Last modified on 21 July 2014, at 15:02

Air Canada Centre

This article is about the indoor sporting arena in Toronto. For the headquarters of Air Canada in Montreal, see Air Canada#Headquarters.
Air Canada Centre
The ACC, The Hangar
Air Canada Centre.svg
ACC on Bay St and CN Tower.JPG
Location 40 Bay Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5J 2X2
Coordinates 43°38′36″N 79°22′45″W / 43.64333°N 79.37917°W / 43.64333; -79.37917Coordinates: 43°38′36″N 79°22′45″W / 43.64333°N 79.37917°W / 43.64333; -79.37917
Broke ground March 12, 1997
Opened February 19, 1999
Owner Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment
Operator Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment
Construction cost C$ 265 million[1]
($351 million in 2014 dollars[2])
Architect Brisbin Brook Beynon Architects (Architect of Record)
HOK Sport
(Consulting Architects)[3]
Project manager Clarendon Projects Ltd.[4]
Structural engineer Yolles Partnership Inc.[5]
Services engineer The Mitchell Partnership, Inc.[6]
General contractor PCL Constructors Western, Inc.
Capacity Basketball: 19,800, at least 20,511 with standing room[7]
Hockey: 18,819, at least 20,270 with standing room
Lacrosse: 18,819
Concerts: 19,800
Theatre: 5,200
Field size 665,000 square feet (61,800 m2)
Tenants
Toronto Maple Leafs (NHL) (1999–present)
Toronto Raptors (NBA) (1999–present)
Toronto Rock (NLL) (2001–present)
Toronto Phantoms (AFL) (2001–2002)

The Air Canada Centre (ACC) (French: Centre Air Canada) is a multi-purpose indoor sporting arena located on Bay Street in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is the home of the Toronto Maple Leafs of the National Hockey League (NHL), the Toronto Raptors of the National Basketball Association (NBA), and the Toronto Rock of the National Lacrosse League (NLL). It was also home to the Toronto Phantoms of the Arena Football League (AFL) during their brief existence. The arena is popularly known as the ACC or the Hangar (the latter nickname came from its sponsorship by Air Canada).

The arena is owned and operated by Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment Ltd. (MLSE), the same group that owns both the Leafs and Raptors, and is 665,000 square feet (61,800 square metres) in size. In 2008, the ACC was the fifth busiest arena in the world and the busiest in Canada.[8] Air Canada Centre is connected to Union Station and the underground pedestrian PATH system, providing access to public transportation (TTC's Union subway station and GO Transit). There are also 13,000 parking spaces.

The Air Canada Centre has, from its initial design to completion, revolutionized many concepts included in new arenas and stadiums built since then. These features include luxury suites accessible on the ground floor, splitting the main scoreboard into several sections, rotating all sponsor signage in the bowl at once (to allow dominant messaging), and multiple restaurants in and out of the main arena bowl view.

HistoryEdit

Chronology sign.
A Raptors game with the previous logo and colours, as well as the old scoreboard, later relocated to Ricoh Coliseum

Construction of the Air Canada Centre was started by the Toronto Raptors under its initial ownership group headed by Canadian businessman John Bitove. Groundbreaking took place in March 1997. While construction was in progress, the Raptors and their partially completed arena were purchased by MLSE, which was contemplating building their own arena for the Maple Leafs to replace the ageing Maple Leaf Gardens. MLSE subsequently ordered major modifications to the original design, which was basketball-specific, to make the arena became more suitable for hockey. Originally planned to cost $217 million ($295 million in 2014 dollars), MLSE increased the budget to $265 million after taking control.[1] The Raptors were twice fined a million dollars (which was donated to their charitable foundation) by the NBA for missing deadlines to begin construction of their new arena.[9]

The arena site was once occupied by Canada Post's Toronto Postal Delivery Building (designed by Charles B. Dolphin), which was briefly handed over to Department of National Defence for war storage purposes upon completion in 1941, but returned to Canada Post in 1946. The current building retains the striking Art Deco façades of the east (along Bay Street) and south (Lake Shore Boulevard) walls of that structure, but the rest of the building (facing Union Station) was removed to make room for the arena, through the process of facadism. The original building is protected under the Ontario Heritage Act.

A 15-storey tower on Bay Street stands at 55 metres (180 ft) and provides connections in the atrium to Union Station, Bay Street, and York Street (via Bremner Boulevard). The Air Canada Centre is connected to the PATH network.

Air Canada purchased naming rights to the arena for $30 million over 20 years.[10]

Games and eventsEdit

SportsEdit

Preparing for the National Anthem at the Toronto Maple Leafs home opener against the Montreal Canadiens during the 2008-2009 season.

The first Maple Leafs home game took place on February 20, 1999, versus the Montreal Canadiens, won by the Leafs 3–2 on an overtime goal by Steve Thomas. The first Raptors game took place the following night versus the Vancouver Grizzlies (later moved to Memphis). The Raptors won 102–87 in front of a sell-out crowd. The facility hosted the 2000 NHL All-Star Game and the championship game of the 2004 World Cup of Hockey.

The Toronto Rock also moved to the ACC from Maple Leaf Gardens for the 2001 NLL season. The Rock's first game was a 17–7 win over the Ottawa Rebel on December 21, 2000.

On October 3, 2003, the ACC had a power outage during the third quarter of a Raptors pre-season game against the Greek club Panathinaikos. The game was called final, because the power was not restored in time, and Toronto already had a thirty-point lead.

Between 2011 and 2013, it has played host to three Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) events.

Event Date
UFC 140 Saturday, December 10, 2011
UFC 152 Saturday, September 22, 2012
UFC 165 Saturday, September 21, 2013

ConcertsEdit

A Persian pop concert at Air Canada Centre, 2014

The Air Canada Centre has played host to a large number of musicians. The Tragically Hip played the first ever concert at the arena on February 22, 1999 to a sold out crowd.[11] On their 2007–2008 Lost Highway Tour, Bon Jovi played five shows in Toronto and holds the record for having played the most shows in the ACC during one tour. They broke their own earlier four-night record at the ACC that tied with U2, The Spice Girls, The Police and Rush.[12] Cher played on April 7, 2014 for a sold-out crowd during her Dressed To Kill Tour.

Political conventionsEdit

In 2003, the Liberal Party of Canada held their leadership convention at the Air Canada Centre.

Developments since openingEdit

Gate 5 entrance off Maple Leaf Square

In 2003, MLSE completed a $5 million upgrade of the arena, including a new LED signage system.[13]

Main article: Maple Leaf Square

In late 2005, Maple Leaf Sports and Entertainment announced that they would be renovating the western side of the Air Canada Centre during the 2008 off-season to connect it with the Maple Leaf Square development. Maple Leaf Square is jointly owned by MLSE, Cadillac Fairview and Lantera Developments. The $500 million development includes two restaurants, Hotel Le Germain at Maple Leaf Square boutique hotel, extensive retail shopping, including a 9,000-square-foot (840 m2) Leafs, Marlies, Raptors, and Toronto FC store, two 54-storey condominiums, a Longo's supermarket, and a public square. It opened in 2010. The two year, $48 million renovation of the ACC added a new atrium that includes a High-Definition broadcast studio for Leafs TV, NBA TV Canada and GolTV Canada. The outside wall of the atrium features a 30-by-50-foot (9.1 by 15.2 m) video screen overlooking the plaza, which often broadcasts games taking place inside the arena. During NHL and NBA playoff runs, the square attracts thousands of Leafs and Raptors fans, respectively.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Shoalts, David (February 17, 1999). "Upgrades added to cost". The Globe and Mail. 
  2. ^ Canadian inflation numbers based on Statistics Canada. "Consumer Price Index, historical summary". CANSIM, table (for fee) 326-0021 and Catalogue nos. 62-001-X, 62-010-X and 62-557-X. And Consumer Price Index, by province (monthly) (Canada) Last modified 2013-12-20. Retrieved January 8, 2014
  3. ^ Faber, Michael (January 14, 2002). "Clubhouse Confidential: When a Bunch of Alpha Males Get Together Daily in a Confined Space, Lots of Things—Good and Bad—Can Happen". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved January 16, 2013. 
  4. ^ Clarendon Projects - Air Canada Centre
  5. ^ Halcrow Yolles - Air Canada Centre
  6. ^ The Mitchell Partnership - Air Canada Centre
  7. ^ Toronto Raptors Media Guide Page 224
  8. ^ MTS Centre 19th-busiest showbiz venue in world. Winnipeg Free Press (January 24, 2009). Retrieved on July 26, 2013.
  9. ^ Christe, James (May 16, 1997). "Raptors' arena bites dust". The Globe and Mail. 
  10. ^ "Branding for dollars". CBC News. February 15, 2007. 
  11. ^ "History". The Air Canada Centre. Archived from the original on June 13, 2011. Retrieved May 5, 2011. 
  12. ^ "Citytv". Citynews.ca. Retrieved May 5, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Air Canada Centre Renovations to Improve Ultimate Fan Experience". Toronto Maple Leafs. September 9, 2003. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Air Canada Centre Re-Opens Bigger And Better After Summer Hiatus". Toronto Raptors. September 11, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 

External linksEdit