List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

Countries by number of active soldiers (2009)

This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel. It includes any government-sponsored soldiers used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government. The term "country" is used in the sense of state which exercises sovereignty or has limited recognition.

Guide to the listEdit

The list consists of columns which can be sorted by clicking on the appropriate title:

  • The names of the states, accompanied by their respective national flags.
  • The number of military personnel on active duty that are currently serving full-time in their military capacity.
  • The number of military personnel in the reserve forces that are not normally kept under arms whose role is to be available to mobilize when necessary.
  • The number of personnel in paramilitary forces, armed units that are not considered part of a nation's formal military forces.
  • The total number of military and paramilitary personnel, and the ratio per thousand inhabitants.

These numbers are approximations as military forces around the world are constantly changing in size.

Many of the 182 countries listed here, especially those with the highest number of total soldiers, such as the two Koreas and Vietnam, include a large number of paramilitaries, civilians and policemen in their reserve personnel. Some countries, such as India, Italy, Japan and the People's Republic of China, have only volunteers in their armed forces; while others, such as Mauritius and Panama, have no national armies, but only a paramilitary force.

The listEdit

Flag State Active military Reserve military Paramilitary Total Total per 1000 capita Active per 1000 capita
Afghanistan Afghanistan[1] 200,000 0 0 200,000 6.4 6.4
Albania Albania[2] 14,295 5,000 500 19,795 5.4 3.9
Algeria Algeria[3] 147,000 150,000 187,200 484,200 14.2 4.3
Angola Angola[4] 107,000 0 0 107,000 8.4 8.4
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda[5] 170 75 0 245 2.9 2
Argentina Argentina[6] 73,100 18,200 31,240 122,540 3.1 1.8
Armenia Armenia[7] 46,684 210,000 4,748 261,432 88.1 15.7
Australia Australia[8][9] 59,023 21,850 0 80,873 3.8 2.8
Austria Austria[10][11] 25,963 27,000 0 52,963 6.5 3.2
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan[12] 66,940 300,000 15,000 381,940 46.4 8.1
The Bahamas Bahamas[13] 860 0 0 860 2.8 2.8
Bahrain Bahrain[14] 8,200 0 11,260 19,460 26.7 11.3
Bangladesh Bangladesh[15] 280,000 2,400,000 1,100,000 3,780,000 24.2 1.8
Barbados Barbados[13] 610 430 0 1,040 3.7 2.1
Belarus Belarus[16] 72,940 289,500 110,000 472,440 49 7.6
Belgium Belgium[17] 38,452 2,040 0 40,492 3.9 3.7
Belize Belize[18] 1,050 700 0 1,750 5.7 3.4
Benin Benin[19] 4,750 0 2,500 7,250 0.8 0.5
Bhutan Bhutan[20][21] 8,000 0 1,000 9,000 12.7 11.3
Bolivia Bolivia[22] 46,100 0 37,100 83,200 8.5 4.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina[23] 9,656 0 0 9,656 2.1 2.1
Botswana Botswana[24] 9,000 0 1,500 10,500 5.3 4.5
Brazil Brazil[25][a] 327,710 1,340,000 395,000 2,062,710 10.4 1.6
Brunei Brunei[27] 7,000 700 2,250 9,950 25.6 18
Bulgaria Bulgaria[28] 35,000 13,150 3,400 51,550 7.2 4.9
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso[29] 11,200 0 250 11,450 0.7 0.7
Burma Burma[30] 406,000 0 107,250 513,250 10.7 8.4
Burundi Burundi[31] 20,000 0 31,050 51,050 5.4 2.1
Cambodia Cambodia[32] 124,300 0 67,000 191,300 13.2 8.6
Cameroon Cameroon[33] 14,100 0 9,000 23,100 1.2 0.7
Canada Canada[34] 68,250 55,150 4,554 127,954 3.8 2[35]
Cape Verde Cape Verde[36] 1,200 0 0 1,200 2.8 2.8
Central African Republic Central African Republic[37] 2,150 0 1,000 3,150 0.7 0.5
Chad Chad[38] 25,350 0 9,500 34,850 3.4 2.5
Chile Chile[39] 60,560 40,000 41,500 142,060 8.6 3.6
China People's Republic of China[40][41] 2,285,000 800,000 3,969,000 7,054,000 5.2 1.7[42]
Colombia Colombia[43] 449,415 790,000 144,097 1,383,512 29.2 9.5
Costa Rica Costa Rica[44] 0 0 9,800 9,800 2.3 0
Croatia Croatia[45] 18,600 21,000 3,000 42,600 9.5 4.1
Cuba Cuba[46][b] 49,000 1,159,000 26,500 1,234,500 107.8 4.3
Cyprus Cyprus[47] 10,050 50,000 750 60,800 56 9.3
Czech Republic Czech Republic[48] 17,932 0 10,988 28,920 2.8 1.8
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire[49] 17,050 10,000 1,500 28,550 1.4 0.8
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo[50] 151,251 0 1,400 152,651 2.2 2.2
Denmark Denmark[51] 26,585 53,507 0 80,092 14.6 4.8
Djibouti Djibouti[52] 12,000 2,000 2,450 16,450 17.8 13
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic[53] 49,910 0 15,000 64,910 6.7 5.2
Ecuador Ecuador[54] 57,983 118,000 400 176,383 12.1 4
Egypt Egypt[55] 468,500 479,000 397,000 1,344,500 17 5.9
El Salvador El Salvador[56] 15,500 9,900 17,000 42,400 5.9 2.2
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea[57] 1,320 0 2,000 3,320 5.2 2.1
Eritrea Eritrea[58] 201,750 120,000 0 321,750 52.9 33.1
Estonia Estonia[59][60][61] 4,750 60,000 22,508 87,258 67.2 3.7
Ethiopia Ethiopia[62] 138,000 0 0 138,000 1.6 1.6
Fiji Fiji[63] 3,500 6,000 0 9,500 10.1 3.7
Finland Finland[64][c] 22,600 354,600 11,500 388,700 74 4.3
France France[65][66] [d] 222,215 93,099 98,155 413,469 6.4 3.4
Gabon Gabon[67] 4,700 0 2,000 6,700 4.4 3.1
The Gambia Gambia[68] 800 0 0 800 0.4 0.4
Georgia (country) Georgia[69][70][71][72] 37,461 70,000 11,700 119,161 26.5 8.3
Germany Germany[73][74][75] 182,927 144,000 0 326,927 4 2.2
Ghana Ghana[76] 15,500 0 0 15,500 0.6 0.6
Greece Greece[77][78] 177,600 280,000 4,000 461,600 42.7 16.4
Guatemala Guatemala[79] 15,212 63,863 18,536 97,611 7.4 1.1
Guinea Guinea[80] 12,300 0 7,000 19,300 1.9 1.2
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau[81] 4,450 0 2,000 6,450 4.2 2.9
Guyana Guyana[82] 1,100 670 1,500 3,270 4.3 1.5
Haiti Haiti[83] 0 0 2,000 2,000 0.2 0
Honduras Honduras[84] 12,000 60,000 8,000 80,000 10.2 1.5
Hungary Hungary[85] 29,450 44,000 12,000 85,450 8.6 3
Iceland Iceland[86] 0 0 130 130 0.4 0
India India[87][e] 1,325,000 2,142,821 1,300,586 4,768,407 3.9 1.1
Indonesia Indonesia[88] 438,410 400,000 280,000 1,118,410 4.6 1.8
Iran Iran[89][90][f] 523,000 350,000 1,510,000 2,383,000 35.9 7.9
Iraq Iraq[91] 271,400 0 0 271,400 9.4 9.4
Republic of Ireland Ireland[92] 10,460 14,875 0 25,335 5.5 2.3
Israel Israel[93] 176,500 445,000 7,650 629,150 79.2 22.2
Italy Italy[94][95] 180,270 167,397 347,667 5.8 3
Jamaica Jamaica[96] 2,830 953 0 3,783 1.3 1
Japan Japan[97] 230,300 41,800 12,250 284,350 2.2 1.8
Jordan Jordan[98] 100,500 65,000 10,000 175,500 28 16
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan[99] 49,000 0 31,500 80,500 5.2 3.2
Kenya Kenya[100] 24,120 0 5,000 29,120 0.7 0.6
Kosovo Kosovo[101][102][103] 2,500 800 0 3,300 1.9 1.4
Kuwait Kuwait[104] 15,500 23,700 7,100 46,300 17.2 5.8
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan[105] 10,900 0 9,500 20,400 3.8 2
Laos Laos[106] 29,100 0 100,000 129,100 18.9 4.3
Latvia Latvia[107][g] 5,745 10,866 0 16,611 7.4 2.6
Lebanon Lebanon[108] 59,100 232,635 20,000 311,735 77.6 14.7
Lesotho Lesotho[109] 2,000 0 0 2,000 0.9 0.9
Liberia Liberia[110] 2,400 0 0 2,400 0.7 0.7
Libya Libya[111][h] 76,000 40,000 0 116,000 18.3 12
Lithuania Lithuania[112] 8,850 6,700 14,600 30,150 8.5 2.5
Luxembourg Luxembourg[113] 900 0 612 1,512 3.1 1.8
Madagascar Madagascar[114] 13,500 0 8,100 21,600 1 0.7
Malawi Malawi[115] 5,300 0 1,500 6,800 0.5 0.4
Malaysia Malaysia[116][i] 109,000 296,300 24,600 429,900 16.7 4.2
Mali Mali[117] 7,350 0 7,800 15,150 1.1 0.5
Malta Malta[118] 1,954 167 0 2,121 5.2 4.8
Mauritania Mauritania[119] 15,870 0 5,000 20,870 6.7 5.1
Mauritius Mauritius[120] 0 0 2,000 2,000 1.6 0
Mexico Mexico[121] 267,506 39,899 36,500 343,905 3.1 2.4
Moldova Moldova[122] 5,998 66,000 2,379 74,377 17.2 1.4
Monaco Monaco[123][124][125] 0 0 263 263 7.3 0
Mongolia Mongolia[126] 10,000 137,000 7,200 154,200 50.7 3.3
Montenegro Montenegro[127] 3,127 0 10,100 13,227 19.7 4.7
Morocco Morocco[128] 195,800 150,000 50,000 395,800 12.7 6.3
Mozambique Mozambique[129] 11,200 0 0 11,200 0.5 0.5
Namibia Namibia[130] 9,200 0 6,000 15,200 7.2 4.4
Nepal Nepal[131] 95,753 0 62,000 157,753 5.5 3.4
Netherlands Netherlands[132] 61,302 3,339 3,000 67,641 4 3.7
New Zealand New Zealand[133] 9,702 2,249 0 11,951 2.8 2.3
Nicaragua Nicaragua[134] 12,000 0 0 12,000 2 2
Niger Niger[135] 5,300 0 5,400 10,700 0.7 0.3
Nigeria Nigeria[136] 80,000 0 82,000 162,000 1.1 0.5
North Korea Democratic People's Republic of Korea[137][j] 1,106,000 8,200,000 189,000 9,495,000 386.7 45
Norway Norway[138] 24,025 45,250 0 69,275 14.9 5.2
Oman Oman[139] 42,600 0 4,400 47,000 13.8 12.5
Pakistan Pakistan[140][141] 617,000 513,000 304,000 1,434,000 8.2 3.5
Palestinian territories Palestine[142][k] 0 0 56,000 56,000 14 0
Panama Panama[143] 0 0 12,000 12,000 3.6 0
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea[144] 3,100 0 0 3,100 0.5 0.5
Paraguay Paraguay[145] 10,650 164,500 14,800 189,950 27.2 1.5
Peru Peru[146][l] 114,000 195,000 77,000 386,000 13.1 3.9
Philippines Philippines[147][m][148] 220,000 430,000 140,000 790,000 8.1 2.2
Poland Poland[149] 120,000 515,000 28,000 663,000 17.2 3.1
Portugal Portugal[150] 43,330 210,900 47,700 301,930 28.2 4
Qatar Qatar[151] 11,800 0 0 11,800 13.4 13.4
Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia[152] 8,000 4,850 0 12,850 6.2 3.9
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo[153] 10,000 0 2,000 12,000 3 2.5
Romania Romania[154] 73,350 45,000 79,900 198,250 8.9 3.3
Russia Russian Federation[155][156][n] 766,000 2,035,000 449,000 3,250,000 22.7 5.3
Rwanda Rwanda[157] 33,000 0 2,000 35,000 3.3 3.1
Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis[158][o] 70 130 119 319 6.2 1.4
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe[159][160] 600 0 0 600 3.3 3.3
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia[161] 233,500 0 15,500 249,000 8.7 8.1
Senegal Senegal[162] 13,620 0 5,000 18,620 1.4 1
Serbia Serbia[163][164] 36,000 170,000 10,000 216,000 29.3 4.9
Seychelles Seychelles[165] 200 0 450 650 7.4 2.3
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone[166] 10,500 0 0 10,500 2 2
Singapore Singapore[167][p] 72,500 356,500 93,800 522,800 112.2 15.6
Slovakia Slovakia[168] 16,531 0 0 16,531 3 3
Slovenia Slovenia[169] 7,200 3,800 4,500 15,500 7.7 3.6
Somalia Somalia[170] 62,000 23,000 0 85,000 8.6 6.3
South Africa South Africa[171] 62,082 15,071 12,382 89,535 1.8 1.3
South Korea Republic of Korea[172][q] 687,000 1,000,000 3,500,000 5,187,000 103.6 13.7
South Ossetia South Ossetia[173][174] 2,500 16,000 0 18,500 256.9 34.7
Spain Spain[175] 123,300 16,000 80,210 219,510 4.7 2.6
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka[176][177][r] 223,100 35,900 62,200 321,200 15.1 10.5
Sudan Sudan[176][s] 109,300 85,000 17,500 211,800 5.2 2.7
Suriname Suriname[178] 1,840 0 0 1,840 3.8 3.8
Swaziland Swaziland[179][180][181][t] 3,000 0 644 3,644 3.1 2.5
Sweden Sweden[182][u] 15,400 34,000 800 50,200 5.5 1.7
Switzerland Switzerland[183] 22,059 174,071 7,000 203,130 26.7 2.9
Syria Syria[184] 325,000 314,000 108,000 747,000 34.3 14.9
Taiwan Republic of China (Taiwan)[185] 290,000 1,657,000 17,000 1,964,000 85.5 12.6
Tajikistan Tajikistan[186] 8,800 0 7,500 16,300 2.2 1.2
Tanzania Tanzania[187] 27,000 80,000 1,400 108,400 2.6 0.7
Thailand Thailand[188][189][v] 305,860 245,000 113,700 664,560 10.1 4.6
East Timor Timor Leste[190] 1,332 0 0 1,332 1.3 1.3
Tonga Tonga[191][192] 220 280 0 500 4.5 2
Togo Togo[193] 8,550 0 750 9,300 1.5 1.4
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago[194] 4,063 0 0 4,063 3.3 3.3
Tunisia Tunisia[195] 35,800 0 12,000 47,800 4.6 3.4
Turkey Turkey[196][197] 664,049 378,700 45,181 1,087,930 14.2 8.7[198]
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan[199] 22,000 0 0 22,000 4.5 4.5
Uganda Uganda[200] 45,000 0 1,800 46,800 1.4 1.4
Ukraine Ukraine[201][202] 130,000 1,000,000 84,900 1,214,900 26.6 2.8
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates[203] 51,000 0 0 51,000 10.6 10.6
United Kingdom United Kingdom[204][205][206] 205,850 181,720 0 387,570 6.3 3.4
United States United States of America[w][207][208][209][210] 1,429,995 850,880 11,035 2,291,910 7.3 4.5
Uruguay Uruguay[211] 24,621 0 920 25,541 7.3 7
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan[212] 67,000 0 20,000 87,000 3.2 2.4
Vanuatu Vanuatu[213] 0 0 300 300 1.3 0
Venezuela Venezuela[214][215] 115,000 38,000 400,000 553,000 20.6 4.3
Vietnam Vietnam[216][x] 455,000 5,000,000 40,000 5,495,000 62 5.1
Yemen Yemen[217] 66,700 0 71,200 137,900 6 2.9
Zambia Zambia[218] 15,100 3,000 1,400 19,500 1.6 1.3
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe[219] 29,000 0 21,800 50,800 4.5 2.5

Not included in the list are the militaries of Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, Northern Cyprus and San Marino.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Paramilitary activities in Brazil are forbidden by the Brazilian Federal Constitution.[26]
  2. ^ The reserve personnel of Cuba includes 1,120,000 paramilitary from Youth Labour Army, Civil Defence and Territorial Troops Militia.
  3. ^ The reserve personnel of Finland includes 11,500 paramilitary from Finnish Border Guard.
  4. ^ The active personnel of France includes National Gendarmerie, a military institution part of French Armed Forces.
  5. ^ The reserve personnel of India includes 987,821 paramilitary from Indian Home Guard and Civil Defence.
  6. ^ The reserve personnel of Iran includes Basij, a paramilitary militia with claimed membership of 12.6 million (including women and children), which after mobilization can reach about 1,000,000 people able to fight.
  7. ^ The reserve personnel of Latvia includes 10,866 paramilitary from Latvian National Guard.
  8. ^ The numbers for Libya predate the Libyan civil war.
  9. ^ The reserve personnel of Malaysia includes 244,700 paramilitary from People's Volunteer Corps.
  10. ^ The reserve personnel of North Korea includes 3,500,000 paramilitary from Worker-Peasant Red Guard.
  11. ^ The personnel of Palestinian National Authority includes only organisations under the Directorate of Police Force; personnel strength figures for the various Palestinian groups in Gaza Strip, such as Hamas, are not known.
  12. ^ The reserve personnel of Peru includes 7,000 paramilitary from Ronda Campesina.
  13. ^ The reserve personnel of Philippines includes 40,000 paramilitary from Citizen Armed Force Geographical Unit.
  14. ^ The potential reserve personnel of Russia may be as high as 20 million, depending on how the figures are counted.
  15. ^ The paramilitary personnel of Saint Kitts and Nevis includes 119 members of the Cadet Corps.
  16. ^ The reserve personnel of Singapore includes 44,000 paramilitary from Singapore Police Force and Civil Defence Force.
  17. ^ The reserve personnel of South Korea includes 3,500,000 paramilitary from Homeland Reserve Forces.
  18. ^ The reserve personnel of Sri Lanka includes 30,400 paramilitary from Sri Lanka Police Service.
  19. ^ The reserve personnel of Sudan includes 85,000 paramilitary from the Popular Defence Force.
  20. ^ The paramilitary personnel of Swaziland includes 644 offices from Royal Swaziland Police.
  21. ^ The reserve personnel of Sweden includes 42,000 paramilitary from the Home Guard.
  22. ^ The reserve personnel of Thailand includes 45,000 paramilitary from National Security Volunteer Corps.
  23. ^ The paramilitary personnel of the United States does not include approximately 800,000 uniformed police officers employed at the local, state, and federal levels.
  24. ^ The reserve personnel of Vietnam includes 5,000,000 paramilitary from People's Public Security and Civil Defense.

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BibliographyEdit

Further readingEdit

Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 16:56