Last modified on 18 December 2014, at 18:27

Islam by country

World Muslim population by percentage (Pew Research Center, 2014).

Muslims constitute the world's second largest religious group. According to a 2010 study and released January 2011,[1][2] Islam has 1.57 billion adherents, making up over 23% of the world population.[3][4][5]

Islam is the dominant religion in the Middle East, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, the Sahel,[1][6][7][8] and some parts of Asia.[9] Large communities of Muslims are also found in China, the Balkans, India and Russia.[1][10] Other parts of the world host large Muslim immigrant communities; in Western Europe, for instance, Islam is the second largest religion after Christianity, where it represents 6% of the total population.[11]

According to the Pew Research Center in 2010 there were 49 Muslim-majority countries.[12] Around 62% of the world's Muslims live in South and Southeast Asia, with over 1 billion adherents.[13] The largest Muslim population in a country is in Indonesia, a nation home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims, followed by Pakistan (11.0%), India (10.9%), and Bangladesh (9.2%).[1][14] About 20% of Muslims live in Arab countries.[15] In the Middle East, the non-Arab countries of Turkey and Iran are the largest Muslim-majority countries; in Africa, Egypt and Nigeria have the most populous Muslim communities.[1][14] The study found more Muslims in the United Kingdom than in Lebanon and more in China than in Syria.[1]

CountriesEdit

Figures indicated in the first four columns below are based on the demographic study by the Pew Research Center report of The Future of the Global Muslim Population, as of 27 January 2011.[1][2]

TableEdit

Country/Region[1] Muslim population
2010 Pew Report[1]
Muslim percentage (%) of total population
2010 Pew Report[1]
Percentage (%) of World Muslim population
2010 Pew Report[1]
Muslim population
Other sources
Muslim percentage (%)
Other sources
Afghanistan Afghanistan 29,047,000 99.8 1.8
Albania Albania 2,601,000 82.1 0.2 1,587,608 (official census)[16] 38.8%[17][18] 56.7%[16]
Algeria Algeria 34,780,000 98.2 2.1
American Samoa American Samoa < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Andorra Andorra 1,000 1.1 < 0.1
Angola Angola 195,000 1.0 < 0.1
Anguilla Anguilla < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda < 1,000 0.6 < 0.1
Argentina Argentina 1,000,000 2.5 0.1
Armenia Armenia 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Aruba Aruba < 1,000 0.4 < 0.1
Australia Australia 399,000 1.9 < 0.1 476,291 (official census)[19] 2.2%[19]
Austria Austria 475,000 5.7 < 0.1 400-500,000[20] ~6.0%[21]
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 8,795,000 98.4 0.5
The Bahamas Bahamas < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Bahrain Bahrain 655,000 81.2 < 0.1 866,888 (official census)[22] 70.2%[22]
Bangladesh Bangladesh 148,607,000 90.4 9.2
Barbados Barbados 2,000 0.9 < 0.1
Belarus Belarus 19,000 0.2 < 0.1
Belgium Belgium 638,000 6.0 < 0.1 628,751[23] 6.0%[23]
Belize Belize < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Benin Benin 2,259,000 24.5 0.1
Bermuda Bermuda < 1,000 0.8 < 0.1
Bhutan Bhutan 7,000 1.0 < 0.1
Bolivia Bolivia 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia-Herzegovina 1,564,000 41.6 0.1 45%[24]
Botswana Botswana 8,000 0.4 < 0.1
Brazil Brazil 204,000 0.1 < 0.1 35,167 (official census)[25] 0.03%[25]
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands < 1,000 1.2 < 0.1
Brunei Brunei 211,000 51.9 < 0.1 67%[26]
Bulgaria Bulgaria 1,002,000 13.4 0.1 577,139 (official census)[27] 10%[27]
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 9,600,000 58.9 0.6 60.5%[28]
Burma Burma (Myanmar) 1,900,000 3.8 0.1
Burundi Burundi 184,000 2.2 < 0.1
Cambodia Cambodia 240,000 1.6 < 0.1
Cameroon Cameroon 3,598,000 18.0 0.2 20.9%[29]
Canada Canada 940,000 2.8 0.1 1,053,945 (official census)[30] 1.9%,[31] 3.2%[30]
Cape Verde Cape Verde < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Central African Republic Central African Republic 403,000 8.9 < 0.1 15%[32][33]
Chad Chad 6,404,000 55.7 0.4
Chile Chile 4,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 2,894 (official census)[34] 0.03% (over 15+ pop.)[34]
China China 23,308,000 1.8 1.4 50,000,000[35]
Colombia Colombia 14,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 40,000 to 80,000[36]
Comoros Comoros 679,000 98.3 < 0.1
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo 969,000 1.4 0.1
Cook Islands Cook Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Costa Rica Costa Rica < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Croatia Croatia 56,000 1.3 < 0.1
Cuba Cuba 10,000 0.1 < 0.1
Cyprus Cyprus 200,000 22.7 < 0.1
Czech Republic Czech Republic 4,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Denmark Denmark 226,000 4.1 < 0.1 210,000[37] 3.7%[37]
Djibouti Djibouti 853,000 97.0 0.1
Dominica Dominica < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Ecuador Ecuador 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Egypt Egypt 80,024,000 94.7 4.9 91%[38]
El Salvador El Salvador 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea 28,000 4.1 < 0.1
Eritrea Eritrea 1,909,000 36.5 0.1 50%[39]
Estonia Estonia 2,000 0.1 < 0.1 1,400[40]
Ethiopia Ethiopia 28,721,000 33.8 1.8 25,037,646[41] 34%
Faroe Islands Faeroe Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Federated States of Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Fiji Fiji 54,000 6.3 < 0.1
Finland Finland 42,000 0.8 < 0.1
France France 4,704,000 7.5 0.3 8%-10%[42]
French Guiana French Guiana 2,000 0.9 < 0.1
French Polynesia French Polynesia < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Gabon Gabon 145,000 9.7 < 0.1
The Gambia Gambia 1,669,000 95.3 0.1
Georgia (country) Georgia 442,000 10.5 < 0.1
Germany Germany 4,119,000 5.0 0.3 4,300,000[43] 5,4%[43]
Ghana Ghana 3,906,000 16.1 0.2
Gibraltar Gibraltar 1,000 4.0 < 0.1
Greece Greece 527,000 4.7 < 0.1
Greenland Greenland < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Grenada Grenada < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe 2,000 0.4 < 0.1
Guam Guam < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Guatemala Guatemala 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Guinea Guinea 8,693,000 84.2 0.5
Guinea-Bissau Guinea Bissau 705,000 42.8 < 0.1 50%[44]
Guyana Guyana 55,000 7.2 < 0.1
Haiti Haiti 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Honduras Honduras 11,000 0.1 < 0.1
Hong Kong Hong Kong 91,000 1.3 < 0.1
Hungary Hungary 25,000 0.3 < 0.1 5,579 (official census)[45]
Iceland Iceland < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1 770[46] 0.24%[46]
India India 177,286,000 14.6 10.9 22%[44]
Indonesia Indonesia 204,847,000 88.1 12.7
Iran Iran 74,819,000 99.7 4.6
Iraq Iraq 31,108,000 98.9 1.9
Republic of Ireland Ireland 43,000 0.9 < 0.1
Isle of Man Isle of Man < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Israel Israel 1,287,000 17.7 0.1
Italy Italy 1,583,000 2.6 0.1 825,000[21] 1.4%[21]
Ivory Coast Ivory Coast 7,960,000 36.9 0.5 40%[47][48][49]
Jamaica Jamaica 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Japan Japan 185,000 0.1 < 0.1
Jordan Jordan 6,397,000 98.8 0.4
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 8,887,000 56.4 0.5 70.2% (official census)[50]
Kenya Kenya 2,868,000 7.0 0.2 10%[51]
Kiribati Kiribati < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Kosovo Kosovo 2,104,000 91.7 0.1 1,584,000[52]
Kuwait Kuwait 2,636,000 86.4 0.2
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 4,927,000 88.8 0.3
Laos Laos 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Latvia Latvia 2,000 0.1 < 0.1
Lebanon Lebanon 2,542,000 59.7 0.2
Lesotho Lesotho 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Liberia Liberia 523,000 12.8 < 0.1
Libya Libya 6,325,000 96.6 0.4
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 2,000 4.8 < 0.1
Lithuania Lithuania 3,000 0.1 < 0.1
Luxembourg Luxembourg 11,000 2.3 < 0.1
Macau Macau < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia 713,000 34.9 < 0.1
Madagascar Madagascar 220,000 1.1 < 0.1 7%[53]
Malawi Malawi 2,011,000 12.8 0.1
Malaysia Malaysia 17,139,000 61.4 1.1
Maldives Maldives 309,000 98.4 < 0.1
Mali Mali 12,316,000 92.4 0.8
Malta Malta 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
Marshall Islands Marshall Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Martinique Martinique < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Mauritania Mauritania 3,338,000 99.2 0.2
Mauritius Mauritius 216,000 16.6 < 0.1
Mayotte Mayotte 197,000 98.8 < 0.1
Mexico Mexico 111,000 0.1 < 0.1 3,700 (official census)[54]
Moldova Moldova 15,000 0.4 < 0.1
Monaco Monaco < 1,000 0.5 < 0.1
Mongolia Mongolia 120,000 4.4 < 0.1
Montenegro Montenegro 116,000 18.5 < 0.1 118,477 [55] 19.11% [55]
Montserrat Montserrat < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Morocco Morocco 32,381,000 99.9 2.0 99%[56]
Mozambique Mozambique 5,340,000 22.8 0.3
Namibia Namibia 9,000 0.4 < 0.1
Nauru Nauru < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Nepal Nepal 1,253,000 4.2 0.1
Netherlands Netherlands 914,000 5.5 0.1 5.8%[57]
Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
New Caledonia New Caledonia 7,000 2.8 < 0.1
New Zealand New Zealand 41,000 0.9 < 0.1
Nicaragua Nicaragua 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Niger Niger 15,627,000 98.3 1.0
Nigeria Nigeria 75,728,000 47.9 4.7 85,000,000 50%[58]
Niue Niue < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
North Korea North Korea 3,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands < 1,000 0.7 < 0.1
Norway Norway 144,000 3.0 < 0.1 163,180 in 2008[59]
Oman Oman 2,547,000 87.7 0.2
Pakistan Pakistan 178,097,000 96.4 11.0
Palau Palau < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
State of Palestine Palestine 4,298,000 97.5 0.3 3,500,000 99.3% (Gaza Strip),[60] 75% (West Bank)[61]
Panama Panama 25,000 0.7 < 0.1
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Paraguay Paraguay 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Peru Peru < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Philippines Philippines 4,737,000 5.1 0.3 10,300,000 (2012)[62] 5% (2000) to 11% (2012)[62]
Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Poland Poland 20,000 0.1 < 0.1
Portugal Portugal 65,000 0.6 < 0.1
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Qatar Qatar 1,168,000 77.5 0.1
Republic of the Congo Republic of Congo 60,000 1.6 < 0.1
Réunion Reunion 35,000 4.2 < 0.1
Romania Romania 73,000 0.3 < 0.1
Russia Russia 16,379,000 6 1.0 11.7%[63]
Rwanda Rwanda 188,000 1.8 < 0.1
Saint Helena St. Helena < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Saint Kitts and Nevis St. Kitts and Nevis < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
Saint Lucia St. Lucia < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Saint Pierre and Miquelon St. Pierre and Miquelon < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2,000 1.7 < 0.1
Samoa Samoa < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
San Marino San Marino < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 25,493,000 97.1 1.6
Senegal Senegal 12,333,000 95.9 0.8
Serbia Serbia 280,000 3.7 < 0.1
Seychelles Seychelles < 1,000 1.1 < 0.1
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 4,171,000 71.5 0.3
Singapore Singapore 721,000 14.9 < 0.1
Slovakia Slovakia 4,000 0.1 < 0.1
Slovenia Slovenia 49,000 2.4 < 0.1
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Somalia Somalia 9,231,000 98.6 0.6 99.9%[64][65][66][67][68]
South Africa South Africa 737,000 1.5 < 0.1
South Korea South Korea 75,000 0.2 < 0.1
South Sudan South Sudan
Spain Spain 1,021,000 2.3 0.1 1,000,000[21] 2.3%[21]
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 1,725,000 8.5 0.1 1,967,227 (official census)[69] 9.71[69]
Sudan Sudan 30,855,000 71.4[Note 1] 1.9 97.0% (only the Republic of Sudan)[70]
Suriname Suriname 84,000 15.9 < 0.1 19.6%[71]
Swaziland Swaziland 2,000 0.2 < 0.1
Sweden Sweden 451,000 4.9 < 0.1 450-500,000[72] ~5%[72]
Switzerland Switzerland 433,000 5.7 < 0.1 400,000[73] 5%[73]
Syria Syria 20,895,000 92.8 1.3
Taiwan Taiwan 23,000 0.1 < 0.1 60,000[74] 0.3%[75]
Tajikistan Tajikistan 7,006,000 99.0 0.4
Tanzania Tanzania 13,450,000 29.9 0.8 35%[76]
Thailand Thailand 3,952,000 5.8 0.2
East Timor Timor-Leste 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Togo Togo 827,000 12.2 0.1 20%[77]
Tokelau Tokelau < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Tonga Tonga < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 78,000 5.8 < 0.1
Tunisia Tunisia 10,349,000 99.8 0.6
Turkey Turkey 74,660,000 98.6 4.6 96.4[78]
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 4,830,000 93.3 0.3
Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Tuvalu Tuvalu < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Uganda Uganda 4,060,000 12.0 0.3
Ukraine Ukraine 393,000 0.9 < 0.1 2,000,000[79]
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 3,577,000 76.0 0.2
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2,869,000 4.6 0.2 2,422,000[80] 2.4%[21]
United States United States 2,595,000 0.8 0.2 6,000,000-7,000,000[81]
United States Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Uruguay Uruguay < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 26,833,000 96.5 1.7
Vanuatu Vanuatu < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Vatican City Vatican City 0 0 0
Venezuela Venezuela 95,000 0.3 < 0.1
Vietnam Vietnam 160,000 0.2 < 0.1 71,200[82]
Wallis and Futuna Wallis and Futuna < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Western Sahara Western Sahara 528,000 99.6 < 0.1
Yemen Yemen 24,023,000 99.0 1.5
Zambia Zambia 59,000 0.4 < 0.1
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 109,000 0.9 < 0.1
South & Southeast Asia 1,005,507,000 24.8 62.1
Middle East-North Africa 321,869,000 91.2 19.9
Sub-Saharan Africa 242,544,000 29.6 15.0
Europe 44,138,000 6.0 2.7
Americas 5,256,000 0.6 0.3
World Total 1,619,314,000 23.4 100.0
  1. ^ Includes South Sudan

See alsoEdit

Other religions by country

General

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Muslim Population by Country". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Preface", The Future of the Global Muslim Population (Pew Research Center) 
  3. ^ "Executive Summary". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  4. ^ "Christian Population as Percentages of Total Population by Country". Global Christianity. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  5. ^ Turmoil in the world of Islam
  6. ^ "Region: Middle East-North Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  7. ^ "Region: Sub-Saharan Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  8. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306
    According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  9. ^ Britannica[dead link], Think Quest, Wadsworth.com
  10. ^ Secrets of Islam, U.S. News & World Report. Information provided by the International Population Center, Department of Geography, San Diego State University (2005).
  11. ^ See:
  12. ^ "Muslim-Majority Countries". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  13. ^ "Region: Asia-Pacific". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  14. ^ a b "Number of Muslim by country". nationmaster.com. Retrieved 2007-05-30. 
  15. ^ See:
    • Esposito (2002b), p.21
    • Esposito (2004), pp.2,43
  16. ^ a b Albanian census 2011
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  20. ^ How many Muslims live in Austria?
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  23. ^ a b In België wonen 628.751 moslims
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  25. ^ a b [1] Census 2010
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  27. ^ a b Census 2011
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  58. ^ [2]
  59. ^ Innvandrere og norskfødte med innvandrerforeldre fra land der islam er hovedreligion, etter landbakgrunn. 1980, 1990, 2000 og 2008
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  61. ^ "West Bank". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
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  63. ^ USCIRF Annual Report 2006 - The Russian Federation
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  79. ^ Ислам в Украине
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  82. ^ Muslim Population in Asia: 1950 – 2020

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit