Last modified on 4 August 2014, at 04:30

Ethnic flag

An ethnic flag is a flag that symbolizes a certain ethnic group. Ethnic flags are often introduced to the ethnic community through the respective cultural or political ethnic movements. They are popular among ethnic minorities and some ethnic majorities, especially in multiethnic countries.

The concept of an "ethnic flag" is a thoroughly modern one, derived from the idea of a national flag. Strictly speaking, the national flags of nation states are also "ethnic flags", and often so used by ethnic minorities in neighbouring states, especially in the context of irredentism (e.g. the flag of the Republic of Albania used as an "ethnic Albanian flag" by Kosovar Albanians).

The first ethnic flags (for non-existing states) were designed at the end of the 19th century, such as the Basque flag (1894) or the "Flag of Zion" used to symbolize Zionism from 1898, which became the national flag of Israel 50 years later[citation needed]. Most early ethnic flags imply a connection with an unrecognized state claimed by the respective ethnicities, such as the flag of Kurdistan which originates as the flag of the Republic of Ararat (1927), or the Arab flag which originates as the flag of the Arab Revolt during World War I[citation needed]. A flag of the Hispanic People was designed in 1932. The use of national flags became popular during the 19th century along with the spread of nationalism. The concept of using ethnic flags to symbolize ethnic groups within a multiethnic state, not necessarily connected with irredentism, became popular in the later 20th century, such as the Australian Aboriginal flag (1971), the Assyrian flag (1971), the flag of the Romani people (1971), the Berber flag (1970s), the Sami flag (1986) or the Maori flag (1990). Designing ethnic or tribal flags has become very popular since the 1990s, especially for online use, and mostly do not have any kind of "official" status and must be judged based on de facto use. Since the 1990s, this trend has also extended to designing ad-hoc "cultural flags" for all sorts of organizations, subcultures or ideologies not necessarily ethnic or irredentist, such as "sexuality flags", flags of micronations, etc.

North Africa and West AsiaEdit

[2]

Berbers or Amazigh people[1] (North Africa)
Berbers or Amazigh people[1] (North Africa)
Copts (Egypt) "The Coptic flag, created in 2005, is not officially recognised by the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, but it is commonly accepted by Coptic community as a representative symbol of its identity".
Copts (Egypt)
"The Coptic flag, created in 2005, is not officially recognised by the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, but it is commonly accepted by Coptic community as a representative symbol of its identity".
Fur (Darfur)[citation needed]
Fur (Darfur)[citation needed]
Dinka or Jieng (Southern Sudan)[citation needed]
Dinka or Jieng (Southern Sudan)[citation needed]
Arabs (Arab World)[note 1]
Arabs (Arab World)[note 1]
Palestinians (Palestine)[citation needed]
Palestinians (Palestine)[citation needed]
Druze[note 2] (Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan)
Druze[note 2] (Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan)
Jews (Israel and countries of the diaspora)[citation needed]
Jews (Israel and countries of the diaspora)[citation needed]
Assyrians (Assyria) "The Assyrian flag was designed by George Atanos in 1968. The flag has a white background with a golden circle at the center (which represents the sun), surrounded by a four-pointed blue star (which symbolizes the land). Four triple wavy stripes start from the center and represent the three major rivers of the Assyrian territory: the Tigris, the Euphrates and the Great Zab".
Assyrians (Assyria)
"The Assyrian flag was designed by George Atanos in 1968. The flag has a white background with a golden circle at the center (which represents the sun), surrounded by a four-pointed blue star (which symbolizes the land). Four triple wavy stripes start from the center and represent the three major rivers of the Assyrian territory: the Tigris, the Euphrates and the Great Zab".
Aramaic-Syriacs (Middle East) "The flag chosen by the Aramaeanist faction to represent the Syriac nation is based upon a relief retrieved in Tell Halaf representing a winged sun disk. In the flag, the sun was replaced by a flame symbolizing the Holy Spirit".
Aramaic-Syriacs (Middle East)
"The flag chosen by the Aramaeanist faction to represent the Syriac nation is based upon a relief retrieved in Tell Halaf representing a winged sun disk. In the flag, the sun was replaced by a flame symbolizing the Holy Spirit".

Horn of AfricaEdit

Somalis[3] (Somalia, Ogaden, Northern Frontier District and Djibouti)
Somalis[3] (Somalia, Ogaden, Northern Frontier District and Djibouti)
Amhara[4] (Amhara Region)
Amhara[4] (Amhara Region)
Afar[5] (Afar Region)
Afar[5] (Afar Region)
Harari[6] (Harari Region)
Harari[6] (Harari Region)
Oromo[7] (Oromia Region, Northern Frontier District and Somalia)
Oromo[7] (Oromia Region, Northern Frontier District and Somalia)
Tigray[8] (Tigray Region)
Tigray[8] (Tigray Region)

Eastern, Central and Western AfricaEdit

BaKonjo and BaAmba[9] (Rwenzururu)
BaKonjo and BaAmba[9] (Rwenzururu)
Maasai (Kenya and Tanzania)[citation needed]
Maasai (Kenya and Tanzania)[citation needed]
Adamawa (Bamileke National Movement) (Cameroon)[citation needed]
Adamawa (Bamileke National Movement) (Cameroon)[citation needed]
Bubis (Otcho or Bioko Island)[citation needed]
Bubis (Otcho or Bioko Island)[citation needed]
Kongo (Republic of Congo and DRC)[citation needed]
Kongo (Republic of Congo and DRC)[citation needed]
Ashanti[10] (Ashanti Region)
Ashanti[10] (Ashanti Region)
Ewe (Ghana, Togo and Benin)[citation needed]
Ewe (Ghana, Togo and Benin)[citation needed]
Ogoni (Rivers State)[citation needed]
Ogoni (Rivers State)[citation needed]
Igbo people[11] (Igboland)
Igbo people[11] (Igboland)
Hausa (Niger and Nigeria)[citation needed]
Hausa (Niger and Nigeria)[citation needed]
Yoruba (Nigeria, Togo and Benin)[citation needed]
Yoruba (Nigeria, Togo and Benin)[citation needed]

Southern AfricaEdit

Swazi (Swaziland, South Africa, and Mozambique)[citation needed]
Swazi (Swaziland, South Africa, and Mozambique)[citation needed]
Basotho (Lesotho and South Africa)[citation needed]
Basotho (Lesotho and South Africa)[citation needed]
Afrikaners/Boers[12] (South Africa)
Afrikaners/Boers[12] (South Africa)

North AmericaEdit

Anishinaabe people (Canada and United States).
Anishinaabe people (Canada and United States).
Danes of Greenland[citation needed]
Danes of Greenland[citation needed]
Inuit people of Nunavut (Nunavut, Canada)
Inuit people of Nunavut (Nunavut, Canada)
Inuit people of Greenland (Greenland)
Inuit people of Greenland (Greenland)
Haida (British Columbia, Canada and Alaska, United States)
Haida (British Columbia, Canada and Alaska, United States)
Mi'kmaq (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Quebec, Canada and Maine, United States)
Mi'kmaq (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Quebec, Canada and Maine, United States)
Natuaqanek (Eel Ground) First Nation of the Mi'kmaq (New Brunswick, Canada)
Natuaqanek (Eel Ground) First Nation of the Mi'kmaq (New Brunswick, Canada)
Quebecois, Canada
Quebecois, Canada
Iroquois (New York, United States)
Iroquois (New York, United States)
Crow Tribe (Montana, United States)
Crow Tribe (Montana, United States)
Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation (Montana, United States)
Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation (Montana, United States)
Blackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation  (Montana, United States)
Blackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation (Montana, United States)
Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation (Wyoming, United States)
Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation (Wyoming, United States)
Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation (South Dakota, United States)
Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation (South Dakota, United States)
Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa (Iowa, United States)
Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa (Iowa, United States)
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma (Oklahoma, United States)
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma (Oklahoma, United States)
Cherokees (Oklahoma, United States)
Cherokees (Oklahoma, United States)
Cajun flag[13] (United States)
Cajun flag[13] (United States)
Vietnamese Americans (United States)
Vietnamese Americans (United States)
Mulattoes[14] (United States, Hispanic America and Brazil)
Mulattoes[14] (United States, Hispanic America and Brazil)
[[Image:{{Country data {{{Country}}}|pst name|name=flag alias }}|border|400x100px|Flag of Hispanic America including also North American Hispanic Americans (Hispanic America and United States)]]
Flag of Hispanic America including also North American Hispanic Americans (Hispanic America and United States)
Cross of Burgundy flag used by Criollos (Euro-Hispanic Americans (including White Hispanic and Latino Americans of the United States)) (Majority in Argentina, Uruguay, and Costa Rica and significant minority in Chile, Bolivia and other Hispanic nations) (Hispanic America and United States)[citation needed]
Cross of Burgundy flag used by Criollos (Euro-Hispanic Americans (including White Hispanic and Latino Americans of the United States)) (Majority in Argentina, Uruguay, and Costa Rica and significant minority in Chile, Bolivia and other Hispanic nations) (Hispanic America and United States)[citation needed]
Flag of African-Americans[13] (United States)
Flag of African-Americans[13]
(United States)
Métis flag Blue or French variant, Metis people
Métis flag Blue or French variant, Metis people
Métis flag Red or English variant, Metis people
Métis flag Red or English variant, Metis people
Flag of Acadia, Acadians
Flag of Acadia, Acadians

Central America and CaribbeanEdit

Flag of Maya (Mexico, Guatemala)
Flag of Maya (Mexico, Guatemala)
Flag of the Jatibonicu Taíno Tribal Nation of Borikén (Puerto Rico)
Flag of the Jatibonicu Taíno Tribal Nation of Borikén (Puerto Rico)
Garifuna (Honduras, Belize, Guatemala)
Garifuna (Honduras, Belize, Guatemala)
Kuna (Panama, Colombia)
Kuna (Panama, Colombia)

South AmericaEdit

Indigenous peoples in Colombia[15]
Indigenous peoples in Colombia[15]
Quechua[16] (Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador)
Quechua[16] (Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador)
Aymara (Bolivia, Peru, Chile and Argentina)
Aymara (Bolivia, Peru, Chile and Argentina)
Mapuche[17] (Chile and Argentina)
Mapuche[17] (Chile and Argentina)

Northern, Central and Eastern AsiaEdit

Tuvans[18] (Tuva)
Tuvans[18] (Tuva)
Buryats (Buryatia, Russia)
Buryats (Buryatia, Russia)
Yakuts or Sakha (Sakha Republic)[citation needed]
Yakuts or Sakha (Sakha Republic)[citation needed]
Li and Miao[19] (Hainan)
Li and Miao[19] (Hainan)
[[Image:{{Country data {{{Country}}}|pst name|name=flag alias }}|border|400x100px|Ainu people[20] (Hokkaidō, Kuril Islands and Sakhalin)]]
Ainu people[20] (Hokkaidō, Kuril Islands and Sakhalin)
Salars (Xunhua Salar Autonomous County, Qinghai, China)
Salars (Xunhua Salar Autonomous County, Qinghai, China)

Southern AsiaEdit

Iraqi Turkmens[21] (Turkmeneli)
Iraqi Turkmens[21] (Turkmeneli)
Zazas[22] (Turkey)
Zazas[22] (Turkey)
Kurds (Kurdistan)
Kurds (Kurdistan)
Yazidis (Iraq)
Yazidis (Iraq)
Azerbaijanis of Southern Azarbaijan[23]
Azerbaijanis of Southern Azarbaijan[23]
Khuzestani Arabs[24] (Khuzestan)
Khuzestani Arabs[24] (Khuzestan)
Pashtuns (Pashtunistan)[citation needed]
Pashtuns (Pashtunistan)[citation needed]
Balochis[25] (Balochistan)
Balochis[25] (Balochistan)
Sindhis[note 3] (Sindh and West India)[citation needed]
Sindhis[note 3] (Sindh and West India)[citation needed]
Burusho-Hunzakuts[26] (Hunza)
Burusho-Hunzakuts[26] (Hunza)
Kashmiris (Kashmir and Jammu)
Kashmiris (Kashmir and Jammu)
Ladakhis[27] (Ladakh)
Ladakhis[27] (Ladakh)
Muhajir people (Pakistan)
Muhajir people (Pakistan)
Chagossians or Îlois[28] (Chagos Islands and Mauritius)
Chagossians or Îlois[28] (Chagos Islands and Mauritius)
Assamese[citation needed]
Assamese[citation needed]
Bodos (Bodoland)[citation needed]
Bodos (Bodoland)[citation needed]
Kannada people (Karnataka)[citation needed]
Kannada people (Karnataka)[citation needed]
Telugu people (Telangana)[citation needed]
Telugu people (Telangana)[citation needed]
Malayali people (Kerala)[citation needed]
Malayali people (Kerala)[citation needed]
Sri Lankan Tamils
Sri Lankan Tamils
Bnei Menashe (Manipur, Mizoram, Chin State, Southern Sagaing Division and Chittagong Division)[note 4]
Bnei Menashe (Manipur, Mizoram, Chin State, Southern Sagaing Division and Chittagong Division)[note 4]

Southeastern AsiaEdit

Akha[29] (China,[note 5] Burma, Laos and Northern Thailand)
Akha[29] (China,[note 5] Burma, Laos and Northern Thailand)
Khmer Krom[30] (Mekong Delta)
Khmer Krom[30] (Mekong Delta)
Acehnese people[31] (Aceh)
Acehnese people[31] (Aceh)
Minangkabau people (West Sumatra, the western part of Riau and Jambi, the western coast of Aceh and North Sumatra, the northern part of Bengkulu, and Negeri Sembilan)
Minangkabau people (West Sumatra, the western part of Riau and Jambi, the western coast of Aceh and North Sumatra, the northern part of Bengkulu, and Negeri Sembilan)

MelanesiaEdit

Kanak[32] (Kanaky)
Kanak[32] (Kanaky)

Australasia and PolynesiaEdit

Australian Aborigines (Australia) "The Australian Aboriginal flag, created by Harold Thomas in 1971, was first flown as a symbol of protest, becoming then the emblem of the Indigenous peoples of Australia. In 1995 (and then in 2008), this flag was officially recognized and proclaimed as one of the national flags of Australia under the Flags Act 1953.[33] Each color has a peculiar symbolism: black represents the people, red represents the land and the yellow disc represents the Sun[34]".
Australian Aborigines (Australia)
"The Australian Aboriginal flag, created by Harold Thomas in 1971, was first flown as a symbol of protest, becoming then the emblem of the Indigenous peoples of Australia. In 1995 (and then in 2008), this flag was officially recognized and proclaimed as one of the national flags of Australia under the Flags Act 1953.[33] Each color has a peculiar symbolism: black represents the people, red represents the land and the yellow disc represents the Sun[34]".
Moriori of Chatham Islands[35]".
Moriori of Chatham Islands[35]".
Native Hawaiians or Kanaka Maoli[36] (Hawaii)
Native Hawaiians or Kanaka Maoli[36] (Hawaii)
Tahitians and some other Indigenous Peoples of French Polynesia
Tahitians and some other Indigenous Peoples of French Polynesia
Indigenous Peoples of Austral Islands
Indigenous Peoples of Austral Islands
Indigenous Peoples of Marquesas Islands
Indigenous Peoples of Marquesas Islands
Rapanui (Easter Island)
Rapanui (Easter Island)

Northern EuropeEdit

Faroese (Faroe Islands)
Faroese (Faroe Islands)
Orcadians (Orkney Islands)
Orcadians (Orkney Islands)
Shetlanders (Shetland)
Shetlanders (Shetland)
Scots (Scotland)
Scots (Scotland)
Irish (Island of Ireland)
Irish (Island of Ireland)
Welsh or Cymry (Wales or Cymru)
Welsh or Cymry (Wales or Cymru)
Cornish [37] (Cornwall)
Cornish [37] (Cornwall)
Manx (Isle of Man)
Manx (Isle of Man)
Bretons [37] (Brittany)
Bretons [37] (Brittany)
Normans[38] (Normandy)
Normans[38] (Normandy)
Walloons (Wallonia)
Walloons (Wallonia)
Flemish (Flanders)
Flemish (Flanders)
West Frisians (Friesland and Province of Groningen)
West Frisians (Friesland and Province of Groningen)
East Frisians (East Frisia)
East Frisians (East Frisia)
North Frisians (North Frisia)
North Frisians (North Frisia)
Inter-Frisian Flag of the Interfrisian Council
Inter-Frisian Flag of the Interfrisian Council
"The Inter-Frisian Flag (Ynterfryske Flagge), not accepted by the Inter-Frisian Council, was launched by the Groep fan Auwerk to represent the four regions make up Frisia: Friesland and the Province of Groningen in the Netherlands and East Frisia and North Frisia in Germany".
"The Inter-Frisian Flag (Ynterfryske Flagge), not accepted by the Inter-Frisian Council, was launched by the Groep fan Auwerk to represent the four regions make up Frisia: Friesland and the Province of Groningen in the Netherlands and East Frisia and North Frisia in Germany".
English (England)
English (England)
Germans of Northern Schleswig[citation needed]
Germans of Northern Schleswig[citation needed]
Danes of Southern Schleswig[citation needed]
Danes of Southern Schleswig[citation needed]
Finland-Swedes[39] (Åland Islands, Ostrobothnia, Uusimaa and Eastern Uusimaa)
Finland-Swedes[39] (Åland Islands, Ostrobothnia, Uusimaa and Eastern Uusimaa)
Sweden-Finns (Eastern Svealand)
Sweden-Finns (Eastern Svealand)
Sami people[37] (Sápmi) "The Sami flag, inaugurated during the 13th Nordic Sami Conference in Åre, Sweden, on 15 August 1986, was created by Astrid Båhl (se). It is based upon a previous project by Synnøve Persenthe and upon the poem "Paiven parneh" ("Sons of the Sun"), written by Anders Fjellner, describing the Sami as sons and daughters of the sun".
Sami people[37] (Sápmi)
"The Sami flag, inaugurated during the 13th Nordic Sami Conference in Åre, Sweden, on 15 August 1986, was created by Astrid Båhl (se). It is based upon a previous project by Synnøve Persenthe and upon the poem "Paiven parneh" ("Sons of the Sun"), written by Anders Fjellner, describing the Sami as sons and daughters of the sun".
Tornedalians[40] (Meänmaa)
Tornedalians[40] (Meänmaa)
Karelians[41][42] (Republic of Karelia, Tver Oblast and Novgorod Oblast)
Karelians[41][42] (Republic of Karelia, Tver Oblast and Novgorod Oblast)
Veps[43] (Karelia, Leningrad Oblast and Vologda Oblast)
Veps[43] (Karelia, Leningrad Oblast and Vologda Oblast)
Ingrians[44][45] (Leningrad Oblast)
Ingrians[44][45] (Leningrad Oblast)
Izhorians (Leningrad Oblast)
Izhorians (Leningrad Oblast)
Votes[46] (Leningrad Oblast and Estonia)
Votes[46] (Leningrad Oblast and Estonia)
Setos[47] (Setomaa)
Setos[47] (Setomaa)
Võros (Võrumaa) older version
Võros (Võrumaa) older version
Võros (Võrumaa) since February 2013
Võros (Võrumaa) since February 2013
Livonians[48] (Livonia and Curlandia)
Livonians[48] (Livonia and Curlandia)

Central EuropeEdit

Czechs (/Bohemians) (Bohemia)
Czechs (/Bohemians) (Bohemia)
Germans of Belgium[49] (Eastern part of the province of Liège)
Germans of Belgium[49] (Eastern part of the province of Liège)
Luxembourgers (Luxembourg, Belgium, France and Germany) [50]
Luxembourgers (Luxembourg, Belgium, France and Germany) [50]
Alsatians  (Alsace)[citation needed]
Alsatians (Alsace)[citation needed]
Tyroleans of South Tyrol
Tyroleans of South Tyrol
Kashubians[37] (Pomerelia)
Kashubians[37] (Pomerelia)
Sorbs[32] (Lusatia)
Sorbs[32] (Lusatia)
Silesians (Silesia)[citation needed]
Silesians (Silesia)[citation needed]
Moravians  (Moravia)[citation needed]
Moravians (Moravia)[citation needed]

Southwestern EuropeEdit

Canarians[51] (Canary Islands)
Canarians[51] (Canary Islands)
Galicians (Galicia)
Galicians (Galicia)
Asturians (Asturias)
Asturians (Asturias)
Basques (Basque Country, Navarre and Iparralde)
Basques (Basque Country, Navarre and Iparralde)
Castilians (Castile, La Mancha and La Rioja)[citation needed]
Castilians (Castile, La Mancha and La Rioja)[citation needed]
Aragonese[52] (Aragon)
Aragonese[52] (Aragon)
Valencians (Valencian Community and El Carche)
Valencians (Valencian Community and El Carche)
Balearics (Balearic Islands)
Balearics (Balearic Islands)
Catalans (Catalonia, La Franja and Northern Catalonia)
Catalans (Catalonia, La Franja and Northern Catalonia)
Occitans[53] (Occitania)
Occitans[53] (Occitania)
Corsicans (Corsica)
Corsicans (Corsica)
Arpitans[54] (Arpitania)
Arpitans[54] (Arpitania)
Savoyards (Savoy)
Savoyards (Savoy)
Ladinia[54] (Some valleys in Northeastern Italy)
Ladinia[54] (Some valleys in Northeastern Italy)
Maltese (Malta)
Maltese (Malta)

Southeastern EuropeEdit

Serbs (Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia,[55] Macedonia, Montenegro, Slovenia)
Serbs (Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia,[55] Macedonia, Montenegro, Slovenia)
Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Macedonians [56] (Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Albania, Greece and Bulgaria)
Macedonians [56] (Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Albania, Greece and Bulgaria)
Bosniaks of Sandžak[57]
Bosniaks of Sandžak[57]
Bosniaks of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosniaks of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Pomaks (Bulgaria, Greece)
Pomaks (Bulgaria, Greece)
Albanians (Albania, Kosovo, Western part of the Republic of Macedonia, Epirus[58] and Arbëria)
Albanians (Albania, Kosovo, Western part of the Republic of Macedonia, Epirus[58] and Arbëria)
Greeks (Greece, Cyprus, Albania)
Greeks (Greece, Cyprus, Albania)

Eastern Europe, Caucasia and AnatoliaEdit

Rusyns[59] (Carpathian Ruthenia)
Rusyns[59] (Carpathian Ruthenia)
Gagauzes (Gagauzia)[citation needed]
Gagauzes (Gagauzia)[citation needed]
Crimean Tatars[60] (Crimea, Turkey, Uzbekistan and Dobruja)
Crimean Tatars[60] (Crimea, Turkey, Uzbekistan and Dobruja)
Lipka Tatars (Belarus, Lithuania and Poland)[citation needed]
Lipka Tatars (Belarus, Lithuania and Poland)[citation needed]
Komis (Komi Republic)
Komis (Komi Republic)
Maris (Mari El)
Maris (Mari El)
Erzyans[61] (Mordovia, Samara Oblast and Tataristan)
Erzyans[61] (Mordovia, Samara Oblast and Tataristan)
Mordvins (Mordovia)
Mordvins (Mordovia)
Udmurts (Udmurtia)
Udmurts (Udmurtia)
Chuvashes (Chuvashia)
Chuvashes (Chuvashia)
Volga Tatars (Tatarstan and the historical region of Idel-Ural; Ryazan Oblast, Tambov Oblast, Astrakhan Oblast Kazakhstan and Central Asia)
Volga Tatars (Tatarstan and the historical region of Idel-Ural; Ryazan Oblast, Tambov Oblast, Astrakhan Oblast Kazakhstan and Central Asia)
Bashkirs (Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast and Orenburg Oblast)
Bashkirs (Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast and Orenburg Oblast)
Don Cossacks (southern Russia)[citation needed]
Don Cossacks (southern Russia)[citation needed]
Circassians: Adyghe, Cherkess and Kabardins[62] (Adyghea, Karachay–Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Krasnodar Krai, Turkey and Middle East)
Circassians: Adyghe, Cherkess and Kabardins[62] (Adyghea, Karachay–Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Krasnodar Krai, Turkey and Middle East)
Abazins (Abazinia)
Abazins (Abazinia)
Abkhazians[63] (Abkhazia and Turkey)
Abkhazians[63] (Abkhazia and Turkey)
Balkars (Kabardino-Balkaria)
Balkars (Kabardino-Balkaria)
Karachays (Karachay–Cherkessia)[citation needed]
Karachays (Karachay–Cherkessia)[citation needed]
Ossetians (South Ossetia and North Ossetia–Alania)
Ossetians (South Ossetia and North Ossetia–Alania)
Ingush (Ingushetia, Eastern part of Prigorodny District, Chechnya and Turkey)
Ingush (Ingushetia, Eastern part of Prigorodny District, Chechnya and Turkey)
Chechens (Chechnya, Ingushetia and Dagestan)
Chechens (Chechnya, Ingushetia and Dagestan)
Kalmyks (Kalmykia)
Kalmyks (Kalmykia)
Kumyks[64] (Dagestan)
Kumyks[64] (Dagestan)
Lezgins[65] (Dagestan and Azerbaijan)
Lezgins[65] (Dagestan and Azerbaijan)
Meskhetians[66] (Samtskhe-Javakheti, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Krasnodar Krai, Turkey and Kyrgyzstan)
Meskhetians[66] (Samtskhe-Javakheti, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Krasnodar Krai, Turkey and Kyrgyzstan)
Adjarians[67] (Adjaria, Guria, Kvemo Kartli, Kakheti and Northeastern Turkey)
Adjarians[67] (Adjaria, Guria, Kvemo Kartli, Kakheti and Northeastern Turkey)
Greeks of Pontus[citation needed]
Greeks of Pontus[citation needed]
Romani people[37] (Europe and Brazil) “The Romani flag (O Styago le Romengo), approved during the first World Romani Congress, was created by the General Union of the Roma of Romania (Uniunea Generala a Romilor din Romania), in 1933. The flag contains a red Chakra, in the centre, representing the migratory heritage of the Romani people”.
Romani people[37] (Europe and Brazil)
“The Romani flag (O Styago le Romengo), approved during the first World Romani Congress, was created by the General Union of the Roma of Romania (Uniunea Generala a Romilor din Romania), in 1933. The flag contains a red Chakra, in the centre, representing the migratory heritage of the Romani people”.
Yiddish people originally from Central and Eastern Europe, Yiddishland, located now in Europe, Israel and America
Yiddish people originally from Central and Eastern Europe, Yiddishland, located now in Europe, Israel and America

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ This is the flag of the Arab Revolt.[citation needed]
  2. ^ To be precise, the Druze are a religious and cultural group rather than a distinct ethnic group.
  3. ^ See also the concept of Sindhudesh.
  4. ^ This is just one of several flags used by groups that make up this macro-group.
  5. ^ Akha are considered part of the Hani by the government of People's Republic of China, though this is a subject of some dispute among the Akha themselves.

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ "Berbers". Flags of the World. April 24, 2009. Retrieved April 24, 2010. 
  2. ^ Smith, Whitney. "Flag of Israel". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "History of the flag". Flags of the World. June 26, 2006. Retrieved April 25, 2010.  The Flag of Somalia, created by Mohammed Awale Liban, was designed to represent pan-Somali territories.
  4. ^ "Amhara (Ethiopia)". Flags of the World. September 13, 2003. Retrieved October 25, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Afar (Ethiopia)". Flags of the World. September 13, 2003. Retrieved October 25, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Harari (Ethiopia)". Flags of the World. June 24, 2006. Retrieved October 25, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Oromo traditional colours". Flags of the World. May 29, 2003. Retrieved June 30, 2010. 
  8. ^ "Tigray (Ethiopia)". Flags of the World. April 29, 2004. Retrieved October 25, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Bakonjo People". Flags of the World. July 12, 2008. Retrieved April 24, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Ashanti People". Flags of the World. November 4, 2006. Retrieved April 24, 2010. 
  11. ^ Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 762. ISBN 0-313-32384-4. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  12. ^ "Afrikaner". Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. Retrieved June 30, 2010. 
  13. ^ a b Znamierowski, p236
  14. ^ Miller, Richard. "From History to Destiny". The Mulatto People. Archived from the original on February 15, 2001. Retrieved April 22, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Native Peoples of Colombia". Flags of the World. July 3, 2009. Retrieved July 9, 2010.  According to FOTW, this flag represent primarily the Guambiano or Misak tribe, but it also represents Native peoples of Southwestern Colombia.
  16. ^ "Inca (Quechua/Aymara) people". Flags of the World. June 16, 2007. Retrieved April 23, 2010.  The term Wiphala is refrered to flags of Inca origin, today used by the Native Andean peoples to represent themselves.
  17. ^ "Mapuche". Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. Retrieved July 9, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Tuva". Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. Retrieved June 15, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Hainan". Flags of the World. February 10, 2007. Retrieved June 18, 2010. 
  20. ^ Poisson, Barbara Aoki (2002). The Ainu of Japan. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications. ISBN 978-0-8225-4176-9. 
  21. ^ "Iraqi Turkmen". Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. Retrieved June 18, 2010. 
  22. ^ "Zazaistan". Flags of the World. April 24, 2009. Retrieved June 19, 2010.  FOTW shows this banner as the alleged flag of Zazas. Moreover, according to an article published in Le Monde, signed by Lucien Philippe, the site states that the flag has been used in several ethnic riots until 1980. Finally FOTW shows other three flags that are not supported by any source definable as reliable.
  23. ^ Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization
  24. ^ "Ahwazi". Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. Retrieved July 1, 2010. 
  25. ^ "Flag of the Baloch people". Flags of the World. April 25, 2008. Retrieved March 27, 2010.  There are different variants of the flag used by Baloch independentists to represent their people.
  26. ^ "Hunza". Flags of the World. June 7, 2008. Retrieved June 19, 2010. 
  27. ^ "Ladakh". Flags of the World. February 14, 2007. Retrieved June 16, 2010. 
  28. ^ "Chagossians at UNO". chagos.org. January 30, 2003. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  29. ^ "Akha People". Flags of the World. August 9, 2008. Retrieved June 23, 2010. 
  30. ^ "Khmer Krom". Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. Retrieved June 23, 2010. 
  31. ^ "Free Aceh Movement". Flags of the World. December 13, 2008. Retrieved June 23, 2010. 
  32. ^ a b Znamierowski, p238
  33. ^ "Proclamation under the Flags Act 1953". ComLaw — Commonwealth of Australia Law. January 25, 2008. Retrieved April 20, 2010. 
  34. ^ "Harold Thomas – Creator of the Aboriginal Flag". ABC Online. May 23, 2002. Retrieved April 20, 2010. 
  35. ^ "Denise Davis: Moriori. Te Ara — the Encyclopedia of New Zealand". Solomon, Māui. Retrieved June 9, 2006. 
  36. ^ "'Original' flag raises debate". Honolulu Advertiser. February 12, 2001. Retrieved April 17, 2010. 
  37. ^ a b c d e Znamierowski, p237
  38. ^ "Mouvement Normand". Flags of the World. June 14, 2003. Retrieved June 9, 2010. 
  39. ^ "Svenska Brevmärken 1922" (in Swedish). Svenska Centralarkivet. Retrieved April 5, 2010.  The flag of Finland-Swedes appears on some stamps issued by the Swedish People's Party in 1922.
  40. ^ "Meänkieliset ottavat käyttöön Meän maan lipun" (in Finnish). Kaleva Online. July 13, 2007. Retrieved June 9, 2010. 
  41. ^ "East Karelia". Flags of the World. September 12, 2009. Retrieved June 8, 2010. 
  42. ^ "Lyydi people". Flags of the World. September 12, 2009. Retrieved June 8, 2010. 
  43. ^ "Vepsia". Flags of the World. April 14, 2007. Retrieved June 8, 2010. 
  44. ^ "Inkeri". Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. Retrieved June 9, 2010. 
  45. ^ "Ingria". Flags of the World. April 14, 2007. Retrieved June 9, 2010. 
  46. ^ Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 2018. ISBN 0-313-32384-4. Retrieved June 9, 2010. 
  47. ^ "In pictures: The Seto people — Anthem and flag". BBC News Online. Retrieved June 9, 2010. 
  48. ^ "Livonian People". Flags of the World. February 18, 2006. Retrieved June 9, 2010. 
  49. ^ "German-speaking Community (Belgium)". Flags of the World. January 17, 2009. Retrieved June 10, 2010. 
  50. ^ "The Red Lion is the Civil Ensign of the Gran Duchy of Luxemburg. In 2006, the banner was proposed as the new national flag. On 6 July 2007, the Government of Luxembourg refused the proposal, but, at the same time, established the equal status of this flag and the Official Tricolor. Instead, in the Belgian province of Luxemburg, the Red Lion has not an official status, but it (with a different shade of blue) is of common use: it is used even by the Provincial Council on public buildings or in official occurrences". http://www.province.luxembourg.be/provlux/provlux_fr_profils_province_lux/l-institution-provinciale/blason-palais-logo-drapeau-et-chant-provincial/drapeau/drapeau.htm http://www.gouvernement.lu/dossiers/viepol/drapeau/index.html
  51. ^ "Estatuto de Autonomía de Canarias" (in Spanish). Gobierno de Canarias. Retrieved June 13, 2010.  The flag, which was made official by the Organic Law 10/82 on 16 August 1982, is based upon the original design attributed to Carmen Sarmiento, Jesús Cantero and Arturo Cantero and adopted by the Canarias Libre movement in 1961.
  52. ^ "Estatuto de Autonomía de Aragón" (in Spanish). Boletín Oficial de Aragón. April 23, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2010.  The Statute defines Aragonese People as an "historical nationality".
  53. ^ "Occitania". Flags of the World. December 26, 2009. Retrieved June 11, 2010. 
  54. ^ a b "Legge 15 Dicembre 1999, n. 482 - Norme in materia di tutela delle minoranze linguistiche storiche" (in Italian). Gazzetta Ufficiale della Repubblica Italiana. December 20, 1999. Retrieved April 5, 2010. 
  55. ^ http://www.skdprosvjeta.com/news.php?id=66
  56. ^ Danforth, Loring (1995), The Macedonian Conflict, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, p. 164, ISBN 978-0-691-04356-2 
  57. ^ "Symbols of the Bosniaks of Sandžak". Flags of the World. March 18–19, 2005. Retrieved April 17, 2010. 
  58. ^ Vickers, Miranda (2007), The Cham Issue — Where to Now?, ARAG Balkan Series, Swindon, United Kingdom: Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, p. 21, ISBN 978-1-905962-01-3 
  59. ^ "Rusyn Symbols". Academy of Rusyn Culture in the Slovak Republic. Retrieved June 12, 2010. 
  60. ^ "Crimean Tatars". Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. Retrieved June 12, 2010. 
  61. ^ "Erzian ethnic flag". Flags of the World. February 2, 2002. Retrieved June 12, 2010. 
  62. ^ "Circassia". Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. Retrieved June 12, 2010. 
  63. ^ "Abkhazia". Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. Retrieved June 12, 2010. 
  64. ^ "Flags of daghestanian ethnic groups". Flags of the World. January 8, 2003. Retrieved June 13, 2010. 
  65. ^ "История Лезгинского народа" (in Russian). Lezgini Kultuuriühing Eestis. Retrieved June 13, 2010. 
  66. ^ "Meshtekistan". Flags of the World. January 30, 2010. Retrieved June 12, 2010. 
  67. ^ "Ajaria". Flags of the World. April 24, 2010. Retrieved June 12, 2010. 

Bibliography and referencesEdit

External linksEdit

Northern Africa

Western Africa

Middle Africa

Southern Asia

Notes and citations for external links

  1. ^ A flag of Hausa people was proposed in 1966. It is a banner with five horizontal stripes: red, yellow, indigo blue, green, and khaki beige.
  2. ^ "Asia: flags of the ethnic minorities and stateless nations". Encyclopædia Heraldica. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  3. ^ Goodrick-Clarke, Nicholas, Hitler's Priestess: Savitri Devi, the Hindu-Aryan Myth, and Neo-Nazism (New York University Press, 1998, hardcover: ISBN 0-8147-3110-4, paperback: ISBN 0-8147-3111-2 Plate 3, between Pages 80 and 81, shows a picture of the Hindi ethnic flag (“Pan Hindu National Flag”)