This is a list of bridge failures.
This is a list of bridge failures including failures during construction. This list may be sorted by any field.
|Bridge||Location||Country||Date||Construction type, use of bridge||Reason||Casualties||Damage||Comments|
|Stirling||Scotland||September 1297||Beam and trestle over the River Forth||Overload by attackers during the Battle of Stirling Bridge||Unknown, English forces defeated||Bridge rendered unusable|
|Venice||Venetian Republic||1444||Wooden structure with central drawbridge.||Overload by spectators during a wedding||Unknown||Bridge total damage|
|Eitai Bridge (Eitai-bashi)||Tokyo (Edo)||Japan||20 September 1807 (Lunisolar 19 August)||Wooden beam bridge over River Sumida||Overload by festival||500-1500 killed||1 pier and 2 spans destroyed||Edo-Tokyo Museum|
|Saalebrücke bei Mönchen-Nienburg||Nienburg, Saxony-Anhalt||Germany||6 December 1825||Chain-stayed bridge with small bascule section||Poor materials, unbalanced load and vibrations by subjects singing to honour the duke||55 drowned or frozen to death||Bridge half damaged, other side demolished|||
|Broughton, Greater Manchester||England||12 April 1831||Suspension bridge over River Irwell||Bolt snapped due to mechanical resonance caused by marching soldiers||20 injured||Collapsed at one end, bridge quickly rebuilt and strengthened|
|Yarmouth Bridge||Great Yarmouth||England||2 May 1845||Suspension bridge||People had crowded onto the bridge to see a clown go down the river in a barrel; their weight shifted as the barrel passed underneath, the suspension chains snapped and the bridge deck tipped over.||79 people drowned, mainly children.||Suspension chains snapped due to overload.|
|Dee Bridge||Chester||England||24 May 1847||Cast iron beam bridge over the River Dee||Overload by passenger train on faulty structure||5 killed||Bridge rendered unusable|
|Angers Bridge||Angers||France||16 April 1850||Suspension bridge over Maine River||Wind and possibly resonance of soldiers led to collapse||226 killed, unknown injured||Bridge total damage|
|Gasconade Bridge||Gasconade, Missouri||United States||1 November 1855||Wooden rail bridge||Inaugural train run conducted before temporary trestle work was replaced by permanent structure||31 killed, hundreds injured||Span from anchorage to first pier destroyed|
|Desjardins Canal Bridge||Desjardins Canal, Ontario||Canada||12 March 1857||Rail bridge||Mechanical force due to broken locomotive front axle||59 killed|
|Sauquoit Creek Bridge||3 miles (4.8 km) from Utica, New York||United States||11 May 1858||Railroad trestle||Weight (two trains on the same trestle)||9 killed, 55 injured|
|Springbrook Bridge||Between Mishawaka and South Bend, Indiana||United States||27 June 1859||Railroad embankment bridge||Washout||41 killed (some accounts of 60 to 70)|
|Wootton Bridge||Wootton||England||11 June 1860||Cast iron rail bridge||Cast iron beams cracked and failed||2 killed||Total damage to floor|
|Bull Bridge||Ambergate||England||26 September 1860||Cast iron rail bridge||Cast iron beam cracked and failed while freight train was on it||0 killed 0 injured||Total collapse of bridge|
|Platte Bridge||St. Joseph, Missouri||United States||3 September 1861||Sabotage by Confederate partisans during US Civil War.||17-20 killed, 100 injured|
|Chunky Creek Bridge||near Hickory, Mississippi||United States||1863||Winter flood caused a debris build-up which shifted the bridge trestle.|
|train bridge||Wood River Junction||United States||19 April 1873||Washaway|
|Portage Bridge||Portageville, New York||United States||5 May 1875||Wooden beam bridge over the Genesee River||Fire||0 killed 0 injured||Bridge was a total loss|
|bridge||between Valparaiso and Santiago||Chile||July 1875||Collapsed beneath the overnight train|
|Ashtabula River Railroad Bridge||Ashtabula, Ohio||United States||29 December 1876||Wrought iron truss bridge||Possible fatigue failure of cast iron elements||92 killed, 64 injured||Bridge total damage|
|Tay Rail Bridge||Dundee||Scotland||28 December 1879||Continuous girder bridge, wrought iron framework on cast iron columns, railway bridge||Faulty design, construction and maintenance, structural deterioration and wind load||75 killed (60 known dead), no survivors||Bridge unusable, girders partly reused, train damaged|
|Inverythan Rail Bridge||Aberdeenshire||Scotland||27 November 1882||Cast iron girder rail bridge||Hidden defects in cast iron caused collapse as train passed over||5 killed, 17 injured||Bridge rebuilt|
|Little Silver, New Jersey||United States||30 June 1882||Trestle railway bridge||Train derailment due to insecure railroad switch on the northbound side of the bridge.||3 killed, 65+ injured||Estimated $15,000 worth of damage to the bridge and cars combined. Bridge was repaired.||Several rail cars derailed and fell off the bridge into Parker's Creek. Ulysses S. Grant was a passenger at the time.|
|River Drave||Hungary||26 September, 1882||Railway bridge||Train tumbles into river|||
|Camberwell Bridge||London||England||15 May 1884||Cast iron trough girder bridge over railway||Hidden defects in cast iron caused collapse of four girders||0 killed, 1 injured||Bridge rebuilt|
|Bussey Bridge||Boston||United States||14 March 1887||Iron railroad bridge collapses under train||poor construction||30 killed, 40 injured||Bridge rebuilt|
|Big Four Bridge||Louisville, Kentucky||United States||10 October 1888||caisson and truss||12 died when caisson flooded,
4 died when beam broke,
|Norwood Junction Rail Bridge||London||England||1 May 1891||Cast iron girder fails under passing train||Hidden defects in cast iron caused collapse||0 killed, 1 injured||Bridge rebuilt|
|Munchenstein Rail Bridge||Munchenstein||Switzerland||14 June 1891||wrought iron truss||train falls through centre of bridge||71 killed, 171 injured|
|Point Ellice Bridge||Victoria, British Columbia||Canada||26 May 1896||overloaded tram car collapses central span||47/53/50—60 killed (reports vary)|
|Bridge||Location||Country||Date||Construction type, use of bridge||Reason||Casualties||Damage||Comments|
|Dry Creek Bridge||Eden, Colorado||United States||7 August 1904||Wooden railway bridge||Collapsed because of a sudden washout||111 killed, unknown injured||Bridge completely destroyed|
|Egyptian Bridge||Saint Petersburg||Russian Empire||20 January 1905||Stone suspension bridge||Disputed||0 killed, 0 injured||Bridge rebuilt|
|Portage Canal Swing Bridge||Houghton, Michigan||United States||15 April 1905||Steel swing bridge||Swing span struck by the steamer Northern Wave.||0 killed, 0 injured||Swing span rebuilt.|
|Cimarron River Rail Crossing||Dover, Oklahoma Territory||United States||18 September 1906||Wooden railroad trestle||Washed out under pressure from debris during high water||4-100+ killed||Entire span lost; rebuilt||Bridge was to be temporary, but replacement was delayed for financial reasons. Number of deaths is uncertain; estimates range from 4 to over 100.|
|Quebec Bridge||Quebec City||Canada||29 August 1907||Cantilever bridge, steel framework, railway bridge||Collapsed during construction: design error, bridge unable to support own weight||75 killed, 11 injured||Bridge completely destroyed.|
|Romanov Bridge||now Zelenodolsk[disambiguation needed]||Russian Empire||22 November 1911||Railway bridge||Collapsed during construction: ice slip undermined scaffolding||13 confirmed killed, ~200 missing||Scaffold with workers fell on the ice, causing many to drown||Bridge was completed later|
|Division Street Bridge||Spokane, Washington||United States||18 December 1915||Steel framework, trolley car bridge||Collapsed a week after being resurfaced; poor steel, metal fatigue, and a previous impact by another bridge swept downstream during a flood||5-7 killed, 10 injured||Complete loss, plus two trolley cars destroyed||Replaced by a 3-vault concrete span|
|Quebec Bridge||Quebec City||Canada||11 September 1916||Cantilever bridge, steel framework, railway bridge||Central span slipped whilst being hoisted in place due to contractor error||11 killed, unknown injured||Central span dropped into the river, where it still lies today||Rebuilt and opened in December 1919 after almost two decades of construction.|
|Bridge||Jalon||Spain||22 November 1927||Bridge failed during passage of funeral procession||100 thrown into water|||
|Otsu||Japan||1934||Typhoon||11 killed, 216 injured|
|Fremantle Railroad Bridge||Fremantle||Australia||22 July 1926||Flood||0 killed, 0 injured||Proposed replacement by Combined Bridge, road and rail.|
|Appomattox River Drawbridge||Hopewell, Virginia||United States||22 December 1935||Bus drove across the drawbridge when it was open.||14 killed|
|Falling Creek Bridge||Chesterfield County, Virginia||United States||1 September 1936||Wood and steel.||Two trucks were crossing the bridge when one struck a tie rod causing the bridge to collapse. One truck fell to the creek bed 15 feet below, and the other made it off the bridge and onto the road.||4 killed, 5 injured||There is no link to this story. It is described in the September 2, 1936 issue of the Richmond News-Leader newspaper.|
|Kasai River Bridge||Kasai||Belgian Congo||12 September 1937||Railway bridge||While under construction.||Began in 1935; Construction never resumed.|
|Upper Steel Arch Bridge||Niagara Falls, NY – Niagara Falls, ON||United States – Canada||27 January 1938||Steel arch road bridge||Ice jam in gorge pushed bridge off foundations||0 killed, 0 injured||Bridge completely destroyed||Rainbow Bridge|
|Sandö Bridge||Kramfors, Ångermanland||Sweden||31 August 1939||Concrete arch bridge||Collapsed during construction||18 killed||Complete loss of the main span||Did not receive much media attention as the Second World War began the next day. The bridge was finished in 1943 as the longest concrete arch bridge in the world until 1964.|
|Tacoma Narrows Bridge||Tacoma, Washington||United States||7 November 1940||Road bridge, cable suspension with plate girder deck||Aerodynamically poor design resulted in aeroelastic flutter||0 killed, 0 injured (1 dog killed)||Bridge completely destroyed, no person killed, but one dog killed and three vehicles lost.||aeroelastic flutter. Since that time most major new bridges have been modelled in wind tunnels. Rebuilt in 1950; parallel span opened in 2007.|
|Theodor Heuss Bridge||Ludwigshafen||Germany||12 December 1940||Bridge of concrete, Motorway bridge||Collapsed during construction||Unknown||Bridge totally destroyed|
|Chesapeake City Bridge||Chesapeake City, MD||United States||28 July 1942||Road bridge, vertical lift drawbridge||Tanker Franz Klasen rammed the movable bridge supports, causing collapse||Unknown||Central span completely destroyed||Bridge replaced by high-level tied-arch bridge in 1949|
|Ludendorff Bridge||Remagen||Germany||17 March 1945||Truss railroad and pedestrian bridge||Collapse due to previous battle damage incurred 7 March 1945||28 U.S. soldiers killed||Total destruction|
|John P. Grace Memorial Bridge||Charleston, South Carolina||United States||24 February 1946||Steel cantilever truss automobile bridge||Three spans collapsed due to collision with the freighter Nicaragua Victory||5 killed||Three collapsed spans 240 feet (73 m) were replaced and stood until 2005 when the bridge was closed following the opening of the Arthur Ravenel, Jr. Bridge|
|Inotani Wire Bridge||Toyama||Japan||1949||29 killed||Construction of bridge and cause of collapse are unclear from text provided|
|Bridge||Location||Country||Date||Construction type, use of bridge||Reason||Casualties||Damage||Comments|
|Duplessis Bridge||Trois-Rivières-Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec||Canada||31 January 1951||Steel bridge||Structural failure due to adverse temperature||4 killed||Total destruction||Reconstructed|
|Bury Knowsley Street Station Footbridge||Bury||England||19 January 1952||Wooden footbridge with wrought iron frame and supports||Supports failed due to inadequate maintenance||2 killed, 173 injured||Bridge replaced||Bridge since demolished, due to closure of station|
|Harrow & Wealdstone Station Footbridge||Wealdstone||England||8 October 1952||Pedestrian footbridge||Struck by train(s) during accident||112 killed, 340 injured||Total destruction||It is not recorded how many casualties were due to the bridge collapse|
|Whangaehu River Rail Bridge||Tangiwai||New Zealand||24 December 1953||Railway bridge||Damaged by lahar minutes before passenger train passed over it.||151 killed. New Zealand's worst train disaster.||Bridge destroyed|
|St. Johns Station Rail Bridge||Lewisham, South London||England||4 December 1957||Railway bridge||Two trains collided and smashed into supports, collapsing part of bridge onto the wreckage||90 killed, 173 injured||Bridge destroyed||Unknown how many deaths/injuries specifically due to bridge collapse, since its effect was to worsen the train wreck|
|Temporary footbridge||Havana||Cuba||25 February 1958||Temporary footbridge||Bridge struck by an out-of-control Ferrari sports-racing car, driven by Armando Garcia Cifuentes, which then ploughed into trackside spectators during the 1958 Cuban Grand Prix||7 killed, 40+ injured||Bridge destroyed||Unknown how many deaths/injuries specifically due to bridge collapse|
|Second Narrows Bridge||Vancouver, British Columbia||Canada||17 June 1958||Steel truss cantilever||Collapsed during construction due to miscalculation of weight bearing capacity of a temporary arm.||19 killed, 79 injured||Rebuilt||8 additional deaths during the course of construction|
|Severn Railway Bridge||Gloucestershire||England||25 October 1960||Cast iron||Two of 22 spans collapsed after two petrol barges collided with one of the support columns in thick fog. A third span collapsed 5 months later.||5 killed||Demolished 1967-1970|
|King Street Bridge||Melbourne||Australia||10 July 1962||One span collapsed under the weight of a 47-long-ton (48 t) semi-trailer due to brittle fracture on a very cold winter day||0 killed|
|General Rafael Urdaneta Bridge||Maracaibo||Venezuela||6 April 1964||Road bridge||Ship collision||7 killed||2 section collapsed||Currently in operation|
|Kansas Avenue Bridge||Topeka, Kansas||United States||2 July 1965||Kansas Avenue Melan Bridge for traffic between downtown and North Topeka||Structural deterioration||Killed a Topeka man||Single span collapse||Suddenly collapsed about 5:30 p.m. on 2 July 1965, killing a Topeka man.|
|Heron Road Bridge||Ottawa||Canada||10 August 1966||Concrete road bridge||Use of green lumber and the lack of diagonal bracing on the wooden support forms during concrete pour.||9 killed||Rebuilt.|
|Boudewijnsnelweg Bridge||Viersel||Belgium||13 November 1966||Concrete road bridge over Nete Canal (Netekanaal)||Collapse due to faulty design: the foundation of the piers was not deep enough.||2 killed, 17 injured||Rebuilt.|
|Heiligenstedten Bascule Bridge||Heiligenstedten||Germany||1966||Road bridge||Ship collision||0 killed||Bridge Rebuilt|
|Silver Bridge||Point Pleasant, West Virginia and Gallipolis, Ohio||United States||15 December 1967||Road bridge, chain link suspension||Material fault and corrosion||46 killed, 9 injured||Bridge and 37 vehicles destroyed||Mothman Prophecies and The Mothman Prophecies (film).|
|Queen Juliana Bridge||Willemstad, Curaçao||Netherlands Antilles||6 November 1967||Portal bridge||Construction support fault. Bridge fell during construction||15 killed||Bridge collapsed at the Punda side||Bridge reconstruction started in 1969 and was completed in 1971|
|Countess Weir Bridge||Exeter, Devon||England||6 January 1968||Brick Arch bridge||Construction support fault. Scour under raft foundation||Pier 23 collapsed||Bridge repaired and reinforced|
|Britannia Bridge||Menai Strait||Wales||23 May 1970||Railway tubular bridge||Children accidentally set light to debris and railway sleepers and irreparably damaged the bridge||No casualties||Tubular section buckled beyond repair||Bridge re-built to a new design using the original piers with a road deck over the new railway deck|
|West Gate Bridge||Melbourne||Australia||15 October 1970||Road Bridge||Collapsed during construction due to poor design and ill-advised construction methods||35 killed||112-metre (367 ft) span between piers 10 and 11 collapsed||Cantilevered section under construction sprang back and collapsed following attempts to remove a buckle caused by a difference in camber of 11 cm (4.5 inches) between it and the other section of the span to which it was to be joined|
|Cleddau Bridge||Pembroke Dock and Neyland||Wales||2 June 1970||Box girder road bridge||Inadequacy of the design of a pier support diaphragm||4 killed, 5 injured||70-metre (230 ft) cantilever being used to put one of the 150-tonne (150-long-ton) sections into position collapsed|
|South Bridge, Koblenz||Koblenz||Germany||10 November 1971||Road bridge||Bridge bent into Rhine||13 killed, unknown injured||Bridge completely destroyed|
|Sidney Lanier Bridge||Brunswick, Georgia||United States||7 November 1972||Vertical Lift Bridge over the South Brunswick River||Struck by the freighter African Neptune||10 deaths, multiple injuries||Several spans knocked out||Repaired during 1972-73 then completely replaced with a new cable-stayed bridge in 2003|
|Welland Canal Bridge No. 12||Port Robinson, Ontario||Canada||25 August 1974||Vertical lift bridge over the Welland Canal||Struck by the ore carrier Steelton||0 killed, 2 injured||Bridge declared a loss; new tunnel or bridge rebuilding costs were found to be unjustified.||Remaining structure dismantled; passenger ferry instated. Car traffic must use the northern Allanburg bridge or the southern East Main Street tunnel in Welland.|
|Makahali River bridge||Baitadi||Nepal||November 1974||140 killed|
|Tasman Bridge||Hobart||Australia||5 January 1975||Bridge of concrete, Motorway bridge||Ore freighter Lake Illawarra collided with pylons. A 400-foot (120 m) section of bridge collapsed onto freighter and into the river. Four cars drove off bridge||12 killed (7 ship crewman and 5 motorists)||2 pylons and three sections of bridge collapsed, ore freighter sank, 4 cars fell into river||City of Hobart was split in two. Residents living in the east were forced to make a 50 kilometres (31 mi) trip to the CBD via the next bridge to the north. Missing sections were reconstructed and the bridge reopened on 8 October 1977|
|Reichsbrücke||Vienna||Austria||1 August 1976||Road bridge with tram||Column fractured||1 killed, 0 injured||Bridge, one bus and a lorry destroyed, ships damaged||Concrete of the column had never been examined, was internally totally destroyed; "higher force"|
|Granville Railway Bridge||Sydney||Australia||18 January 1977||Vehicle overpass||Passenger train derailed while passing under the Bold Street road overpass and collided with a supporting pier. Section of bridge collapsed onto train cars.||83 killed, 210 injured||Bridge destroyed||The bridge was supported by two piers situated between the various rail tracks. Part of the derailed train virtually demolished the northern pier, resulting in the collapse of the northernmost span of the bridge.|
|Benjamin Harrison Memorial Bridge||Hopewell, Virginia||United States||24 February 1977||Lift bridge||An ocean-going tanker ship, the 5,700 ton, 523-ft long S.S. Marine Floridian struck the bridge collapsing a section of the bridge.||0 killed, minor injuries||Section of bridge destroyed||Bridge repaired|
|Green Island Bridge||Troy, New York||United States||15 March 1977||Lift bridge||Flooding undermined the lift span pier resulting in the western lift tower and roadbed span of the bridge collapsing into the Hudson River.||0 killed, 0 injured||Bridge destroyed|
|Hood Canal Floating Bridge (William A. Bugge Bridge)||Olympic, Washington||United States||13 February 1979||Floating bridge||Blown pontoon hatches combined with extreme windstorm||0 killed, 0 injured||Western drawspan and western pontoons sunk; other sections survived.||Lost portions rebuilt 1979-1982; the remainder of the bridge has since been replaced.|
|Almöbron (Tjörnbron)||Stenungsund||Sweden||18 January 1980||Steel arch bridge||Ship collision during bad visibility (mist)||8 killed, unknown injured||Bridge and several cars destroyed|
|Sunshine Skyway Bridge||near St. Petersburg, FL||United States||9 May 1980||Steel cantilever bridge||Ship collision||35 killed, 1 injured||1,200 feet (370 m) of southbound span, several cars and a bus destroyed||Turned into state-run fishing pier/replaced with cable-stayed bridge|
|Old Fairmont to Wheeling Turnpike Covered Bridge Collapse||Grant Town, West Virginia||United States||16 August 1980||Single lane wooden-truss covered bridge built by Lemuel Chenoweth circa 1851-1853||Flash Flood of Paw Paw Creek Valley causing build-up of debris, with added weight of pedestrian Burns Fessler as the final person to cross||0 killed, 0 injured||Bridge floated downstream approximately 200 yards before crashing into bend in stream||Replaced by single lane concrete beam bridge erected by the West Virginia Department of Transportation|
|Hayakawa wire bridge||Saito, Kyūshū||Japan||1980||Wire bridge (?)||Lack of inspection and maintenance for 10 years previous||7 killed, 15 injured|
|Hyatt Regency walkway collapse||Kansas City, Missouri||United States||17 July 1981||Double-deck suspended footbridge in hotel interior||Overload/weak joint/construction error||114 killed, 200 injured||walkway destroyed|
|Cline Avenue over the Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal and surrounding heavy industry||East Chicago, Indiana||United States||15 April 1982||Indiana State Route 912||1,200 feet (370 m) of the bridge collapsed while under construction when a concrete pad supporting shoring towers developed cracks.||14 killed, 16 injured||Bridge rebuilt||Section between US 12 and the Indiana Toll Road renamed Highway Construction Workers Memorial Highway|
|Ulyanovsk railway bridge||Ulyanovsk||USSR||5 June 1983||Railway bridge||Ship collision||177 killed, unknown injured||No collapse||The span cut the deck house and the cinema hall, whilst the lowest deck was undamaged. The ship damaged the railway bridge and some freight cars from the train fell onto the ship.|
|Mianus River Bridge||Greenwich, Connecticut||United States||28 June 1983||Interstate 95 (Connecticut Turnpike) over the Mianus River||Metal corrosion and fatigue/Deferred maintenance||3 killed, 5 injured||100-foot (30 m) section of the northbound lanes fell into the Mianus River||Collapse due to failure of the pin and hanger assembly supporting the span. Temporary span installed to re-open I-95; new Mianus River Bridge completed in 1990.|
|Amarube railroad bridge||Kasumi, Hyōgo||Japan||28 December 1986||Strong wind||6 killed (One train conductor and five factory workers)||An out-of-service train fell onto a fish processing factory|
|Schoharie Creek Bridge collapse Thruway Bridge||Fort Hunter, New York||United States||5 April 1987||I-90 New York Thruway over the Schoharie Creek||Improper protection of footings by contractor lead to scour of riverbed under footings.||10 killed, unknown injured||Total collapse|||
|Schoharie Creek's Mill Point Bridge||Wellsville, Amsterdam, NY||United States||11 April 1987||State highway||Flooding||0 killed, 0 injured||Total collapse||The Mill Point Bridge is 3 miles (4.8 km) upstream from the Thruway bridge that collapsed on 5 April. Flood waters from the same flood that finally undermined the Thruway bridge were up to the girders of the Mill Point bridge. It was closed as a safety precaution. It collapsed six days after the earlier collapse.|
|Glanrhyd Bridge||Carmarthen||Wales||19 October 1987||River Tywi||Train washed off railway bridge by flood waters||4 killed, including 1 school boy who drowned trying to rescue passengers|
|Aschaffenburg Main River Freeway Bridge||Aschaffenburg||Germany||1988||Bridge of Motorway 3 over River Main||Error in construction||1 killed, 0 injured||Bridge total damage||Partial collapse at Repetitive sliding|
|Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal bridge||Butterworth, Penang||Malaysia||31 July 1988||More than 32 killed.|
|Tennessee Hatchie River Bridge||Between Covington, Tennessee and Henning, Tennessee||United States||1 April 1989||Northbound lanes of U.S. 51 over the Hatchie River||Shifting river channel, deterioration of foundation timber piles||8 killed||Total collapse||NTSB faulted Tennessee for not fixing the bridge before the collapse|
|Injaka Bridge Collapse||Bushbuckridge, Mpumalanga||South Africa||6 July 1998||300m 7-span continuous pre-stressed concrete road bridge over the Ngwaritsane River under construction.||Incompetence and negligence; Steel launch nose not structurally stiff enough; Incorrect temporary works slide path; Incorrectly placed temporary bearings; Incorrect feeding of bearing pads; Under-designed deck slab.||14 killed, 19 injured||Structure destroyed. Rebuilt completed in 2000, now carrying the R533 over the Injaka Dam (Reservoir).||Collapsed while being inspected. Victims include design and consulting engineers.|
|Cypress Street Viaduct||Oakland, California||United States||17 October 1989||I-880 (Nimitz Freeway)||Destroyed in Loma Prieta Earthquake||42 killed||Structure destroyed, remains demolished and removed. The ground-level Cypress Street is now Mandela Parkway.|
|San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge||connects San Francisco and Oakland, California||United States||17 October 1989||I-80||50-foot (15 m) section of the upper deck and lower deck collapsed in Loma Prieta Earthquake||1 killed||
Reopened on 18 November of that year. Replaced with a self-anchored suspension bridge and approach spans in 2013.
|Swinging Bridge||Heber Springs, Arkansas||United States||28 October 1989||Pedestrian suspension bridge over the Little Red River||Destroyed by pedestrians swinging the bridge||5 killed||Structure destroyed|
|Lacey V. Murrow Memorial Bridge||Connects Seattle and Bellevue, Washington||United States||25 November 1990||I-90||Heavy flooding of pontoons||0 killed||2,790 feet (850 m) of the bridge sank, dumping the contaminated water into the lake along with tons of bridge material|
|Astram Line steel bridge||Hiroshima||Japan||1991||Metro railway||While in construction, 43-ton steel fell to the road below.||15 Killed (5 workers and 10 civilians), 8 injured|
|Claiborne Avenue Bridge||9th Ward, New Orleans, Louisiana||United States||28 May 1993||Bridge connecting the "upper" and "lower" 9th Wards||Barge collision||1 killed, 2 injured||Empty barge collided with a support pier for the bridge, causing a 145-foot (44 m) section to collapse|
|Kapellbrücke (Chapel Bridge)||Lucerne||Switzerland||18 August 1993||The oldest wooden bridge in Europe, and one of Switzerland's main tourist attractions.||It is believed that a cigarette started a fire in the evening.||0 killed, unknown injured||78 of 111 of the famous paintings were destroyed and the bridge burned nearly completely down. The bridge was rebuilt to match the original.|
|CSXT Big Bayou Canot rail bridge||near Mobile, Alabama||United States||22 September 1993||Railroad bridge span crossing Big Bayou Canot of Mobile River||Barge towboat, struck pier in fog; span shifted so next train derailed; impact of derailment destroyed span||47 killed, 103 injured||Amtrak train Sunset Limited carrying 220 passengers plunged into water||Bridge span had been made movable in case a swing bridge was wanted, and never properly fastened|
|Temporary bridge||Hopkinton, New Hampshire||United States||24 November 1993||Single-lane temporary bridge in construction zone||Collapsed while being dismantled||2 construction workers killed, 1 injured||Collapsed onto roadway below||Bridge had been placed to divert traffic from resurfacing project on U.S. Route 202|
|Seongsu Bridge||Seoul||South Korea||21 October 1994||Cantilever Bridge crossing Han River||structural failure-Bad welding||32 killed, 17 injured||48-metre (157 ft) slab between the fifth and the sixth piers collapsed||Structural failure was caused by improper welding of the steel trusses of the suspension structure beneath the concrete slab roadway.|
|I-5 Bridge Disaster||Coalinga, California||United States||10 March 1995||Concrete truss bridge Arroyo Pasajero||Structural failure — support piers collapsed||7 killed, 0 injured||Complete failure of two spans on I-5||Due to extreme rainfall, the Arroyo Pasajero experienced high volumes of water at high speed. This caused scouring of the river bed undermining the support piers of both spans.|
|Walnut Street Bridge||Harrisburg, Pennsylvania||United States||January 1996||Truss bridge||As a result of rising flood waters and ice floe from the North American blizzard of 1996, when high floodwaters and a large ice floe lifted the spans off their foundations and swept them down the river.||0 killed, 0 injured||Lost two of its seven western spans, A third span was damaged and later collapsed into the river.|
|Koror-Babeldaob Bridge||Koror and Babeldaob||Palau||26 September 1996||Collapse following strengthening work||2 killed, 4 injured|
|Baikong Railway bridge||Ruyuan, Guangdong||China||20 December 1996||During construction||29 killed|
|Maccabiah bridge collapse||Tel Aviv||Israel||14 July 1997||Athletes pedestrian Bridge||Poor design and construction||4 killed, 60 injured||During opening of the 15th Maccabiah Games, a temporary bridge over the polluted Yarkon River collapsed causing two deaths the same day and infected many with the deadly fungus, Pseudallescheria boydii, from which 2 more died later.|
|Eschede train disaster||Eschede||Germany||3 June 1998||Road bridge||Train disaster||101 killed, 105 injured||Destruction by train crashing into pillar of road bridge, which collapsed onto derailed train|
|Bridge||Location||Country||Date||Construction type, use of bridge||Reason||
|Hoan Bridge||Milwaukee, Wisconsin||United States||13 December 2000||Concrete and steel bridge||Northbound right lane began to buckle during the morning rush hour and sagged a few feet below normal. Damage was said to have been caused by extremely cold weather, snow, and heavy amounts of traffic.||0 killed, 0 injured||Partial Collapse||Damaged section removed by controlled demolition and rebuilt. Remainder of bridge extensively repaired and retrofitted.|
|Hintze Ribeiro disaster||Entre-os-Rios, Castelo de Paiva||Portugal||5 March 2001||Masonry and steel bridge built in 1887||Pillar foundation became compromised due to years of illegal, but permitted sand extraction and the central span collapsed.||59 killed||Collapse of central sections|
|Asagiri footbridge||Akashi, Hyōgo||Japan||21 July 2001||Whilst progressing to a summer firework festival, people stampeded and panicked||11 killed, 247 injured|
|Queen Isabella Causeway||Port Isabel, Texas and South Padre Island, Texas||United States||15 September 2001||Concrete bridge for vehicle traffic over Laguna Madre||4 loaded barges veered 175 feet (53 m) west of the navigation channel and struck one of the bridge supports, causing a partial collapse of 3 sections measuring approximately 80 feet (24 m) each.||8 killed, 13 survivors||Partial collapse|
|Kadalundi River rail bridge||Kadalundi||India||21 July 2001||140-year old rail bridge collapsed||57 killed (all drowned)|
|I-40 bridge disaster||Webbers Falls, Oklahoma||United States||26 May 2002||Concrete bridge for vehicle traffic over Arkansas River||Barge struck one pier of the bridge causing a partial collapse||14 killed||Partial collapse|
|Rafiganj rail bridge||Rafiganj||India||10 September 2002||Terrorists sabotaged rail bridge, causing crash||130 killed|
|Interstate 95 Howard Avenue Overpass||Bridgeport, Connecticut||United States||26 March 2004||Girder and Floorbeam||Car struck a truck carrying 8,000 US gallons (30,000 litres; 6,700 imperial gallons) of heating oil, igniting a fire that melted the bridge superstructure, causing collapse of the southbound lanes||0 killed, 1 injured||Partial collapse||Northbound lanes shored up with falsework and reopened 3 days later; temporary bridge installed to carry southbound lanes. New permanent bridge completed in November 2004.|
|C-470 overpass over I-70||Golden, Colorado||United States||15 May 2004||As part of a construction project, a girder twisted, sagged, and fell onto I-70. An SUV was driving eastbound and struck the fallen girder; the top of the vehicle was torn off and the three passengers died instantly.||3 killed, 0 injured||Girder collapse|
|Kinzua Bridge||Kinzua Bridge State Park, Pennsylvania||United States||21 July 2003||Historic steel rail viaduct||Hit by tornado with 100 mph winds||0 killed||Partial collapse|
|Sgt. Aubrey Cosens VC Memorial Bridge,||Latchford, Ontario,||Canada||14 January 2003||Partial failure under load of transport truck during severely cold temperatures. Fatigue fractures of three steel hanger rods cited to be primary reason for failure.||0 killed, 0 injured||Partial failure of bridge deck. Overhead superstructure undamaged.||Bridge reopened after complete reconstruction. Existing overhead arch remained, however new bridge deck was designed to be supported by sets of 4 hanger cables, where the existing deck was designed for single hanger cables.|
|Loncomilla Bridge||near San Javier||Chile||18 November 2004||Concrete bridge for vehicle traffic over Maule River||The structure was not built on rock, but rather on fluvial ground.||0 killed, 8 injured||Partial collapse||Bridge was later repaired|
|Mungo Bridge||Cameroon||1 July 2004||Steel girder for road traffic||Partial collapse||Yet to be repaired|
|Igor I. Sikorsky Memorial Bridge replacement project||Connecticut||United States||February 2004||Collapse occurred in during demolition of the original 1940 span||1 killed||Single fatality occurred when the crane he was operating was knocked from its barge by falling steel from the bridge|
|Big Nickel Road Bridge||Sudbury, Ontario||Canada||7 May 2004||0 killed||Collapsed onto roadway below during construction|||
|Veligonda Railway Bridge||India||29 October 2005||Railway bridge||flood washed rail bridge away||114 killed|
|Almuñécar motorway bridge||Almuñécar, Province of Granada||Spain||7 November 2005||Motorway bridge||Part collapsed during construction, reason unknown||6 killed, 3 injured||A 60-metre (200 ft) long part fell 50 metres (160 ft)|
|Caracas-La Guaira highway, Viaduct #1||Tacagua||Venezuela||19 March 2006||Highway viaduct over a gorge||Landslides||0 killed, 0 injured||Total collapse||Demolished, it was rebuilt and reopened on 21 June 2007|
|E45 Bridge||Nørresundby||Denmark||25 April 2006||Road bridge||Collapsed during reconstruction due to miscalculation||1 killed||Bridge total damage|||
|Highway 19 overpass at Laval (De la Concorde Overpass collapse)||Laval, Quebec||Canada||30 September 2006||Highway overpass||Shear failure due to incorrectly placed rebar, low-quality concrete||5 killed, 6 injured||20-metre (66 ft) section gave way||Demolished; was rebuilt, reopened on 13 June 2007.|
|Yekaterinburg bridge collapse||Yekaterinburg||Russia||6 September 2006||Collapse during construction||0 killed, 0 injured|
|Nimule||Nimule||Kenya/Sudan||October 2006||Struck by truck overloaded with cement|
|Pedestrian bridge||Bhagalpur||India||December 2006||150-year-old pedestrian bridge (being dismantled) collapsed onto a railway train as it was passing underneath.||More than 30 killed|
|Railway bridge||Eziama[disambiguation needed], near Aba||Nigeria||December 2006||Unknown||Unknown killed||Restored 2009|
|Run Pathani Bridge Collapse||80 km (50 miles) east of Karachi,||Pakistan||2006||Collapsed during the 2006 monsoons|
|Gosford Culvert washaway||Australia||8 July 2007||Culvert collapse||5 killed (all drowned)|
|Highway 325 Bridge over the Xijiang River||Foshan, Guangdong||China||15 June 2007||Motorway bridge||Struck by vessel||8 killed, unknown injured||Section collapsed||Unknown|
|Minneapolis I-35W bridge over the Mississippi River||Minneapolis, Minnesota||United States||1 August 2007||arch/truss bridge||The NTSB said that undersized gusset plates, increased concrete surfacing load, and weight of construction supplies/equipment caused this collapse.||13 killed, 145 injured||Total bridge failure||I-35W Saint Anthony Falls Bridge was reopened on 18 September 2008.|
|Tuo River bridge||Fenghuang, Hunan||China||13 August 2007||unknown||Currently under investigation,[needs update] believed to be linked to the fact that local contractors often opt for shoddy materials to cut costs and use migrant laborers with little or no safety training||34 killed, 22 injured||Total collapse||Collapsed during construction as workers were removing scaffolding from its facade|
|Harp Road bridge||Oakville, Washington||United States||15 August 2007||Main thoroughfare into Oakville over Garrard Creek, Grays Harbor County||Collapsed under weight of a truck hauling an excavator||0 killed, 0 injured||Majority to total collapse; temporary or permanent bridge is needed.||Approximate weight of load was 180,000 pounds (82,000 kg); bridge is rated at 35,000 pounds (16,000 kg). Residents must take a 23-mile (37 km) detour.|
|MacArthur Maze||Oakland, California||United States||29 April 2007||Tanker truck crash and explosion, resulting fire softened steel sections of flyover causing them to collapse.||1 injured in crash, 0 from collapse||Span rebuilt in 26 days.|
|Shershah Bridge - Section of the Northern Bypass, Karachi||Karachi||Pakistan||1 September 2007||Overpass bridge||Investigation underway||5 killed, 2 injured||Collapse may have been caused because of lack of material strength. The reconstruction is in progress.[when?]|
|Can Tho Bridge||Cần Thơ||Vietnam||26 September 2007||Investigation underway||36-60 killed, hundreds injured||Section buckled while construction was underway|
|South eastern Guinea||Guinea||March 2007||Bridge collapsed under the weight of a truck packed with passengers and merchandise.||65 killed|
|Chhinchu suspension bridge||Nepalgunj, Birendranagar||Nepal||25 December 2007||Overcrowded suspension bridge collapsed||19 killed, 15 missing|
|South Korea||5 April 2007||parts of a bridge collapses during construction||5 killed, 7 injured||Bridge being built between the two Southern Islands.|
|Jiujiang Bridge||Foshan, Guangdong province||China||15 June 2007||Freight ship struck support pillar||9 killed, 0 injured||200m of the bridge fell into the river, 4 cars submerged|
|Water bridge||Taiyuan, Shanxi province||China||16 August 2007||180t vehicle overloaded bridge designed for 20t||unknown||total collapse of 1 span of 2|
|Flyover bridge||Punjagutta, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh||India||9 September 2007||during construction||15-30 killed|||
|Jintang Bridge||Ningbo, Zhejiang province||China||27 March 2008||Ship hit lower support structure of bridge||4 Killed, 0 Injured||60m span of under-construction bridge collapsed|
|Road bridge||Studénka||Czech Republic||8 August 2008||Train crashed into a road bridge over the railway under construction, which collapsed on the track immediately before the arrival of a train||8 killed, 70 injured|
|The Cedar Rapids and Iowa City Railway (CRANDIC) bridge||Cedar Rapids, Iowa||United States||12 June 2008||Railroad bridge||during June 2008 Midwest Floods||0 killed, 0 injured||Three of the bridge's four steel spans were swept into the river along with 15 CRANDIC rail cars loaded with rock||The Cedar River was still swollen in this image taken 10 days after the bridge's collapse.|
|Somerton Bridge||Somerton, NSW||Australia||8 December 2008||Timber road bridge||Heavy flooding||None||Collapse of northern span||Bridge collapsed during heavy flooding due to poor maintenance|
|Devonshire Street pedestrian bridge||Maitland NSW||Australia||5 March 2009||Footbridge||Over Sized truck clipping main span||0 killed, 4 injured (Car & Truck Drivers)||Main Span falling on New England Highway, road closed for 4 days||Replaced by taller Footbridge 18 months later|
|Bridge on SS9 over River Po||Piacenza||Italy||30 April 2009||Road bridge||Collapsed due to flood of River Po||0 killed, 1 injured||replaced by a temporary floating bridge 6 months later, then by a definitive new bridge that opened on 18 December 2010|
|9 Mile Road Bridge at I-75||Hazel Park, Michigan||United States||15 July 2009||Road Bridge||collapsed due to tanker accident||0 killed, 1 injured||rebuilt and reopened on 11 December of that year|
|Malahide Viaduct||Broadmeadow - 13 km (8.1 miles) north of Dublin||Ireland||21 August 2009||Railway bridge||One span of viaduct collapsed after tidal scouring of foundations — first reported by local Sea-scouts.|||
|San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge||Connects San Francisco and Oakland, California||United States||27 October 2009||I-80||Two tension rods and a crossbeam from a recently installed repair collapsed during the evening commute, causing the bridge to be closed temporarily.||0 killed, 1 injury||During an extended closure as part of the eastern span replacement of the San Francisco Oakland Bay Bridge over the 2009 Labor Day holiday, a critical failure was discovered in an eyebar that would have been significant enough to cause a closure of the bridge. Emergency repairs took 70 hours and were completed on 9 September 2009. This is the repair that failed.|
|Tarcoles Bridge||Orotina||Costa Rica||22 October 2009||Suspension bridge built 1924, 270-foot (82 m) span.||Overload by heavy trucks and dead loads (water pipes).||5 killed, 30 injured||Bridge total damage|
|Railway Bridge RDG1 48 over the River Crane near Feltham||Feltham||England||14 November 2009||Brick arch railway bridge built 1848||Undermined by scour from river.||No injuries .||River span beyond repair.||Rebuilt as reinforced concrete.|
|Northside Bridge, Workington. Navvies Footbridge, Workington. Camerton Footbridge, Camerton. Memorial Gardens footbridge, Cockermouth. Low Lorton Bridge, Little Braithwaite Bridge.||Cumbria||England||21 November 2009||Traditional sandstone bridges.||Very intense rainfall produced extreme river loads that overwhelmed all the bridges.||1 policeman killed||All bridges destroyed or damaged beyond repair||See Barker Crossing.|
|Kota Chambal Bridge||Kota, Rajasthan||India||25 December 2009||9 killed, 45 missing||Bridge collapsed while under construction|
|Myllysilta||Turku||Finland||6 March 2010||Bridge bent 143 centimetres (56 in) due to structural failures of both piers||0 killed, 0 injured||Demolished June–July 2010|
|Gungahlin Drive Extension bridge||Canberra||Australia||14 August 2010||Concrete road bridge||Under investigation||15 workers injured||Collapse of the half-built span|||
|Guaiba's Bridge (BR-290)||Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul||Brazil||1 October 2010||Concrete and steel bridge ||Braking system (electrical) failure stuck the main span 9 meters above the lane rendering the bridge useless by (at least) 3 hours.||0 killed, 0 injured||Bridge fixed||Damaged probably due to a vessel which collided, bending the main span in April 30, 2008.|
|Overbridge over Chengdu-Kunming Freeway||Zigong||China||1 July 2011||Truck crashed against concrete support pillar||Overbridge destroyed, fell onto highway.|
|No. 3 Qiantang River Bridge over Qiantang River||Hangzhou, Zhejiang province||China||15 July 2011||Overloading||0 Killed, 1 Injured||Partial collapse leaving a 20-meter-long, 1-meter-wide pit in one lane||Collapse due to two trucks each loaded with over 100 tonnes of goods crossing bridge|
|Gongguan Bridge||Wuyishan, Fujian province||China||14 July 2011||Overloading||1 Killed, 22 Injured||Entire bridge collapsed, tourist bus with 23 people on board crashed to ground|
|Baihe Bridge in Huairou district||Beijing||China||19 July 2011||Bridge designed for max. 46 tonne vehicles, truck overloaded with 160 tons of sand caused it to collapse.||0 Killed, 0 Injured||Entire 230m bridge destroyed.|
|Kutai Kartanegara Bridge||Tenggarong, East Kalimantan||Indonesia||26 November 2011||Suspension bridge||Human error. Bridge collapsed while workers repaired a cable. (Under investigation)||20 Killed, 40 Injured (33 missing)||Deck completely destroyed, 2 bridge pillars still standing|
|Eggner Ferry Bridge over the Tennessee River||Between Trigg County, Kentucky and Marshall County, Kentucky||United States||27 January 2012||Truss Bridge||The MV Delta Mariner struck the bottom portion of a span of the bridge when travelling in the incorrect channel of the river.||0 Killed, 0 Injured||Span over the recreational channel of the river collapsed.||Emergency repairs to bridge completed on May 25, 2012. There were preexisting plans before the collapse to replace the bridge with a 4-lane bridge over the river.|
|Yangmingtan Bridge over the Songhua River||Harbin||China||24 August 2012||Suspension Bridge||Overloading; usage of unsuitable building material (suspected)||3 Killed, 5 Injured||100-metre section of a ramp of the eight-lane bridge dropped 100 feet to the ground.||Main bridge reopened on the same day, ramp still defunct.|
|Bridge under construction in Lade||Trondheim||Norway||8 May 2013||Bridge collapsed under construction||2 killed|
|I-5 Skagit River Bridge collapse||Mount Vernon, Washington||United States||23 May 2013||Polygonal Warren through truss Bridge||Oversized semi-truck load carrying drilling equipment from Alberta clipped top steel girder causing bridge collapse.||0 Killed, 3 Injured||One 167 foot span collapsed.||Truss bridges like this one require both the top and the bottom to remain equal in strength and solidity. When the truck hit the top girder, or girders, this caused the pressure/squeeze system to fail, which made the bridge fold up. The design was outdated; more modern types of truss can better withstand such forces.|
|Scott City roadway bridge collapse||Scott City, Missouri||United States||25 May 2013||Concrete road bridge||A Union Pacific train T-boned a Burlington Northern Santa Fe train outside of Scott City, Missouri at approximately 2:30 am. The impact caused numerous rail cars to hit a support pillar of a highway overpass, collapsing two sections of the bridge onto the rail line. Two cars ended up driving onto the collapsed sections, injuring three people in one vehicle and two in the other. Two people on one of the trains were also injured.||7 injured||Two roadway bridge sections collapsed onto the rail line below|
|Wanup train bridge||Sudbury, Ontario||Canada||2 June 2013||Steel bridge||Train trestle over the Wanapitei River near Sudbury, Ontario was struck by derailed railcar||0 killed, 0 injured||Total Bridge Collapse||CP trains temporarily diverted over CN track. Bridge reconstructed with new pier in 9 days.|
|CPR Bonnybrook Bridge||Calgary, Alberta||Canada||27 June 2013||Steel railroad bridge||Partial pier collapse due to scouring from flood event of the Bow River||0 killed, 0 injured||Partial Bridge Collapse||See: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/story/2013/06/27/calgary-flood-train-derailment-bonnybrook-bridge.html|
|Belo Horizonte overpass collapse||Belo Horizonte, Brazil||Brazil||3 July 2014||Steel and concrete bridge
Part of improvements for the 2014 FIFA World Cup
|To be determined||2 killed, 22 injured||Total bridge collapse||Bridge collapsed while under construction|
Bridge disasters in fictionEdit
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2005 Novel);2009 Film (Millennium Bridge, London by the Death Eaters)
- Final Destination 5 (2011), film
- The Bridge over the River Kwai (1952 novel) and its 1957 film adaptation The Bridge on the River Kwai
- The Bridge of San Luis Rey (1927), novel
- The Cassandra Crossing (1976), film
- The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly (1966), film (bridge intentionally destroyed by Blondie and Tuco)
- The General (1926 film)
- The Mothman Prophecies (1975), book about the 1967 collapse of the Silver Bridge in Point Pleasant, WV
- Train Man (1999), novel featuring destruction of rail bridges over the Mississippi River
- For published analyses of bridge failures see:Biezma, María Victoria; Schanack, Frank (2007). "Collapse of steel bridges". Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities 21: 398–405. doi:10.1061/(asce)0887-3828(2007)21:5(398). or Wardhana, Kumalasari; Hadipriono, Fabian (2003). "Analysis of Recent Bridge Failures in the United States". Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities 17: 144–150. doi:10.1061/(asce)0887-3828(2003)17:3(144).
- "Railway Accident.". Camperdown Chronicle (Vic. : 1877 - 1954) (Vic.: National Library of Australia). 2 August 1882. p. 4. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
- "Rallway Disaster.". Western Star and Roma Advertiser (Toowoomba, Qld. : 1875 - 1948) (Toowoomba, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 27 September 1882. p. 2. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
- Haine, Edgar A. (1993). Railroad Wrecks. Associated University Presses. pp. 55–56. ISBN 978-0-8453-4844-4. Retrieved January 10, 2009.
- Kite, Steven (September 20, 2000). "Corporate Greed Leads to Death in Oklahoma Territory". Oklahoma Audio Almanac. Oklahoma State University Library. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
- "Dover". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
- Goins, Charles Robert; Goble, Danney (2006). Historical Atlas of Oklahoma. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 119. ISBN 0-8061-3482-8.
- Sencicle, Lorraine (January 2008). "Dover Oklahoma". The Daughters of Dover: Dover around the world. Dover, England: The Dover Society. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- "INCIDENT AT FUNERAL.". Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954) (Broken Hill, NSW: National Library of Australia). 23 November 1927. p. 4. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
- "FREMANTLE BRIDGE.". Examiner (Launceston, Tas. : 1900-1954) (Launceston, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 9 September 1926. p. 4 Edition: DAILY. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- Hooper, Michael (August 5, 2007). "1965 Flashback: Melan Arch Bridge tumbles". The Topeka Capitol-Journal. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
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- "2007 (A) No. 1634". Osaka High Court. 6 April 2007. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
The 32nd Akashi Summer Festival was held in Akashi City, Hyogo Prefecture, on July 20 and 21, 2001
- "Highway Accident Report: Passenger Vehicle Collision With a Fallen Overhead Bridge Girder - Golden, Colorado - May 15, 2004". National Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
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- "International News | World News — ABC News". Abcnews.go.com. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2013-10-30.
- RailwaysAfrica 5/2009 p36
- "Culvert tragedy: coroner blames council". The Sydney Morning Herald. 18 September 2008.
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- "Truck collapses bridge in Grays Harbor County". KOMO News. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- "I-35 Bridge Collapse Cause Map". ThinkReliability. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- "Bridge collapse in Guinea kills 65". Reuters. 2007-03-20. Retrieved 2013-10-30.
- "South Koreans killed in bridge collapse". The Sydney Morning Herald. 6 April 2007.
- "Look At All The Major Chinese Bridges That Have Collapsed In The Recent Years". Business Insider. 28 August 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- "Hyd flyover collapse: 30 feared killed".
- Chamberlain, Simon (8 December 2008). "Somerton Bridge closed indefinitely". Northern Daily Leader. Retrieved 13 September 2010.
- "Pedestrians injured in bridge collapse". The Sydney Morning Herald. Australian Associated Press Pty Limited (AAP). Retrieved 2012-05-11.
- "New Po River Bridge". Structurae. Nicolas Janberg ICS. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
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- "Irish Bridge aftermath". Railways Africa. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
- DiGiacomo, Janet (September 6, 2009). "Officials: Crack may keep Bay Bridge closed past Tuesday". San Francisco, California: CNN. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
- "Costa Rican bridge collapse kills six". London, England: New Civil Engineer. 23 October 2009. Retrieved 1 November 2009.
- "Failure of a railway bridge spanning the River Crane near Feltham in West London". Rail Accident Investigation Branch. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
- "Gordon Brown pledges help for Cumbria flood victims". BBC News. 25 November 2009. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- "9 die in Kota bridge collapse, 45 still missing". IBNLive. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
- Towell, Noel (25 August 2010). "Experts identify flaws in bridge formwork". The Canberra Times. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- Dziedzic, Stephen (25 August 2010). "Poor formwork behind bridge collapse". Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC News). Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- "Como foi a construção da ponte do Guaíba | Almanaque Gaúcho". Wp.clicrbs.com.br. 2008-05-30. Retrieved 2013-10-30.
- "Pane no vão móvel da Ponte do Guaíba causa colapso no trânsito da Região Metropolitana — Geral — Zero Hora". Zerohora.clicrbs.com.br. Retrieved 2013-10-30.
- "Ponte do Guaíba teve sete grandes paralisações em 10 anos — Diário Gaúcho". Diariogaucho.clicrbs.com.br. 2010-07-31. Retrieved 2013-10-30.
- "Falling Down". Global Times. 27 July 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- "Collapse of New Bridge Underscores Worries About China Infrastructure". New York Times. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- May 9, 2013 (2013-05-09). "Two found dead after bridge collapse". Newsinenglish.no. Retrieved 2013-10-30.
- "Missouri motorist couldn't stop before hitting fallen overpass". CNN. 25 May 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "Two trains collide, overpass collapses in Scott County". Sikeston Standard Democrat. 25 May 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2013.