Carlos, Duke of Parma

Carlos
Duke of Parma
Head of House of Bourbon-Parma
Period 18 August 2010 – present
Predecessor Carlos Hugo
Heir Prince Jaime
Spouse Annemarie Gualthérie van Weezel
Issue
Carlos Klynstra (illegitimate)
Princess Luisa
Princess Cecilia
Full name
Carlos Xavier Bernardo Sixto Marie
House House of Bourbon-Parma
Father Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma
Mother Princess Irene of the Netherlands
Born (1970-01-27) 27 January 1970 (age 44)
Nijmegen, Netherlands
Religion Roman Catholicism
Parmese Ducal Family
Coat of arms of the House of Bourbon-Parma.svg

Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Parma, Duke of Parma and Piacenza[1][2] (born 27 January 1970) is the current head of the Royal and Ducal House of Bourbon-Parma, as well a member of the Dutch Royal Family. He is generally considered as the pretender to the defunct throne of Parma under the name Carlo V[1] (English: Charles V), and by sections of the Carlist movement as the pretender to the throne of Spain under the name Carlos Javier II (English: Charles Xavier II).[3][4]

Early lifeEdit

Prince Carlos was born in Nijmegen in the Netherlands as the eldest child of the late Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma and Princess Irene of the Netherlands. He has two younger sisters Princess Margarita and Princess Carolina, and one younger brother Prince Jaime. Carlos spent his youth in several countries including the Netherlands, Spain, France, England, and the United States. In 1981, when he was eleven, his parents decided to divorce. Together with his mother and his siblings he then moved to Soestdijk Palace (Baarn). He lived at the palace for a number of years with his grandparents, Queen Juliana of the Netherlands and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands.

Education and careerEdit

Carlos studied political sciences at Wesleyan University in Connecticut and demography and philosophy at Cambridge University.

After completing his studies Carlos worked for the company ABN AMRO in Amsterdam, where he was involved with the preparations for the introduction of the euro. He then worked for a while in Brussels as a public affairs consultant for the company European Public Policy Advisors (EPPA). Since 2007 he is engaged in projects concerning sustainability in the business world.

Royal representative assignmentsEdit

Carlos is sometimes present at representative occasions concerning the royal house of the Netherlands. In 2003 he was involved, together with his aunt Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, in the inauguration of the "Prince Claus Leerstoel". This is a professorship named after Prince Claus of the Netherlands, the late Prince Consort and husband of the former reigning queen Beatrix. During special events of the royal house he is regularly present. For example he was one of the organizers of the wedding celebration of Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands.

Personal lifeEdit

Relationship with Brigitte Klynstra and sonEdit

Prince Carlos had an relationship with Brigitte Klynstra (born 10 January 1959), the stepdaughter of Count Adolph van Rechteren Limpurg, Lord of Enghuizen. During this relationship he fathered a son:

  • Carlos Hugo Roderik Sybren Klynstra (born 20 January 1997 in Nijmegen)

Marriage with Annemarie Gualthérie van WeezelEdit

On 7 October 2009 it was announced through his mother's private secretary that Prince Carlos would marry Annemarie Cecilia Gualthérie van Weezel. The civil marriage took place on 12 June 2010 at Wijk bij Duurstede. The church wedding was to have taken place at the La Cambre Abbey in Ixelles on 28 August, but it was postponed owing to his father's illness. Prince Carlos Hugo died shortly afterwards.[citation needed]

Annemarie (born The Hague, 18 December 1977) is the daughter of Johan (Hans) Stephan Leonard Gualthérie van Weezel and Ank de Visser. Her father was a member of the House of Representatives of the Netherlands for the Christian Democratic party, member of the European Council in Strasbourg, and the Dutch ambassador in Luxembourg. Gualthérie van Weezel’s paternal grandfather is Jan Hans Gualthérie van Weezel, who was the head of the police in The Hague and member of the Dutch resistance during the Second World War. Annemarie Gualthérie van Weezel went to secondary school in Strasbourg and obtained an Master of Laws degree at the University of Utrecht. Subsequently she completed a post-graduate study in Radio- and Television journalism at the University of Groningen. Gualthérie van Weezel works as a parliamentary journalist in The Hague and Brussels for the Dutch public channel NOS. In Brussels, she met Prince Carlos for the first time.

On 2 August 2010, it was revealed that the health of his father, the Duke of Parma, was quickly deteriorating due to cancer. As a consequence, the church wedding of the prince Carlos and his fiancée was delayed. Via the official announcement about the state of his decease, the Duke announced Carlos to be the next Head of the House of Bourbon-Parma.[5] Just before his death the Duke of Parma created Annemarie Countess of Molina in his capacity as sovereign in pretence.[6]

Prince Carlos's father died on 18 August 2010 in Barcelona, Spain, at the age of 80; Carlos subsequently became the next Duke of Parma and Head of the House of Bourbon-Parma.

The new Duke of Parma and Annemarie were married on 20 November 2010 in La Cambre Abbey.[7] Together they have two daughters:

  • HRH Princess Luisa Irene Constance Anna Maria of Bourbon-Parma (born 9 May 2012, The Hague).
  • HRH Princess Cecilia Maria Johanna Beatrix of Bourbon-Parma (born 17 October 2013, The Hague).

Princess Luisa was baptised in Parma by the Bishop of Parma, Enrico Solmi, on September 29, 2012,[8] whilst Princess Cecilia was baptised in Piacenza on 5 April 2014. [9]

Titles, styles, and honoursEdit

Styles of
Carlos, Duke of Parma
Coat of arms of the House of Bourbon-Parma.svg
Reference style His Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir

Titles and stylesEdit

When Carlos was a ducal prince, his father bestowed the substantive title Principe di Piacenza (Prince of Piacenza) upon him on 2 September 1996,[10] as well later on the Carlist title Duque de Madrid (Duke of Madrid) on 28 September 2003.[11] The Madrid title, as well as the Piacenza title were bestowed on him by his father in his pretended capacity as Duke of Parma and Carlist King of Spain. These titles are not generally recognized as they are bestowments by a sovereign in pretence.

In 1996 however, Carlos was incorporated into the Dutch Nobility by Queen Beatrix, with the highest noble title Prins de Bourbon de Parme (Prince of Bourbon-Parma)[12] and styled Zijne Koninklijke Hoogheid (His Royal Highness). He does not belong to the House of Orange-Nassau or the limited Dutch Royal House, but as a grandson of Queen Juliana and nephew of Queen Beatrix and cousin of the present King Willem-Alexander, he is an official member of the more extended Dutch Royal Family.[13]

With the death of his father, Carlos became titular Duke of Parma and Piacenza as current Head of the House of Bourbon-Parma.[14]

HonoursEdit

As Head of the House of Bourbon-Parma, Carlos is Grand Master of four dynastic orders:

  • Grand Master of the Sacred Angelic Imperial Constantinian Order of St. George (Parmesan order, Sacro Angelico Imperiale Ordine Costantiniano di San Giorgio)
  • Grand Master of the Order of St. Louis for Civil Merit (Real Ordine del Merito sotto il titolo di San Lodovico)
  • Grand Master of the Order of the Legitimidad Proscrita (Ordine de la Legitimidad Proscrita)
  • Grand Master of the Order of St. George for Military Merit (Ordine al merito militare di San Giorgio di Lucca)

He is also member of the following order:

AncestryEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b LL.AA.RR. Il Duca e la Duchessa di Parma e Piacenza – Website of the Royal and Ducal House of Bourbon-Parma (Italian)
  2. ^ "Duke of Parma and Piacenza" is the extended and more formal title of the duke
  3. ^ Mensaje al Pueblo Carlista de S.M.C. Don Carlos Javier II de Borbón, Rey de Las Españasblogspot El Carlismo contra Globalizatión (Spanish)
  4. ^ El primogénito de Carlos Hugo de Borbón – Nuevo pretendiente carlista a la corona de España – website news agency Europa Press (Spanish)
  5. ^ News of the House of Parma (in Spanish)
  6. ^ Interview in the French magazine Point de Vue, edition 13–20 October 2010: Carlos & Annemarie de Bourbon de Parme, Les amoureux de Parme
  7. ^ "Maxima shares Prince Carlos' joy as he weds his princess-bride". Hello Magazine. 24 November 2010. 
  8. ^ "Joy as Queen Beatrix's nephew Prince Carlos christens his daughter". Hello Magazine. 2 October 2012. 
  9. ^ http://nos.nl/koningshuis/artikel/632244-prinses-cecilia-gedoopt.html
  10. ^ Almanach de Gotha (182nd ed.). Almanach de Gotha. 1998. p. 55. ISBN 0-9532142-0-6. 
  11. ^ "Palabras de S.A.R. el Príncipe Don Carlos Hugo de Borbón Parma en al acto de imposición de cruces de la Orden de la Legitimad Proscrita, celebrado el domingo día 28 de septiembre de 2003 en Arbonne". House of Bourbon-Parma. Retrieved 30 July 2008.  (Spanish)
  12. ^ "The 14th list of nobility determined by royal decree on 9 June 2004 (Stb.307)".  Website of the High Council of Nobility in the Netherlands (Dutch)
  13. ^ "Members of the Dutch Royal House and the royal family".  Postbus 51 – Website of the Dutch Government Information Service (in Dutch)
  14. ^ La Dinastia – Website of the Royal and Ducal House of Bourbon-Parma (Italian)

External linksEdit


Carlos, Duke of Parma
Born: 27 January 1970
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Carlos Hugo
— TITULAR —
Duke of Parma
2010 – present
Reason for succession failure:
Annexed by Kingdom of Italy
Incumbent
Heir:
Jaime
— TITULAR —
King of Spain
2011–present
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Prince Alessandro of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Legitimist line of succession to the French throne
39th position
Succeeded by
Jaime
Last modified on 10 April 2014, at 08:23