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The Dominion Police was a Canadian police force from 1868 to 1920.
The Dominion Police was created on 22 May 1868, as a result of the amalgamation of the Western Frontier Constabulary and the Montreal Water Police.
It began as a police force protecting the Parliament Buildings on Parliament Hill in Ottawa (now protected by House of Commons and Senate Security Service Constables and Scanner operators) and by 1911 it served as Canada's eastern police force (for provinces east of Manitoba, excluding Newfoundland which did not join Canada until 1949).
The civilian members of the CMPC were merged with the Royal Northwest Mounted Police (Canada's western police force) on 1 February 1920, to form the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. The CMPC was disbanded on 1 December 1920.
Roles of the DP included:
- bodyguards for politicians in Ottawa
- secret service
- security intelligence
- protecting naval dockyards in Halifax
- national fingerprint bureau
- parole service
Heads of the Dominion Police
- Charles-Joseph Coursol 1868-1871
- Gilbert McMicken 1869-1873, Commissioner
- Sir Arthur Sherwood 1885-1918, Commissioner 
- Colonel Gilbert Godson-Godson, first Provost Marshall of the CMPC 
Heads of Montreal Water Police
- Canadian Military Police – vitual museum. Retrieved 20 August 2012.
- David Ross, Robin May & Richard Hook, The Formation of the RCMP, The Royal Canadian Mounted Police 1873-1987, p17
- Royal Canadian Mounted Police at the Wayback Machine (archived June 22, 2011), Federation of American Scientists
- Dominion Police, 1868–1919, Library and Archives Canada
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