|Founded||13 January 1924|
|Number of teams||16|
|Levels on pyramid||1|
|Domestic cup(s)||Svenska Cupen|
|International cup(s)||UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
|Current champions||IF Elfsborg
|Most championships||Malmö FF (19 titles)|
|TV partners||TV4 Group|
|Allsvenskan (Tier 1)|
|Superettan (Tier 2)|
|Division 1 (Tier 3)|
|Division 2 (Tier 4)|
|Division 3 (Tier 5)|
|Division 4 (Tier 6)|
|Division 5 (Tier 7)|
|Division 6 (Tier 8)|
|Division 7 (Tier 9)|
|Division 8 (Tier 10)|
Allsvenskan (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈalː.ˈsvɛnːskan]; English: The All-Swedish; also known as Fotbollsallsvenskan) is a Swedish professional league for association football clubs. At the top of the Swedish football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. Contested by 16 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with Superettan. Seasons run from April to November, with teams playing 30 matches each, totalling 240 matches in the season.
The league was created in 1924. Before that, the top league in Sweden was called Svenska Serien. The winner is awarded Lennart Johanssons Pokal. It is ranked 24th in the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) coefficients of leagues based on performances in European competitions over the last five years, just ahead of the Slovak Super Liga and below the Belarusian Premier League. The current champions are IF Elfsborg, who won the title in the 2012 season.
The champions of the Allsvenskan are considered Swedish Champions. The winners of Allsvenskan between 1924 and 1930 were only considered league winners. The same is true for the years 1982 through 1990 when the champions were decided through play-offs and 1991–1992 when the champions were decided through a continuation league called Mästerskapsserien.
There are 16 clubs in Allsvenskan, increased in 2008 from previous years' 14 participants. During the course of a season (starting in March and ending in November) each club plays the others twice (home and away) for a total of 30 games. The two lowest placed teams at the end of the season are relegated to Superettan and the top two teams from Superettan are promoted in their place. The third lowest team in Allsvenskan plays a relegation/promotion play-off against the third placed team in Superettan.
The winners of Allsvenskan qualify for the UEFA Champions League, the runner-up together with the third placed team in the table qualify for the UEFA Europa League as well as the team who wins the Svenska Cupen.
The current trophy awarded to the Swedish champions is the Lennart Johanssons Pokal. Created in 2001, the trophy is named after former UEFA chairman, Lennart Johansson. A different trophy that was named after Clarence von Rosen had previously been used between 1903 and 2000, but was replaced after journalists discovered that von Rosen had been a nazi sympathiser.
The Swiss corporation Kentaro has owned the TV rights for Allsvenskan since 2006. Through licence agreements with the media company TV4 Group matches are aired through C More Entertainment who broadcasts them on their C More Sport and C More Live channels. Matches can also be bought through the online pay-per-view service C SPORTS. The current license agreement is valid to 2019.
A total of 61 clubs have played in Allsvenskan from its inception in 1924 up to and including the 2012 season. No club have been a member of the league for every season since its inception, AIK are the club to have participated in most seasons with a record of 84 seasons played out of 89 seasons in total.
The following 16 clubs are competing in Allsvenskan during the 2013 season.
|First season||Number of seasons||First season of
|Halmstads BK||3rd in Superettan||1933–34||50||2013||4||2000|
|IF Brommapojkarna||2nd in Superettan||2007||3||2013||0||N/A|
|Östers IF||1st in Superettan||1968||32||2013||4||1981|
Stadia and locations
|Djurgårdens IF||Stockholm||Stockholms Stadion and Tele2 Arena||14,417 and 30 000|
|Halmstads BK||Halmstad||Örjans Vall||15,500|
|IF Brommapojkarna||Stockholm||Grimsta IP||8,000|
|IF Elfsborg||Borås||Borås Arena||16,899|
|IFK Göteborg||Gothenburg||Gamla Ullevi||18,900|
|Kalmar FF||Kalmar||Guldfågeln Arena||12,182|
|Malmö FF||Malmö||Swedbank Stadion||24,000|
|Syrianska FC||Södertälje||Södertälje Fotbollsarena||6,400|
|Östers IF||Växjö||Myresjöhus Arena||12,000|
The current managers in Allsvenskan are:
|Nanne Bergstrand||Kalmar FF||29 October 2002|
|Per Olsson||Gefle IF||28 December 2004|
|Özcan Melkemichel||Syrianska FC||29 May 2005|
|Peter Gerhardsson||BK Häcken||20 November 2008|
|Roberth Björknesjö||IF Brommapojkarna||7 October 2010|
|Janne Andersson||IFK Norrköping||1 December 2010|
|Andreas Alm||AIK||16 December 2010|
|Rikard Norling||Malmö FF||3 June 2011|
|Jens Gustafsson||Halmstads BK||5 July 2011|
|Mikael Stahre||IFK Göteborg||1 November 2011|
|Jörgen Lennartsson||IF Elfsborg||29 November 2011|
|Peter Swärdh||Åtvidabergs FF||5 November 2012|
|Roar Hansen||Helsingborgs IF||3 December 2012|
|Andreas Thomsson||Östers IF||3 December 2012|
|Anders Torstensson||Mjällby AIF||7 December 2012|
|Per-Mathias Høgmo||Djurgårdens IF||15 May 2013|
|Season when the league didn't decide the Swedish champions|
Historically the players and coaching staff from the four best teams in Allsvenskan are awarded medals at the end of each season. The champions are awarded the gold medal while the runners-up receive the "big silver" medal. The third place team gets the "small silver" medal instead of the more commonly used bronze medal which is instead awarded to the fourth place finisher. This tradition of awarding four medals and not three is thought to have to do with the fact that the losers of the Semi-finals of Svenska Mästerskapet were both given bronze medals since no bronze match was played.
The overall medal rank is displayed below after points in descending order. 5 points are awarded for a "gold" medal, 3 points for a "big silver" medal, 2 points for a "small silver" medal and 1 point for a bronze medal. The table that follows is accurate as of the end of the 2012 season.
|Rank||Club||Gold||Big Silver||Small Silver||Bronze||Points|
|23||Jönköpings Södra IF||0||1||0||0||3|
Clubs in European football are especially honoured for winning multiple league titles and a representative golden star is usually placed above the club badge to indicate the club having won 10 league titles. In Sweden the star instead symbolizes 10 Swedish championship titles as the league winner has not always been awarded the title of Swedish champions. The star system was not established for Allsvenskan clubs until 2006, although AIK had already introduced the star to their kit in 2000. IFK Göteborg, Malmö FF, IFK Norrköping, Örgryte IS and Djurgårdens IF were the first teams after AIK to be awarded their stars. No new club has been awarded a star since 2006, the club closest to being awarded their first is IF Elfsborg with 6 titles.
The current (as of the end of the 2011 season) gold star clubs are:
- AIK (11 titles, received in 2000).
- IFK Göteborg (18 titles, received in 2006).
- Malmö FF (16 titles, received in 2006).
- IFK Norrköping (12 titles, received in 2006).
- Örgryte IS (12 titles, received in 2006).
- Djurgårdens IF (11 titles, received in 2006).
|Town or city||League wins||Clubs|
||Malmö FF (19)|
||IFK Göteborg (13), GAIS (4) Örgryte IS (2)|
||IFK Norrköping (12), IK Sleipner (1)|
||Djurgårdens IF (7), AIK (5), Hammarby IF (1)|
||Helsingborgs IF (7)|
||IF Elfsborg (6)|
||Halmstads BK (4)|
||Östers IF (4)|
||Åtvidabergs FF (2)|
||Kalmar FF (1)|
All-time Allsvenskan table
The all-time Allsvenskan table, "maratontabellen" in Swedish, is a cumulative record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in Allsvenskan since its inception in 1924–25. It uses three points for a win even though this system was not introduced until the 1990 season. The matches played in the championship play-offs between 1982 and 1990 or the matches played in Mästerskapsserien in 1991 and 1992 are not included. The table that follows is accurate as of the end of the 2012 season.
Malmö FF are the current leaders, having had the lead since the end of the 2012 season when they overtook the lead from IFK Göteborg. IFK Göteborg are the club to have spent most seasons in the top spot with 48 seasons as leaders with a record of the most consecutive seasons as leaders with 35 seasons between 1938 and 1972. Six clubs have been in the lead, the lead having changed among them ten times since 1925. The former leader with the lowest current ranking in the table is GAIS, currently placing 9th and 1459 points short of Malmö FF.
Allsvenskan has 22 active referees that are available for matches as of the 2013 season. Currently there are seven fully certified international FIFA referees in Allsvenskan. There are also a further ten referees who are certified by the Swedish Football Association who have refereed matches in Allsvenskan. Markus Strömbergsson is the only as of now active referee who has been a FIFA certified referee (2006–2012) but who is now active only as a referee certified by the Swedish Football Association. A further five referees certified by the Swedish Football Association are available to referee Allsvenskan matches but have not done so as of 2013.
FIFA certified referees
- Thorén, Petra. "SM-pokalen ska skrotas". aftonbladet.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2011-01-03.
- "Tar kameran – med våld" (in Swedish). 2008-04-26. Retrieved 2008-05-06.
- "Nytt tv-avtal för allsvenskan". svenskfotboll.se (in Swedish). The Swedish Football Association. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "Guld, stort silver, litet silver och brons?". svenskfotboll.se (The Swedish Football Association). Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- Lindahl, Jimmy. "Allsvenska maratontabellen 1924/25-2009". Swedish Football Association. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
- Hammarby IF were deducted three points in 2006.
- Ljungskile SK were known as Panos Ljungskile SK during the season of 1997.
- IFK Holmsund played in Allsvenskan in 1967. The team went into bankruptcy in 1990.
- "Elitdomare i herrfotboll". svenskfotboll.se. Retrieved 23 February 2013..