Last modified on 4 March 2015, at 03:19

List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

Countries by number of active soldiers (2009)

This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel. It includes any government-sponsored soldiers used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government. The term "country" is used in the sense of state which exercises sovereignty or has limited recognition.

Guide to the listEdit

The list consists of columns which can be sorted by clicking on the appropriate title:

  • The names of the states, accompanied by their respective national flags.
  • The number of military personnel on active duty that are currently serving full-time in their military capacity.
  • The number of military personnel in the reserve forces that are not normally kept under arms, whose role is to be available to mobilize when necessary.
  • The number of personnel in paramilitary forces, armed units that are not considered part of a nation's formal military forces.
  • The total number of military and paramilitary personnel, and the ratio per thousand inhabitants.
  • These numbers are largely sourced from the 2012 edition of "The Military Balance" published annually by the International Institute for Strategic Studies.
  • As military forces around the world are constantly changing in size, no definitive list can ever be compiled.

Many of the 174 countries listed here, especially those with the highest number of total soldiers, such as the two Koreas and Vietnam, include a large number of paramilitaries, civilians and policemen in their reserve personnel. Some countries, such as Italy and Japan, have only volunteers in their armed forces; while others, such as Mauritius and Panama, have no national armies, but only a paramilitary force.

The listEdit

Flag State Active military Reserve military Paramilitary Total Total per 1000 capita Active per 1000 capita
Afghanistan Afghanistan[1] 170,700 0 136,100 306,800 9.9 5.5
Albania Albania[2] 14,250 0 500 14,750 4.1 3.9
Algeria Algeria[3] 130,000 150,000 187,200 467,200 13.7 3.8
Angola Angola[4] 107,000 0 10,000 117,000 9.1 8.4
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda[5] 170 75 0 245 2.9 2
Argentina Argentina[6] 73,100 0 31,240 104,340 2.6 1.8
Armenia Armenia[7][Note 1] 48,834 210,000 6,964 265,798 89.6 16.5
Australia Australia[8] 56,552 20,440 0 76,992 3.6 2.7
Austria Austria[9] 22,800 171,400 0 194,200 23.7 2.8
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan[10] 66,950 300,000 15,000 381,950 40.2 7.1
The Bahamas Bahamas[11] 860 0 0 860 2.8 2.8
Bahrain Bahrain[12] 8,200 0 11,260 19,460 14.5 6.1
Bangladesh Bangladesh[13] 220,950 50,000 82,000 352,950 2.2 1.4
Barbados Barbados[11] 610 430 0 1,040 3.7 2.1
Belarus Belarus[14] 48,000 289,500 110,000 447,500 46.4 5
Belgium Belgium[15] 34,336 1,400 0 35,736 3.4 3.3
Belize Belize[16] 1,050 700 0 1,750 5.7 3.4
Benin Benin[17] 4,750 0 2,500 7,250 0.8 0.5
Bhutan Bhutan 8,000 0 1,000 9,000 12.1 10.8
Bolivia Bolivia[18] 46,100 0 37,100 83,200 8.5 4.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina[19] 9,656 0 0 9,656 2.1 2.1
Botswana Botswana[20] 9,000 0 1,500 10,500 5.3 4.5
Brazil Brazil[21] 318,480 1,340,000 395,000 2,053,480 10.3 1.6
Brunei Brunei[22] 7,000 700 2,250 9,950 23.9 16.8
Bulgaria Bulgaria[23] 31,300 303,000 16,000 350,300 47.6 4.3
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso[24] 11,200 0 250 11,450 0.7 0.7
Burma Burma[25] 406,000 0 107,250 513,250 10.7 8.4
Burundi Burundi[26] 20,000 0 31,050 51,050 5.4 2.1
Cambodia Cambodia[27] 124,300 0 67,000 191,300 13.2 8.6
Cameroon Cameroon[28] 14,100 0 9,000 23,100 1.2 0.7
Canada Canada[29][Note 2] 66,000 30,950 4,500 101,450 2.8 1.8
Cape Verde Cape Verde[30] 1,200 0 0 1,200 2.8 2.8
Central African Republic Central African Republic[31] 2,150 0 1,000 3,150 0.7 0.5
Chad Chad[32] 25,350 0 9,500 34,850 3.4 2.5
Chile Chile[33] 59,059 40,000 44,712 143,771 8.7 3.6
China People's Republic of China[34][Note 3] 2,285,000 510,000 1,132,000 3,927,000 2.9 1.7
Colombia Colombia[35] 449,415 790,000 144,097 1,383,512 29.2 9.5
Costa Rica Costa Rica[36] 0 0 9,800 9,800 2.1 0
Croatia Croatia[37] 16,550 21,000 3,000 40,550 9 3.7
Cuba Cuba[38][Note 4] 49,000 39,000 26,500 114,500 10 4.3
Cyprus Cyprus[39] 12,000 50,000 750 62,750 57.8 11.1
Czech Republic Czech Republic[40] 23,650 0 3,100 26,750 2.5 2.2
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire[41] 17,050 10,000 1,500 28,550 1.4 0.8
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo[42] 144,000 0 1,400 145,400 2.1 2.1
North Korea Democratic People's Republic of Korea[43][Note 5] 1,190,000 600,000 189,000 1,979,000 79.5 47.8
Denmark Denmark[44] 18,628 53,507 0 72,135 13.1 3.4
Djibouti Djibouti[45] 10,450 0 2,500 12,950 14 11.3
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic[46] 24,500 0 15,000 39,500 4.1 2.5
Ecuador Ecuador[47] 58,483 118,000 500 176,983 12.1 4
Egypt Egypt[48] 438,500 479,000 397,000 1,314,500 14.9 5
El Salvador El Salvador[49] 15,500 9,900 17,000 42,400 5.9 2.2
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea[50] 1,320 0 2,000 3,320 5.2 2.1
Eritrea Eritrea[51] 201,750 120,000 0 321,750 50.4 31.6
Estonia Estonia[52] 5,750 30,000 12,000 47,750 36.3 4.4
Ethiopia Ethiopia[53] 138,000 0 0 138,000 1.6 1.6
European Union European Union 1,596,017 2,329,112 621,020 4,546,149 9 3.1
Fiji Fiji[54] 3,500 6,000 0 9,500 10.1 3.7
Finland Finland[55] 22,200 340,000 2,800 365,000 66.7 4.1
France France[56] 215,019 27,680 98,155 340,854 5.3 3.3
Gabon Gabon[57] 4,700 2,000 6,700 4.4 3.1
The Gambia Gambia[58] 800 0 0 800 0.4 0.4
Georgia (country) Georgia[59][60][61] 37,825 140,000 11,700 189,525 42.2 8.4
Germany Germany[62][63] 186,450 40,320 0 226,770 2.8 2.3
Ghana Ghana[64] 15,500 0 0 15,500 0.6 0.6
Greece Greece[65] 143,350 216,650 4,000 364,000 33.8 13.3
Guatemala Guatemala[66] 15,212 63,863 19,000 98,075 7.4 1.1
Guinea Guinea[67] 12,300 0 7,000 19,300 1.9 1.2
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau[68] 4,450 0 2,000 6,450 4.2 2.9
Guyana Guyana[69] 1,100 670 1,500 3,270 4.3 1.5
Haiti Haiti[70] 0 0 2,000 2,000 0.2 0
Honduras Honduras[71] 12,000 60,000 8,000 80,000 10.2 1.5
Hungary Hungary[72] 22,587 44,000 12,000 78,587 7.9 2.3
Iceland Iceland[73] 0 0 130 130 0.4 0
India India[74][Note 6] 1,325,000 1,155,000 2,288,407 4,768,407 3.9 1.1
Indonesia Indonesia[75] 302,000 400,000 280,000 982,000 4.1 1.2
Iran Iran[76][Note 7] 523,000 350,000 40,000 913,000 11.4 6.5
Iraq Iraq[77] 271,400 0 531,000 802,400 27.7 9.4
Republic of Ireland Ireland[78] 9,350 4,630 0 13,980 3 2
Israel Israel[79] 176,500 465,000 8,000 649,500 78.8 21.4
Italy Italy[80][81][Note 8] 179,155 41,867 186,007 407,029 6.8 3
Jamaica Jamaica[82] 2,830 953 0 3,783 1.3 1
Japan Japan[83] 247,764 56,378 12,250 316,392 2.5 1.9
Jordan Jordan[84] 100,500 65,000 15,000 180,500 27.1 15.1
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan[85] 49,000 0 31,500 80,500 5.2 3.2
Kenya Kenya[86] 24,120 0 5,000 29,120 0.7 0.6
Kosovo Kosovo[87][88][89] 2,500 800 0 3,300 1.9 1.4
Kuwait Kuwait[90] 15,500 23,700 7,100 46,300 17.2 5.8
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan[91] 10,900 0 9,500 20,400 3.8 2
Laos Laos[92] 29,100 0 100,000 129,100 18.9 4.3
Latvia Latvia[93] 4,600 10,666 0 15,266 6.8 2.1
Lebanon Lebanon[94] 60,000 200,000 20,000 280,000 56.4 12.1
Lesotho Lesotho[95] 2,000 0 0 2,000 0.9 0.9
Liberia Liberia[96] 2,400 0 0 2,400 0.7 0.7
Libya Libya[97] 7,000 40,000 0 47,000 7.4 1.1
Lithuania Lithuania[98] 10,640 6,700 14,600 31,940 9 3
Luxembourg Luxembourg[99] 900 0 612 1,512 3.1 1.8
Madagascar Madagascar[100] 13,500 0 8,100 21,600 1 0.7
Malawi Malawi[101] 5,300 0 1,500 6,800 0.5 0.4
Malaysia Malaysia[102][Note 9] 109,000 51,600 269,300 429,900 16.7 4.2
Mali Mali[103] 7,350 0 7,800 15,150 1.1 0.5
Malta Malta[104] 1,954 173 0 2,127 5.2 4.8
Mauritania Mauritania[105] 15,870 0 5,000 20,870 6.7 5.1
Mauritius Mauritius[106] 0 0 2,000 2,000 1.6 0
Mexico Mexico[107] 280,000 87,344 51,500 418,844 3.8 2.5
Moldova Moldova[108] 5,354 57,971 2,379 65,704 15.2 1.2
Mongolia Mongolia[109] 10,000 137,000 7,200 154,200 50.7 3.3
Montenegro Montenegro[110] 2,984 0 10,100 13,084 19.5 4.4
Morocco Morocco[111] 325,000 150,000 50,000 525,000 16.8 10.4
Mozambique Mozambique[112] 11,200 0 0 11,200 0.5 0.5
Namibia Namibia[113] 9,200 0 6,000 15,200 7.2 4.4
Nepal Nepal[114] 95,753 0 62,000 157,753 5.5 3.4
Netherlands Netherlands[115] 37,400 3,200 5,900 46,500 2.7 2.2
New Zealand New Zealand[116] 9,637 2,314 0 11,951 2.8 2.3
Nicaragua Nicaragua[117] 12,000 0 0 12,000 2 2
Niger Niger[118] 5,300 0 5,400 10,700 0.7 0.3
Nigeria Nigeria[119] 80,000 0 82,000 162,000 1 0.5
Norway Norway[120] 24,450 45,250 0 69,700 15 5.2
Oman Oman[121] 42,600 0 4,400 47,000 13.8 12.5
Pakistan Pakistan[122] 643,800 500,000 304,000 1,447,800 8.3 3.7
State of Palestine Palestine[123][Note 10] 0 0 56,000 56,000 14 0
Panama Panama[124] 0 0 12,000 12,000 3.6 0
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea[125] 3,100 0 0 3,100 0.5 0.5
Paraguay Paraguay[126] 10,650 164,500 14,800 189,950 27.2 1.5
Peru Peru[127] 115,000 188,000 77,000 380,000 12.9 3.9
Philippines Philippines[128] 125,000 131,000 40,500 296,500 3 1.3
Poland Poland[129] 99,300 20,000 73,400 192,700 5 2.6
Portugal Portugal[130] 42,634 211,957 47,700 302,291 28.2 4
Qatar Qatar[131] 11,800 0 0 11,800 5.5 5.5
Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia[132] 8,000 4,850 0 12,850 6.2 3.9
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo[133] 10,000 0 2,000 12,000 3 2.5
Romania Romania[134] 73,900 45,000 79,900 198,800 8.9 3.3
Russia Russian Federation[135][136][Note 11] 845,000 2,035,000 474,000 3,354,000 23.4 5.9
Rwanda Rwanda[137] 33,000 0 2,000 35,000 3.3 3.1
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia[138] 233,500 0 15,500 249,000 8.7 8.1
Senegal Senegal[139] 13,620 0 5,000 18,620 1.4 1
Serbia Serbia[140] 28,184 50,171 10,000 88,355 12 3.8
Seychelles Seychelles[141] 200 0 450 650 7.4 2.3
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone[142] 10,500 0 0 10,500 2 2
Singapore Singapore[143] 72,500 312,500 75,100 460,100 84.1 13.3
Slovakia Slovakia[144] 15,799 0 0 15,799 2.9 2.9
Slovenia Slovenia[145] 7,600 1,700 4,500 13,800 6.9 3.8
Somalia Somalia[146] 2,000 0 0 2,000 0.2 0.2
South Africa South Africa[147] 62,082 15,071 12,382 89,535 1.8 1.3
South Korea Republic of Korea[148][Note 12] 630,000 2,970,000 130,000 3,730,000 72.7 12.3
Spain Spain[149] 123,300 16,000 80,210 219,510 4.7 2.6
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka[150] 160,900 5,500 92,600 259,000 12.1 7.5
Sudan Sudan[151] 109,300 85,000 17,500 211,800 5.2 2.7
South Sudan South Sudan[152] 140,000 0 0 140,000 3.4 3.4
Suriname Suriname[153] 1,840 0 0 1,840 3.8 3.8
Sweden Sweden[154][Note 13] 20,363 200,000 800 221,163 24.4 2.2
Switzerland Switzerland[155] 22,650 161,250 74,000 257,900 31.5 2.8
Syria Syria[156] 178,000 314,000 108,000 600,000 26.7 7.9
Taiwan Republic of China (Taiwan)[157] 290,000 1,657,000 17,000 1,964,000 84 12.4
Tajikistan Tajikistan[158] 8,800 0 7,500 16,300 2.2 1.2
Tanzania Tanzania[159] 27,000 80,000 1,400 108,400 2.6 0.7
Thailand Thailand[160][Note 14] 305,860 200,000 158,700 664,560 10.1 4.6
East Timor Timor Leste[161] 1,332 0 0 1,332 1.3 1.3
Togo Togo[162] 8,550 0 750 9,300 1.5 1.4
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago[163] 4,063 0 0 4,063 3.3 3.3
Tunisia Tunisia[164] 35,800 0 12,000 47,800 4.6 3.4
Turkey Turkey[165] 510,600 378,700 102,200 991,500 12.3 6.3
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan[166] 22,000 0 0 22,000 4.5 4.5
Uganda Uganda[167] 45,000 0 1,800 46,800 1.4 1.4
Ukraine Ukraine[168] 232,000 700,000 84,900 1,016,900 22.3 5.1
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates[169] 51,000 0 0 51,000 5.5 5.5
United Kingdom United Kingdom[170][171][Note 15] 156,330 27,270 0 183,600 2.9 2.5
United States United States of America[173] 1,492,000 843,750 14,000 2,349,750 7.3 4.7
Uruguay Uruguay[174] 24,621 0 818 25,439 7.3 7
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan[175] 48,000 0 20,000 68,000 2.5 1.7
Venezuela Venezuela[176] 115,000 8,000 0 123,000 4.6 4.3
Vietnam Vietnam[177][Note 16] 482,000 5,000,000 40,000 5,522,000 60.9 5.3
Yemen Yemen[178] 66,700 0 71,200 137,900 6 2.9
Zambia Zambia[179] 15,100 3,000 1,400 19,500 1.6 1.3
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe[180] 29,000 0 21,800 50,800 3.9 2.2

Not included in the list are the militaries of Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, Northern Cyprus, Monaco, San Marino, Saint Kitts and Nevis, São Tomé and Príncipe, Swaziland, Tonga and Vanuatu.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The reserve military of Armenia consists mostly of ex-conscripts who have seen service within the last 15 years.
  2. ^ The Canadian Coast Guard is listed as a paramilitary.
  3. ^ The paramilitary forces of China listed here does not include some 3,000,000 PLA Militia.
  4. ^ The reserve paramilitary of Cuba consists of the Youth Labour Army, Civil Defence and Territorial Troops Militia and count 1,120,000 units. Ready reserves serve 45 days per year.
  5. ^ The Worker-Peasant Red Guards count 5,700,000 units and are used as a reserve paramilitary. Many units are unarmed.
  6. ^ The paramilitary forces of India includes 987,821 personnel from Indian Home Guard and Civil Defence.
  7. ^ The paramilitary forces of Iran largely consists of the Basij, a paramilitary militia with claimed membership of 12.6 million (including women and children), which after mobilization can reach about 1,000,000 people able to fight.
  8. ^ The paramilitary forces of Italy consists of the Carabinieri and the Guardia di Finanza.
  9. ^ The paramilitary forces of Malaysia includes 244,700 personnel from the People's Volunteer Corps.
  10. ^ The personnel of Palestinian National Authority includes only organisations under the Directorate of Police Force; personnel strength figures for the various Palestinian groups in Gaza Strip, such as Hamas, are not known.
  11. ^ The potential reserve personnel of Russia may be as high as 20 million, depending on how the figures are counted.
  12. ^ The reserve personnel of South Korea predominantly consists of ex-conscripts with an obligation to undertake 3 days per year training.
  13. ^ The reserve personnel of Sweden includes 42,000 paramilitary from the Home Guard.
  14. ^ The reserve personnel of Thailand includes 45,000 paramilitary from National Security Volunteer Corps.
  15. ^ Since April 2013, MoD publications no longer report the entire strength of the Regular Reserve, instead, only Regular Reserves serving under a fixed-term reserve contract are counted. These contracts are similar in nature to the Volunteer Reserve.[172]
  16. ^ The reserve personnel of Vietnam includes 5,000,000 paramilitary from People's Public Security and Civil Defense.

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  172. ^ gov.uk MoD - reserves and cadet strengths, table 4 page 13. See note 2. April 2014.
  173. ^ "Armed Forces Strength Figures for December 31, 2013". United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  174. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 403–404
  175. ^ IISS 2014, pp. 197
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  177. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 287
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  179. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 459–460
  180. ^ IISS 2014, p. 468

BibliographyEdit

Further readingEdit