844 3.8 2.5
Moldova Moldova[106] 5,354 57,971 2,379 65,704 15.2 1.2
Mongolia Mongolia[107] 10,000 137,000 7,200 154,200 50.7 3.3
Montenegro Montenegro[108] 2,984 0 10,100 13,084 19.5 4.4
Morocco Morocco[109] 195,800 150,000 50,000 395,800 12.7 6.3
Mozambique Mozambique[110] 11,200 0 0 11,200 0.5 0.5
Namibia Namibia[111] 9,200 0 6,000 15,200 7.2 4.4
Nepal Nepal[112] 95,753 0 62,000 157,753 5.5 3.4
Netherlands Netherlands[113] 37,365 3,189 5,911 46,465 2.8 2.2
New Zealand New Zealand[114] 9,637 2,314 0 11,951 2.8 2.3
Nicaragua Nicaragua[115] 12,000 0 0 12,000 2 2
Niger Niger[116] 5,300 0 5,400 10,700 0.7 0.3
Nigeria Nigeria[117] 80,000 0 82,000 162,000 1.1 0.5
Norway Norway[118] 24,450 45,250 0 69,700 15 5.2
Oman Oman[119] 42,600 0 4,400 47,000 13.8 12.5
Pakistan Pakistan[120] 642,000 500,000 304,000 1,446,000 8.3 3.7
State of Palestine Palestine[121][Note 10] 0 0 56,000 56,000 14 0
Panama Panama[122] 0 0 12,000 12,000 3.6 0
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea[123] 3,100 0 0 3,100 0.5 0.5
Paraguay Paraguay[124] 10,650 164,500 14,800 189,950 27.2 1.5
Peru Peru[125] 115,000 188,000 77,000 380,000 12.9 3.9
Philippines Philippines[126] 125,000 131,000 80,500 336,500 3.4 1.3
Poland Poland[127] 120,000 515,000 21,400 656,400 17.1 3.1
Portugal Portugal[128] 42,634 211,957 47,700 302,291 28.2 4
Qatar Qatar[129] 11,800 0 0 11,800 13.4 13.4
Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia[130] 8,000 4,850 0 12,850 6.2 3.9
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo[131] 10,000 0 2,000 12,000 3 2.5
Romania Romania[132] 73,900 45,000 79,900 198,800 8.9 3.3
Russia Russian Federation[133][134][Note 11] 766,000 2,000,000 474,000 3,240,000 22.6 5.3
Rwanda Rwanda[135] 33,000 0 2,000 35,000 3.3 3.1
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia[136] 233,500 0 15,500 249,000 8.7 8.1
Senegal Senegal[137] 13,620 0 5,000 18,620 1.4 1
Serbia Serbia[138] 28,184 50,171 10,000 88,355 12 3.8
Seychelles Seychelles[139] 200 0 450 650 7.4 2.3
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone[140] 10,500 0 0 10,500 2 2
Singapore Singapore[141][Note 12] 72,500 356,500 119,100 548,100 117.7 15.6
Slovakia Slovakia[142] 15,799 0 0 15,799 2.9 2.9
Slovenia Slovenia[143] 7,600 1,700 4,500 13,800 6.9 3.8
Somalia Somalia[144] 2,000 0 0 2,000 0.2 0.2
South Africa South Africa[145] 62,082 15,071 12,382 89,535 1.8 1.3
South Korea Republic of Korea[146][Note 13] 655,000 4,500,000 4,500 5,159,500 103.1 13.1
Spain Spain[147] 123,300 16,000 80,210 219,510 4.7 2.6
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka[148] 160,900 5,500 92,600 259,000 12.1 7.5
Sudan Sudan[149] 109,300 85,000 17,500 211,800 5.2 2.7
South Sudan South Sudan[150] 140,000 0 0 140,000 3.4 3.4
Suriname Suriname[151] 1,840 0 0 1,840 3.8 3.8
Sweden Sweden[152][Note 14] 20,363 200,000 800 221,163 24.4 2.2
Switzerland Switzerland[153] 25,287 172,330 76,000 273,617 36 3.3
Syria Syria[154] 295,000 314,000 108,000 717,000 32.9 13.6
Taiwan Republic of China (Taiwan)[155] 290,000 1,657,000 17,000 1,964,000 85.5 12.6
Tajikistan Tajikistan[156] 8,800 0 7,500 16,300 2.2 1.2
Tanzania Tanzania[157] 27,000 80,000 1,400 108,400 2.6 0.7
Thailand Thailand[158][Note 15] 305,860 200,000 158,700 664,560 10.1 4.6
East Timor Timor Leste[159] 1,332 0 0 1,332 1.3 1.3
Togo Togo[160] 8,550 0 750 9,300 1.5 1.4
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago[161] 4,063 0 0 4,063 3.3 3.3
Tunisia Tunisia[162] 35,800 0 12,000 47,800 4.6 3.4
Turkey Turkey[163][164] 664,049 378,700 45,181 1,087,930 14.2 8.7[165]
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan[166] 22,000 0 0 22,000 4.5 4.5
Uganda Uganda[167] 45,000 0 1,800 46,800 1.4 1.4
Ukraine Ukraine[168] 129,925 1,000,000 84,900 1,214,825 26.6 2.8
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates[169] 51,000 0 0 51,000 10.6 10.6
United Kingdom United Kingdom[170][Note 16] 198,810 172,550 0 371,360 5.8 3.1
United States United States of America[173] 1,369,532 850,880 11,035 2,231,447 7.1 4.4
Uruguay Uruguay[174] 24,621 0 818 25,439 7.3 7
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan[175] 67,000 0 20,000 87,000 3.2 2.4
Venezuela Venezuela[176] 115,000 8,000 0 123,000 4.6 4.3
Vietnam Vietnam[177][Note 17] 482,000 5,000,000 40,000 5,522,000 62.3 5.4
Yemen Yemen[178] 66,700 0 71,200 137,900 6 2.9
Zambia Zambia[179] 15,100 3,000 1,400 19,500 1.6 1.3
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe[180] 29,000 0 21,800 50,800 4.5 2.5

Not included in the list are the militaries of Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, Northern Cyprus, Monaco, San Marino, Saint Kitts and Nevis, São Tomé and Príncipe, Swaziland, Tonga and Vanuatu.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The reserve military of Armenia consists mostly of ex-conscripts who have seen service within the last 15 years.
  2. ^ The paramilitary forces of China listed here does not include some 3,000,000 PLA Militia.
  3. ^ The paramilitary forces of Cuba consist of the Youth Labour Army, Civil Defence and Territorial Troops Militia.
  4. ^ The paramilitary forces of North Korea largely consists of the Worker-Peasant Red Guard.
  5. ^ The paramilitary forces of France consist of the National Gendarmerie.
  6. ^ The paramilitary forces of India includes 987,821 personnel from Indian Home Guard and Civil Defence.
  7. ^ The paramilitary forces of Iran largely consists of the Basij, a paramilitary militia with claimed membership of 12.6 million (including women and children), which after mobilization can reach about 1,000,000 people able to fight.
  8. ^ The paramilitary forces of Italy consists of the Carabinieri and the Guardia di Finanza.
  9. ^ The paramilitary forces of Malaysia includes 244,700 personnel from the People's Volunteer Corps.
  10. ^ The personnel of Palestinian National Authority includes only organisations under the Directorate of Police Force; personnel strength figures for the various Palestinian groups in Gaza Strip, such as Hamas, are not known.
  11. ^ The potential reserve personnel of Russia may be as high as 20 million, depending on how the figures are counted.
  12. ^ The reserve personnel of Singapore includes 44,000 paramilitary from Singapore Police Force and Civil Defence Force.
  13. ^ The reserve personnel of South Korea predominantly consists of ex-conscripts with an obligation to undertake 3 days per year training.
  14. ^ The reserve personnel of Sweden includes 42,000 paramilitary from the Home Guard.
  15. ^ The reserve personnel of Thailand includes 45,000 paramilitary from National Security Volunteer Corps.
  16. ^ The United Kingdoms Regular Reserve is separated into two categories: 45,110 personnel serving under a fixed-term reserve contract[171] and 127,440 personnel liable to be recalled in "a time of need" under the 1996 Reserve Forces Act.[172]
  17. ^ The reserve personnel of Vietnam includes 5,000,000 paramilitary from People's Public Security and Civil Defense.

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  169. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 352–354
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  176. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 404-407
  177. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 292–293
  178. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 354–356
  179. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 459–460
  180. ^ IISS 2012, p. 461

BibliographyEdit

Further readingEdit