Georgia–European Union relations

Euro-Georgia relations
Map indicating locations of European Union and Georgia

European Union

Georgia

Georgia and the European Union have maintained relations since 1996 in the INOGATE framework, and in 2006 a five-year "Action Plan" of raprochement was implemented in the context of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). A more comprehensive Association Agreement is under negotiation (as of 2013). A European Union Monitoring Mission was sent to Georgia in the wake of the 2008 South Ossetia war.

Georgia does not have any official status as a candidate for future enlargement of the European Union, but in 2011 Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili expressed a desire for his country to become a member state of the EU.[1] This view has been explicitly expressed on several occasions as links to the United States, EU and NATO have been strengthened in an attempt to move away from the Russian sphere of influence.[2]

The sign in the Simon Janashia Museum of Georgia (Tbilisi)

Adjara crisis (2004)Edit

In Adjara, leader Aslan Abashidze was forced to resign in May 2004 following the Rose Revolution. EU CFSP Chief Javier Solana indicated in February 2007 that the EU could send troops to Georgia alongside Russian forces.[3]

South Ossetia crisis (2006-2008)Edit

The EUMM patrols the South Ossetian administration boundary line in armored SUVs in February 2012.

In July 2006 the European Union referred to then recent developments in South Ossetia zone of and to the Resolution of the Georgian Parliament on Peacekeeping Forces Stationed in the Conflict Zones, which was adopted on July 18, 2006 as follows:

The European Union is deeply concerned about continuing tension between Georgia and Russia and recent incidents in South Ossetia, which do not contribute to stability and freedom of movement. The European Union is particularly worried by the recent closure of the only recognized border crossing between Georgia and the Russian Federation. The European Union emphasises the importance of ensuring freedom of movement of goods and people, in particular by keeping the border crossing at Zemo Larsi open. —[4]

After the 2008 South Ossetia war a EU cease-fire monitoring mission in Georgia (EUMM) was sent to monitor the Russian troop withdrawal from "security zones" established by Russia around South Ossetia and Abkhazia.[5] The mission started on October 1, 2008[6] and was prolonged by the EU in July 2009 for one year while the EU expressed concern that Russia was blocking other observers from working there[7] (a United Nations Security Council resolution aimed at extending its UN Observer Mission in Georgia was vetoed by Russia on June 15, 2009[8]).

European Neighbourhood Policy Action Plan (2006-2011)Edit

On 2 October 2006, a joint statement on the agreed text of the Georgia-European Union Action Plan within the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) was issued. The Action Plan was formally approved at the EU-Georgia Cooperation Council session on 14 November 2006 in Brussels.[9]

Association Agreement (2013)Edit

Georgian flag in front of Council of Europe

The EU and Georgia are negotiating an Association Agreement (AA) and a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement, with the goal of completing negotiations in 2013.[10] In November 2012, EU Commissioner for Enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy Stefan Fule stated that the AA negotiations could be finalized by November 2013.[11] In February 2013, Tamar Beruchachvili, the Deputy State Minister for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration of Georgia, stated that Georgia had no plans to join the Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia,[12] which Fule has warned Ukraine would be incompatible with the agreements with the EU.[13] A ceremony on the initialling of the AA was held at the Eastern Partnership summit on 29 November 2013, but must still be signed before being finalized.[14] The document was initialled by the Georgian Foreign Minister Maia Panjikidze and EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Catherine Ashton,[15] and is expected to be signed by June 2014.[16] A second agreement, governing the country's involvement in EU crisis management operations, was also signed.[17]

Old Parliament building in Tbilisi

Visa liberalization dialogueEdit

In June 2012, the EU and Georgia began a visa liberalisation dialogue to allow for visa free travel of Georgian citizens to the European Union. The talks aimed to have a Visa Liberalisation Action Plan in place by the end of the year.[10] The action plan was delivered to Georgia on 25 February 2013.[18] The new project on 'Strengthening the capacity of the Georgian Government in border management and migration regulation' which was launched in Tbilisi by the EU Delegation to Georgia, will be implemented by the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), the EU Delegation to Georgia said in its statement on Jan.24. Thus, Georgia will take another step towards visa free travel to the Schengen area through an EU-funded project which will help to increase the capacity of the Georgian authorities in the field of integrated border management and migration.[19]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Georgia proposes Ukraine cooperate in bidding to join EU". Interfax. 2010-11-11. Retrieved 2013-08-29. 
  2. ^ "Saakashvili: Georgia 'should never leave path' of EU integration". EurActiv. 8 November 2011. Retrieved 10 June 2013. 
  3. ^ Solana raises prospect of EU soldiers in Georgia EU Observer
  4. ^ Ministry Of Foreign Affairs Of Georgia - OSCE
  5. ^ Q&A: Conflict in Georgia, BBC News (November 11, 2008)
  6. ^ Tbilisi Must Build Closer Relationship With EU, Former Georgian Envoy Says, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (October 05, 2008)
  7. ^ EU extends Georgia cease-fire monitor mission, Hürriyet Daily News and Economic Review (July 27, 2009)
  8. ^ Georgia Slams Russia For Shutting Down UN Mission, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (June 16, 2009 )
  9. ^ EU, Georgia Sign ENP Action Plan, Civil Georgia, 2 October 2006.
  10. ^ a b "EU, Georgia Making 'Good Progress' in Association Agreement, Visa Liberalization Talks". Civil Georgia. 2012-09-03. Retrieved 2012-09-03. 
  11. ^ "EU Commissioner: EU, Ukraine May Sign Association Agreement Next Year". PR Newswire. 2012-11-30. Retrieved 2013-01-31. 
  12. ^ "Georgian minister: EU remains priority despite ‘Russian rapprochement’". EurActiv. 2013-02-14. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  13. ^ Auyezov, Olzhas (2013-02-08). "Reform quickly or lose deals, EU tells Ukraine". The Star. Retrieved 2013-02-09. 
  14. ^ "Initialling of the EU-Georgia Association Agreement". European External Action Service. 2013-11-29. Retrieved 2013-12-01. 
  15. ^ Georgia-EU association agreement initialled
  16. ^ Gardner, Andrew (2014-03-21). "EU brings forward Moldova, Georgia deals". European Voice. Retrieved 2014-03-27. 
  17. ^ President: Georgia is ready to contribute to EU crisis management operations
  18. ^ "Commissioner Malmström presents Action Plan on Visa Liberalisation with Georgia". Europa.eu. 25 February 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  19. ^ "EU to assist Georgia in migration and border management". trend.az. 24 January 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 

External linksEdit


Last modified on 28 March 2014, at 05:03